« ForrigeFortsett »
ble to lose a word; and as that gentleman time from the disease and the treatment gives me permission to employ it in the which gentlemen previously consulted had way most conducive to the diffusion of judged necessary; that, long after I saw truth, I beg to send it you entire, con- the case, much and varied treatment, mevinced that you will agree with me in dical and surgical, was employed at Marthinking that no part could be spared gate and in Devonshire, -at which latter without injury.
place the local affection was regarded as To W. Newnham, Esq.
symptomatic of a disordered state of the Bruton Street, Dec. 8, 1830. liver, and the system was put under the My dear sir,
action of mercury; that other joints had I am happy, on my part, to renew our been painfully affected at various times; acquaintance, which the reports of common and that at length, tired of ineffectual friends, and of the press, also a common attempts at recovery, Miss Fancourt had friend, have preserved from absolute decay. betaken herself to her couch, and yielded The essay to which you allude has not up her case, in something like despair, to fallen in my way. I shall peruse it with the slow but nevertheless powerful operamuch interest.
tion of time and rest. From several quarters intelligence bad It is quite certain from the statements reached me of the sudden recovery of Miss of Mrs. Fancourt (the young lady was unFancourt; and but a few hours before the fortunately from home when I called a few acrival of your note of inquiry, I had pe- days ago), that Miss F.'s case bore no rerused the narratives of Miss Fancourt and semblance at any time to the “ morbus her father, together with the clear and coxæ*”, and that no sign exists of any conclusive comments appended to them, alteration having ever taken place in the in the Christian Observer, to which a friend structure of the hip-joint or of the spine. had called my attention.
Thus it may have been a myalgia or a neuMy recolleetion of the case is not so ralgia t, or both, affecting chiefly the most strong in particulars as to enable me to fleshy and most important joint of the body, say much about it. It appears that I saw though others suffered in a degree ; and Miss F. twice, and that some weeks in this painful affection and loss of muscular tervened between my visits in the winter power may have supervened upon original of 1824. My attention being directed to inflammation. the hip-joint, I examined it carefully, and I shall now, my dear sir, take the lifound that there was neither deformity berty of offering one or two remarks upon nor want of mobility, but that the use of this history. If there is a well made out the joint was painful. I recommended point in pathology, it is the frequent erthat a long-established issue should be istence of a painful local affection, sympallowed to heal, and at the same time di. tomatic of a disordered state of the nervous rected some leeches, a blister, and ape- system,—this again depending upon a derient medicine. On my second visit, fect in some one or more of the important Miss F. was so far relieved as to lead me functions by which vigorous or tonic to urge the discontinuance of her crutches health is maintained. Such affections are and to prescribe tonic medicine, and I sometimes, indeed often, so simulative of think a warm plaster. Most of these par. the symptoms of inflammation, as to require ticulars have been confirmed by inquiry study and discrimination to distinguish of the young lady's mother, for I had no them; and indeed they are not unfreminute of the case save in my memory. quently the vestiges of former inflamma
To a medical man, this brief relation is tions. For months, and sometimes years, a volume, as regards the opinion I must we see them resist every mode of treathave entertained ; namely, that the inflam- ment: they lead to no organic mischief, mation, if it had been acute, was not so and excite no alarm for the patient's then ; that the seat of it was not the syno- safety; for they are not incompatible with vial or lining membrane of the joint, but an even, although a feeble, state of bealth. the external ligamentous or muscular co- Eventually they cease, as if they had run verings; that more than had been already their course, and worn themselves out; done, in the way of counter-irritation and and the discovery of their cessation may drain, was not indicated ; and lastly, be sudden, and may lead to the belief that that the general system was defective in such has been their actual termination, power.
when in fact they have so far gradually It should be observed, that the young abated as to be incapable of resisting any lady was naturally somewhat delicate in strong impulse or exertion to throw them frame and health *; that she had already off. The period of self.imposed restraint, been confined and suffering for a length of as in many cases of a different description, • A twelvemonth prior to the local tinated by the fear of relapse, and, in ex.
