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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
PRESIDENT Jackson's first message to con- injuriously upon many honest and indusgress is a long and interesting document,
trious poor persons. A man, described in very friendly to this country, but a little the newspapers as respectable in his apwarlike towards France for not having paid pearance, was lately dragged handcuffed its debts contracted under the late Govern- before the magistrates, fined 101. and comment. There is, however, one part of the mitted to the House of Correction, because message which gives us much pain ; we rather than see his wife and children allude to the remarks upon the native starve, and neither choosing to beg nor Indians. The president has glossed over steal, he had sought to earn a trifle in the matter very speciously, and we admit selling books in the streets and from house that the case presents some difficulties; to house, not being able to purchase a libut disguise the matter as he may, nothing cense, which costs several pounds. Surely can be more grossly unjust and cruel than it is neither policy nor humanity to prethe measure urged by General Jackson, vent a poor man's maintaining his family of transporting the Indians against their by an honest traffic in commodities fairly consent, from territories acknowledged by purchased and fairly sold, where, when, treaty to be their own, to a distant locality or how he pleases. Some families are which it suits the convenience of their at this moment living, or rather staryWhite neighbours to allot them. The ing, idly on the parish rates, because the friends of morality and religion in America father and sons, accustomed to carry their are justly indignant at the contemplated wares from one end of the kingdom to the outrage.
other, were not able to save up against the The French chambers are not to meet licensing time the large sum required to till March ; the present ministers not ap- procure them this privilege of living by pearing to be very anxious to measure their their own industry. cause against public opinion.
A lamentable and fatal duel lately took For the last three or four years we have place at Battersea, between a Mr. Clayton urged the formation of societies for pro. and a Mr. Limbrecht, arising out of a dismoting temperance; or rather, complete pute on the by-gone Catholic question. abstinence from the use of ardent spirits. Limbrecht gave the offence, by calling his We rejoice to learn that such institutions opponent a hypocrite; and Clayton deare at length rising up among us. Their clined being reconciled unless Limbrecht necessity is proclaimed by the enormous would give not only a verbal but a written sale of the cheaper kinds of inebriating apology. This Limbrecht declined; upon potions, and the unblushing scenes of which Clayton challenged him, and was drunkenness which disgrace our streets; mortally wounded in the duel. What and we cannot doubt of their utility makes the circumstances the more afflictIn the United States they have already ing and appalling is, that Mr. Clayton is achieved a most beneficial moral triumph; stated to have been a manos decorous habits, and why should they be less effective in who, according to his own statement, had Great Britain? They begin at the right not for many years risen in the morning end; they exhibit the sinfulness and the without offering his prayers to God, till evils of spirit-drinking, and engage persons the fatal day of the duel, when he durst to break through the practice: whereas not ask to be forgiven his trespasses, as he merely raising the price by heavy duties, did not forgive him that trespassed against does not enlighten the ignorance, or call him. It is a horrible infatuation that can forth the moral energies, of the besotted plunge persons of this description into the victim. The drunkard is a drunkard still, aggravated crime of murder! Yet how though he cannot afford so often to indulge many thousands live habitually prepared bis vice. We heartily wish the best suc- to commit this sin, should the temptation cess to these timely institutions. happen to be presented. We would lay
Connected with the last subject may it down as a test, that no man is really a be mentioned the various meetings which Christian who cannot say, “ By the help have taken place for procuring a diminu- of God, no circumstance shall ever induce tion of the high duties on malt and hops. me to fight a duel, even should I be posted These duties are far too heavy, and they a coward at the corner of every street in press chiefly on the labouring classes : be- London." sides which they impede the agriculturist, The prosecutions of last month against cause the adulteration of what used to be the Morning Journal, and other newsthe national beverage, and drive the poor papers, have given great offence to the to the gin-shop for a cheaper potion. majority of the writers of our daily and
