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faith, “another gospel,' introduced to us ? Surely this is alarming, and should, I think, have led you to have recollected, and acted decidedly upon, the invaluable maxim. Obsta principiis.' How awfully does the history of the church, almost from the time of the Apostles, warn us of what may be the consequence of yielding to an unholy spirit of credulity and a morbid appetency for miracles ! I know nothing of any of the parties; I trust they are all, as you presume them to be, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling; but the narrative discloses to us a scene of serious error, in which they are all more or less concerned. I will remark only upon the case of Mr. Fancourt. I infer from your account, that he is an aged minister of the Gospel, who has been for many years, perhaps, occupied in teaching others to distinguish things which differ : rightly dividing the word of truth, and guiding many along the narrow path of submission and patient waiting for Christ. His house, it appears, has been the resort of fervid religionises-perhaps good men, but seriously deficient with respect to soundness of judgment. Instead of being the instructor of these men, and endeavouring to bring them to a more solid and submissive Christian temper, he suffers them to proceed to diffuse a false spirit of inspiration among the females of his family, till at length his afflicted daughter becomes the subject of a pseudo-miracle, and he then proceeds virtually to proclaim it to the world as a genuine one.

“ Here, then, in my view, is a serious case of guilty error, in which the Christ. Obs. should know no inan after the flesh; but you seem to content yourself with an endeavour to coax the family into an admission that the cure was not miraculous. You ubserve, that the Divine agency is equally acknowledged, and the love and gratitude of the restored person are equally due to Him for his mercy, whether the cure be slow or sudden, and whatever may be the means which he employs or overrules to effect his purposes.' Permit me, sir, to ask you, Have you not here written very unreflectingly? You could not have intended to convey such a sentiment; but what is this but repeating, in other words, the Jesuitical maxim, that a successful end sanctifies the means? Surely, in every case where a benefit has been obtained in a way not accordant with the revealed will of God, the first thing to be called for is penitence, contrition, and interior self-abasement; and then praise. Gratitude may follow, for that the Lord has pardoned the guilt and overruled the evil for good." "Really, sir, unless this family is brought to this, I much fear that the thing will increase unto more ungodliness, till their folly shall be manifest unto all men,as was the case with the French prophets, and is now the case with the miracleworkers in Scotland.

“It is a comparatively trivial question, How did the 'sign or wonder' come to pass? What you have written on this question is doubtless to the honour of your talent and Christian discerument; but I cannot help feeling that it is misplaced ; although, as you have entered so much at large upon the subject, I wish you had referred to a most excellent article, in a former volume of your work, on an alleged miracle at St. Winifred's Well.

I am, &c.

“ AN ARDENT FRIEND OF THE CHRISTIAN OBSERVER." We offer no cominent on this letter, except to say, in explanation, that by the phrase

“ whatever means he (God) employs or overrules to effect his purposes,” we did not, of course, mean wicked means, at least on the part of the persons benefited for God may overrule the wicked designs of others for their welfare, as in many cases recorded in Scripture. It is not Jesuitical to say that we ought to be thankful for the Protestant Reformation, though we reprobate the wicked conduct of Henry the Eighth. A man is related to have been cured of an imposthume by a person who struck at him with a dagger to injure him : he might be grateful for his cure, though the action itself was a crime. Mr. G. and Miss Fancourt thought they were both warranted by Scripture in expecting the gift of healing : we think they were wrong ; but we should not view their case as if they had used what they believed to be unlawful means. We may, however, have stated the matter somewhat unguardedly, as possibly Mr. Newnham also has done; but the meaning, we think, is clear. We have now endeavoured to discharge what appeared to us a solemn duty. The

result we leave to the Great Head of his church, for the promotion of his glory and the spiritual interests of those concerned, neither of which can be enhanced by pseudo revelations, miracles, or false interpretations of Scripture. Let us beware, lest, in this day of abounding profession and lax practice, Satan, throwing off his usual garb, advance upon us in the shape of an angel of light. It is not the first time by many that our volumes have borne testimony against the passing errors of the day, and particularly against the popular taste for prodigies. A correspondent has just alluded to the alleged miraculous healings at St. Winifred's Well, in our volume for 1817; but, among the various papers scattered in our volumes, there is one in that for 1804, from which we are teinpted to copy a few remarks, because it happens to have been the production of one of our correspondents now in a better world, the late Mr. Pearson, Miss Fancourt's first medical adviser. We have seen what her other medical advisers, Mr. Parkinson and Mr. Travers, think of the case ; and now, by a remarkable coincidence, we are able to shew what Mr. Pearson also would doubtless have said of it, had he lived to hear it spoken of as miraculous. We recommend the perusal of the whole paper to those who have our early volumes, having space to copy only the following brief passages :

