the Scriptures had been read; a sages of Scripture before mentioned. train appears to have been laid, The first work of the Holy Spirit in which the Spirit of God put into his heart was undoubtedly immecombustion under the awful cir. diate : it may, however, be said of cumstances into which he came, the next work, that of his converand by the further illumination of sion, that it was not by any means Divine truth to his soul. " In the so rapid as those conversions the morning then sow thy seed, and in history of which we have in the the evening withhold not thine band; Book of Acts; and there was time for thou knowest not whether shall in it to have the regular stages of prosper, either this or that, or whe- growth. I would not, therefore, ther they both shall be alike good.” that this case should be confounded

A fifth lesson is on the point of with that of what are commonly conversion. With all the provision called sudden conversions, because for Jolin's future growth in religious I think that it will then lose a porknowledge, gained by his early edu- tion of its usefulness in losing some cation, it would not be right to say evidence of its reality. From first that the work of regeneration, or to last, according to the degree of the first teaching of the Spirit of his experience, Jolin was able to God, much less that of conversion, give a reason for the hope that was had begun before he came into in him, and this ground of hope prison. But then the work was was founded in the concurrence of wonderfully and rapidly effected. It his own feelings and convictions would not be according to the doc- with the word of God. He felt the trines, or the example of Scripture, deep sinfulness which it described : to say that conversions of this kind he found, as the Scriptures stated, were not real and complete : at the nothing in himself on which he could same time every one must acknow- depend for salvation ; and, relying ledge that as conversion is ordina- entirely on the merits of Jesus rily a gradual work, too much atten. Christ, he obtained a sense of partion cannot be given to one which don. But not only this; his reliance was effected so rapidly as this. I brought a testimony of its truth, do not know whether any thing like and the truth of the word of God, enthusiasm was detected by any one in the fruit which it enabled him, to during his whole confinement. In produce. Love, joy, and peace, the course of this period, he had sprang up in him, and thus his own only one striking dream, the usual conscience gave him witness. In mark of a disordered imagination. this manner his conversion proceedThis is recorded by Mr. Durell. It ed, rapidly indeed, but I may say, was at the commencement of his if pressed into a short time, yet religious impressions. For some without any deviation from those months he had been dreadfully rules which it pleases God the agitated, and could not rest. I Holy Spirit to adopt in more ordreamed," he said, “ that I was dinary cases. His conduct is the dragged through frightful preci- best, as it is the only satisfactory, pices, till at last, I was brought as commentary on the whole work. into the presence of our Saviour, A sixth lesson is, the wonderful and there I obtained mercy." This and blessed effects produced by the dream was so good an illustration of possession of real religion. In this many of the passages of Scripture case, how speedily it tranquillized which were pointed out to him, that the mind! It was like the word it required no great flight of ima- of its holy Author, when he said, gination to fall into it. But beside “ Peace, be still; and there was this, he had no impulse from unusual a great calm.” How remarkable excitement, or even more than very was its effect in elevating the mind common reasoning upon the pas. of the prisoner ! Those who visited his abode could not but feel with youth I have been addicted to inMr. Durell, a degree of surprise at temperance. My duty to God was their own feelings, when they re- never pointed out to me. Those membered that they were with one who have children committed to who had been an incorrigible drunk their care, I beseech to send them ard, and a murderer. But religion regularly to church, and to the had softened all his character, and Sunday school, and teach them created in bim those genuine fruits their duty to God and man.” Let which, as we are taught, spring those, then, who are teaching Sabfrom the work of the Holy Spirit. bath-breaking, swearing, passion,

Lastly, there is a lesson of ap- habits of drinking, and vice, to their plication to our own souls. It may children, by their own example, be asked, What is the intimate ac- look at this horrible crime. A paquaintance which we have had with rent murdered, and a son hanged, the experience which this poor dying from the effects of a father's excriminal passed through? He, being ample! The case, however, speaks dead, may speak to many of his own for itself. If Jolin's father, at his age--perhaps with far greater ad- last moments, had been given the vantages of education and example; opportunity of contemplating his or he may speak to those who have own circumstances ; if he had obseen more years, and yet have not tained a few moments to look around attained to that ripeness of faith, upon his own awful state, upon his and that full assurance of hope, son's crime, upon the eternity bewhich inade Jolin climb with such fore them both, what must have eagerness the gallows hill, and long been his feelings! Let parents, for the time when he should be with then, apply this history to themChrist.

selves. This history applies most empha- May we all who read or hear this tically to the case of young men, account apply its lessons to ourselves. teaching them to avoid sin, even Let us adore the astonishing love of when it may have the sanction of God in the case of this poor outcast parental example. The Bible, they sinner ; His sovereign power, His must remember, and not men, es- boundless mercy, His all-sufficient pecially ungodly men, should be grace. May we seek to lay all the their direction. By this law we burden of our transgressions upon shall all be judged, and must that Sacrifice in whom Jolin trusted. stand or fall. In Jolin's last ad. May we, with him, find the Holy dress, he said, “ Avoid bad com- Spirit making us fit to live, as, we pany, drinking spirits, vicious habits." trust, he was fit to die : so that “I exhort young people, not to when we have fought the good fight violate the Sabbath, but to frequent we shall receive the crown of glory, church, and attend to their religious which, we may trust, this believing duties." Would that this tremen- penitent has been called to wear*. dous example of punishment might lead every young person who hears it to inquire into his own state, and to remember how soon one act of REPLY TO DR. WHATELEY ON sin may bring judgment upon him, and how tremendous will be his judgment, if, after this warning, he Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. is found unprepared.