We wish that some benevolent member weekly press ; but we must say that never of parliament would procure the repeal of were libels more unfounded, or, so far as that cruel and impolitic tax the hawker's their impotency allowed, malignant. The license. As a measure of finance, the license of our newspapers, in reference duty is a trifle ; but it presses severely and to private character, is disgraceful to the
country. No man, however honourable becoming those who call themselvers the his charactor, or unimpeachable his mo- disciples of a meek and lowly Redeemer ? tives, is safe. Nor is the evil confined to For our part, when we hear of persons publications of this class ; for even into calling their brethren infidels and blas. some professedly religious works a similar phemers for the most trivial causes, and spirit is spreading. An attack upon a Bible traducing all that is good and righteous or Missionary Society, or a question about around them that happens not to be the Apocrypha or unfulfilled Prophecy, is “ hammered on their anvil,” we think of made a vehicle for personal attacks in the John Bull, the Age, the Morning Journal, very style of our Morning Journals and and are comforted ;-comforted we mean, John Bulls ; truth and decency being in reflecting how little weight well-judging equally discarded, to indulge spleen and men will attach to such impotent libels. party spirit. And is this Christian ? is it
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. T. O.; W. J.; AN ANTI-PÆDOBAPTIST; W77; A Country Curate; X. ;
CLERICUS Sp. ; ALPHA; W. C.; W. M.; A SUBSCRIBER FROM THE COMMENCEMENT ; D. M.'P.: and G. S. ; are under consideration. We cordially concur with Amicus, that the Missionary Register deserves the zealous
support of all who are anxious for the spiritual welfare of the heathen. It has done extensive good ; and we should much regret to learn that so interesting and valuable a publication was not more warmly cherished than ever in the new circum.
stances under which it is placed. A LAYMAN and A Country Clergyman will find that the practices to which they
allude have been often animadverted upon in our pages. Our publishers would readily forward Advertisers' letters left to their care, but often
find it impracticable, for want of their address. Two letters for R. N. lie unclaimed.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The first two articles shew that the home operations of the society are still required and still in progress. The associations of Cornwall are doubled ; more are expected; and in the North nineteen new societies have been formed by Mr. Dudley in the course of one tour. When the reader bas gazed on the overwhelming magnitude of the American Bible Society's operations, with its six hundred and forty-five auxiliaries, he may turn to Mr. Wray's account of a poor slave to see the blessed effects which by the 'mercy of God one single copy of ihe sacred word may be commissioned to produce.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. The religious intelligence from the West Indies, we cannot say is of a very cheering character, as respects the actual amount of good done or doing among the slaves. The most hopeful feature is the conviction which begins to be forced upon the minds of the cis-Atlantic conductors of these operations, of the almost total frustration of their own honest hopes and promises. This may, and must before long, lead them to search for the root of the evil. The archbishops, bishops, clergymen, and benevolent laymen, who superintend at home the affairs of the Codrington estates, must soon be induced seriously to ask, Why is it, that with the utmost wish to benefit our slaves we are frustrated in every attempt to do so ; that after so many generations we cannot even elevate them to the rank of the basest heathen, but are obliged to confirm them and admit them to the Lord's Supper, while herding together like brute beasts spurning the marriage tie? Why is it that, moral considerations being lost upon them, we have been induced to offer them bribes to be married ; thus proving them to be more brutalized after their education upon Christian ground, than were their fathers whom our predecessors purchased of the man-stealer from their native wilds ? The answer is plain : We keep them in the chains of slavery; we refuse to let the oppressed go free; we exact their labours with stocks and imprisonment, and make them “ reap down our fields” without paying them wages for their work; and God does not, will not, bless our labours among them. The first, the very first, step is to send over, in the true spirit of the Gospel, an order that every slave shall be forthwith restored to his just and inalienable rights; be a free labourer, working for honest wages, and not under ihe impulse of terror; and then we may hope that the Gospel will be efficiently propagated among them.
LAST DAYS OF P. JOLIN, LATELY
EXECUTED FOR PARRICIDE.
sured promise, also, contained in Rom. viii. 1, “That there is no
condemnation to them that are in (Concluded from p. 11.)
