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mence the re-publication of the standard celebrated missionary, so honourably styled works of the English divines.
" the Apostle to the Indians,” went to There are in the United States seven Boston in 1631, but settled at Roxbury, Colleges, more or less under Episcopal where he was greatly beloved and revered influence: Washington College, Hartford; throughout his long life. Being gifted Columbia, New-York ; Geneva, New- with quick perceptions and a strong meYork; University of Pennsylvania ; Wil. mory, to which was added the most unliam and Mary's College, in Virginia; the tiring industry, he became an admirable College in Charleston, South Carolina; and linguist, and soon made himself master of Kenyon College, Ohio ; besides the Ge- the Indian language. He preached to the neral Theological Seminary in New-York, Indians, who readily understood him; and, a Theological Seminary in Alexandria, with immense labour, he succeeded in and another connected with Kenyon translating the Bible and several religious College.
tracts into their vernacular tongue. He The Puritan founders of Massachusetts was a man of great simplicity of character; colony, when they left their native country, zealous in his profession, and ardent in made an address to their brethren of the his desire to convert the Indians, In the Church of England, from whom they had Pequod war, these “ praying Indians," as separated, in which theysay, "We esteem those converted by Mr. Elliot were called, it our honour to callthe Church of England were either neutral or friendly to the our dear mother; and cannot part from Whites; when a different feeling towards our native country, where she especially the colonies would have been dangerous resideth, without much sadness of heart, to the new settlement.--Elliot wrote the and many tears, ever acknowledging that first political pamphlet published in Amesuch hope and part as we have in the rica, entitled “the Christian Commoncommon salvation we have received in wealth." This work is full of free and her bosom, and from her breasts; we noble principles ; but the magistrates took leave it not, therefore, loathing the milk alarm at it, and the good man had to which has nourished us, but blessing God recant his opinions, or rather apologize for for our parentage and education. As mem- their publication. He lived to the age of bers of the same body, we shall always eighty-six ; to a time when the colonies rejoice in her good, and grieve for her had grown to a large and flourishing sorrow, desiring her welfare, and the people. The tribe of Indians which he enlargement of her bounds. Commend instructed is now nearly extinct: there are to the prayers of your congregations the not more than a dozen of them Ieft. The necessities of your neighbours, the church Indians are every where melting away springing out of your own bowels. We before the White population ; and must conceive much hope that your prayers will soon become extinct, if not better probe a prosperous gale in our sails. We tected than in days past. also entreat of you, that are ministers of
MEXICO. God,-we crave it of our private brethren, An official report upon the finances of Låt no time to forget us in your private Mexico states, that the mint of Mexico solicitations at the Throne of Grace."- coined, between 1783 and 1828, 64,064,779 Did ever children leave a parent's house perosa piastres, in gold; and in silver, in a more affectionate manner ?
1,323,851,510 pesos. The other mints, Elliot's Indian Bible has become a which have been established since the literary curiosity, and there are, probably, Revolution, have together coined in gold not three persons living who can read and silver the sum of 67,662,737, making and understand a single verse in it. That a total equal to 318,408,5681. sterling.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Sermons on the Doctrine of Universal Christ's Return to Glory. By the Rev. Pardon. By the Rev. A. Thomson, DD. Mr. Begg. 38. 6s. 6d.
The True Plan of a Living Temple. Discourses on important Theological 3 vols. ll. 2s. 60 Subjects. By the Rev. W. Hall. 7s. Essays on the Principles of Morality.
Eight Discourses to Youth, with a Me By J. Dymond. 2 vols 18s. moir. By the Rev. J. Humphries, LL.D. The Psalms metrically and chronolo
The Truths of Religion. By James gically arranged. 4s. 6d. Douglas. 8s.
a Recluse. 3s. 6d. Thoughts on Prayer at the Present Church Establishments considered. By Time. By J. Douglas.
W. M'Gavin. 2s.
Eminent British Lawyers, Part VI. of Court of Rome. By the Rev. H. O‘Don" the Cabinet Cyclopædia. 6s.
noghue. 2 vols. 8vo. 21s. Memoirs of the late Bishop James. By The History of the German and English the Rev. Prebendary James. 7s. 6d. Reformation ; from 1516 to 1560. By the
Conversations for the Young. By the Same. No. I. ls. Rev. R. Watson. 6s.
The Family Library, Part XII. The Mornings with Mamma; or Scripture Life of Nelson. By R. Southey, L.L.D. 5s. Dialogues.
Introduction to the Greek Classics. By The Indian Brothers; or Pacts con- H. N. Coleridge. Part I. nected with Christianity in India.
Levi and Sarah ; or the Jewish Lovers. The Family Cabinet Atlas, Part I. Translated from the German.
8s. Ed. plain, 2s. 6d. coloured, 3s. 6d.