This history also speaks most I beg to call the attention of your loudly and awfully to parents. readers to the learned Dr. Whate"You see in me,” Jolin said from ley's chapter on the abolition of the the scaffold, “the effect of bad edu

• Sept. 27, near the top of p. 9, last cation and example. From early Number, should be Sept. 23.




Law, in his Essays on the Writings of ascertains whether the law is written St. Paul. It seems to be the writ. in his heart. • It needs not be er's intention to admit the total feared,” Dr. Whateley tells " that abolition of the Mosaic Law, both to proclaim exemption from the momoral and ceremonial, as limited ex- ral law, would leave us without any clusively to the Israelites ; while he moral guide;"_" since, after all, the asserts, that the natural principles light of reason is that to which every of morality which it inculcates are man must be left in the very interof universal obligation. Further, he pretation of that law." No doubt, says, that this obligation arises en- without the guidance of the Spirit tirely from their moral character, of God we should go wrong, wheand not from the authority of the ther we attempt to lay down a lawgiver: and, indeed, he seems system of morality for ourselves, or to think they have no higher autho- whether we endeavour to discrimirity than those parts of the laws nate between the moral and cereof Solon or Mohammed, which are monial parts of the Mosaic dispensatruly moral. I am not disposed to tion : but it seems most consistent dispute that it is owing to their with that economy of special interfermoral character that the laws of ence, which distinguishes the dispenMoses are

now obligatory upon sations of God, to give man a rule Christians; but I am persuaded, which requires no other effort tnan that the moral precepts of the that which is necessary to separate Jewish Law have an additional au- it from those observances and cerethority from the office and inspira- monies, which had merely a typical tion of the lawgiver : and there. signification, or which arose out of fore any obligation which was en special circumstances; rather than forced by Moses as of moral autho. leave him to the uncertainty of the rity, cannot now be less obligatory, dictates of reason and of conscience, though the sphere of its requisitions which must be as various as the may be enlarged. Moses lays down strength of the different understand. precise injunctions, founded on cer- ings and the habits of individuals, tain immutable principles. The which unfortunately so much influChristian who lives under a spiritual ence the dictates of our conscience. dispensation must interpret the law, It is but right to state, that Dr. not by the letter which killeth, but Whateley lays down a much less by the Spirit which giveth life. I objectionable position at his 150th apprehend, therefore, there is no page, than what appears to be gedanger, as Dr Whateley supposes, nerally maintained in his chapter

on that the true Christian will content the abolition of the Law; when he himself with a " literal adherence to says, “there is a presumption that the express commands of the law;" what was commanded or prohibited or that he will merely enlarge it by is right or wrong in itself, unless such precise moral precepts as he some reason can be assigned, which may find distinctly enacted in the makes our case at present different New Testament ; for he knows that, from that of the Israelites;" but this in answer to the question, “What is hardly consistent with his stateis written in the law ? how readestment of the case, when he says, that thou?" he is taught that the law, “the Mosaic Law was limited, both rightly interpreted, comprehends his to the nation of the Israelites, and whole duty to God, and to his neigh- to the period before the Gospel :" bour, in its most extensive sense: and for, strictly speaking, if it is now, although he also knows that he can- as he says, a code for instruction, not do this and live, by reason of the though not a “standard and rule of imperfection and sin which accom- conduct," it can hardly be said to pany his very best actions; yet it be limited to the Israelitish nation. is by his love to these precepts he If Dr. Whateley would admit it to be a certain code of instruction so was intended for all nations, but it far as it goes, though not reaching also shews us in what way we may the height of the Gospel standard; apply the commands and promises that is to say, correct in principle of God made to the Jews under the as to its enactments, though falling old dispensation to ourselves under short as to the extent to which those the new. And at the same time, it principles are set forth ; I for one, proves that the commandments are should have little controversy with of universal obligation (unless the him. But I quite differ from him well known object is accomplished), when be goes on to argue, that and that the promises will be fulthough it is obligatory on Chris-filled to us, if not in mind, certainly tians to worship the one true God according to the spirit and meaning alone, yet that the obligation does not of the engagement. Our Saviour arise from any authority emanating himself says, “ Think not that I am from the First Commandment; be- come to destroy the Law or the Procause he conceives that the expres- phets; I am not come to destroy, sion, “ I am the Lord thy God, who but to fulfil.” And again, “ One brought thee out of the land of jot, or one tittle, shall in no wise pass Egypt," confines the requisition ex- from the law, till all be fulfilled.” clusively to Israel. It is true, this I can understand these texts, even prefatory address is intended ex- in conjunction with the Antinomian clusively for the Israelites, to whom scheme, which absolves Christians alone it applies : and though it en- from all moral obligations, both the forces additional obligation on the moral and ceremonial law being Israelites, to obey ali God's com- fulfilled in the person of their Surety: mands, the other reason upon and I can see their perfect coinciwhich the commandment is ground- dence in that more scriptural view ed is of universal obligation, and in- of the subject, which, while it acdependent of the particular rela- knowledges that the Divine comtion of God to the Israelites, as mandments have only been perfectly their Deliverer from Egypt. “ I am obeyed by “ Him who was tempted the Lord thy God” is sufficient to in all points like as we are, yet withenjoin us to have none other gods;" out sin," also teaches us that our and equally applies to all who live, Saviour not only pardons sin by and move, and have their being in virtue of His atonement, but also him. Again, the author infers, that by his Spirit writes his laws in our the Fifth Commandment is intended hearts and in our minds ; and that exclusively for the children of Israel, we have no reason to trust his fulbecause the promised reward is, filment of all righteousness on our that they shall live long in the land behalf, unless we shew the impress which the Lord their God giveth of that Spirit which he purchased them. But he forgets that the Apo. for us, both in our conduct and in stle St. Paul applies this very com. our character : but I cannot undermandment to the Gentile Ephesians, stand these texts, if the moral part when he says, “ Honour thy father of the Mosaic code is abolished, and and mother, which is the first com- yet man is left to an unwritten and mandment with promise, that it may undefined law, for which he may be well with thee, and thou mayest look either into the Scriptures, or live long on the earth.” Now the into the laws of Mohammed, or of application of the promise to the Solon : and what termination can Ephesians, and the adaptation of we assign to those moral obligations the text by the substitution of “the which are essential to human hapearth,” in the case of the Gentiles, piness on earth, and which, if not for “the land," which the Lord had engrafted on his character, would especially given to the Jews; not prevent even heaven being a place only shews that the original promise of happiness to him hereafter ? The

