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Increase of the Navy of the United States.

$4,500 per gun, is $270,000. Annual expense of same, $140,000. The expense of building one 50 gun vessel, at $4,500 per gun, is $225,000. Annual expense of same, $115.214. The expense of building one 44-gun vessel, at $4,500 per gun, is $198,000. Annual expense of same, $110,000. The expense of building one 36-gun vessel, at $4,500 per gun, is $162,000. Annual expense of same, $102,000. The expense of building one 32-gun vessel, at $4,000 per gun, is $138,000. Annual expense of same, $82,000. The expense of building one 20-gun vessel, at $3,500 per gun, is $70,000. Annual expense of same, $50,202. [The frigate President cost $220,910 08; the frigate Philadelphia, $179,349; the frigate New York, $159,629 60; the frigate Essex, $139 362.50; the frigate John Adams, $113,505 72; the frigate Maryland, $70,249 83.] An estimate of the annual expense of a 74, in detail, is subjoined for the satisfaction of the com

mittee. The annual expense of all the rates

under 60 guns is given from past experience; and in neither case, it is believed, does this statement vary materially from what would be the actual annual expense. The estimate of the expense of building ships of war of different rates is believed, to be ample. The cases referred to under 60 guns are considered as appropriate; they show the actual cost of vessels of war some years since, and it has been attempted to fix the expense per gun by this standard of experience. It is stated that a 50-gun ship may be built and equipped for $225,000, because the frigate President cost only $220,910 08; and this is believed to be correct; for the frigate President, although she rates less than a 50-gun ship, yet she is so nearly equal in her hull, armament, sails, rigging, &c., that such a frigate would cer. tainly cost within $5,000 as much as a 50-gun ship would cost. To invalidate the effect of this reference, in this case, it might be said, that, although the frigate President cost only $220,000, et, that other frigates—for instance, the United tates, the Constitution, and the Constellation, (the two first equal and the last inferior in rate to her)—cost considerably more. The fact, indeed, is so, for the United States cost $299,336 65 cents; the Constitution cost $302.718 84; and the Constellation, of inferior rate to either, cost $314,000 and upwards. But, it must be remembered that these vessels were built at a time when we had but very little experience on the subject of building and equipping vessels of war; and the fact that the frigate Constellation, (a 36.) did cost nearly $100,000 more than the frigate President, (a 44,) is evidence of the disadvantages of inex. perience in the one case, and of the advantages of experience in the other—advantages which, it is to be hoped, would be rather improved in any future attempts to build and equip vessels of war. The number of men required for the frigate President, or for either of our largest 44's, would

be sufficient to man a 50-gun ship. Hence, the annual empense of a 50-gun ship would be about the same as the annual expense of the President, viz: $115,214; and it is so stated, accordingly, under the appropriate head. It may not be amiss to state, for the information of the committee, that cannon, and a considerable proportion of the requisite timber for six 74-gun ships, are at this time provided and deposited in the different navy yards.

Estimate of the pay and rations of the officers and crew of a ship of war of 74 guns, for twelve months, with 650 men.

- : S. Pay pr. Pay per |3.3 - Officers, &c. - ... o #: o 2. One commander - • - $100 $1,200 8 Five lieutenants - - - 40 2,400 | 15 One master - - - 40 480 2 One surgeon - - - 50 600 2 Sixteen midshipmen - - 19 3,648 16 One purser - - - 40 480 2 Three surgeon's mates - - 30 1,080 6 One boatswain - - - 20 240 2 One gunner - • - 20 240 2 One sailmaker - • * * * 20 240 2 One carpenter - - - - 20 240 2 Three master's mates - - 20 720 | 6 One captain's clerk - - 25 300 | 1 Four boatswain's mates - - 19 912 || 4 Four carpenter's mates - - | 19 912 4 Two boatswain's yeomen - 19 456 2 Two gunner's yeomen - - 19 456 2 Two carpenter's yeomen - 19 456 2 Two sailmaker's mates - - 19 456 2 Eighteen quarter gunners - 18 3,888 18 One chaplain - - - 40 480 2 Twelve quartermasters - - - 18 2,592 || 12 Two yeomen of gun-room - 18 432 || 2 One coxswain - - - 18 216 || 1 One cooper - - - 18 216 || 1 One steward - - - 18 216 || 1 One armorer - - - 18 216 || 1 Two masters-at-arms - - 18 432 | ? One cook - - , - 18 216 l Total No. of officers, 92. $24,420 | 128 Pay of 92 officers, &c., as above, to receive 123 rations - - - - - - $24,420 To which add 280 able seamen, at $12 per month - - - - - - - 40,320 And 233 ordinary seamen and boys, at $10 per month - - - - - - 27,960 Making the total pay per annum - - $93.7"

From 123 rations deduct 92, as estimated in provisions, and there will remain 31 rations per day, (or 11,315 per ann.,) at 20 cents, amounting to - : - " - - - ??? *

Total amount of pay and rations - - $94.” Estimate of Provisions for 650 men.

