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(2) III. All qualifies a singular or plural noun, according as it refers to number or quantity.

IV. Many is used with a singular noun whenever the article a or an intervenes.

V. Which and what, when used as adjectives, qualify nouns of either number.

VI. Either and neither relate to two objects only; any and none are used if allusion is made to more than two objects.

EXAMPLES.

go.

Each month affords us dif- III. All nature proclaims the ferent plants and flowers. bounty and goodness of God.

Every thing grows and decays All the visible objects on our in turn.

globe are divided into three Either John or William is to classes: minerals, vegetables,

and animals. There is neither liquid nor

IV. Muny a wonder is still solid body, nor any other mate undiscovered in nature. rial mass in nature, but is divi

Many a year he has spent at sible into very minute, indestruct- school, although his acquireible, and unchangeable particles. ments are so limited.

I. Most hodies in nature are V. Which science teaches the compounds.

properties of animal bodies ? Few men can patiently bear What man is insensible to insults.

kindness? Several persons lose their lives

Of what use are eclipses, if by indiscretion.

not to show the true position of Both vessels

sailed from places ? Waterford on the same day.

VI. Either of these two, or II. None feels another's bur- any of those three will serve my den as if it were his own.

purpose. None have less praise than Neither of these two; none of those who seek it most.

those three would answer.

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EXERCISES.

Nature at step presents wonders which confound us.

thing is poisoned either by passion or prejudice.

but the contemptible are afraid of contempt.

Almost insects have more than two eyes.

evil is to be avoided.

the sun révolves round a one has suffered by the earth, or the earth revolves talking, but few by silence. round the sun : the latter is the

Full a flower is born to fact. blush unseen.

- are equally entitled to With - ease does the mis- the two premiums. placed arm return to its socket

folly to sacrifice an eterunder the guidance of å skilful nal reward to the vain smoke of hand!

human praise !
No less a bribe than great Achilles' car,
And those swift steeds that sweep the ranks of war,
Urged me, unwilling, this attempt to make,
To learn counsels, resolves you take.

RULE 15.

(3) In English the adjective precedes the noun, except,

(I.) When used in technical expressions ;

(II.) When applied to individuals by way of preeminence ;

(III.) When the adjective is preceded by an adverb;

(IV.) In poetry, where the common order of words is frequently reversed.

EXAMPLES.

I. The conjunction copulative Charles the Bald was king of differs from the conjunction dis- France. junctive.

III. He is a man uniformly II. St. Gregory the Great sent temperate. missioners to convert England. The knowledge absolutely ne

Leo the Wise was a Greek cessary is that of ourselves. philosopher. IV. In pomp barbaric came Arontes, fired

With all that pride which titles vain inspired.

When through my windows morn hath flung

Its first uncertain gleaming,
Notes startling high and loud and long,

Dispel my idle dreaming.
A man severe he was, and stern to view;
I knew him well, and every truant knew.
The slender stream of Siloa's gentle wave
Once to the Christians draughts untainted gave.

EXERCISES.

Brian the expelled the

One is the heir apparent to Danes from Ireland.

the throne; the other is the heir Alexander the

founded pthe city of Alexandria in Egypt. Richard Cæur de Lion, or the Heaffixed to it his sign m

was a valiant prince.

RULE 16.

(4) The word other, and the comparative degree of adjectives, require to be followed by the conjunction than.

EXAMPLES.

He is no other than the brave from ten to twenty times quicker and religious Sobieski.

than in air. Sound travels in water about Nothing is more eloquent than four times quicker, and in solids, I the language of truth.

EXERCISES.

The largest of the Egyptian to explore with the micropyramids is higher any scope. other work of man now extant. The geographical situation of Mildness governs

than | Ireland is not less favourable to anger.

commerce her climate is to A healthy man can breathe agriculture. with impunity, air that is much The queen of virtues is no than boiling water.

other - charity. Perhaps there is not a

The sphere or globe has treat for a person who has a re- greater magnitude anylie the beauties of nature, l body of equal surface.

RULE 17.

The article a or an is placed before nouns in the singular number only. *

The article the may be placed before nouns in the singular or plural number.

(1) I. Singular nouns which signify more than one object, take the indefinite article before them.

II. Plural nouns preceded by numeral adjectives, also take the indefinite article before them.

(2) III. When several nouns which require both forms of the indefinite article come together, each must be introduced.

IV. Although the indefinite article may be sometimes omitted, it must be used whenever emphasis is required, even before the latter of two words in the same construction.

(3) V. An adjective preceded by the may be sometimes used as a noun.

VI. The article the may be sometimes omitted in conversation where it should be used in writing.

(4) VII. Proper nouns become common when articles are prefixed to them, except when a common epithet is understood.

VIII. The adjectives all, such, what, and many; and adjectives following as, so, too, and how, have the articles after them.

* Adjectives often take the articles a, an, and the, before them, and are then used as nouns; as-a sage, the good ; but when a is used with few or many ; as a few apples, a great many books, the article a cannot be made to agree with the plural noun apples or books, but with the collective noun few or many, the noun apples or books being governed by the preposition of understood, as will appear by substituting equivalent words for few and many; asa small number of apples, a great number of books. The seeming harshness arising from the introduction of the preposition of before few or many will disappear by completing the sentence; as-Give me a few of those apples; I lent him a great many of my books.

EXAMPLES.

When a body has a rotatory | examined by an attorney and a motion, the line round which it counsellor. revolves is called an axis.

IV. On the discoveries of the A continued force produces a microscope a new and an intercontinued effect.

esting philosophy has been raised. No person has a greater esteem of what he does than he who is

V. The wise and the just are apable of doing little.

happy. Winter hides the treasures of

The vain and the foolish are

miserable. the earth, only that the succeeding spring may display them. VI. At(the) worst, I could but

I. I gave him a score, and he incur his censure. returned but a dozen.

At (the) best, he could do me

little service. II. Water, a thousandfathoms

VII. The fame of a Cæsar or a below the surface, is less bulky by about one-twentieth, than Scipio is vain. when at the surface.

The exploits of the AlexanHe owed me thousand ders, or the Tamerlanes, were pounds, but has paid me only a

frequently no better than suchundred.

cessful robberies. III. He had a pound of sugar, of the world, attempts but the

VIII. All the vain philosophy but he used not an ounce.

A lake and an ocean are ana-destruction of vice by vice. logous to an island and a conti

Such a river as the Amazon, nent.

which is the largest in the world, An ensign and a captain were would scarcely be formed by the

united waters of the principal

rivers of Europe.
V. The mother view'd the scene of blood,

Her six unconquer'd sons were gone;
Fearless she view'd—beside her stood

The last—the youngest-dearest one:
He look'd upon her and he smiled!

Oh! will she save that only child?

a

EXERCISES.

A grain of blue vitriol will A globe, cylinder, tinge gallon of water.

cone, and

flat circle may A grain of musk will scent be all made to cast round room fur twenty years.

shadow. A hollow tube of metal is -judgments of men will be stronger than

same quan- one day judged. tity in solid rod.

calumnies of men carry

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