CHRIST, Observ. No. 338.


Surety by paying the debt can remitblem of Christ's death and resur. the obligation; but the object of rection, and of our death unto sin, man's salvation is only attained when and our resurrection to righteousboth the penalty is remitted, and he ness,) replaced circumcision - if is sufficiently qualified to enjoy the Christians continued to practise destiny to which the remission has circumcision, which was only the entitled him.

seal of the first covenant by which Doctor Whateley has some válu. God was engaged to bless all the able remarks on the indisposition of na:ions of the earth in Abraham's men, derived from our natural indo. seed - then, faith must consequently lence, to regulate our conduct by be imperfect in him by whom that certain principles, instead of precise promise had been fulfilled. There and formal rules. The truth is, I is something very remarkable in the believe, that men love a system of sentence pronounced by St. James, laws independent of principles, be in the college of the Apostles, on cause they can be more easily evad- the case of the Gentile converts, ed; assuming that they are at when he desires that they may be liberty on every point to which the required to "abstain from pollutions law does not exactly apply; and we of idols, and from fornication, and may see that in some degree at from things strangled, and from present, in the conduct of those who, blood;" and adds, “for Moses of more or less, hold the doctrine of old time hath in every city them salvation by works, as they often that preach him, being read in the endeavour to prove that they are at synagogue every Sabbath day." I liberty wherever they do not find an am inclined to think that a distincexpress prohibition. But our Saviour tion was here made between the teaches us, that the commandments ceremonial and moral parts of the and other precepts of the Mosaic Jewish Law. The difficulty which code were instances in which the was referred to the decision of the moral principle is applied. “Who- Apostles, arose from its being assoever looketh on a woman to lust serted by certain of the sect of the after her, hath committed adultery Pharisees, that it was necessary that with her already in his heart;" the converts should be circumcised. “Whoso is angry with his brother The answer, therefore, of the Apos: without a cause," incurs the guilt tles does not apply to any moral and penalty of a murderer. The offence, except one, against which law here is left in full force; but it there does not appear to be any is shewn to be grounded on certain literal prohibition in the Jewish principles which must be adhered Law; though, no doubt, it is im. to, and which principles were as plied in the Seventh Commandment, obligatory on the Jews as on Chris- and in the injunctions which regutians; for they were blamed for the late marriage. But the reference narrow construction which they to the reading of Moses in the gave to the law, as well as för synagogue in every city, can have making it void through their tra- no meaning at all, unless the Apos: ditions.

tle is understood to say, that, in The ceremonial law was a means regard to the question of circumci. of grace to the pious Israelites, sion, and other ceremonial matters, especially to those who could look he would put no other burden upon forward, more or less clearly, to them than the necessary injunctions that which was signified ; but when which he specifies. With respect the great Antitype appeared, they to all points of morality, he refers could be no longer means of grace, them to the Books of Moses, which and, consequently, they became are read in the Scriptures every dead by the body of Christ : and Sabbath-day. when baptism (the significant em- But that my observations may

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