is arbitrary: hence, sometimes procrascomplaint, Miss F. had been a patient of treme cases, by the paralysing influence of & much-esteemed physician in the city, despair. for some constitutional indisposition ; for wbich, among other remedies, that gentle- • Regular hip-disease. man had recommended horse exercise. + Painful affection of muscles or nerves. The operation of such lengthened and result not conformable to ordinary expeunnatural confinement as is imposed rience, brought about by the intervention where the spine or lower limbs are thus of powerful mental impressions, but adaffected, upon the patient's constitution, mitting of explanation, by reference to moral as well as physical, leads to some the well-known sympathies of the human of the most curious phenomena which economy. I refrain from pursuing a subour profession offers to observation. These ject not in my province, and upon which in detail are much depending on tempe- the little that need, or the much that may, rament, education, society, modes of be said, can be said better, and more efthinking, &c. It would be easy to fill fectively. & volume with such histories, and very I would treat with respect every attempt incredible some of them would appear. at the solution of this and similar natural That such conditions are modified by sex, problems, but I incline to such a solution is, in addition to other proofs, demon- as my reason and experience suggest; strated by the fact that these cases are being disposed to regard the operation of almost peculiar to females under, or not what are termed " secondary causes” as exceeding, middle life. It is from this sufficiently, miraculous, abstractedly concourse of observation, that well informed sidered, to inspire a conviction of the surgeons have of late years recognised uniformity, as well as universality, of the and described a class of hysteric local Divine superintendance. A philosophic affections, of which pain, sometimes ex. mind, surrounded on all sides by myscessive, is generally a predominant cha- teries which it is unable to fathom, disracter.
covers, in the most familiar objects of its Another position, which may be re- contemplation, abundant sources of knowgarded as equally well established with ledge, and incentives to piety and grathe former, is the occasional sudden dis- titude ; appearance of these complaints, on the “ Finds tongues in trees, books in the mitigation or removal of some obvious running brooks, physical irritation, or under the action Sermons in stones,--and good in every of some powerfully exciting mental sti- thing !" mulus. The removal of a biliary obstruc- This letter has far exceeded its intended tion, or the expulsion of an intestinal limits : I entreat your forgiveness, and worm, may serve to illustrate the first; remain, &c.
B. TRAVERS. and the energy inspired by terror, rage, revenge, &c. the latter.
With this interesting communication It has been truly and beautifully said, from Mr. Travers I conclude my remarks “ Hope springs eternal in the human for the present; but as the general subbreast;" but its character is too tranquil, ject is important, and I am in possession passive, conditional, to arouse the extra. of some materials which appear to me very ordinary energies of the system depressed valuable, I purpose, as before remarked, below the level; whereas confidence, as- resuming the discussion in your next vosuming the character of religious faith, lume. In the mean time, I'am, &c. founded in a settled conviction, however inspired or characterized,--whether the fervour of an enlightened, or the frenzy NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE of a fanatical, enthusiast, when its force
SOCIETY. is concentrated upon an object of para- This most useful institution has commount interest, I apprehend to be the pleted its fiftieth year. Its labours exmost powerful lever which can be brought tend to the whole military and maritime to operate upon the human mind,
population of the realm. Taking the facts as stated in Miss Fan
The society's receipts during the last court's case, namely, that she was enabled year were 3,396.., and the disbursements upon the word, to rise, and command, 3,3861. A reduction of debt to the amount and controul the muscles, which five of 6161. has been effected within the year, hours before had refused, or rendered a and the list of subscribers is on the invery imperfect obedience to her will, it crease. The number of copies of Bibles cannot be doubted but that the impulse issued during the year has amounted to must have been a powerful one ; but the 13,233,-making the issues of the society fear of death, or of shame, might have since its formation 244,477 copies. Since done, nay has over and over again done, the official regulation of 1825, the supply as much; and, on the other hand, it must to the army alone has been 40,436 copies, be remembered, that there was no such being an excess of 6,436 beyond the total physical impediment to contend with as issues between the years 1780 and 1804, the slightest alteration of healthy struc- a period of 24 years from the formation of ture, so far as we are cognisant of such the society. deviation,--that in that, the function only We have so often advocated the cause was at fault.
of this Christian and patriotic institution, To the dispassionate observer, if this that we shall not add any thing to the prebe considered miraculous, a miracle not un, ceding facts, in proof of its claims to enfrequently presents itself, that is, a physical larged public support. The intended ad
ditions to the army will furnish new calls anount to 67,018.; but it is hoped that upon the exertions of the society; and we the friends of the Society will not relax in rejoice that such societies are in existence their endeavours to furnish it with suffipromptly to meet them.