A Parochial Minister's Address, on Historical Memoirs of the Church and Confirmation. By Charles Jerram, 3d.
MEASURES FOR THE OBSERY. the outlay of six : if therefore the Sunday relinquish it, if parliament would protect to honour the Lord's day, at whatever them by preventing others from carrying risk, there will be more moral force in one 'it on. The petition was treated with the such instance, than in ten thousand hollow utmost contempt, as utterly selfish and and hypocritical compacts, fair upon paper, hypocritical. If these men, it was said, but meaning nothing. The legislature will are sincere, let them first make a sacrifice see that the Christian part of the public to principle, and then they may honestly are in earnest when they thus take the ask for protection ; but if they only make matter up upon principle, in the same principle a stepping-stone to convenience, spirit in which in earlier days confessors they have no right to expect the legislature submitted to the spoiling of their goods, to curb others for their benefit. We wish and martyrs went to the stake. It bethen to see the question taken up seri- hoves us to be in earnest; let us go to ously, as a matter of conscience. Let the legislature in behalf of the law and the every clergyman, every private Christian, rights of conscience. We are told of the speak honestly to his neighbours on the cruelty of not suffering the poorer classes subject: let him not disguise the matter : to earn a trifle on the Lord's day: but “ It is at the peril of your soul,” let him far more cruel is it to make restrictive say,“that you keep open your shop, or vend laws, and to give a bonus to those who your goods on the Lord's-day.” “ But break them by the sacrifices of those who I am poor ; I shall lose my customers ; I obey them ; far more cruel to say to the shall make a great sacrifice." “ I doubt open violator of the laws, both of God and it ; for you will be far happier, and I be
ANCE OF THE LORD'S DAY. travelling is stopped, the proprietors are We rejoice to witness the efforts in pro
considerable gainers provided no other gress, in various parts of the kingdom, to coach starts for the Sunday business ; but procure a better observance of the Lord's they are not willing to sacrifice a single day. In several places committees have passenger or parcel for conscience sake, been formed, or are forming, upon the
and will therefore all resume the unhalsubject ; and we hope before long to wit- lowed traffic if only one is found to do it. ness one general and overpowering ex- Our only object in speaking thus, is to pression of sentiment from the whole of prevent the eyes of the Christian part of the Christian part of the community. the public being blinded by hollow comSunday newspapers seem to be given up pacts which have nothing of principle in in despair, as an evil too formidable to be them, and which will never really check put down, either by legislation or private the evil. A newspaper vender, who should remonstrance. We trust, however, that sell seven hundred papers in the seven zealous and persevering, even should they days, would be glad to sell the same numprove fruitless, efforts will be made upon
ber in six, and save the expense and this apparently hopeless part of the sub- trouble of carrying on his business on the ject. But Sunday travelling, at least by Sunday, provided all other venders would public carriages, has of late engaged much 'do the same; but he will not give up one attention; and on one road, the South- seventh-probably much more of his ampton, by the zealous exertions of the sales; that is, he will shut up his shop Rev. Herbert Smith, the stage-coach pro- on Sunday, so long as it is for his conveprietors have stipulated provisionally to
nience and pecuniary interest to do so; discontinue running their vehicles on the but not one moment longer. It is clear Lord's day. But grateful as we feel for that nothing effectual is to be done by the pious exertions of individuals who are compacts such as these, which the rivalry devoting themselves to check this evil, we of commercial enterprize will instantly perceive increasingly that nothing short of set aside. If A. B. and C. stop their a legislative enactment can be at all effec- coaches, or shut up their shops, D. will
The Southampton coach-proprie- start for the lapsed gain, and then contors engage, it seems, provisionally, to scientious A. B. and C. will renew their stop their Sunday coaches; that is, on occupation. We are anxious to see a far the condition that no other coach begins higher principle than this go abroad among to run on that day. Such a resolution is us. The reform must be a matter of conmere hypocritical mockery; it is sordid scientious feeling with individuals, accominterest assuming the form of religious panied by adequate protection of their indecorum. The truth is, that Sunday is terests on the part of the legislature. The on the average a losing day; the whole of newspaper venders came before parliathe current travelling on the road might ment a few years ago, with a petition, be easily comprised in six days, and thus stating the inconvenience of their Sunday the gains of seven be received with only business, and saying that they would gladly
their country, “You may pursue your base Jieve in the end quite as rich : but if not, course with impunity, while the consciif your loss be ever so great, your duty is entious man who obeys both is left with. clear, it admits of no compromise ; you out sympathy or protection, to suffer percannot serve God and mammon; you sonal loss, and the affliction of seeing the ! must be willing to give up all, and not wicked triumph in their wickedness." least this, for Christ.” Many thousands, The whole subject we have the satisfacblessed be God, do so; and if more ear- tion of adding, is increasingly commanding nest and heart-reaching appeals were made attention in high and influential quarters. upon the subject, more would be led to The Bishop of London in particular has join their number. And are such to be nobly thrown himself into the breach by left unprotected ? No: let the whole of his pastoral letter to the inhabitants of the Christian community rise as one man his diocese, the publication of which has to do them justice; let them send in gained him the honour of the most virulent earnest and unanimous petitions to the abuse from the irreligious and immoral legislature; let them represent how cruel portion of the press, especially the Sunand inequitable it is that those who obey day.newspaper interest. In