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bishop strongly urges, should be review and in numerous o brought to bear upon the hearts of places, for precisely what the hearers by discriminate applica- Right Reverend author of
for without this, a sermon, he Charge before us 80 explic remarks, is a weapon aimed at ran- states, that “ there are clear dom, premises without inferences, wide distinctions in every con arguments without conclusion. The gation between those who beli classification should not however, or believe not;" distinctions no his lordship adds, be frivolously be softened down or forgotten, minute, and certainly not personalto be made-we mean not coi But, lie continues,
versially, yet effectively—the 1 “ There are certain clear and wide dis.
which every practical pas tinctions which must be found in every address is founded. We hav congregation, between those who believe luded to the subject, in order or believe not, those who observe or transgress the Divine laws, those who habitu. if any of our readers, from ally seek the kingdom of God, or habitu- review of “ Apostolical Preach ally neglect it: and unless these distinc. should have concluded that tions are practically kept in view, all pulpit Bishop of Chester counten: ministrations must fail of their effect."
the sentiment once common ai “As there is this difference actually our clergy, that the vast maj existing in the characters of our congrega- of all who have not systemati tions, we must shew that we are aware of it ; we must no more treat all as if they renounced their baptism, are all possessed the privileges of Christians, intitled to the character of tru than we treat all as careless, or profligate, lievers, and need only to be i or unbelievers : but we must be constantly on to perfection, they may be : trying, and expecting, to add to the one class, and diminish the other; to make either that we mistook the the children of this world' become as plexion of the author's argu children of light.'” p. 13.
or that such is not at lea We are the more pleased at find. lordship's matured opinion. ing the learned prelate urge this question has been much disc important subject, because, in our of late years; and Paley's di review of the first edition of his that modern clergymen hav Apostolical Preaching (see Chris- thing to do with preaching c. tian Observer, 1816, p. 313), we sion, is, we are persuaded, wel understood him to say that the banished from most serious inspired Epistles furnish the best flecting minds. Conversion models for preaching in this, among heathenism to professed other respects, that they address tianity, they of course nee churches as if consisting chiefly preach ; but a spiritual reno of true believers, sincere Christian call it by what term we wil converts, persons needing not so may and must preach, and n much exhortations to repentance, is more scriptural or intelligib and turning to God, as to improve that of “conversion.” This ment and proficiency. But the pri- admitted in some modified 1 mitive church was in circumstances theologians of every school. very different to the churches of Mant, for example, in his B: modern Christendom; persecution Lectures, follows up his di had thinned its numbers, and puri- upon regeneration, with ano fied those who were left; whereas, conversion ; viewing the foi under circumstances of outward applicable exclusively to ba prosperity, the tares grow up far initiation into Christ's fol more luxuriantly than the wheat; latter as pointing out that ri and defective indeed would be the change of character which spiritual husbandry that is not siders necessary, partially a grounded on a recognition of this where the grace of baptism, fact. We contended, both in that ing to the system in questi
not been duly improved, but has From preaching, the bishop lapsed, or been frustrated by evil proceeds to his second point, the habits. We can never think that pastoral care. He strongly urges this notion of the subject meets catechising ; in fact, a complete either the strong language of Serip- system of initiatory parochial inlure, or the spiritual exigencies of struction. The nature and value our fallen and sinful nature. The of such a course of Christian in. present Bishop of Salisbury took, struction his lordship explicates as we presume, a far different view of follows.it when he expressly offered pre- “ For this sort of edification Scripture miums, open to all members of the is the only groundwork. And Scripture church, lay or clerical, for three affords a large variety of subjects which essays ; first, on the question, what may be most usefully turned to the puris conversion ; secondly, whether a be traced from the Fall
, and the first proclergyman can be an unconverted mises, through the line of history and person ; and thirdly, what are the prophecy, to the advent, the ministry, the sigos of conversion in a clergyman. and the subsequent establishment of the
death, and the resurrection of the Messiah, Whether a clergyman can be igno- expected kingdom. The historical parts rant, or immoral, or even infidel, of the Old Testament may be explained admits of no question ; the learn- in succession. The principal characters
