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by him in his closet, where we had on my side, except a small number a private conversation which lasted who are influenced by the Domifor nearly an hour. It resembled nicans and the priests. These last that of two intimate friends and strive to ruin me; and rely greatly old acquaintance. I look upon on some persons of quality, whose Alexander as a true Christian. He Christianity consists in hearing a is simple in his manners, and cannot Latin mass on Sundays, and turnendure state form. The serenity of ing a deaf ear to the word of God. his soul glows in his countenance : But the Emperor and Prince Gathere is, in his looks and in his litzin treat these worthless reports conduct, I was ready to say, a ma- with contempt. Amidst these oppojesty more than human. He be- sitions the Gospel makes progress ; lieves, as well as all his councillors, and God is collecting for himself a that an important epoch is at hand.” numerous people in St. Peters(Mag. Evangelique de Genève, p. burgh.” (Ib. p. 152.) 42.)
In a subsequent Number (vol. iii. In a subsequent letter, dated p. 18), the editor remarks, “We January, 1820, Lindl writes as are informed that Lindl has left follows:—“ The Lord accompanies St. Petersburgh for Odessa ; and with his blessing his word which I that the Emperor has appointed him preach in this city,--even I, the Inspector-general of all the Chrisgreatest and most unworthy of tian communities in Crimea, and sinners. The number of my hearers the neighbouring districts, with the increases daily; and my sermons title of Archbishop.”
“ From excite attention throughout St. the same quarter we learn that Petersburgh, and in all the neigh- Gossner will be called to St. Petersbourhood. A curate of C- an burgh to replace Lindl, but we excellent man, came eight leagues cannot say whether he will accept to see and hear me. My hearers this call : all that is known is, that are almost all Protestants. The he has recently suffered severely at Catholics begin to move; and se- Dusseldorp, in the Lord's cause.” veral already feel the conquering A reference to Lindl and Gossner power of the Gospel. Some are may be found in the memoir of for me, some against me : a general Bos, in the Christian Observer for interest is excited, just as in Ger- Sept. 1827. many. The latter *, however, are
I. H. R.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Forty Family Sermons. By the Edi- whole of the preface, as it contains
TOR OF THE CHRISTIAN OB- some particulars respecting the SERVER. 1 Vol. 8vo. 12s. London Christian Observer which may in1830.
terest our readers, and be not in
appropriate as a record in our pages. We cannot review our own sermons; It is as follows:and to give passages from them is unnecessary, as they have already “ The writer of the following sermons appeared in full in our volumes : has for the last thirteen years been in the but it has been suggested to us that habit of composing every month (with it might be desirable to extract the
few exceptions), for a periodical work under his care, a short, plain, and prac
tical Sermon for Family Reading. The * He evidently refers to the Catholics. following forty are selected from that
number, at the request of many valued faithfulness or earnestness, but it greatly friends, who thought it might be useful to modifies the style of conveying Scriptural reprint a portion of the CHRISTIAN-OB- truth. SERVER SERMONS in a separate volume, “ The doctrines of these sermons corand with a larger type than that of a respond with those which it has been the periodical publication. The want of dis- uniform object of the work in which they courses adapted for family perusal was were inserted to maintain. It was thought greatly felt among religious members of that the chief topics for Family Sermons the Church of England, at the time when -and indeed all sermons-were such the plan of inserting a sermon monthly in simple Scriptural points as the fallen, the Christian Observer originated, about guilty, and helpless condition of mankind twenty years since; and though, of late, by nature; the love of God in Christ; volumes of sermons are constantly issuing the atonement; repentance; faith ; jusfrom the press, highly valuable for the Scrip- tification; the offices of Christ, and of tural character of their doctrine, and for the Holy Spirit; sanctification; peace their application to the life and conscience, with God; love to God; the forbearance and written by clergymen warmly attached of God; Christian obedience, and love to to our beloved church; yet it is not in mankind; death, and eternity; heaven, general found that discourses originally and hell: and that they should not be composed for the pulpit are altogether discussed controversially, but practically, fitted for perusal in the family circle. It is with constant application to the conseldom that the whole of such an address science, and prayer for the blessing of God. is applicable to a private household; and “ It gives the writer singular satisfactioni usually in reading it, some things are to have been allowed to avail himself of passed over, while others require to be the honour of dedicating his pages to two supplied. Many of the discussions, much Right Reverend Prelates, whose names of the classification of character, and some are so greatly beloved and revered by the of the most pointed and pungent appeals, best friends of our Church and our are couched in a style not adapted to the common Christianity. It is not often occasion; and even the beautiful pastoral that two such near relatives have been appellation of my brethren,' gives to a sitting side by side among our prelates ; sermon read in a family an air which is brothers in office, as well as by birth, not natural.