cient means to answer the increasing de
mands upon its exertions. SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS- The diocesan and district committees TIAN KNOWLEDGE.
have continued to render the most efficient This venerable institution, it is re- assistance to the parent institution.- We marked in the last Report, “ has now postpone to another Number the review been actively engaged for more than of the Society's foreign proceedings. one hundred and thirty years in labouring to advance by various methods, and to SERAMPORE MISSION. the utmost extent of its means and in- We have received from India a powerful fluence, the glory of God and the best in- appeal on behalf of the Serampore mission, terests of mankind. During this long issued by the venerable Dr. Carey and his period the society has never been unmind colleagues. ful that its primary duty is to extend the Circumstances, they say, of extreme knowledge of the Gospel as expounded in urgency compel them to appeal to the the Articles and Liturgy of our Church, and Christian public of Great Britain. “ For to inculcate Christian duties upon Christian themselves they have nothing to ask principles.” “The labours of the society," but the good wili and the prayers of their it is added, “ have been continued on a fellow-Christians; but their petition must scale of progressive extension ; a fact which be earnest for support to that sacred cause the present abstract of the proceedings in which they are engaged.” The objects during the past year will tend fully to of the Serampore mission may be arranged establish.”
under the heads of translation and printFrom that Report we learn, that the ing, education, and missionary labour, number of Bibles, Testaments, Common or the direct preaching of the Gospel to Prayer-books, Psalters, and other books the natives of India. For these different and'tracts issued during the past year, is objects they require pecuniary aid in dif1,715,560, which considerably exceeds the ferent degrees. number issued in any former year. A large We cannot find space for the compliproportion of these books have been sup- cated details ; but the result is, that beplied to parochial, charity, national, and sides books and schools, the missionaries Sunday schools. Many books have been have to provide for 20 stations, each of granted gratuitously to very necessitous which has one or more resident preachers, schools and parishes, and likewise for the and 32 missionary brethren, European, use of the settlers in Western Australasia. Indo-British, or native ; and the entire The society has also furnished considerable annual expenses of which are about 1,5331. supplies of books on account of Govern. They add, "It has been said that we are ment to his Majesty's convict ships and rich. Were we so, we should send forth the Penitentiary at Milbank.
no such appeal as the present. We are A new field for exertion on the part of really poor, and nothing but our poverty the society was opened some years ago, in compels us to call for help. The only consequence of the order of the late Duke members of the mission who have it in of York, that every soldier who could read their power to contribute to its funds are should be furnished with a Bible and a Dr. Carey, Dr. Marshman, and Mr. Common Prayer-book. The society agreed J. C. Marshman. They do contribute to furnish as many copies as might be re- to the utmost of their ability; but it quired ; and it has supplied one half of the has pleased God greatly to curtail chat Bibles, and all the Common Prayer-books, ability, especially as the British Gowhich have been distributed in virtue of vernment have just abolished the profesthe above-mentioned order, besides reli- sorships in the college of Fort William. gious books sent out for the use of his We entreat of the Christian public a few Majesty's troops in India.
hundred pounds per annum, for we have An edition of 5,000 copies of the New them not ourselves. Christian friends! Testament in the Irish language and cha- these are our wants. Do you refuse usracter, with marginal references, has re- do you refuse these stations-- the small cently been completed at the charge of the degree of support which is required ? society. The Board have determined to Which of them is to be abandoned? We distribute among the bishops in Ireland cannot think of one. If unceasing indus2,000 copies, to place 1,000 copies at the try or self-denial could by any means fur. disposal of the Incorporated Association nish us with the supplies we beg from in Dublin, and to reserve the remaining you, we would toil and deny ourselves 2,000, to be distributed as the demand with joyful alacrity, and leave you unimmay require. An edition of 5,000 copies portuned. But our hopes are small in this of the Society's Family Bible was expected respect : our present incomes even are to be completed before the termination of uncertain. Again, then, ire implore your the present year.
help, and we trust we shall not implore in The pecuniary receipts for tbe year vain."
