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guage is either elegant or ought to tian character.” We wish we had be retained ; we have no means of room for a few lengthened extracts, deciding on the question; but its as it gives us great pleasure again offensiveness to classical taste is not to recommend this volume of serof itself a sufficient argument against mons, which seems to have been translating the Scriptures into it. written by a different Dr. Andrew The Bible

Society has most laudably Thomson to him whose anti-Bibleprinted many versions which to re- society speeches, though sufficiently fined ears are not a little barbarous. “ zealous," have been somewhat The argument, also, that the mis- deficient in those excellent marks sionaries ought to have taught their which the sermon writer says should people English, may be met with characterize this affection, “ in orthe reply, that it was found imprac. der to its being an acceptable part ticable ; and with the argumentum of the Christian character.” We ad hominem, why do you at home particularly recommend to the Edinot teach all your own people to tor of the Edinburgh Christian Inspeak English? why do you print structor the fourth and fifth sections the Bible in Irish, Welsh, and Gae- of Dr. Thomson's series. In the forlic? The question, then, must rest mer, he shews that “our zeal for reupon its individual merits. Those ligion must always consist with moral merits we cannot pretend to dis- integrity;" and in the latter, that cuss, knowing no more of Negro. “it must be under the government English than we do of Gaelic-nor of charity." He justly remarks, that so much. Our only reason for re- “it is not more necessary that we ferring to the subject is to defend seek to attain a lawful end” (such, ourselves, if defence be necessary, for example, as putting down the against the charge of having lauded British and Foreign Bible Society, what we did not laud ; and this for or disgracing the ChristianObserver), a corrupt motive, and to the serious “ than it is necessary that we seek injury of a cause which we are un. to attain it by lawful and unexcepceasingly anxious to advocate. tionable means"-spot, for instance,

We, however, heartily thank the by asserting that people said and Edinburgh Christian Instructor for did what they did not say or do]. his honest zeal in behalf of the We strongly commend the following oppressed Negro-slave. We readily remarks of the author to the diligent forgive all his many and unjust perusal and serious reflections of his censures upon ourselves, in virtue name-sake of the Edinburgh Bible of his merits in this great common Society, as also to the Editor of cause; only let his zeal be always the Christian Instructor, and other directed by truth, and tempered “ zealous controversialists both with charity. We wish he would north and south of the Tweed, peruse some excellent passages on especially in the matter of the Bible this subject in a powerful and ad. Society :mirable volume of sermons lately “ Charity is of unspeakable conpublished by his fellow-townsman, sequence in the exercise of zeal. Dr. Andrew Thomson.

The au

If we were not induced by charity thor's text, or motto, prefixed to a to take an interest in our brethren most valuable series of sermons, is, of mankind, we could take no pains “ Be zealous ;” and most Christianly and make no great exertion to prodoes he descant upon the virtue of mote their welfare." “ Our zeal zeal; adding many necessary and being awakened to care for them, important suggestions respecting charity comes on to soften that " those principles and maxims under aspect of sternness and severity the influence of which this affection which it might otherwise assume, must be cherished, in order to its and to mould it into a form more being an acceptable part of Chris- consonant to the nature and circumstances of those for whom it is all the efforts of your zeal be made to labour, as well as to the spirit in charity; but never forget that and precepts of that religion which truth is the grand object;" and we it is desirous to propagate.

would ask the Edinburgh Christian « The more sinful and the more Instructor, whether “ truth” chaopposed (to the Gospel) any indi- racterized the assertion that we viduals are, the more requisite it is “ lauded," or even gave an opinion that our zeal should be employed upon, the Negro-English Testament; to bring them to the acknowledg- or whether the “zeal” that stated ment of the truth, and to the obe- that we did so, with a view to ground dience of Christ. And, consequently, upon it a sweeping invective, was the it is of high importance that we zeal of " charity.” To make the cultivate that charity which leads us charge heavier, the Instructor has to be forbearing—to repress harsh dragged in “ Haffner's infidel prejudgments and uncandid suspicions face. Let him honestly quote -to hope for change even where ap- verbatim any passages in our work pearances are most forbidding and to which he objects on this subject, untoward-and to shew the kind- and we shall then be able to reply ness that is undeserved, instead of to his charge. We deny that the the anger that is provoked.” Bible Society ever abetted Haffuer's

The reverend author goes on, very preface, or that we “bepraised” them rightly, to shew that we are not to for so doing. The only passages in countenance what is wrong: but which we recollect introducing the even in this case, he adds, " There subject are in our volumefor1826, pp. is no reason for excluding charity. 631 and 813; where we “ bepraise That virtue may find here ample them for “ their inflexible firmness scope for its exercise, in qualifying (not in abetting, but] in opposing those views which have excited our themselves to the publication of the displeasure ; in moderating the ex- Strasburg preface, from the first pression which we give to the feels moment they heard of it.” We think ings which have been awakened; that the Edinburgh Instructor, and and in stimulating us to correct, if every honest man, ought to unite possible, the errors which we have with us in this praise. detected ; and to reform, if possible, the evil habits that we have reprobated." “ It will also binder us from going too far in those cases in which imperfect information or defective sagacity disqualifies us for judging For the Christian Observer. with impartiality and earnestnessfrom believing the evil which we The Unive