affection, and that higher brotherhood "" These considerations will perhaps which shall never cease: and certainly in lead the reader to account for, if not to no instance has such a coincidence ocjustify, the usual plan of the following curred more honourable to those who discourses. That they are brief, and are bore the office. But this is a topic on attempted to be simple, and easily in- which the writer may not enter. It is telligible, and seldom or never contro- not for him to echo the tribute of public versial, needs no apology. That they respect and esteem so widely felt for that should be chiefly elementary, embracing active zeal, those labours abundant, that the leading points of Christian doctrine professional ability, that amiable and and practice, is what the writer wished, courteous deportment, and, most of all, at least, to attain. That they are too calm, that deep and humble piety, and that too little conversant with the striking attachment to the doctrines of the Gospel illustrations and never-forgotten words and the discipline of our revered church, which are sometimes heard in the pulpit, which have endeared the name of Sumner is partly the writer's defect, but it is also to every wise and good man; and which partly incidental; for a sermon written filled the hearts of so many with gratitude expressly to be read in families--perhaps to God, that the talents and spiritual often by a son or daughter, the whole virtues which had adorned subordinate audience being only the parents, children, stations in our ecclesiastical Zion were and servants-would be wholly unsuitable henceforth to be consecrated to the high if composed in a style very proper for the and Apostolical office of the prelacy. It pulpit. Denunciations must often become was said of Bossuet and Fenelon,' The persuasions ; fervent appeals to various one proves religion, the other makes you
classes of character must often become love it.' The biographer of either of the • rather Scriptural statements respecting two Sumners will not be obliged to dis
such classes of character, since either the sever the characteristics. originals may not be present, or, if present, “As these discourses may fall into the the application might be improperly per- hands of some persons who are unacsonal; the pastoral authoritative • you,' quainted with the periodical publication must sink into the modest we; and from which they are extracted, it may not the whole assume the air of simple dis- be irrelevant to state a few particulars recussion, affectionate advice, gentle per- specting that work. The writer of the suasion, and plain Scriptural instruction, present pages may the more properly give rather than those elevated features which this recapitulation, as, though he has conthe family reader could not with propriety ducted the work for a period approaching adopt, so as to make the sermon his own. towards half the term of its existence, he This would be no excuse for want of had no share in its formation or early management, but entered into the labours of cularly those which partake of the chaothers; to imitate whose spirit, to tread racter of documents received and allowin whose steps, and to follow whose ad- ed' by the church : such as Nowell's vice, he felt to be the best means of per- and King Edward's Catechisms, and petuating the respectable patronage which Jewell's Apology. Edification, and not it had received, and the measure of good controversy, was the object of the publiwhich, by the blessing of God, it had cation ; for it is stated in the preface to the effected.