The exertions of the Serampore mis- “I again visited the church at Oneida, sionaries in the translation and dispersion and admitted the Rev. S. Davis, and the of the Sacred Word deserve the grati. Rev. J. Young. Deacons, to the order of tude of the whole Christian world ; and Priests. On this occasion, a pertinent for this particular department a special and affecting address, drawn up, at the fund is appropriated, distinct from those request of the chiefs, by a young Indian, departments of the Society's labours which who has received a good English eduinvolve questions of doctrine or church cation, was read to me in their name, in discipline.
which they requested me to recognise
Mr. Davis as their permanent pastor. AMERICAN EPISCOPAL VISITA. This was done in a simple, significant TION.
ceremony, suggested by them. The chiefs The laborious duties of the American standing behind each other, each chief Episcopate are little estimated in this placed his hands on the shoulders of the country. Bishop Chase's journeys, which chief before him, and the first chief on happen to be best known, are only a the shoulders of Mr. Davis, whom I took specimen of those of other prelates tra- and held by the right hand, while I replied velling through the more recently settled to their address. By this ceremony they districts. We have before us the official wished to signify that a strong bond of account of the last completed episcopal tour union was formed between them, their of the lamented Bishop Hobart, from which pastor, and their bishop.” we copy the following notice. The ordi. The indefatigable prelate who penned nary detail of exertion in confirmations, this account, did not live to complete ordinations, and consecrations we pass another visitation. His zeal and self.deover.
votion, and mental and bodily exertions, “ In the afternoon I visited the congre- during these episcopal journeys, have been gation of the Indians on the Oneida reser- described to us, by eye-witnesses of his vation, and was inexpressibly gratified labours, as sufficient to break down the with the evidence afforded by many of most robust frame ; and it was in the them, of piety and Christian zeal. Their midst of these ministrations that he was judicious and faithful catechist and in- summoned to give an account of his structor, Mr. Solomon Davis, presented stewardship, and to enter into the joy of ninety-seven for confirmation, whom he his Lord." We have received from our had previously instructed and prepared for American Correspondents copious and this holy rite. On my first visit to them, interesting details of his life, which is a number of years before, I had confirmed closely connected with the history of the nearly the same number, and at subsequent United States Episcopate, and we purpose visits others were confirmed. It could inserting a memoir of him in our next not but excite the most gratifying emotions Number. We did not agree with him on to find them still advancing in Christian some important subjects, as our readers knowledge, and in attachment to our are well aware ; but there was much in church, in whose Liturgy they joined him to admire and love; and in the course with affecting simplicity and devotion." of many years' friendly and confidential
“ Thursday I again visited the Oneidas, correspondence, with which he favoured to attend their chiefs, at their request, in us, we have ever found him anxious to proa council to request my advice as to some mote what he considered for the glory of particulars in relation to their spiritual in- God and the interests of his church. Nearly terests. The scene was to me novel and his last words, in the prospect of death, highly interesting. An ancient butternut were, “ God's will be done. Oh pray for grove, from time immemorial their coun- me, that I may not only say this but feel it, cil ground, was the place where their feel it as a sinner: for bear me witness, I chiefs and warriors assembled, and are have no merit of my own; as a guilty ranged themselves in circles, within which sinner would I go to my Saviour, casting the clergy and myself were seated. Groups all my reliance on him, the atonement of young men and women and children were of his blood. He is my only dependence, scattered around the assemblage, regarding my Redeemer, my Sanctifier, my God, with evident attention and interest what my Judge." was said and done. The address to me of one of the chiefs, to which I replied; SOCIETY FOR THE PROPOGAthe speech of another to the natives; and TION OF THE GOSPEL. the final address of the orator of the From the last Annual Report, recently nation to me, to which there was a reply issued, we abstract the following partifrom me, were marked by great good culars of the Society's proceedings during sense, and by simple and commanding the year. eloquence. It is the strong dictate of In rence to the North-American Christian sympathy and duty to cherish colonies it is remarked, that the gradual this mission among the Oneidas, who are progre) of religious information through so favourably disposed to our church, and the medium of a parochial clergy, which who are advancing in the arts and comforts is the principal feature in the operations of civilized life."