which are detailed in the Bible may be ed and venerable prelate, therefore, developed : always a most interesting must, we presume, bare meant more method of inculcating religious duty. Any than this. We believe that practie of the Gospels, and several of the Epistles cally little good is done in a parish may be continuously read and illustrated;
and the hearers from time to time extill a clergyman distinctly divides amined in them. By patient and discribis auditors into two classes those minate instruction of this kind the most that serve God, and those that serve illiterate persons are gradually enabled to him not; so that there may be no
acquire a degree of knowledge which mistake in men's minds upon so
wonderfully displays the power of the
testimony of the Lord,' converting the momentous a subject. We are not soul; and because it converts the soul, contentious for particular words, 'giving wisdom unto the simple.'” p. 17. only let the matter be really under- But the question arises, supposing stood ; let there be a clear distinc- the clergy inclined thus to act, who tion made between light and dark- is, even physically, “ sufficient for ness, nature and grace, the world these things ?”. The Apostles had and God, or, in our author's words, assistance from devout women " those that believe, and those that well as devout men; and why not believe not.” There is, indeed, an adopt the same practice now ? important use to be made of bap
“ The Apostles have left us an examtismal privileges, and of the creed ple. Let the minister of a populous disand profession as well as the actual trict, using careful discrimination of chapractice of those who “ call them, racter, select such as are worthy,' and selves Christians ;” and much vad, several employments under his direction :
of good report,' and assign them their tage ground may have been lost, as they may lessen his own labour by visitMr. Budd bas shewn in his work ing and examining the schools, by reading on Baptism, by preaching to nomi- and praying with the infirm and aged, by nal Christians as mere heathens; their afiiction, and pursuing the many
consoling the fatherless and widows in but still the doctrine of the need of nameless ways by which it is in the power the conversion of the beart to God of one Christian to benefit and relieve stands palpably distinct in Scrip- another.” pp. 23, 24. ture, and is of infinite importance grees of population, have been brought
“ Numerous parishes, of different deto be fully understood by every under such discipline with more or less minister of Christ, were it only for
And I feel convinced that whothe due classification of the other. God, to assist the most important in
ever is anxious to promote the glory of wise inextricably intricate varieties terests of his fellow-creatures, to confirm of human character.
the security of his country, or maintain CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 337. H
the stability of his church, can ensure widely acted upon, and that he none of those great objects more effec. , himself will he long spared by the tively than by means like these. Without them, in some of our crowded districts of Supreme Head of the church, to dense and extended population, the church witness the blessings resulting from is lost sight of, parochial distinctions are his truly episcopal labours. obliterated, and the reciprocal charities There is also another measure, and duties of the pastor and the flock are forgotten by the people, because it is which, like that of visiting societies, physically impossible that they should be it required some moral courage to satisfactorily discharged." pp. 25, 26. recommend in an Episcopal Charge
Our zealous prelate, both in his —we mean that of a clergyman's text and notes, enforces these im- regularly assembling a certain portant considerations with much number of his parishioners, residing practical wisdom as well as piety, contiguously, for scriptural instrucparticularly recommending the well. tion. For here again the fear of constructed machinery of visiting danger has not been wanting; but, societies, such as those in action if prudence and propriety be adin London, Bristol, Brighton, Shef- hered to, without any cause. The field, and other large towns, com- only thing endangered is the empire bining not only lay agency, but of Satan, who ever loves to keep female agency, in carrying on their bis goods in peace. Even in small benevolent operations, under the parishes we would not say that the presiding influence of the clergy. social stimulus, the mental and spiman of the parish or district. The ritual development, nay, often the suggestion comes with the greater communion of saints, attendant on weight, from the well-tried, prudent, such pastoral and fraternal meetand judicious character of the ad- ings, may not frequently render viser. For a detail of the plans of them desirable: but in large ones such societies, our readers may con- they are indispensable ; for if a sult an interesting paper appended clergyman has twenty times as to our Number for last March ; but many parishioners as he can inour clerical readers in particular we struct in detail, he must contrive would urge to refer to the facts and to make one hour do the work of persuasions in the document now twenty, by taking them in masses : before us.
