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EXAMPLES.

As order is the principle of Diamond is the hardest of all peace, so disorder is the princi- known substances. ple of trouble.

A common soap-bubble filled Dublin is the second city in with hydrogen is a small inflamthe British empire.

mable air-balloon. An enthusiastic attachment to Music is a language of nature the place of their nativity is a intelligible at once to all suscepstriking trait in the character of tible minds; and, in a degree, the Irish.

even to inferior animals. Vices the most pernicious to Trifling, insipid characters of society are, detraction, calumny, every kind, are ill-chosen compaand a malicious spirit of criti- nions. cism.

J. St. Paul died a martyr. All the precious stones are He shall be called John. crystals, and can be well cut only

Quicksilver and sulphur unite parallel to their natural faces.

and form the paint called vermilion.

EXERCISES,

His constant

Saint Arsenius lived a her. was, My little children, love one another.

The point to which convergOne of the t- we most ing rays tend, but to which they easily learn is, the fatal art of are prevented from coming by putting the worst construction on some obstacle,

the the most innocent acts of others. imaginary f- -S.

The memory, the understand- New Holland may be called the ing, and the will, are but f- s native of the kangaroo. of the soul.

The hof man is a laThe fall of Niagara is sub. byrinth, of whose uncertain ways lime; it is 760

God alone can have a knowledge.

and yards, book and shilling, are different objects; we cannot therefore say that feet, or yards, or shilling, is nominative case coming after the neuter verb is, or governed by it. All difficulties, however, in the application of the rule, will vanish if we supply the ellipsis, and say,The tree's length, or the length of the tree is six feet; the river's breadth is twenty yards; the book's value or worth is a shilling; as the words length and feet, breadth or width and yards, worth or value and shilling, are identical, and correspond with the rule. By adopting this mode of parsing sentences of this pature, difficulties will be avoided, and forced, or perhaps absurd constructions altogether obviated.

RULE 22.

(4) The verb Let, whether used as an auxiliary or a principal verb, generally governs an objective case.

I. When the action or affirmation expressed by the verb let, depends not upon the will or agency of the speaker or of the person addressed, the verb let should be considered as used independently or absolutely.

EXAMPLES.

Let each of us move and re- Let us for a moment set aside main within the sphere to which all prejudice, and let us reason. he is called.

Let a moderate cheerfulness Let us raise ourselves equally be ordinarily predominant in above praise and contempt. your conversation.

Let school-taught pride dissemble all it can,
These little things are great to little man.
Yes! let the rich deride, the proud disdain,
The simple blessings of the lowly train:
To me more dear, congenial to my heart,
One native charm, than all the gloss of art.

I. The idols of the gentiles that make them be like to them. are silver and gold: let them Let the proud be ashamed.

EXERCISES.

Let
correct our exces-

Let

that standeth take sive attachment to creatures. heed lest he fall. Let

not blush at the Let all praise him. ensign of salvation: the sign of my right hand be forthe cross.

gotten.
- not the sun go down
upon your anger.

Let whose might can hurl this bowl, arise,
Who farthest hurls it, take it for his prize.

* See Note, page 39.

G

RULE 23.

(1) In the use of verbs and words that in point of time relate to each other, a due regard to that relation in the order of time should be observed.

EXAMPLES.

And he that had been dead sat have not been made subservient up and began to speak.

to religion. The Lord gave and the Lord I need but have the will, and hath taken away.

that instant I am the friend of The whole human race having heaven. fallen into disgrace, the Creator, As to the encomiums that of his own accord, gave us a De- posterity will bestow on you, do liverer.

you think they will reach you? Sin is a great evil, but the Has Voltaire carried to the crime that palliates it is greater. grave the flattering pleasure

At your death you will see the which his vain reputation gave vanity of all those things which him?

EXERCISES.

What advantage now accrues Under the lungs is placed the to a Cicero or a Homer from the stomach, which receives and esteem which the world of

the food. their masterpieces ?

Next year I will lived Water rises in vapours, forms fifty years. clouds, and again in rain, It would have afforded me snow, and fogs.

much consolation to - reThe telescope constructed by lieved him from that distress. Earl Rosse likely lead to After we had visited Rome, great discoveries.

WᎾ -- to Naples. A number of admirable cures The Thames Tunnel are effected by hemlock, which, of the noblest efforts of modern in some cases, - a deadly genius

the admiration poison.

of future ages.
A sound heard ! it was the voice of God,
Proclaiming, loud and louder! through the sky,
That time

- no more.

one

RULE 24.

ADVERBS,

Adverbs are generally placed before adjectives, after verbs active or neuter, and between the auxiliary and principal verb.

(2) I. The adverb is sometimes placed before the verb, or at some distance after it.

II. Adverbs are often improperly used as adjectives.

EXAMPLES

Almost all the ancient tribes God has amply rewarded their of Florida and Louisiana adored fidelity. the sun, like the Peruvians and

I. The boy freely resigned Mexicans.

the premium to his companion. The famous Grotto-del-cane,

Those who avariciously hoard in Italy, is a cavern always full up treasures, lose them themof carbonic acid.

selves. All creatures say incessantly to Domestic birds eagerly swalman: “We did not create our- low spiders. selves.

He carried his resentment A globe thirty-five feet ip dia- farther than charity would permit. meter, has nearly a capacity of

II. He left town last week, twenty-two thousand cubic feet. When a

since when (which time) I have man walks at a

not seen him. moderate pace, his centre of gravity comes alternately over

Thy often (frequent) mistakes

involve thee in difficulties. the right and over the left foot.

Oh! where is the dwelling in valley or highland,
So meet for a bard as this lone little island !

EXERCISES.

A boy will

wonder why Gold-leaf laid upon clean he can lift a stone to the surface steel, and then

struck of the water, but no farther. with a hammer, gilds the steel The battle of Fontenoy, in p

-y. 1745, was

followed by In close apartments, if the surrender of Tournay. ventilation be neglected by the inmates, the injurious back may be left behind when effects will be felt.

his horse starts

forAn awkward rider on horse- | ward.

RULE 25.

The adverbs here, there, where, are used when fixity of place is expressed; but when motion is implied, hither, thither, whither, must be used.

(3) I. The adverbs hence, thence, whence, do not require from before them, as that preposition is implied in each of these words.

II. When the adverb there is used explicatively, it generally precedes the verb and nominative case.

HII. The adverb where is often improperly used for in which

IV. The adverb never generally precedes the principal verb; but when an auxiliary is used, it may be placed either before or after it.

(4) V. Not, when it qualifies the present participle, precedes it.

VI. Never is often incorrectly used for ever.

VII. Only, usually, merely, easily, chiefly, follow nouns and pronouns; precede adjectives, adverbs, participles, and prepositions; placed before the verb, they may refer to the nominative case; after the verb, they frequently refer to the subsequent words.

EXAMPLES.

Here is the home of freemen. Where great force is to be ex

There is scarcely a county in erted through a very small space, the United States, that has not there wedges are used. a town, a village, or a hamlet The whole earth is but a the. called Washington.

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