The University of Halle is dear to have only reason to suspect—from every Christian, of whatever name ascribing to bad intention the in- or country, who has read the history juries which have originated in mere of one of its most eminent and mistake—from setting down as a pious professors, the ever-memorable fixed and inveterate habit what is Franck. This celebrated collegiate nothing more than an occasional institution, which has at this moaberration--and from treating as an ment twelve professors and nearly instance of hardened and desperate nine hundred students, is, we lament wickedness, what is only waiting for to say, one of the strong-holds of the application of Christian compas. German Neologianism. The lecsion and Christian counsel to be tures of the learned—but, alas ! stirred up to godly sorrow and holy fearfully heterodox-professors, Geresolutions and fruitful penitence.” senius and Wegscheider, are attended

We add from Dr. Thomson the by a far larger number of pupils following excellent injunction : "Let than those of the other professors;

UNIVERSITY OF HALLE.

and both these influential persons, has taken up the matter, and directed who form the minds of no small the minister of ecclesiastical affairs number of young men annually to report whether the charges against entering the sacred ministry, have Gesenius and Wegscheider are long and avowedly advocated the correct. To the astonishment of all system of what is most unjustly call- parties, these two learned professors ed Theological Rationalism. The have addressed letters to the king Confession of Augsburg, though and his minister, asserting their in still nominally adhered to, is utterly violable attachment to the Confession derided by them, and, of course, of Augsburg. They have not, how. by their pupils ; and they do their ever, attempted to deny the charges utmost to set aside all the distinctive urged against them ; a brief notice characters of Divine revelation. of which will shew the dreadful

The Evangelical Gazette of Ber- character of the theological instruclin has, with great boldness and tion on which so many of the young faithfulness, detailed some of the divines of Germany are fed during enormities of the Neologian system, their college studies. The following as exhibited in the academical lec- sample may suffice, without revolting tures of these professors. In con- the reader with more than is neces sequence of two able articles which sary to shew the profane and infidel appeared in that publication on the nature of the whole system. subject, the students who side with Dr. Wegscheider is accused of these professors were greatly irri. teaching his pupils, that what St. tated against the orthodox portion Luke records of the announcement of the community of Halle, whom of the birth of John the Baptist is they call “the mystics," and parti. only a sort of mythological fable ; cularly against Professor Tholuck, that the advanced age of John's who was thought, but incorrectly, parents, and Zachariah's happening to have penned the obnoxious articles. to be dumb, appear to have been The writer is now known to have founded on fact, but that all the been M. de Gerlach, a gentleman of rest is pure embellishment. All the high official station at Halle. The miracles of Scripture, he teaches, insurgent students proceeded to are mere inventions ; that the anplacard the walls of the university nouncement of the birth of Jesus with Latin manifestoes ; as, for by an angel is fabulous; that the example, -“Wegscheriderus, omni antiquity and brevity of the recital ex parte Christianissimus, vivat, should lead us to reject the images floreat, crescat:" and again," Me and allegories with which it is en mentote, commilitones dilectissimi, veloped, and to seize the main idea, VII. ante Cal. Jul. 1530, perfra- namely, that Christ was peculiarly gerunt majores vincula papæ ! Post favoured by Divine Providence, to denique tria secula iterum laqueis which we ought to attribute every circumdare minantur stultitia, et thing that is good or elevated. The error, et stupiditas! Agite ! anno true history of the resurrection of 1830 versamur ; aperite oculos ; the widow of Nain, he thinks, is cingimini," &c. The rest of the that our Lord saw that the young proclamation seems directed against man was not really dead, and rethe pious and learned Professor called him to consciousness by an Tholuck, who is characterised as energetic appeal. The miracle of well “ worthy of being the general the loaves and fishes means, that of the Jesuits."

Jesus, perceiving that many persons It is not necessary to follow up had a considerable store of prothe details of these unacademical visions, while others had none, with proceedings, which led to much his usual kindness of heart, began insubordination, and even rioting; to distribute his own little stock, so much so that the king of Prussia and induced all around him to do CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 345.