“There exists in human nature an extraordinary love of the marvellous,an insatiable curiosity after new and rare occurrences, and an eager inquisitiveness into futurity, which have too often misled men into the most glaring follies, and sunk them in the most abject superstition.

“ Learning, aided by experience, will greatly abate and moderate that wonder and consternation which new and singular events have a tendency to excite in perverted and undisciplined minds; and will teach them to reflect, to inquire, and to examine, before they characterize phenomena which they do not understand, as the effects of supernatural agency. The sacred Scriptures give no encouragement to divination nor superstition; they are, on the contrary, admirably calculated to restrain and rircumscribe the inordinate sallies of a disordered imagination, which are generally as remote from piety as they are contrary to true wisdom and soundness of mind. But, whatever reason, learning, or religion may have suggested, there has been, and still continues, a strange propensity to discover preternatural effects and miraculous interpositions on the most ordinary occasions; to make every remarkable dream prophetic; to announce the impressions made on disordered bodily organs, or on a disturbed imagination, as visions from God; and to fill the air and the earth with prodigies, omens, and presages. This disease of the human intellect is as extensive as it is pernicious ; since it is not confined to a few individuals of some particular age or nation, but it is the error of the world, and has prevailed in different degrees during every period of time : hence it may be found among Jews and Gentiles, Christians and Mohammedans, ancients and moderns, learned and simple ; there having been almost a general consent to establish this sort of foliy and delusion upon principle."

“ The greater part of mankind are very incompetent judges of what physical phenomena are natural, and what are preternatural; and they are still less qualified to give an authentic interpretation of the specific intention and design of Divine Pro. vidence in the production of them.

“That state of mind by which men are induced to look for prodigies, and supernatural agency in every new or unusual occurrence, tends powerfully to draw them away from an habitual and sober attention to the word of God; and, by seducing them into superstition or enthusiasm, to conduct them finally into error and apostasy. Let a man once fancy that he is favoured with visions, or is endowed with the faculty of interpreting omens, and he is placed beyond the possibility of rational or Scriptural conviction, for it is vain to press him with arguments who has a prodigy, a miracle, or a revelation, to object against any conclusion that may bear forcibly upon his principles of practice. But the mischief is not always confined to the individual; for fanatics and visionaries carry a principle of contagion along with them: and when a man has got a tale of wonder ready on suitable occasions to communicate to his followers in private or his admirers in public; and when these are mingled with the motives to faith and hope, to fear and repentance; the Gospel of Christ is polluted and degraded by the mixture of these vain conceits; and this false and dangerous measure is substituted for the Scripture standard of truth and error, of

good and evil."-Christian Observer for 1804, p. 673. Such were, twenty-six years ago, the views of Miss Fancourt's first medical adviser ;

but we can refer our readers to a still more apposite testimony from the same pen, in a highly interesting paper on true and false miracles. in our volume for 1815, p. 564, in reference to the alleged miraculous cure of a young lady at Port Royal, of à lachrymal abscess (ibid. p. 498). “In an alleged miraculous cure of disease,” says Mr. Pearson, if there be a well-established proof of the fact, we must admit it; but we are in no wise obliged to receive any interpretation of it which the reason, or fancy, or prejudices of the individual concerned, or his friends and associates may choose to deduce from it.” This is exactly our own opinion in the present case : and, to conclude these professional testimonies, we have just beard, that Miss Fancourt's medical adviser in Devonshire attests, that when he saw her she was just in that state of nervous excitement which predisposed her for such a result as has followed.

SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. We have appended the abstract of the Bible Society's Annual Report; the Monthly Extracts for July, omitted in our former Numbers; and the Anti-Slavery Reporter (No. 73), which contains an abstract of correspondence between the colonies and the government which throws much light upon the state of slavery, and the mockery of the pretended colonial attempts to meliorate it.

INDEX

TO THE

ESSAYS, SUBJECTS, INTELLIGENCE, OCCURRENCES,

&c. &c.

A DOPTION

...44

.....584

...54

Page

Page
.75

Christian Observer on Unitaria: ism....159
Ægina
..............121)

Christian Remem-
Africa

.317
brancer

..619
Alms Sacramental
..86, 117, 232

Minister

...511
America, North...

...185
Remembrancer

..612
American Indians 115, 119, 127, 190, 259 Christiani's, Evidences of -761, 801
Andrew, Si, ('onversion of

Church, Definition of

..229
Analogs.

....546
Building

322
Annuals, l'oeiry from the ........

..99, 258
Lessons

.216, 345, 451
Answers to Correspondents ...64, 128, 195,

Pationage

..725
260, 324 388, 451, 524, 588,

Service ....18,524,6112, 603, 660,
651, 724. 828

747, 751, 794
Ants, Natural History of........157, 637 , on Separation from the ..289
A pocalypse, on the Siudy of .. 129 Churches, Kurying in

.489
A pocalyptic Seals, Vials, &c. (see Frophecy) Clerical Porirait

..771
210, 278, 339), 168, 593, 732 Clergymen, Presents to.

..420
Apocrypha
517 Chloride..

..913
A pocryphal Lessons..
.160, 260 Codex Ortobon

..380
A posiles, Biography of

.87 Codringlon Estates ........64, 186, 697
Atonement, on the

166
Collects..

......407, 609
Augsburgbi Confession

Communicauts, on rejecting

..34
Austria
.518 Continental Arrangements

...586

Conversion, Remarks on...48, 78, 196, 629
Baptists, Defence of .......... 91, 195 Co-operativa of Bad Men

..........679
Baptism by Immersion ..............54 Copyright......
Baplismal Regeneration ........313, 628 Covenants, Suggestions on the..

........737
Barbadoes

......64, 186 Cure of Miss Fancourt ..708,775, 810, 829
Belgium...

588, 648,723
Biblical Criticism...17, 150, 208, 209, 214), Death, on the Punishment of ...,259, 322
343, 441, 465, 480, 603, 641, 737

Fear of

..740
Manuscripts • 255, 514, 644 Death-bed (see Obituary and Memoir)
-Illastation

..547
of an Infidel

...95
Bishops, on the Power of ....54, 128, 158 Dejection in Religion

..260
Black-Leller Bibles

..96, 162
Denmark

.259
Bohemian Protestants

..189 Diary of Toplady
Brazil....
...259, 424, 445 Difficult Texts

..209
British Islands
.644 Distress, Causes of National

..364
Buenos Ayres

Duelling

.63, 443
Cambridge Prize Questions. .155, 380 East Retford..

..127
Canada
183 Ecclesiatical Statistics

•S15, 643
Canterbury
.382 Edinburgh Instructor

....560
Catechising

670 Edinburgh Sessional Schvols ......437
Cemetery

443 Education, Remarks on...

...151, 222, 296,
Ceremonial Law

...89

348, 409. 437, 481
Charity Balls

• 118, 230 Elgin Marbles
Charity Bazaars,
....356 Episcopacy ..

...45
Cheap Libraries

117

in United States...119, 309, 317
Chimney Sweepers ....381, 442 Episcopal Injunction....54, 128, 158, 613
Christ, Divinity of

.494, 571 Evangelical Religion ..........148, 392
-Characier of
....801 Evangelical Clergy

..687, 726
Christian Cominunion

.11, 676 Excuses for not going to Church ......161
Observer ..123, 383, 560

Sermons...117, 181, 255 Faith, Illustration, of
305, 419, 475, 724 Effects of

. 149

..548

.446

.382

Page

Page
Faith, Sustification by ...341, 419, 470, 66+ Lord's Day, on the Observance of 319,50 .
Family Bible...

..362

573 (see Sabbath)
Sermons 11, 87, 142, 217, 269, 333.