second volume, that, ' earnestly desirous “ The Christian Observer was com- that men should learn that it is of infimenced in the year 1802. The prospectus nitely greater moment to be real Chriswhich announced its appearance stated, tians than acute controversialists, the conthat it was to be conducted by members, ductors of the Christian Observer wish and upon the true principles, of the Es- that their work should constantly exhibit tablished Church : such a publication, it the important doctrines of the ruined state was added, had long been wished for. of man by nature, and of his recovery by The desire of the conductors was, 'to Divine Grace ; of justification by faith, embrace information upon general sub- and the sanctifying influence of the Holy jects with religious instruction, so as to Spirit; of the unsearchable love of Christ, furnish such an interesting view of re- and of the obligations of every one no ligion, literature, and politics, free from longer to live to himself, but to Him who the contamination of false principles, as a died for him ;-that the uniform tendency clergyman might without scruple recom- of their publication should be to awaken mend to his parishioners, and a Christian the careless sinner; to encourage the pesafely introduce into his family.' The nitent, and direct him where to look for chief object of the work, it was added, pardon and peace ; to enlighten the unwas to promote the increase of sound derstanding, by a just display of the duties theological knowledge, and to delineate the
we owe to God and man; and to enforce character of primitive and unadulterated upon the conscience the awful sanctions Christianity. The conductors, as mem- of the Gospel: then, whatever be the bers of the Established Church,' proposed reception of their work in this world of to discuss the principles of that church, darkness and error, it will not fail to meet and to explain and enforce the pious with a favourable reception at His hands tendency of her rites, coremonies, and who came to establish a kingdom of righliturgy; at the same time avoiding those teousness and peace on earth.' asperities of controversy which might di- “ Among the writers who have, reguminish that Christian affection which larly or occasionally, enriched the pages ought to unite the members of Christ of of the work by their correspondence and every denomination ;' and making it their contributions, might be named many constant aim'to cherish the affections of whose talents and piety stand in high charity, piety, and fervent devotion, and honour among their countrymen. To to direct their fellow-Christians in the those who still live it would not be depaths of truth and righteousness.'
corous to allude ; nor of those who have “The preface to the first volume states, departed to a better world would the conthat the work thus announced, had been ductors publish any name which the indireceived with a large measure of public vidual or his friends have not themselves favour, and with the inost honourable tes- made public. Yet even a list thus limited timonies to its usefulness, and promises would furnish no unfavourable sample ; of support, some even in quarters where for obituaries and posthumous publications the conductors were not sanguine in ex- have, in various instances, shewn to whose pecting them.' Tories alleged that it was pen the reader was to attribute valuable Whig, and Whigs that it was Tory; Cal- papers, or collections of papers, which had vinists that it was Arminian, and Armi- already greatly interested him under an nians that it was Calvinistic; some Dissent- anonymous signature.
Among these ers called it high church, and some High- might be specified Dr. Jowett ", the Rev. Churchmen thought it too conciliating J. Vennt, Mr. Henry Thornton †, Bishop towards Dissenters : a proof, it was inferred, that truth, and not party, was the Dr. Jowett's papers on Biblical critiobject which its supporters wished to fol- cism, especially on the litigated passage low.
1 John v. 7, have been, and still are, “ In specifying more particularly the highly valued by many eminent scholars. theological opinions of the conductors, it † Among Mr.Venu's papers were a conwas stated, that, ' while appealing only to siderable number of most excellent family the Scriptures as their directory, and to the formularies of the Church of England # This distinguished statesman, whose as the best human expositor,' they found deep and unaffected piety and unwearied them fully unfolded in the writings of our activity in every work of Christian beneReformers; many of which-not then so volence, were as remarkable as that enlightwell known as at present happily they are ened judgment and powerful mind which, --were largely quoted from, or re-printed, in conjunction with higher qualities, renin the early volumes of the work; parti- dered him so great a blessing to the world,
Heber. Mr. J. Bowdler, jun. t, Mr. which Americans state to be the most John Pearson, the Rev. T. Drewett, the correct and candid book which has ever Rev. John Owen, the Rev. Thomas Scott, been written in England on the subject; the Rev. Legh Richmond, Dr. Claudius the Rev. C. Bridges's valuable work on Buchanan, Mr. Hey, and many others t. the Causes of the Inefficiency of the In several instances, valuable works, with Christian Ministry, especially in the the names of living authors, are a re
Church of England (a work of great publication, with enlargements, of papers piety and spiritual utility); Mr. Riland's in the Christian Observer : such as Mr. faithful and powerful delineation of AntiBabington's admirable work on Edu- christ ;' and Mr. Newnbam's able and incation ; Hodgson's Letters on America, teresting treatise on Superstition. Others
might be added; but the object is not to was one of the most considerable and swell a list of names, but merely valuable contributors to the work. tion, as a specimen, some of the pieces
• Bishop Heber first inserted in the which happen to occur to the writer.Christian Observer a number of those The value of a periodical publication must, beautiful hymns on the Church Fasts and however, chiefly depend upon its ordinary Festivals which are contained in the vo- contributors; and living names, much as he lume of his Hymns, published since his values their favours, the editor is not death, but prepared by himself for publi- allowed to specify.-But far the greatest cation.