this he may the laws of God and man should find their rejoice ; it is a portion of his reward ; worldly interests in a Christian commu. good men will esteem him the more nity injured by their conscientiousness. for it, and bad men will see that good One newspaper vender, or stage-coach men are beginning to be in earnest. The proprietor, or innkeeper, or shopkeeper, religious world wanted a nucleus around or even a petty huckster, thus suffering which to agglomerate their efforts; the for conscience sake, has a claim upon the Bishop of London's letter supplies this : whole community. We wish to see peti- it has excited public attention; the options, not from those who say they would position and abuse which it has met with keep the Sunday if their neighbours were have given it wings; the righteous and the made to do the same, and their own in- wicked have had their attention roused : terests were thus secured; but from those let not then the favourable moment for who do keep it, and make pecuniary sacri. action be lost ; but let Christians in every fices by so doing; or rather from their part of the kingdom act promptly upon it, neighbours claiming for them justice, and by remonstrance, by legislative petition, the protection of the laws, for their obe- by prayer, by serious warning, and by dience to wbich they are suffering. If forming local committees to carry the obMr. H. Smith, whose zealous and pious ject into effect. It is never too late, and Jabours have earned for him the gratitude never too soon, to begin. We shall not of all who venerate the laws of God or recapitulate the violations of the Lord's man, can induce any one coach proprietor day which the bishop exposes, as our to make, not a selfish provisional, but a readers may turn to them in lamentable positive and conscientious, determination detail, in the paper of the Christian In
struction Society, stitched up with our minds it is not the least pleasing feature Appendix for 1829; from which document of them, that oratory, splendid imagery, the bishop states that he has chiefly de- and human compliment, have been inrived his information, though confirmed creasingly felt not to be the objects of by his own experience. The bishop's such assemblies, but infinitely higher and letter has been already widely circulated, holier aims; to provoke one another to and we wish that a large edition were love and to good works, and to implore thrown off at the mere cost of the paper the grace and effusion of the Holy Spirit to and print, that it might penetrate every promote the glory of God, and the eternal village in the kingdom. On two points, interests of mankind. Most of the meetwe could have desired that it had been ings have opened with solemn prayer ; drawn up somewhat differently: first, that while in others, in which from the admixhis lordship had not condescended to argue ture of those differences of opinion among the subject on lower principles than those Christians which unhappily too often prewhich he himself avows; for, after all, it vent their even praying together, prayer bas is not expediency, but the authority of not been introduced, a prayerful spirit God, that alone can bring men back to a has been evidently cherished and acted due veneration for the Christian Sabbath; upon by the speakers and the assembly. and secondly, that the address had been The meetings have also been remarkably more directly pastoral, beginning and peaceful : matters of doubtful controversy ending with the holy and endearing have been scarcely alluded to; brotherly compellations of primitive days, and not love has widely prevailed, and the common grounded so much on "authority," which enemy of all that opposes his kingdom of the temper of the times is prone to despise, darkness, has failed in his machinations as on that affectionate solicitude which to render these hallowed solemnities a wins its way to the heart, and produces scene of alienation and discord. The obedience by the persuasions of love. societies have been, generally speaking, We feel indeed assured on both these prosperous ; not indeed in the way which points, that his lordship has acted as some expected, with almost miraculous conscientiously, as his letter proves him success; nations born in a day, and the to have acted boldly; as in the sight of visible triumphs of the cross of Christ God, heedless of the opinions of men.
equalling those of the apostolic age, (though He might think that in taking the lower even these have not been without much ground, without surrendering higher, he that is analogous, especially in the Southshould gain more suffrages, especially Sea Islands); but in a preliminary, settled, among the more influential classes of ir- and solid manner, by laying an ample religious society; and he might also think foundation for further labours, by which, that he could not with propriety address through the instrumentality of the Holy as “ his dearly beloved in the Lord,” and Spirit, we doubt not the church of Christ in a similar strain, a miscellaneous com- will be built up to future ages in many munity whose vices he was exposing. a heart, in many a nation, and throughout But such addresses are used in the apos- the world. tolic writings, and by our own church, to The particulars of the labours of the the professed body of the faithful, however societies, and some of the speeches defaithless individually; and though fools livered at their anniversaries, we defer as might scoff, and would have scoffed, at this usual till the publication of their Reports pastoral style, it would have been grateful and official documents, many of the printo all true Christians, and have been a cipal of which will be appended in full to suitable rebuke to that sceptical refinement our future Numbers. We have much by which the language and the sentiments satisfaction in knowing that this method of the Gospel are being rapidly banished of communicating with the public has from all our public forms, even from the been found of much utility, and in some speeches from the throne to parliament, instances has greatly promoted the objects which have of late been negatively deisti- of societies. We earnestly lay it upon cal or atheistical. May our revered prelates the consciences of our readers to make be the last to forsake pastoral and aposto- the best use of these valuable and intelical, for popular and newly-fangled forms. resting documents, not only by their own
perusal, and to augment their own exerMEETINGS OF RELIGIOUS SO- tions, but by lending them in quarters CIETIES.