Bread: 207,594 pounds at 5 cents - - $10,307 70 Beef: 592 barrels, at $1450 - - - 8,584 00 Pork: 507 barrels, at $18 - - - 9,126 00 Flour: 170 barrels, at $10 - - - 1,700 00 Suet: 16,900 pounds, at 20 cents - - 3,380 00 Spirits: 14,828 gallons, at 90 cents - - 13,345 00 Peas: 528 bushels, at $1 - - - 528 00 Cheese : 12,675 pounds, at 18 cents - 2,281 50 Rice: 33,800 pounds, at 5 cents - - 1,690 00 Butter: 4,225 pounds, at 20 cents - - 845 00 Molasses: 2,113 gallons, at 75 cents - 1,584 75 Winegar: 2,113 gallons, at 25 cents - 528 25

Total - - - - - - $53,972 20 Pay of a detachment of marines - - $5,675 00 Clothing, &c. - - - - - 2,500 00

Total - - - - - - $8,175 00

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navy hospitals.” passed 26th February, 1811, I have now the honor of submitting the paper A, containing rules and regulations for the government of the navy hospitals, authorized by that act. I have the honor to be, &c. PAUL HAMILTON. The Hon. PREsident of the Senate.

A.
Report on Naval Hospitals.

In order that the business of the hospitals may be conducted on a general plan, and with views adequate to the beneficent design of the Government, it is necessary that systematic rules and regulations be adopted. We, therefore, beg leave to submit the following to the Honorable the Secretary of the Navy of the United States, agreeably to his instructions of the 12th March, 1812.

On a supposition that each hospital will be calculated for the present to accommodate at least one hundred men, the following officers, nurses, &c., will be necessary :

1 Surgeon, who is also to act as a physician,

2 Surgeon’s mates,

1 Steward,

1 Matron,

1 Ward master,

4 permanent nurses; any additional number at the discretion of the surgeon, who will be regulated by the number of patients and the prevailing diseases,

1 Cook,

2 Washwomen,

3 Servants to the hospital,

1 Porter. In addition to these, it is supposed that assistants may be obtained from the list of invalids and pensioners; places, of trust, however, ought to be permanent or during good behaviour.

Duties of the Surgeon.—1. It shall be the duty of the surgeon to direct the supply of all articles that he may think necessary for the hospital.

2. He shall visit the sick in the hospital daily, or oftener, if necessary, to prescribe and attend generally to all cases committed to his care, and direct such nourishment and quantity as he may think proper for the use of the sick and convalescents.

3. He shall have the supreme direction of everything which relates to the internal regulation of the hospital, and to the economy of the establishment, and be clothed with power to suspend from duty, or to arrest any person who may be employed therein; also to punish, in such way as shall be hereafter directed, all convalescents, pensioners, &c., who shall wilfully disobey orders, break through any of the established rules of the hospital, which are contained in the code, or which hereafter may be added with the consent of the Secretary of the Navy of the United States.

4. He shall examine and verify the steward's monthly account of all purchases and expenditures under his orders.

5. He shall keep, or cause to be kept in which shall be recorded the names §f

a book, the pa

Naval Hospitals of the United States.