It is objected that the he must invent moral machinery plan is dangerous; dangerous at and power looms equal to his own least to the Established Church; want of time and strength; and but what scheme of good that is are rejoiced to find a Right really operative is not open to a sur- Reverend prelate forcibly enunciatmise of contingent danger? Bibles, ing this important conclusion, and missions, schools, soups, blankets, urging his slergy, as they tender penitentiaries, have all been pro- their own safety, and the souls of nounced dangerous in their day; but their people, to be, in this as well the prophecy of danger is forgotten, as other things, “ stedfast, imand the benefit remains. In nine moveable, and always abounding in cases out of ten, “ troublesome the work of the Lord, forasmuch as "expensive” would better express they know that their labour is not the secret feeling of the objector. in vain in the Lord.” However, the Right Reverend With earnest hope and inexpreschampion has “out of this nettle sible joy we peruse instructions like danger plucked the flower safety." these before us, issuing from our He views the extension of true episcopal chairs, followed up. by piety in the Established Church as similar doctrines and exhortations the sheet anchor of the country, in visitation sermons, and carried and such efforts as powerfully con- into practice in the ministry and ducive to the promotion of piety. pastoral labours of so many of our Earnestly do we trust that his lord- clergy. We do not, we will not, ship's important suggestions will be despair of our church or our country,
amidst the gladdening revival of by such a spirit of modesty and the scriptural doctrines of our Re- humility, that, though it is throughformers, and the desire, so widely out palpable nonsense, we cannot diffused among both clergy and laity, lay it down with any feeling of to render our Established Church unkindness to the writer. Would communion a truly efficient spi- that all authors who have more ritual instrument for the glory of money to print books than wit to God, and the eternal welfare of write them would take an example mankind. True, there are abuses; from the spirit of this writer, who there is enough of sloth, of igno- says, again and again, rance, of false doctrine, and of “I request of you to bear always in pravity of life, to bring down the mind that I am an ignorant man, one from severe displeasure of God upon our liability to be deceived, you cannot expect
whom, on account of his inferiority and natural Zion; all which we see and truth in its highest degree,--truth itself; lament as keenly as those who and whose opinions respecting the Bible would take advantage of our sins you ought to consider as very doubtful, to uproot the wheat also with the that have been generally received about tares. But it is not true, as some it. I wish even that you will look upon allege, that matters are growing them as being dangerous; because I hope worse: they are growing better; it will make you the more cautious against not, we admit, so extensively and
adopting them." p. 1.
" When you will meet with the words rapidly as every Christian must - Thus saith the Lord,' I request that desire, but still by the blessing of you will always remember that what will God hopefully and progressively. follow is only the way that I understand They, therefore, are not to be list- and pretend to say that the Lord saith ened to who would persuade us that what is not in the Scripture-God forbid we inhabit so dilapidated an edifice, that I should !”, p. 146. that repair is impracticable, and that We have of late met with sundry the only feasible plan is to pull it speculations on Scripture ; some of down, and leave time and chance to them, to our minds, scarcely less erect another in its place. Only preposterous than those of the book let every parish be regulated upon before us; but written in how difthe admirable principles laid down ferent a spirit! Modest absurdity in this faithful and spiritual Charge, is refreshing in the comparison. and we cannot doubt that our be. Would that printing-presses were loved communion will become more more rare, and cupping and low and more a praise in the earth. To diet more plentiful. There is a the great Head of his church be all moral as well as an intellectual the glory; while, subordinately, we obliquity; the latter is only pitiable, fail not to cherish deep affection the former ought to be coerced. If and gratitude to those
a man cherishes an absurd theoloraised up by him as instruments to gical opinion with honesty and promote this glorious result. meekness, we should desire to rea
son and pray over the matter with him in a spirit kindred to his owr;
but if he begins to rail at all those “ Beware, lest any Man spoil you who differ from him as infidels and
through Philosophy and vain De- scoffers, and affixes "thus saith the ccit." I vol. 8vo. 14s. London,
Lord" to his own absurdities, we 1828.
