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punishment. There is an unusual impulse the Whites on similar occasions. They amongst them for attending religious ex- have improved more than could be exercises."
pected. They were dressed, many of them, Mr. S. Ward, the sub-agent, says,
in cloth of their own making, some in “
“ Last Sunday I was at a camp-meeting calico; all clean and decent. Nearly all near the agency, and saw a great many of the men I saw wore pantaloons. There these people. They appeared to pay great was a large collection of Red people, and attention to the preaching, and as good many of them rode good horses." order was observed among them as among
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. “A Charge"
delivered at his Visitation. A Sermon on the Guilt of Colonial By the Rev. H. Pearson, D.D. Dean of Slavery. By the Rev. D. Wilson. of Salisbury
Slavery in the West-India Colonies, Select Sermons from Massillon. By Vol. II. By J. Stephen. the Rev. R. Morris, 10s. 6d.
“ A Charge," delivered at his Visita. Family Expositor of_Dr. Doddridge. tion. By the Rev. E. Bather, Archbishop Edited by the Rev. G. Redford. 2 vols. of Salop. 10s.
Memoir of the Rev. E. Payson. 6s. Divines of the Church of England, No. Memoir of the late Mrs. Newnham. By VI,, containing the Works of Dr. Barrow. W. Newnham. 5s. 6d. Edited by the Rev. T. S. Hughes, 7s. 6d. The Day of Rest, and other Poems.
The Law of the Sabbath. By Josiah 2s. 6d. Conder.
The Olive Branch for 1831. Sermons by the Rev. R. Wardlaw, D.D. Cabinet Cyclopædia, No. 12, being the 12s.
History of France. By E. E. Crowe. 6s. On “ Preaching Christ." By the Rev. Critical State of England at the present C. Davy. 6.
Time. 2s. The Crucifixion, and other Poems. By The Claims of West Africa. By Hana Clergyman.
nah Kilham. Practical Remarks on the Book of Exo- National Dietetics. By G. Warren. dus, adapted for Family Worship. 7s. 6d. “ The Moral Muse;"* a Present for Devotional Sonnets. 4s.
Young Ladies. By E. Price. 7s.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
We append to the present Number the Bible Society Extracts for December; and also No. 72 of the Anti-Slavery Reporter, which contains a convincing reply to Mr. Wilmot Horton's charges against the Anti-Slavery Society.
We shall add to our Appendix, published with the present Number, the abstract of the Bible Society's Annual Report, and the Monthly Extracts for last July (which being intercalary did not appear with the current Numbers); and also another Number of the Reporter, which contains an interesting account of Sir George Murray's correspondence with the Slave Colonies. With the Appendix will be given a title page, for binding the appended papers for the year. It is gratifying to us to reflect how many valuable documents have thus been rescued from the ordinary waste and loss attending such papers.
Our monthly sketch of Public Affairs, Answers to Correspondents, &c. will appear in the Appendix; among the other papers in which, we particularly request the attention of our readers to a long and able discussion of Miss Fancourt's case, by the correspondent who wrote the papers on superstition, &c. Mr. Newnham's professional studies and experience have enabled him to discuss the case so satisfactorily that we cannot conceive that any reader, after perusing luis paper, and the appended letter from Mr. Travers, will for one moment maintain that the cure was miraculous.
CHRISTIAN OBSERVER FOR 1830,
BEING THE THIRTIETH VOLUME.
RELIGIOUS & MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.
BAXTER ON THE MILLENNIUM, THE differed from his master. The epis. JEWS, AND PROPHECY. copalian reader of the work will, of
course, meet with much by no means Tothe Editorofthe ChristianObserver. coincident with his own sentiments;
but, as a non-conformist, Mr. Orme I
HAVE just been perusing Mr. might have been excused, had he
Orme's Life of Baxter, and am shewn some irritability, as both so much interested with some pas- churchmen and dissenters agree that sages relative to that eminent di. the ejected ministers were treated vine's opinions respecting the mil- with great severity. But this is not lennium, the Jews, and prophecy, my subject; my object being only that I transmit them for the consi- to transcribe the account of Baxter's deration of your readers.
controversy with the millenarians. Mr. Orme's work is a valuable This combat was almost the closing addition to our stores of religious act of his laborious and eventful life, biography, which he had already extended to the age of seventy-six. enriched by his life of Dr. Owen. The passage is apposite to one of Baxter's auto-biography, published the current discussions of these by Sylvester in 1696, only reaches times; and may, at least, instruct down to January 1685; whereas all parties in the perplexities which Baxter died in 1691, so that the re. surround their efforts; while it brings maining six years are supplied, from forward the mature sentiments of a other sources, by the present annalist. divine who, voluminous as are his This he has done with great accu. compositions, thought more than racy and judgment; and has added he wrote ; and who was so conan elaborate examination of Baxter's scious of the wide extent of this works; drawn up with much mode- and some other mysterious subjects, ration, acuteness, and independence; as to pursue his investigations less and altogether worthy of the man to decide the question than to illuswho compiled the Bibliotheca Bib- trate its difficulties. lica. Mr. Orme himself is now be- “ In the last year of his life, come the subject of religious bio- Baxter was led to engage in a congraphy. He was of the school of troversy with the Rev. Thomas Baxter, as well in his general views Beverly, on the subject of the milof the Gospel, as in his opinions of lennium, and the second advent of ecclesiastical polity-although, in the Lord Jesus Christ. This is one this latter relation, he somewhat of those subjects which appears, CHRIST. OBSERV. App.