tients and pensioners admitted into the hospital under his charge, the ship, navy yard, or marine port they came from, their rank, date of admission, disease or disability, discharge or death, and to whom delivered when discharged. 6. He shall report to the Navy Department the number of men and officers, who have been admitted into the hospital, every three months, with the number of days that they have been victualled, specifying the ship, navy yard, or marine port, from whence they came, distinguishing pensioners from others, to enable the Accountant of the Navy Department to appropriate the amount of the ration, stopped on board of each ship, at the navy yard or marine port, to the support of the hospital. 7. He shall cause a diary of the medical and surgical practice of the hospital to be kept, and instruct his mates in their duty; likewise such surgeons' mates of the navy as may be ordered to the hospital for instruction. 8. He shall examine annually, in conjunction with the steward, all the articles belonging to the establishment, and report all losses that may have taken place, that the amount thereof may be charged to the steward, unless he can show cause for the same. 9. He shall be careful in examining the diseases of all patients sent for admission, and is hereby enjoined not to receive any, excepting under the forms and instructions directed to be observed by the surgeons of the navy. 10. The hospital surgeons shall on no pretence whatever be obliged to act out of the line of their duty hereby prescribed. . . Hospital Mates.—They shall be subject solely to the orders of the hospital surgeon in the line of their duty. They shall also be charged with the safe-keeping of all surgical instruments, medicines, and books, belonging to the hospital, and on their removal therefrom be held responsible for any loss, unless exonerated by a certificate from the surgeon. They shall have full power, during the absence of the surgeon, to confine nurses, servants, or convalescents, who have been guilty of disorderly riotous behaviour, and report the same to him at his next visit: commission and warrant officers are to be reported to the surgeon. They shall not absent themselves from the hospital without obtaining a written permis. sion from the surgeon, unless a furlough be granted by the Secretary of the Navy. Surgeons' mates of the Navy ordered to the hospital for instruction, shall be subject to the same rules and regulations as those immediately attached to it, excepting that they shall not be charged with the safe-keeping of any of the articles belonging to the establishment, nor be vested with any of the powers hereby granted to the hospital mates. Steward.—1. He shall be a man of strict integrity, sobriety, and ability. He shall take charge of, and be responsible for, all stores and hospital furniture furnished for the establishment and support of the hospital, medicines, and other articles in the ..". excepted. It, therefore, shall be his duty to examine all articles be

longing to the respective wards monthly, before the nurses receive their wages, to see that noth: ing has been purloined by them, as he alone will finally be held responsible for the same. 2. He shall be furnished with the necessary sums, on his requisition, approved by the surgeon, to purchase such articles of diet as the surgeon may require for the use of the sick, and to desray the incidental charges against the institution; no accounts, however, shall be paid by him without being approved by the surgeon. 3. He shall keep a regular account of the num: ber of patients, pensioners, and persons employed in the hospital, who are daily victualled, and the quantity of hospital stores (or extras) issued by order of the surgeon. For this purpose he shall open an account for every article of hospital stores and provisions in his charge, and debi; each article with the quantity received. He shall likewise make out a weekly or monthly return of his disbursements and expenditure of stores, de' signating the regular hospital allowance and the extras, according to the requisitions of the sur geon; which return shall be examined by the surgeon and verified by his signature besore the amount shall be passed to his credit. These re; turns shall be absolutely necessary for the final acquittal of his accounts at the Navy Department. He shall be allowed — per cent for waste and leakage. 4. He shall, under the direction of the surgeon, superintend generally the concerns of the hos: pital; he shall report all absentees, at the morn: ing and evening roll call, to the surgeon. 5. He shall superintend the management of the gardens and grass lots belonging to the institu. tion, and keep an account of the proceeds thereof. and do all other matters that the surgeon may conceive economical and beneficial to the inst" tution. - 6. The steward shall, before he enters on the duties of his appointment, give bond with two securities for the faithful discharge of his duty. Matron—1. The matron, if practicable should be the wife of the steward. She shall visit the wards of the hospital frequently, and see that the patients and bedding are kept clean; that the wards be swept and the beds made every day at an appointed hour; that the sick do not suffer for the want of proper attendance from the nurses: and that they be furnished with the nourishment prescribed by the surgeon; that the hospital o washed as often as the surgeon may think ne”, sary; that the table linen, bedding, and hospita clothing, be washed and kept in good order. 2. She shall superintend and direct the * vants employed in the hospital, likewise the cooking establishment and dairy, and do allot." matters and things as may have a tendeno." preserve the public property, and diminish * expenses of the institution. All nurses and setvants are hereby enjoined and required to * obedient to her orders in the line of her duty. Ward Master—1. He shall be authorized" act as master-at-arms, to take charge of the * fectory, and to execute the orders of the surg" when punishment is to be inflicted by confinement or clog. 2. He shall take charge of the receiving and bathing rooms, and all the apparel necessary for the changing of the sick on their arrival at the hospital, and shall attend to the cleansing of them before they are introduced into their respective wards. 3. He shall take charge of, and be responsible for, all clothing belonging to the sick, which shall not be permitted to be taken into the wards; he shall have them well cleansed and purified, and when dry, deposited in the bags, chests, or knapsacks of them to whom they respectively belong, and arranged in a room set apart for the purpose, the name of each man being marked on his bag, chest, or knapsack; and when the same is delivered out of his charge, a receipt shall be given. 4. He shall call a roll in the convalescent wards, wards of recovery, and invalid wards, morning and evening, at the opening and closing of the doors of the hospitals, and report all absentees to the senior hospital mate. 5. He shall walk through the wards every night, at the hour which may be fixed on by the surgeon, to see that all lights and fires are extinguished, except those which the surgeon may conceive necessary for the use of the sick. 6. On the death of a patient in the wards, he is to take an inventory of the effects of the deceased, and deliver it to the steward, who shall take charge of them. If an officer, the steward shall take an inventory of all his goods and papers, which shall be reserved in a place of safe-keeping, for the benefit of those who may legally claim them. 7. He shall be charged with the burying of the dead, and do all other matters, by order of the surgeon, which may not have been detailed in this code. Nurses.—1. They are hereby strictly enjoined and required to be obedient to the commands that they may, from time to time, receive from their superiors, and be careful so to conduct themselves that they may not incur the displeasure of the hospital surgeon. Porter—1. The porter shall be a responsible man. He shall take charge of the keys of the gates, and permit no stranger to enter who is intoxicated, or who may have liquors of any description for either the patients, nurses, invalids, or servants employed in the hospital, nor permit any person to pass out, who may be suspected of having any hospital property in possession, without giving the steward immediate information thereof. He is to report the names of those to the hospital surgeon’s mates, who have been out on liberty, and returned intoxicated. He is to permit no patient or pensioner to go out, without a pass signed by the surgeon. - - - All other persons employed in the institution shall be subject to such orders, rules, or regulations, as the surgeon may, from time to time, think proper to establish. No person employed in the hospital, in any department, shall, directly or indirectly, have any