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the same, so that there was an constantly jests about the devil : he ample supply. This interpretation, cannot mention the sublime and Wegscheider says, retains all that affecting account of the intercession is practically useful in the story; of Abraham, without interlarding it namely, the wisdom and humanity with “ The Jews, it seems, were of Christ. Peter's walking on the good bargainers even then." But sea is, he says, a fable foisted upon we will not rake further into these the simple fact, that our Saviour profane comments. Let these suf. walked round the lake, and Peterfice: and if they do not, we know swam towards him. The transfi. not what will. guration was nothing but a sudden And this at Halle! and not storm, which waked the disciples as uttered trivially, but with much they were dreaming of some Jewish learning, much misplaced shew of ideas about the Messiah. The death argument and professorial authority of Christ he considers as only ap. before large classes of young men, parent, not real; the Evangelists, the seed-bed of the church. What he says, being deceived by their must they think of the Bible, of ignorance of physiology and love of religion, and of their own intended the marvellous.—But enough. profession? The evil is awful, the

Now, this theological lecturer, it danger alarming; but let not the must be remembered, is not a pro. friends of true religion despair. A fessed infidel : he even holds to the revival of scriptural doctrine and creed of Augsburg ! he is a pro- Christian piety has commenced in fessor of divinity in the important various parts of France, Switzerland, university of Halle, and on his lips and Germany, not excepting Halle hang large classes of students, who itself, which is desecrated by such are to be the spiritual teachers of profane ravings as those we have the rising generation ! Can any mentioned. Our Christian brethren prospect be more appalling? though, on the continent have a great work blessed be God, there are names, before them; but let them not be even in Sardis, that have not defiled daunted at the power or the number themselves with these theological of the enemy. Greater is He that pravities; pravities as absurd as is with them than he that is against they are heretical.

them. Let them not give up in Gesenius is of a more mercurial despair even those who are at present genius than Wegscheider, and is opposed to the truth. Much may accustomed to season his impiety be done, especially among the with pleasantry. He inculcates the younger clergy : nay, who shall say same views as his colleague respect that even tbe heart of a Gesenius ing Scripture miracles. It is quite or Wegscheider is impervious to the common, says Counsellor Gerlach, influence of that Spirit which now to see a class of undergraduates, they deny, but by whose influences, destined to be the future ministers in answer to the earnest prayers, and of the word of God, in a constant directing the diligent efforts, of the titter throughout his Old Testament faithful, they may, even yet, be led readings, especially when he alludes to preach that faith which once they to the opinions, or even the names, destroyed. of orthodox commentators.

He

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Sermons preached in St. James's cution, may produce considerable

Chapel, Ryde. By the Rev. T. effect from the pulpit, but will not Griffith, A.B. late Minister always sustain critical reflection in of that Chapel. I vol. 8vo. Ils. reading. This style, however, we London. 1830.

ought to add, is not the style of

Dr. Chalmers, but rather an imitaThere is a school of preaching, tion of some of its peculiarities ; for which is obtaining many followers it would be most unjust to admit among the younger ministers both that the vices of composition aboveof our church and the Dissenters; mentioned, characterize the writings and which we know not better how of that able and eminent preacher : to characterize than as an imitation but his manner is remarkably his of one of the best of preachers, but own; in him it is native, and it is worst of models, Dr. Chalmers. simple and impressive ; he does not We could fancy that the writer of declaim, or exaggerate, or tautothe sermons before us had studied logize in the bad sense of those exin this school; and that he had the pressions; his words are buoyed up great Northern light often in his by his thoughts, nor would those eye as he penned some of his dis- thoughts he always content with courses. Repetition, declamation, less glowing and redundant words. labouring after effect, not to say But highly dangerous is it to atexaggeration, are among the faults tempt to imitate this style ; most of this school ;-faults from which perilous is it for any ordinary man our author is not free, and which to affect the armour of a giant, would convince us that the sermons which is more likely to crush "the of Dr. Chalmers were among his wearer than the enemy. household books; even if he had We might enter at some length not, perhaps unconsciously, adopted upon this topic, were we not unsome of that eminent preacher's willing that our remarks should seem expressions, his “element,” and to bear hardly upon any particular « all,” and “ every,” and other work ; whereas they relate rather Chalmeric or Scottish idioms. to a whole school, though without

Now we do not say this to the meaning to convey the slightest disparagement of our author, or disparagement to the piety or talents other preachers of this school. It of its pupils. It is rather for the is much to the credit of their zeal, writers themselves than for others their industry, and their talents, that we allude to the subject : and that they wish to eschew a mono- our counsel to them is, Whenever tonous style of sermonizing, and you invent a thought which seems seek to interest and animate their to you very striking; whenever auditors by a mode of compo- there occurs a remarkably strong sition enlivening, impressive, and antithesis; whenever you have conintellectual. But in their “ora- structed an excellent paradox for tions for the oracles of God," they solution, or set up nine-pins to are often betrayed into a style not knock them down, or discovered a sufficiently chaste or lucid ; a style novel illustration, or alighted upon which the uneducated will not un- an original thought, or said any derstand, the highly educated will thing very sententiously or quaintly, not approve, and the simple-minded or written a paragraph which you Christian will be apt to think too think peculiarly Chalmeric-withambitious and paradoxical ; a style out remorse or mercy cross your which, accompanied by a fervid elon pen through it. If

you

do not at

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