where they may subserve the cause of The meetings of the societies have not these important institutions. declined in interest this year; and to our
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
the interests of religion, the pastoral The French chambers are at length dis- happiness of the clergy, and the welsolved, and the ministry seem determined fare and friendly regard of their flocks, to stand or fall by those unpopular views from this salutary measure. of policy which they have espoused. The We lament to find chat nothing effecexpedition to Algiers is a most formidable tual has been yet contrived on the subject armament; but its ulterior objects do not of church building. The short clause appear to be very satisfactorily explained. which passed three years ago has never
Having lately reprehended the past been acted upon by the commissioners, conduct of the United States, in secretly and though we readily admit that it was bribing Indian chiefs, to induce them to too loosely expressed, and that some fursell the lands of their tribes, we are happy ther specification or limitation might be to add that a clause has been adopted in necessary, we fear that there is in some the senate, forbidding such practices in powerful quarters a strong jealousy upon future.--Measures are in progress for abo- the whole subject. Not only alleged lishing the use of ardent spirits in the rights, but personal feelings and private army. It is proved that spirit drinking interests are allowed to stand in the way is a chief cause of the desertions and de- of the great paramount duty, of affording gradations which occur in the army:-A the means of Divine worship to the peopowerful and eloquent memorial has been ple; and even the modified bisl, which was presented to the government by the Che- to give the commissioners power to open rokee nation, against the aggressions of new churches under more considerable Georgia. The document is a literary as restrictions than those in the late act, well as political curiosity, having attached seems to be sleeping in the cabinet to it nearly three thousand Cherokee sig- of the chancellor of the exchequer. It is natures, almost all in native characters. a lamentable evil, resulting from the DOMESTIC.
abuses of church patronage, that even so We have the satisfaction of stating that palpable a duty as that of providing for his Majesty's health has somewhat amend. the efficient preaching of the word of God, ed since last month, though he still con- and the administration of the sacraments, is tinues in a very weak, not to say preca- thwarted and impeded by rival interests; rious state.
for we are convinced that there are no Lord Mountcashel has brought forward real difficulties which may not be wisely his promised motion for an inquiry into and equitably surmounted, if only there is the abuses of the Established Church of an honest and persevering wish to effect England and Ireland, but with so little the object. success that it does not appear to have We rejoice to perceive that numerous been even seconded. We desire to see and highly respectable petitions for the the fullest investigation of this and all abolition of capital punishment for forgery, other subjects of public interest, civil or are flowing into parliament. To our minds religious; but the statements of the noble it would be sufficient that their prayer is lord are too vague, too indigested, too grounded upon plain Christian principle sweeping, to lead to a favourable hope of and duty ; but we are happy to add, for the issue of an inquiry begun under such the sake of their influence upon those who auspices. At the same time, these im- might not be swayed by this higher arguportant matters should be settled, not by ment, that they are strongly supported by mere votes and numbers, but by the real the commercial and moneyed interests of merits of the question; and with this view the country, on the ground of the impolicy we purpose, before long, bringing before of a system of punishment which holds our readers a notice of the chief propo- out impunity to offenders, by deterring sitions which have of late been urged humane persons from prosecutions. We upon the public in various books and feel confident, that government and par. pamphlets for church reform, either as liament must before long listen to this respects our doctrines, our services, or suggestion; but we trust that the miour external economy. On this last point tigation of our criminal code, as we hail with much pleasure, a bill brought spects the infliction of death, will go into parliament for the voluntary com. much further; we scarcely know where it mutation of tithes upon those safe and should stop short of actual murder. The equitable principles which we have so abolition of capital punishments, except often advocated, and which have been in extreme cases, adds another to the most beneficially introduced in Ireland; many questions on which Christians, guidnamely, by means of a fixed rent charge ed by the instincts of the Gospel, have for a specified period only (twenty-one discovered what is right; and political years are proposed), and grounded on men, after much opposition, have at length a fair corn valuation of the tithes. We found out that it was also expedient. Let augur incalculable benefit to the church, Christians take courage from such results;