Naval Hospitals of the United States.

private interest in the supply of any provisions or other articles which may be supplied for the establishment, or support thereof. No pensioner or invalid shall be received into the hospital without an order from the Secretary of the Navy. No person shall be admitted into the hospital without an order signed by the commander of the ship, navy yard, or marine port, to which he belongs, accompanied by a certificate from the surgeon, with a statement of his case, and mode of treatment which had been pursued for his recovery.* And when any seamen or marine is discharged from the hospital, the officer into whose care the man is delivered, shall give a receipt for him on the hospital books. Whenever a seaman, ordinary seaman, boy, or marine, is sent to the hospital from a vessel of war, the purser shall send with him a statement of his accounts, signed by himself and the commanding officer, which account shall be transmitted to the purser of the ship to which said seaman, ordinary seaman, boy, or marine, may be ordered, when discharged from the hospital. f Foreign sick seamen, belonging to the national ships of war, may be admitted into the United States’ naval hospitals, provided it can conveniently be done, on application being made to the surgeon by the Consul or agent of such foreign Power to which they may respectively belong; the said Consul or agent giving a promissory note to pay per day for each seaman so admitted, and to pay for or furnish such clothing as may be necessary for such man, and, in case of death, to pay the funeral expenses.

All pensioners shall be mustered every morning, by a commissioned or warrant officer, if any of this grade be on the pension list in the hospital; if not, by the highest in rank among the pensioners; to see that every man is clean in his person and clothing: and on Sunday there shall be a general muster and inspection of pensioners and convalescents, at the hour appointed by the surgeon, who shall personally examine every man; and every man who shall fail to appear shaved, and otherwise clean in his person and clothing, shall, for the first offence, have his allowance of beer, wine, or spirit, stopped from one to three days; for the second offence, ten days; and for the third, fifteen days, or more, at the discretion of the surgeon.

