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would lease the railroad so constructed along this extension, and that the railroad be operated by this Company in conformity with the requirements of the law under which The Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railroad Company was empowered to operate the same. P. H. Reid appears as lessee of The Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railroad Company at the time the instrument was executed.

In 1876 the Company acquired the entire capital stock of The Glendale and East River Railroad Company.

Stock. The Company's report to the state engineer, 1878, stated that its entire capital stock had been subscribed and paid in.

Intercorporate relations. (See also chart V, no. 4.) January 2, 1878, the Company took a lease of The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad Company. April 3, 1878, this Company acquired a lease from The Glendale and East River Railroad Company of its road, constructed or to be constructed, for a term of 100 years.

June 24, 1879, this Company, together with The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad Company entered into an agreement with The New York and Sea Beach Railroad Company granting the latter the right and easement of crossing the railroad of this Company, and The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad Company at the junction of the two roads at or near Eighth avenue in the town of New Utrecht, and The New York and Sea Beach Railroad Company granted to this Company and The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad Company the right to use the southerly half of the slip of The New York and Sea Beach Railroad Company at New York bay.

July 15, 1880, the Company conveyed to the Brooklyn, Elatbush and Coney Island Railway Company certain lands on Coney Island.

April 27,1882, the Company leased its road to The Long Island Railroad Company.

By certificate of merger filed in the secretary of state's office August 27, 1885, this Company The Long Island City and Manhattan Beach Railroad Company, and The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad Company were consolidated and merged to form The New York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach Bailway Company (no. 465).

Construction. In the Company's report to the state engineer, 1878, it appears that its railroad was under construction and that 5.44 miles of its road had been laid. In the Company's report for 1881 it appears that its road as projected was substantially constructed.

430 The New York and New Haven Railroad Company

(The Bronx)

Incorporation. By an act of the legislature of Connecticut in 1844, and by chapter 195, laws of 1846, of the state of New York, passed May 11, 1846 ; for purpose of constructing a railroad to transport passengers as well as freight; corporate life, not stated; capital stock, $2,000,000; which was to be increased at the option of' the Company to $3,000,000.

The New York Act. Authorized the Company to construct a railroad to be operated by steam, animal or any mechanical power or combination of the same, as follows:

From New Haven, in Connecticut, by the way of Bridgeport in Connecticut to the west line of the state of Connecticut towards the state of New York, and to continue through Westchester County to the New-York and Harlaem Rail-Road Company line in said county, and to unite or connect with the NewYork and Harlaem Rail-Road, at or near Williamsbridge in Westchester County.

The road was to be located by three commissioners, to be appointed by the governor, and to be constructed with one or more tracks.

The New York legislature in granting the Company its corporate franchise, provided that if the Company did not commence the construction of its road in Westchester County within two years from the passage of the act, and expend $25,000 thereon, and finish the road and put it in operation within three years from the passage of the act, then the act was to be null and void. The legislature reserved the right to repeal the act at any time.

Stock. In the Company's report to the state engineer for 1S50, it was stated that the paid up capital stock was $2,499,250, and for 1872, $7,500,000.

Intercorporate relations. (See also chart VI, no. 4.) By chapter 143, laws of 1848, the franchise of the New-York and Harlaem Railroad Company (chapter 242, laws of 1840), was amended so as to authorize The IvTew York and New Haven Railroad Company

to enter upon and run their cars and engines for passengers, freight, mail, express and other business over the road of the New-York and Harlaem RailRoad Company from the point of junction of the roads of said companies at or near Williamsbridge in the County of Westchester to the city of New York, and as far into the said city as the said Harlem Railroad may extend, upon such terms and to such point as has been or may hereafter be agreed upon by and between the said companies * * *; to take, transport and convey persons and property upon the said Harlem Railroad by the power and force of steam or animals or any mechanical power or combination of the same.

Accordingly, by agreement dated March 17, 1848, the Company acquired from the New-York and Harlaem Rail-Road Company the right to operate over the latter's tracks into Manhattan.

August 6, 1872, this Company was consolidated with the Hartford and New Haven Railroad Company to form The New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company (no. 497).

Construction. The Company completed the construction of its road (61 miles in length) in 1850.

431 The New York and New Jersey Terminal
Railroad Company

(Manhattan)

Incorporation. February 2, 1891; General Railroad Law of 1850; corporate life 100 years; capital stock, $100,000-; route (about nine miles) as follows:

Beginning at a point adjacent to the easterly end or terminus of 14th street in the city of New York, thence westerly underground through a tunnel or tunnels beneath 14th street to the westerly end thereof, continuing westerly through tunnel or tunnels under the bed of the Hudson river to a point beneath Castle Point or lands adjacent thereto in the city of Hoboken, continuing underground beneath the city of Hoboken and Jersey City to a point underground or on the surface at or near Hackensack river, westerly over or under said river to a terminus near the point or place where the lines of the D., L. & W. and Pennsylvania Railroads cross said river within township of Kearney. Also a branch from a point at or near the intersection of 14th street and Hudson street underground through a tunnel or tunnels beneath the surface of Hudson street southerly to its intersection with Chambers street, continuing southerly under the ground through such tunnel or tunnels to Broad street, adjacent to the intersection of Wall street, continuing southerly to the southern terminus of said Broad street at the East river.