from time to time, to have agitated body to answer them. He lived to the church of Christ from the be- see all his prophetical calculations ginning. Even in the days of the fail; so that, on the year in which Apostles, some indulged the expec- they should have commenced their tation that the coming of the Lord fulfilment, he resigned his pastoral was at hand, and under the influ- charge, retired into the country, and ence of this feeling, appear to have shortly after sunk into obscurity. relaxed in their attention to the or- “ Such was the fate of a man dinary duties of life. (2 Thess. ii. whose talents, ardour, and devotediii. 5 -12.) In the subsequent ages, ness, had they been better directed, the doctrine of the millennium was might have rendered him eminently a favourite speculation with many; useful; but whose misdirected zeal though very various and discordant and erroneous calculations issued sentiments were entertained re- only in disappointment to himself, specting it. At the Reformation, it sorrow to his friends, and triumph had its patrons among those whose to the enemies of religion. Beverly imaginations were excited by the was the friend and correspondent extraordinary events of the period, of Baxter. He admired his talents, to expect that the time of the respected his piety, and courted his restitution of all things was near. acquaintance. Knowing the canDuring the Commonwealth, the dour with which Baxter listened to Fifth-monarchy men brought this every plausible representation on subject again into prominent notice; religious subjects, and being conbut the extravagances of some of vinced that if he could but engage them, and the destruction which his attention, he would openly they brought on themselves, sunk espouse his cause, or enter the lists it into contempt. It was held, against him; either of which results however, by some most respectable would answer his purpose by calling and learned individuals, both before attention to his own publications; he and after the time of the Common- accordingly presented him with wealth. It is only necessary to them as they appeared, and most mention, in proof of this, the names perseveringly solicited his observaof Joseph Mede and Henry More; tions upon them. Having published men alike distinguished for learning his Catechism of the Kingdom of and talents, and for their mild and our Lord Jesus Christ in the Thouconciliatory dispositions. Among sand Years; shewing by Scripture the most strenuous and ardent sup- that the great Articles of the Reporters of this doctrine was Thomas demption, the Resurrection, the Beverly, a man by no means desti- Mystery of the Saints not dying but tute of good sense, scriptural infor. changed, the Judgment, the Delimation, and ardent zeal. He was vering-up of the Kingdom to God, pastor of a dissenting congregation all in all, cannot be explained at which assembled in Cutler's Hall, full Dimensions without it;' he sent and began his career as a writer on it to Baxter, with an earnest request the prophecies about the period of to be favoured with his opinion of the Revolution ; of which he was a it. The substance of Beverly's docmost devoted friend and admirer. trine appears to be - That Christ's In a work published in 1688, dedi kingdom begins only at the millencated to the Prince of Orange, he nium; that the commencement of endeavours to shew that the Papacy the millennium and the resurrection could not last nine years, and that of the saints are parallel events; the millennium would commence in that the millennium is the day of 1697. From this time to that por- judgment spoken of in Scripture; tentous year, he continued to send that during it the saints shall inforth his publications on the subject crease and multiply upon the earth; in great numbers, challenging every that the wicked shall also be upon the earth ; and that a grand conflict on? or is it all the one thousand shall take place at the battle of years proceeding to its dispatch ? Armageddon, when the wicked shall If so, it is a wonder that this long be destroyed. With all this, are fire consumeth not Gog and Ma. mixed up some strange specula- gog; and if the inhabitants fly from tions about the person of Christ. On it, as at Etna, whither do they receiving the “millenary Catechism,' carry their goods, and where will Baxter addressed a long and kind they find room, both saints and letter to the author, proposing a sinners? Is it the new earth all the series of questions to him. He while it is burning? If it be burnt assures him they were written, not at all at the beginning, where are in a spirit of captiousness, but from the surviving saints all the while ? a real desire of information, which You avoid many difficulties by holdhe considered Beverly well quali. ing but one resurrection ; but what fied to supply. As these questions then becomes of the bodies of all are not unimportant at the present the wicked, who die during the time, I shall extract a few of them. one thousand years ? Do soul and