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Naval Hospitals of the United States.

or other persons, in the wards of the hospital, to disturb the sick. Gaming is strictly forbidden. Any officer or other person who shall disobey any of the established rules of the hospital, or shall refuse to follow the advice of the surgeon, shall, if an officer, be forth with discharged, on reporting him to the Navy Department; and no allowance shall be made to him for sick quarters or medical aid; but, if a seaman or marine, he shall be confined in a solitary room set apart for that purpose. * * * Any officer, seaman, or marine, who shall strike, or draw, or offer to draw, or raise any weapon, against the surgeon, surgeon’s mates, steward, or ward master, while executing the du

ties of their respective offices, shall, if an officer,

be cashiered; and all others confined in a solitary cell for the space of , and sent aboard the first public ship that shall arrive at the port where such hospital may be, and shall be mulcted of their pay for — months, to be appropriated to the support of the hospital. If any person in the hospital shall waste, embezzle, or fraudulently buy, sell, or receive, any provisions, or public stores, every such person shall forfeit all the pay and subsistence then due to him; and if an officer, he shall be cashiered, and the amount deducted from his pay. Any citizen who shall have received the goods thus purloined, on conviction before any magistrate, shall forfeit and pay double the value of the provisions or public property so bought or received, and be subject to a fine of Any person in the hospital who shall be found guilty of stealing the property of his comrades, shall restore the same, or the amount thereof, and be confined, if his health will permit, in a solitary cell, for the space of —, and wear a clog and chain to his leg, as a mark of disgrace, for the space of —. Any officer in the hospital who shall be guilty of profane swearing, drunkenness, or other scandalous conduct, tending to the destruction of good morals, shall be cashiered, or suffer such punishment as a court martial shall adjudge. Every seaman, ordinary seaman, marine, boy, or petty officer, who shall be guilty of riotous behaviour or drunkenness, shall be confined in a solitary cell for the space of —. Every person who may have left the hospital on permission, and who shall not have returned within twenty-four hours after the expiration of the time specified in his pass, shall be deemed a deserter, and, if a seaman or marine, shall be subject to such punishment as the articles of the Navy have directed for the crime of desertion; but if a pensioner, he shall be marked run, on the hospital books, and forfeit his pension. . No person in the hospital shall quarrel with . other person in the hospital, nor use provoking or reproachful words, gestures, or menaces, on pain of solitary confinement for the first offence, and, if incorrigible by this mode of punishment, he shall wear a clog and chain, as a mark of disgrace.

All crimes committed by persons, belonging to,

or as patients or pensioners in, the hospital, which are not specified in this code, shall be punished according to the rules and regulations of the navy. All clothing belonging to the deceased officers or men, which may not have been claimed within six months after public notice has been given of their decease, shall be sold, and applied to the clothing fund of the hospital. Each person employed in the hospital, except surgeon and mates, shall be entitled to receive a naval ration, or equivalent in other articles, not exceeding twenty cents per day. That no person may plead ignorance of the above rules and regulations, they shall be read, at the monthly muster, by the surgeon's mates, and a copy, with such regulations as may hereafter be made, shall be placed in a convenient place, in each ward, that every patient, nurse, and pensioner, may be informed thereof. E. CUTBUSH, GEORGE DAVIS, ' ' SAM’L R. MARSHALL, THOMAS EWELL. Monday, March 16th, 1812.

Georgetown, March 17th, 1812.

SIR : The report which we had the honor to transmit to you, under date of the 16th March, was strictly limited to the points contained in your order. There are other subjects of consideration which we beg leave to submit to your discretion. In the report presented, the duty of performing divine service has been omitted, from the desire of limiting, as far as possible, the number of officers, proportioning them according to the quantum of duty to be performed: we are, however, induced to suggest the propriety of at: taching a chaplain to the institution, being 0 high importance, and conducive to good order and the advancement of morality. We presume that this duty would be performed, for the present, (under the invitation of the honorable Secretary of the Navy) with pleasure, by any of the clergy near those places where the hospital may be erected.

No provision, as to pay, &c., of hospital surgeons, is contained in the biji passed at the last session of Congress: in the army, an express pro: vision is made for this class of officers. We would submit the propriety of incorporating in the bill. which may contain the rules and regulations of the hospitals, a clause specifying the rank of sur geons to hospitals, and of their mates, as it respects land and sea officers; also to allow the same pay and etnoluments as the hospital sur geons in the army of the United States now recelve.

Under all European Governments, hospitalsus: geons and naval surgeons have a definite rank; it serves as a stimulus for men of talents, not only ” offer their services, but to continue in service when the situation is made as reputable as that of any other class of officers. Our navy has, hitherto with a few exceptions, been rather as a medica school for young gentlemen, who enter it for Prat'

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