Christ Jesus, who walk not after BUT to return to Jolin's history; the flesh, but after the Spirit," was
In this visit he was again led explained to him. The being in to a consideration of the only sacri- Christ Jesus, and the nature of faith, fice for sin, particularly as exhibited by which alone he could apply the in the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah. merits and sufferings of the Saviour, In this portion of Scripture he learnt were now, as they were continually, more exactly the cause for which dwelt upon. Jesus Chr came on the earth, The faith of the Gospel, he was became a man of sorrows and ac- more particularly taught, was such a quainted with grief; the object reception of the promises of God for which he suffered and died: made to us in the Scripture, and “Surely he hath borne our griefs, more especially of the engagement and carried our sorrows." “He of God to pardon every sinner who was wounded for our transgressions, came to him in Christ Jesus, as led he was bruised for our iniquities; not only to an entire dependence the chastisement of our peace was upon Christ, but to a complete subupon him, and with his stripes we mission to his will, and an inward are healed. All we like sheep have change in our own nature. gone astray: we have turned every not merely the knowledge of the one to his own way; and the Lord doctrine of faith, or the acceptance hath laid on him the iniquity of us of it as true, which was the test of all.” Other passages of Scripture, its reality, but the creation in the connected with this subject, were heart of a new and animated feeling also explained to bim, and fixed on of trust in the Redeemer. The rehis attention; as Rom. v. 8, which ception of faith in the soul was like points out the wonderful love of the benefit of food which we eat to God towards us, in that, “ while the body; it imparted a spiritual we were yet sinners, Christ died essence, which gives nourishment for us." The death of Christ was, and vigour, and which works by therefore, in no wise the purchase love, not only to the Saviour bimof our own merit, but of his own self, but to all around us. Faith, unbounded grace ; and this led him therefore, to be a living principle to do and suffer all that he did for must be felt by ourselves, and must our sakes. Again in connexion be seen by others : and of both with this, Ephes. ii. 4, 5. The as- these points the faith of this young Christ. OBSERV. No. 338.
man gave ample proof. It gave taken from me, and I have scarcely confidence to his own mind: it even been able to give my attention to gladdened his heart; it made the either.” The one subject which ocBible a new book to him ; it cheer- cupied all his attention, and shut out ed the solitude of his prison, and every other, was the love of his the prospect of death ; it made him Saviour, who had given himself for go with a firm step to his last con- his sins. This, as he said, “ filled Aict. And as it produced this effect his heart.” It may be questioned on his own heart, so it made him by some whether this was a right mindful of every duty which he experience for one who had been owed to his fellow-creatures ; for, guilty of so enormous a crime, and in the observation of all around him, whose offence ought so continually he did what in him lay to warn the to have pressed upon him. But I unruly, and to lead those to whom he have said before, that great as was spoke to that same rest and peace and this young man's offence, it had all joy to which he had himself attain- passed before him as a dream, and ed. His faith, therefore, was not was really no more in its influence merely notional, but it filled his on his imagination and memory, whole soul, gave a new direction to than the other numberless quarrels all his hopes and fears, and made which he had had with his father. him completely a new creature. At the same time, his state of mind The doctrine of the new birth, as served to shew the absorbing nature contained in John iii. 3—7, was also of the Divine principle when it is unfolded to him : that there must fully implanted in the soul. It is be a total change in every man's difficult at all times to think much nature, and the same sensible prac- of God, and to think of any thing tical living and growing state pro- else. In his mind, that one subject duced in the heart, as in an infant seemed to swallow up every other. born into the world; else the man, And as David, in the fifty-first Psalm, whatever might be his outward pri- appears to bave comparatively lost vileges or circumstances, could never sight of his sin againt his country, epter into the kingdom of heaven. the family of Uriah, and of all the It was not necessary to go into any consequences of it, in the depth of refinements, as to the necessity and the feeling wbich he had of his sin the extent of this change, in talking against God; so the love of Christ with Jolin ; for he knew the two took possession of Jolin's mind, and states by his own experience ; only in its length, and breadth, and