Supper, on administering ..91
397, 475, 536, 603
Fasting.....
18 Magagine Tribe

.S17
Finances
..193 Magna Charta

.513
Florida, Religion in

.56

Malta....
Forgery.:

..259, 322
Man, Fall of

.311
Fossil Elk ..
254 Physical Varieties of

639
France 54, 63, 119, 182, 193, 254, 259, Map Priming

.256
261, 316, 322, 387, 443, 448, 517, 519, Mauritius

.366
585, 586, 645, 646, 723

Memoir (see Obituary)
Free Trade
.....323, 451, 756

of P. Jolin

.....1, 65
Funerals, Expense at

....34
of F. Caulier

...261, 325

of Bishop Heber....459, 575, 589
Gambling

.......515

Memoranda of Calvin, &c. ...071, 75+
Geneva...
....481, 67!, 754 Mexico

..Sis
Germany........ 183, 255, 259.413, 515 Millennium, Milner on the

..........217
God, the Source of Mercy

...86

Baxter on the .....789
on beholding

..142

Miracles ........644, 708,775, 810, 829
Goud Humour........ .439, 681,758, Alissionaries, on providing for 35, 233, 353
Good Samaritan, Exposition of the...,113 Missionary Couiributions ........$1, 228
Gospel Preaching, un attending ...392, 542

Instruction . .97, 159, 294, 2 0
Narratives, peculiarity of.....,533 Missions relinquished

.48
Essential Doctrines of ........667 Modern Miracles (see Miracles)
Grace, Fuiling of
87 Nole, Opric Nerve ví....

.5+
- un saying
182 Montauban Universiiy

25+
Greece......120, 123, 155, 183, 387, 447

Monihion Prizes

118
Greek, on Ladies learning

..424 Moravian Missions (see United Brethren)
Dloral Law

..89
Halle ....

564

not abulished ....89, 108, 346
Hawker's Licence

.63
furbids Suicide..

285
Horwyl, Felieuberg's Institution at....151, Morning Watch

210
222. 296, 348, 409, 481
Mosaic Law

108
“ Holy Alliance," Origin of

.205
- not abolished

89
Husbands, Duties of....

....691
Ilymus, variorum Editions of ........609 Negro, Last Days of

..291
English Testament

..-539
India ......102, 127, 166, 255' 35.5, 525 Neologism....

441, 503, 56+
Indian Bible...

318, 447
Mellierlands..

.382, 588, 648
Indians, North-American ...,115, 119, 127,

New.York Mechanics

...18,
190, 259
New Zealand.....

.448
Infidel, Death-bed of
Infidelity, Progress of

762

Obituary (see Memoir)
Ionian Islands

S17

of Rev. J. Roberts, .........57
Ireland

19+

J. Mason, D.D. ....173
Irish Home Missions

• 187

E. Mansfield

.190
Juinerating Libraries

92
Sir C. Penrose

384
- Sacharissa

..518
Japan
184 0.d-Testament Precedents

774
Jesuits

Onesimus whether a Slave .489, 618
Jews, Emancipation of ....195, 258, 344 Ordinations, Publicity of

..537
Restoration of
flistory of ........
251 Parents, Duties of..

.....692
Jordan River....

Parislı Clerk.

..313
Joseph, History of....

...274 Parliament, Proceedings in ..126, 193, 258
Justification through Faith..341, 470), 664

322, 888, 720
Melancthun 01)......
.....419, 487 Parochial Communion

..668
Patriarchal Church

180
Kamtschaldales in England

.227 Paul, St. Conversion of

Pentateuch, Veracity of the ....179, 460
Ladies learning Greek
424 Physical Influence

..9
Letter of Romaine...
232 Phrenology

.53
Newton ..

403
Place Huiting

.182
to Earl Grey....
725 Plarina Wire,

..254
Lichfield Cathedral

......53
Poetry

.37, 99, 238
Lit. and Phil. Inlell...55, 117, 181, 253, Poor Laws..