tribute of affection and gratitude, from + See his “Remains ; a work which, the friends of the work, is due to one notwithstanding the high tone of scrip- individual, who conducted it for more tural piety of the writer, extorted, by its than half the period of its present duratalent, from the rival Quarterly Reviews tion, and gave to it that character, whatof London and Edinburgh the highest ever it may be, which has prevented the encomiums. The papers which the re- necessity for new plans or a new series, viewers chiefly lauded, and wondered and has stamped on it the claim of being where they could have appeared, were ex- at least a consistent work. Long may tracted from the Christian Observer. it be before, not only the friends of the
See the Memoir of Mr. Scott, by the Christian Observer, but of no small numRev. J. Scott ; of Mr. Richmond, by the ber of our great religious societies-- the Rev. T. S. Grimshawe ; of Dr. Buchanan, friends of injured Africa, the friends of the by the present Dean of Salisbury; and oppressed slave, the friends of education, of Mr. Hey, by the late John Pearson, and piety, and philanthropy throughout Esq.: in which many of their papers are
the world will be at liberty to say all alluded to or republished. Mr. Pearson they think and feel in reference to the (himself a most valuable contributor to zealous and judicious labours of that che Christian Observer), in mentioning esteemed and highly-gifted individual. Mr. Hey's papers in its pages, says, “ This “ Numerous testimonies to the chaperiodical work has now been so many racter of the work, and the benefits which, years in circulation, that its merits may by the blessing of God, have attended its be safely left to speak for themselves : perusal, might be adduced from the writand although it has participated in the lotings of individuals, living and dead, whose of many other useful productions—that approbation is honour. One may be the of being misunderstood by some, misre- rather mentioned, as the writer is in a presented by others, and opposed by the better world, and his approval was beyond enemies of the faith and hope of the Go the suspicion of partiality, he being neither spel-yet it has surmounted all opposition, a fellow-countryman nor a member of our and through the Divine assistance bas own communion. Dr. Dwight, the rebeen eminently and extensively beneficial vered and lamented President of Yale both to the clergy and laity of this king- College, Connecticut, united with some dom. The Christian Observer has dis- other well-known friends of religion to played good temper, and a spirit of mode- introduce the Christian Observer to his ration and candour, towards the various countrymen, among whom it obtained so denominations of Christians: it has de- much celebrity that it was soon regularly monstrated that genuine and fervent piety reprinted every month, in two rival edimay exist without ignorance or fanaticism; tions, at New York and Boston : and it that polemical discussions may be con- has been the model on which several ducted without railing, bitterness, or asperity; and that sobriety of mind and tianity to a round of formal observances, cautious investigation are not hostile to and a decent conformity to social duties; purity of faith or soundness of doctrine. and, by inculcating the necessity of comAbove all, the Christian Observer has been bining spiritual affections with an orderly the unwearied and zealous advocate of , and correct practice, it has laboured to scriptural morality: it has enlarged on convey and excite the most enlarged, the extent and holiness of the Divine law; noble, generous, and animated conceptions rescued the preceptive parts of the Gospel of the nature and genius of true religion : from the cold, heartless, insipid commen- and it has pleased God to bless its endeataries of those who would reduce Chris- vours with an abundant success."