see not that much deference is due We should not notice this strange
to his exclamations. production, were it not lest some of The object of the book before us our readers might be led by its is, to allegorise the whole of Scripsingular title to imagine that it ture, after a new and curious fashion. contains some useful scriptural ca- Nothing is literal; man, woman, It is, however, characterized earth, sky, water, Jew, Gentile, are all hieroglyphical. We cannot cation has been widely circulated ; load our pages with these absur- but, not having hitherto noticed it dities: one brief specimen may in our pages, we take the opportusuffice, and save our readers a nity of an enlarged edition, in which winter evening's reading, and four- the author's name is for the first teen shillings to boot. The follow- time given, to recommend it for ing is part of the paraphrase of the use of those who have not time Genesis vi.– Water, it should be to read, or money to purchase, the premised, means “knowledge;" the volumes of Mosheim, Milner, and soul means—but let the passage other church historians. With a speak for itself.
view to exhibit a picture of genuine Verse 3. And the Lord said, My primitive Christianity to the memSpirit shall not always strive with the bers of corrupt churches, to Mosoul, for that she also is human : yet her hammedans, and even to heathens, knowledges shall be equal to one hundred portions of the work have been the degree years....9. These are the gene- published, in modern Greek and in rations of Noah's soul : the soul Noah was Italian, under the superintendence just and perfect in her generations, and of the Rev. Mr. Jowett : and the she walked in the commandments of God, late Dr. Milne, of the Anglo-Chinese or assisted by the Spirit of God.... 13. And the Spirit of God (within Noah's College, Malacca, had proposed soul) said unto him, the end of, or the translating parts of it into Chinese. spirit that shall put an end to, all the hu- It might usefully find its way into man knowledges, is come before me ; for Germany, France, and Spanish the human mind is filled with violence America, in the languages of those through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the opinion of one's self.-14. countries. Every Protestant child Make thee a religious system in simpli- and young person, even in humble city of heart : different degrees shalt thou life, should be generally acquainted make in it, and shalt secure it with proper with the outline of the history of knowledge, within and without, (against the intrusion of strange opinions.)–16. the church of Christ, from the day of Thou shalt make to the religious system Pentecost to the present era; and for a clear knowledge, or an opening by which this purpose, we cannot recommend it may receive light from above; and a a better manual than that before us. knowledge by which souls may enter into it; in three different degrees shalt thou divide the pious system; (that all that is to come into it, may be set in its proper class or order.)
— 17. And, behold, I, even A Scripture Gazetteer and GeograI, do bring a flood of opinions or of in. structions upon the human system, to
phical and Historical Dictionary. destroy every mind wherein prevails the By J. S. MANSFORD; with maps. spirit of the philosophical life." pp.238 I vol. 8vo. 18s. London. 1829. 240.
It is afflicting to see the sacred An elaborate and valuable work, word thus caricatured. Truly that though containing some doubtful book must be Divine which has sur- hypotheses, which the reader may vived all the irrational speculations pass over. Its alphabetical arrangeof its professed friends, as well as ment renders it very convenient for the less dangerous attacks of its prompt reference. Člergymen might enemies.
often enrich their sermons by a few facts or illustrations connected with
places mentioned in their text or Christian Records, or a short and discourse, which may be readily
Plain History of the Church of gleaned at the moment as wanted Christ. By the Rev. T. Sims, from Mr. Mansford's pages. Young M. A. 1 vol. 12mo. 3s. Od. persons, also, will feel interested in London. 1828.
turning to the names which occur
in reading the Scriptures in the This cheap and useful little publi- family circle. The illustrations from