there might be some danger lest he depth, and height, filled his whole should not see the practical bearing thoughts, and absorbed his whole of the doctrine, and lest he should soul. fail to search and try his own heart. It will be manifest, that, in the But his conduct, as witnessed by explanation of all these subjects, all about him, is the best testimony there was a constant repetition of of the power of Divine grace by points before explained, and referwhich he was influenced ; and this ence to texts which are not noticed. shall speak for itself. It was at Jolin did not talk much; and inthis time, I think, that he made a deed it was chiefly in answer to a confession, which served to explain question, that he made any obserhis previous state of mind, and to vation at all. When a passage of shew how remarkably his attention Scripture was read to him, he would was fixed on one point. “How often take the Bible and read it over extraordinary, sir," said he, “it is slowly to himself, then observe that for these last two days I have carefully whether the register was been able to give my mind only to placed so that he might find it again, one subject : the thought of my and return the book with some crime and of my death have been slight expression of his feelings. In this way did he seem to lay in of the real change in Jolin's chaportions of the Divine word, upon racter. The facts which he narrates which he might reflect in his solitary are some of them in the highest hours. His manner was always degree interesting. “I have symcalm and self-possessed ; and his pathised," he says, " in Jolin's cell, answers to questions were such as in all the horrors of his situation. shewed that he clearly understood I have shuddered at his nefarious the principles upon which the an- parricide; I have rejoiced in his swer was to be made. He was unfeigned pentance; and I have never beside the mark in a reply, been soothed by his delightful if he yet was not fully able to make anticipations of a blessed immortait. But it was quite evident that lity:" He adds, on one occasion, all the lessons which were taught “ I never saw a man more free him, having the warrant of scriptural from enthusiasm. All his religion authority, sunk into his heart, and centred in the atonement of Christ.” met with no obstruction there; for On another, “I never heard him he immediately found that they tale complain of the evidence against lied with his own experience. Thus him, nor of his sentence; never did every word of God seemed to be an expression of murmur or of sent directly with instruction to his invective escape from him." He soul, and the Holy Spirit made him says again, " This visit lasted three willing to receive it.
hours; than which none ever made The next day, the 26th, he was a deeper impression on me, or will visited by Mr. Dallas, one of the perhaps be more conducive to my chaplains of the Bishop of Win- own spiritual improvement." He chester, and by Mr. Durell, the adds again, “It may, perhaps, be rector of St. Saviour's parish. These supposed, that it was the dread of two clergymen have each given death which had excited his reli. public and repeated testimony to gious fervour : on the contrary, the state of mind in which they those apprehensions ceased from found Jolin. The visit of Mr. the moment that holy principle ori. Dallas was chiefly occupied in an ginated in his heart: neither was it endeavour to search out the reality that instinctive fear of dying that of the foundation upon which the drove him into religious inquiries hope of the penitent rested, and he and self-examination. That fear viewed it as most satisfactory. Mr. may, indeed, have caused a wicked Durell visited Jolin at the request man to be sorry for his sin ; but of the Dean of Jersey, in whose the growth in knowledge, in grace, parish the prison is situated. “I and in so many gifts of the Spirit, came,” he says, “ to perform a was so extraordinary and so unpredifficult and unpleasant duty, cedented, that I cannot account for which, indeed, I could not refuse." it as having been the result of “I mention this indifference,” he natural causes operating on an aradds, “to shew, that when I first dent and distracted mind. I am repaired to this poor man's dungeon, not only impartial, but am conthere must bave been something scious that I am as free from suvery powerful to have affected me perstition and enthusiasm as any to such a degree.” Mr. Durell at man : yet I feel inwardly confirst brought Dodd's Prison Thoughts vinced, that Jolin's conversion had with him to read to Jolin; but, something in it more than human ; on the suggestion of a friend, he and that Providence assisted him changed this book for the Bible. with an imperceptible, though equally He visited Jolin many times : and miraculous, working of the Holy he has published an account of his Spirit ; to the end that his edifying visits. His remarks are candid, repentance might operate like a kind, and very clear as to his belief distinguished example to open the