of the Society in this quarter, though it CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
offers a pleasing source of reflection to No fewer than twenty-seven ministers those who are engaged in the management were present on the occasion, and, it is of its concerns, while observing the regular added, “ found abundant matter of congrahabits and consequent improvement of tulation, while comparing the existing state the population, utfords but few materials of the church, attracting the respect of all to excite that intense interest which the parties, and imparting to numerous and atJabours of a Christian Missionary cannot tentive congregations religious instruction fail to do, in countries where the great and consolation through the agency of no mass of the population have hitherto been less than one hundred and twentyministers strangers to the light of Christianity. “ Yet with that which at no distant period prethese portions of the British empire," it is sented only a body of forty-three dispersed added, " exlibit a scene where the patient over the two dioceses, and having little or endurance of a Christian Ministry, zea- no connection with each other. At the same lously labouring for the good of their time, however, that they dwelt with satisfellow-creatures, with little reward except faction upon this improved and improving that which is derived from a consciousness condition of the church, and were thankful of the value and excellence of their em- to Divine Providence, who had thus enployment, is witnessed by the people with couraged their zealous exertions, by giving i feeling of gratitude to the humble in- a blessing to the seed which had been struments of Divine wisdom, and thank- sown, and causing it to yield a more than fulness to God for the means of grace corresponding increase, they were sensible thus placed within their reach." Great that its present comparative prosperity impediments, it is stated, have interfered offered additional reasons for renewed exwith the progress of the arrangements ertions on their parts, and firm dependence made for the promotion of religion or upon that assistance without which all education in the colonies; some of which, human efforts are of no avail." however, have been overcome by the per- In the course of the summer and anseverance of the Society, the labours of tumn, Archdeacon Willis visited the misthe Ministry, and the vigilance and in- sions to the north of Halifax. His report, fuence of those in authority, whose united it is remarked, “exhibits no features of efforts have all been required to secure novelty, but it proves that the labours of to the establishments of the Church that the Society, and the piety and diligence of form and stability which they now enjoy; the missionaries, have not been expended "affording to large bodies of the poor in vain ; improvements in moral conduet means of education, dispensing to numer- and religious duties have been conspious congregations religious instruction, cuous; many new churches have been und encouraging the erection of edifices erected, and those of longer standing kept for the observance of those pure forms of in good repair ; the ministers respected, worship which are cherished in the parent and the people grateful, and in many incountry as the best means of grace." But, stances ready to testify their sense of gra“ great as the efforts of the Society have titude by liberal contributions towards the been, and considerable as their success, maintenance of their minister.” through the Divine blessing and the zealous Six divinity scholarships have been co-operation of their servants, there re founded in the new college of Fredericmains a large and extensive field of use. ton, with exhibitions of thirty pounds each fulness requiring the continued and unre- for candidates selected by the visitor from mitted exertions of every friend of religion the young men educated for holy orders. to provide for the spiritual wants of those The institution has commenced its operawho have to struggle with the difficulties ations. The Archdeacon is president, and incident to all recent settlements."
the Rev. Dr. Jacob, of Oxford, vice-preThe national schools at Halifax flourish, sident. and two new establishments of a similar in the diocese of Quebec the Society rekind have been formed in the same city; new their congratulations upon witnessing but the Society were under the necessity a scene of similar exertion to that which of declining to contribute any pecuniary exists in Nova Scotia, and of a similar assistance to these institutions, under the and corresponding increase in its fruits. consideration of the large proportion of Bishop Stewart, Archdeacon Mountain, their funds already appropriated to the Archdeacon Strachan, and the visiting same objects in Halifax. The opulent missionary, Mr. Archbold, have extended inhabitants of that city, it is expected, will their labours during the past year to many speedily be prepared to support the na- distant settlements. The Bishop has taken tional schools from their own resources, possession of the estate of Burnside, the and leave the Society at liberty to bestow bequest of the late Mr. M'Gill of Montreal, their pecuniary aid upon places where the for the commencement of a university in people are still struggling with the diff. that eity, as a seminary for young men inculties attendant upon recent settleinents. tended for holy orders. The property con
The visitation held by the Bishop at sists of a house, garden, and land, of the Halifax was attended by a larger body of value of about 10,0001., with 10.0004. in clergy than were ever assembled together money for the same purposes. The need before in the North-American colories. of such an instilution in Canada is severely