American religious publications, particu- yous penserez comme moi, qu'il serait fort larly in the Episcopal Church, have been important pour notre société de recevoir professedly planned and conducted. The désormais les numéros de ce journal di following is a copy of Dr. Dwight's re- mesure qu'ils paraitront.' commendatory address: The publishers “ It is peculiarly gratifying to the conof the American edition of the Christian ductors, that a work which approved Observer having requested of me a recom- itself, to a Porteus- and a Barrington in mendation of that work to the public, I our own church, should, without shrinking take a peculiar plensure in complying with from the expression of what a Dwight or their wishes. I have taken this work from a De Staël might think exclusive princiits commencement, and throughout the ples, have commended itself to their sufwhole of its continuance have considered frages by the spirit in which they were it as the best periodical publication within advocated.. my knowledge. It has also been more "Among the subjects which have occuuniformly supported than any other pro- pied a prominent place in the work, there duction of a similar nature. The religious are some on which its conductors look doctrines countenanced by the editor and back with peculiar interest. At the period his principal supporters are generally those when they commenced their labours, Eu. of the Reformation. In a few particulars rope appeared to be sinking under one they differ somewhat from the most gene- vast overpowering despotism: infidelity rally-received orthodoxy of this country: and irreligion were also spoiling men of on thesc, however, they rarely insist. their eternal hopes; and few and feeble Those in which the creeds and confessions were the efforts to counteract their influof Protestant churches have chiefly united, ence. Our own church had not awakened they illustrate and defend with distin- to those zealous labours which now so guished ability. The spirit which reigns widely animate her members. The docin this work is, I think, singularly happy. trines of the Reformation were very inCatholicism and zeal are, perhaps, no adequately insisted upon by her clergy: where more successfully united. The and, with the exception of two or three piety of the Gospel is here strongly of the older societies, reduced almost as well as amiably displayed ; and even to the torpor of the surrounding mass, controversy is carried on without tarnish- scarcely any thing was done to educate ing the Christian character. The sub- the poor, to send the Gospel to the heaordinate contributors, imbibing the dis- then, or to better the general condition of position of the principal, proceed in the mankind. Our vast foreign possessions same course of moderation and excellence. were almost destitute of religious instrucThe plan of the work includes Religious tion; and the vessels which now leave our and Miscellaneous Communications, Re- shores freighted with tracts and Bibles views, Literary and Philosophical Intel. and missionaries, or with the productions ligence, a View of Public Affairs, &c. &c. of a peaceful commerce, were then seen The heads are well chosen, and are filled bearing down with warlike equipments, up with advantage. The re-publication or with chains and cruel arms to desolate of this work in America is a public benefit, Africa. On all these points the eye of a and reflects honour on the undertakers.' Christian Observer could not but be in
“Many similar testimonies from foreign- tently, and painfully fixed ; and not a few ers might be mentioned; but we shall of the pages of this work have been adduce only the following, from the pen devoted to them. The exposition of the of the late Baron de Staël, which we must borrors of the slave trade, and, since its not omit, lest our Protestant friends on abolition, of slavery, at once its source and the continent of Europe should think we its fruit; the opening of India to missionary value their obliging suffrages less than instruction, and the formation of a churchthose of their Western brethren. That establishment for that immense empire", excellent and beloved nobleman, it is well, known, was exceedingly anxious to extend the religious literature of England to "The Dean of Salisbury, in his highly France and Switzerland. The following interesting life of Dr. Buchanan, after passage from his pen appears in the records alluding to the memorable controversy of the Société de la Morale Chrétienne : which took place, relative to the duty and
- Le plus important des ouvrages que practicability of introducing Christianity j'ai l'honneur de vous envoyer est la col. into India, and forming an ecclesiastical lection, dés le commencement, du Christian establishment for that country, is pleased Observer, ecrit périodique fort répandu en to add : It would be unjust to close Angleterre, où il exerce depuis plusieurs this brief enumeration of the principal années une grande et salutaire influence. writers in this controversy, without menJe suis assuré d'avance, messieurs, qu'en tioning the eminent services of one periparcourant le Christian Observer vous y odical publication, distinguished by the reconnaitrez avec bonheur l'union du zeal and ability with which it originally sentiment religieux le plus intime avec des o embraced and steadily supported the great vues liberales sur toutes les grandes ques- cause of Christianity in India. It is tions de la politique; et j'ose croire que scarcely necessary to add the name of the