"• Doth the Revelation mention body go to hell unburied; or do one thousand years or two? If but only their souls suffer, and their one, doth not that begin upon the bodies never rise? Is there one fall of Babylon? Why say you conflagration or two ? The Scripthat Christ's kingdom beginneth tures speak but of one; and then at the one thousand years, when so what becomes of your new earth at many things tell us of his kingdom the end of the one thousand years? existent long before ? Hath he not Are not Gog and Magog burnt at governed by laws and initial exe- last? Is your beloved city on earth cution long before ? yea, the king- in one place ? and where? or over dom is among us and within us. Do the whole earth ? Is not the numnot the spirits of the departed just, ber that cover the camp, as the with the angels, now constitute the sand of the sea, with Gog and general assembly above; and is not Magog, inconsistent with the dethat kingdom of Christ, and doth scription of the new earth, wherein he not now reign over all ? Shall dwelleth righteousness, and with the these blessed souls come down for times of restitution, when the groanone thousand years, and dwell ei. ing creation shall be delivered from ther with devils, or where devils the bondage of corruption into a now dwell, in the air ? If they paradisiacal state ?'” come thither with Christ at judg- “ Such is a specimen of the ment, shall they dwell there so questions which Baxter proposed to long ? and is it no worse a place Beverly, on his having transmitted than where they are ? Seeing the to him a copy of the work which he heavens that now are must then be had published. Could I have quoted burnt, is not the air the lower part them all, they would have shewn of the heavens, or that at least, how amply Baxter, even at this and shall Christ and the new Jeru- advanced period of his life, entered salem dwell in the consuming fire ? into the subject ; and that no por. I cannot possibly find what time tion of his natural acuteness had you allot to the conflagration of yet failed him. It does not seem to heaven; whether it shall continue have produced much effect on Beburning all the one thousand years, verly; and therefore, in the course or be quickly dispatched at first; of the year 1691, appeared a quarto nor yet what time or measure you tract, entitled • The Glorious King. set to the conflagration of the earth. dom of Christ, described and clearly Doth it burn all at once, or by vindicated, &c. ; by Richard Baxgradations, as Dr. Cressener thinks, ter, whose comfort is only the beginning at Rome, and so going hope of that kingdom. In this
work he enters the lists with the less confidence, and propagated with Millenarians in general ; with those equal zeal, and in future ages will who boldly asserted the future re- probably continue to experience the storation and reign of the Jews, same fate. One passage of Baxter's and the one thousand years' rest tract, relating to Beverly, I think before the conflagration, with those merits to be quoted :also who expected a reign of one “ • Your writings make it plain thousand years after the conflagra- that you are a good man, of deep tion; and with Beverly in partie thoughts, fallen into a fond esteem cular, in answer to his challenges of your new, unripe conceptions, and censures, of which he appears and wrapt up thereby into a disto have been very liberal. Baxter eased conceitedness.
How you endeavours to explain the promise will be able to bear it when Proof the new heavens and the new vidence and experience have conearth; and contends for the ever- futed you in 1697, I know not. lasting duration of Christ's kingdom. But I am more bold to foretel your He undertakes to prove, that the failing, by my persuasion that your doctrines of Beverly, and the Mil. exposition of the Revelation is a lenarians, are chimerical, and with- mere mistake from the beginning out foundation in Scripture; that almost to the end. Wonder not the views commonly entertained that nobody writeth to confute you, on these subjects are in accordance for men love not to trouble themwith all correct interpretation of the selves with convincing every single prophecies of the Bible; that Christ's man of his errors. The reason why kingdom is spiritual in its nature, I attempt it is because by the se. properly commenced at his resur- duction of some of my friends, and rection, and will continue till the the general inclination of the Antifinal conflagration, when it will be nomian, Anabaptist, and separating perfected for ever in heaven. From party to this conceit of the thousand this work, it appears that Baxter years' kingdom, I understand that did not believe that the Ten Tribes your opinion, which formerly was were ever so entirely lost as many tolerable as confined to a few consuppose, and that part of them ex. ceited good men, is now becoming isted in the time of Christ and the a great article of their faith and Apostles: consequently that the re. religion; especially since I see that covery of such a body, according in all your professed extraordinary to the expectations of many, is not humility, you brand all who dissent to be looked for? Nor does he ap- from you as semi-Sadducees of the pear to have believed in any national apostacy, and constantly challenge conversion of the Jewish people ; in all pastors and doctors to answer their restoration to their own coun- you, and maintain (though you try; in their instrumentality for the conform) that God's word knoweth conversion of the world; or in their not a clergy.' future superiority over the nations. "Beverly published a short anHis reasonings on all these topics swer to Baxter, as full of confidence cannot be given. I do not agree as ever. In consequence of which with him in every point; but I have Baxter brought out quickly after, no hesitation in saying, that, though another pamphlet in · Reply to Mr. less known than many of his works, Thomas Beverly's Answer to my it is one of the acutest and best Reasons against his Doctrine of the written of his numerous publications. Thousand Years' Middle Kingdom, The opinions of Beverly were not and of the Conversion of the Jews.' new when he wrote: they had been Feb. 20, 1691. 4to. Thistract consists frequently started and exploded be- of only twenty-one pages, and must fore. They have been repeatedly have been among the last things of revived since, maintained with no a controversial nature which Baxter