Maps. September 4, 1891, the Company filed in register's office of New York County,

a map of its routes and connections; also a plan of Southern branch from South street through Broad to Wall street; thence through private property to West Broadway and Hudson street; thence through Hudson street to 13th street; thence through private property to 14th street and thence to North river; also a plan of East branch on 14th street from North to East river; also a profile of Southern branch, and also a profile of its East branch.

Construction. No record of any construction. The Company has probably forfeited its corporate existence.

432 New York and New Jersey Tunnel Rail Road Company

(Manhattan)

Incorporation. January 2, 1883; General Railroad Law of 1850, and chapter 582, laws of 1880; for purpose of constructing an underground railroad for transportation; corporate life, 99 years; capital stock, $5,000,000; route (about two miles) as follows:

From a point at or near the City Hall park in said city of New York and running thence westerly and under the streets and through the blocks to and under the waters of the Hudson river, to the state line of New Jersey, at Jersey City.

The Company reported annually to the Railroad Commission for many years. In its report for 1895, it stated that it had been organized for the purpose of continuing the underground movement proposed by the Central Railway Company (terminating at City Hall park) to Battery park, and thence under and across the North river to New Jersey.

Construction. The extent of this Company's construction was to make soundings in the bed of the North river. The Company seems to have abandoned its enterprise about 1896, and has probably forfeited its corporate existence.

433 The New York and New Rochelle Rail Road Company

(Manhattan and The Bronx)

Incorporation. March 1, 1852; General Railroad Law of 1850; for purpose of constructing a railroad from New Rochelle to the city of New York; corporate life, 50 years, from February 28, 1852 ; capital stock, $1,000,000; route (about 20 miles) as follows:

From a point on The New York and New Haven (Railroad at or near the village of New Rochelle in Westchester County to and into the city of New York.

Construction. E"o record of any construction. In the state engineer's report for 1882 this Company is marked extinct.

434 The New York and Northern Railway Company

(Manhattan and The Bronx) Incorporation. October 11, 1887; chapter 430, laws of 1874, and chapter 436, laws of 1876, as a reorganization of The New York City and Northern Railroad Company (no. 471), for the purpose of operating its predecessor company's road; capital stock, $9,000,000.

Temporary right of way granted city. June 16, 1892, this Company granted the city of New York, through the department of public parks, a temporary right of way to be used by all persons on foot along a certain foot path or road to be laid out at the expense of the City through the approaches to the bridge over the Harlem river at Eighth avenue partly occupied by this Company,conditional upon the City agreeing to relinquish the right of way at the request of the Company. The land included in the agreement is. described as follows:

Beginning at a point on the easterly side of Eighth avenue and distant 31.5 feet from the intersection of the northerly side of 158th street and the easterly side of Eighth avenue.

1st. Thence southerly along the easterly side of Eighth avenue for 15.5 feet.

2d. Thence northeasterly — deflecting 137° 30' 60" to the left for 60 feet.

3d. Thence southeasterly — deflecting 48° 45' 00" to the right for 52.0 feet.

4th. Thence southerly—deflecting 54° 45' 00" to the right for 25.0 feet.

5th. Thence northeasterly — deflecting 90° 0O' 00>" to the left for 38.0 feet.

6th. Thence northerly — deflecting 90° 00' 00'" to the left for 10.0 feet.

7th. Thence southwesterly — deflecting 90° 00' 00^ to the left for 28.0 feet.

8th. Thence northwesterly — deflecting 90° 00' 00i" to the right for 25.0 feet.

9th. Thence southwesterly — deflecting 90° 00'' 00" to the left for 10.0' feet. 10th. Thence northwesterly — deflecting 35° 15' 00" to the right for 32.5 feet. 11th. Thence southwesterly — deflecting 48° 45' 00'" to the left for 51.0 feet to the point of beginning, and Beginning at a point on the westerly side of Sedgewick avenue distant 604.14 feet northwesterly from the intersection of the westerly side of Sedgewick avenue and the northerly side of Jerome avenue.

1st. Thence northerly along the westerly side of Sedgewick avenue for 9.0 feet.

2d. Thence northwesterly — deflecting 83° 50' 00" to the left for 140 feet.

3d. Thence northwesterly — deflecting 9° 18' 00" to the right for '55.27 feet.

4th. Thence northerly — deflecting 105° 32' 40" to the right for 3 feet.

5th. Thence westerly — deflecting 94° 32' 30'' to the left for 161.25 feet.

6th. Thence southerly — deflecting 83° 7' 45" to the left for 15.3 feet.

7th. Thence easterly — deflecting 83° 7' 45" to the left for 158.51 feet.

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