.1.3, 756
315, $80, 441,512, 613 Popery, Lectures against .680, 760
London University

....56 Pure-Glasgow Miracles (see Miracles)
Lord's Day, wheiher Obligatory., 84, 405 Prayers, Occasional-State

18

..95

......514

...215

....119

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.....173

Page

Page
Preaching, Remarks on
....47 Society, Baptist Missionary

..35
Profanc Epithets

..678

Brit. and For. Bible 64, 116, 120,
Prophecy........217, 278, 330, 468, 598 128, 196, 260, 388, 452,52-4, 651,724
Prophecies, on the Interpretation of 56,

Brit, and For. School ....324, 388
129, 210, 389, 601, 746, 789

Church Missionary ..35, 188, 317
Prussia

.....317,
383 Floating Church

...645
Public Affairs 63, 126, 193, 258, 322, 387, - forChristian Knowledge 362,759,820
448, 519, 586, 646,719

for Propagation of the Gospel 35,
Public Schools
.693

64, 185, 697
Hebrew Friend

• 258
Quails, Miracle of the

.362
Hibernian

. 196, 324
Quakers paying Tithes

757
Irish

.448, 452
Qualifications in Religion

.40
Ladies' Hiberniau

258
London Misssionary

.36, 653
Relics.....

.315
Missionary

.646
Religious Dejection

.260

Paris Bible
Religious Intelligence..56, 120, 185, 257, Parochial Visiting

......50, 257
319, 384, 446, 517, 584, 645, 697,775,

Peace

.452
Supplemeni to.-64, Prayer-book aud Homily......652
128, 196, 260, 324, 388, 452, 524, 588,

Reformation........196, 260, 724
651, 724, 788

Royal, of Literature

........441
Relinquished Missions

......28

Wesleyan Missionary..........35
Repository, Unitarian.. ..162. 363

Conversion of Jews

97, 159
Reprobation .....

.260
Chimney Sweeping

..381
Revue Protestante

. 433, 517

Moravian Missionary 36, 233, 553
Russia

.183
Naval and Military

• 819
South-Sea Missions

..184, 653
Sabbath (see Lord's Day) ........83, 846 Spleudid Sins

..244
Sacrifices

Siate Prayers

.....18
Salvation

..397
Statistics, Ecclesiastical

•315, 643
Sandwich Islands
.... 119 Students, Hints to ..

..248
« Satisfaction," on the Theological Term 169 Suicide

..285
Saxon Language

.442 Sunday (see Lord's Day)
Scripture Natural History

.637 Switzerland.. 119, 151, 182, 222, 255, 296,
not to teach Science. .157

348, 409, 443, 645, 671,754
Gazetteer

.52
Serampore Versions ................116 Temperance Societies....54, 63, 256, 445,
Sermon Hearing
.416

490, 516
Writing
.567, 625 Tinnevelly Missions

...188
Sermons, Extempore ................616 Tithes

.194, 260, 756, 757
Servants, ou instructing
•546 Trinity

..335, 361
Character of

...695 Truth independent of Character ..797
Slavery ...
.....194, 631, 697 Turkey

. 119, 383
Egyptian

274 Type, Definition of... .....17, 288
in Brazil
American

.......55 Unitarianism..........162,355, 494, 571
at the Mauritius

..366 United Brethren 28, 36, 233, 353, 446, 512,
Bishop Mant on......
38

595
Mr. Wesley on

229 United States 54, 57, 63, 98, 119, 123, 127,
Methodist Conference on ....-30 183, 188, 256, 259, 317, 322, 383, 384,
not sanctioned by St. Paul..371,

445, 448, 515
489, 610
incidental Evils of ...619 Vaudois

....649
(see Anti-Slavery Society)

Visiting Societies

.50, 257, 668
Slave, Kitty Hilton

.619, 652
Slave-Trade, how introduced. ...634 Wellington Cabinet

..719
Social Duties.....
..683 West Indies

...64
Societies, Meetings of

321 Widows, Burning of, abolished . . 127, 255
Society, American Episcopal Missionary 57 “ Witnesses, The

..601
Anti-Slavery ••64, 128, 196, 260, Wives, Duties of

..690
324, 388, 452, 524, 652, 724 World's Age.

.. 156

.......424

INDEX TO THE REVIEWS.

Page
Alexander's Evidences of Christianity Atonement, Jerram on the

761, 801
American Indians, by Penn..........115

" Beware
Christ. OBSERV. APP.

5 P

Page
..166

...51

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