cruel tyranny. Interest or caprice alone directed his de cisions; justice and reason were banished; judgment was sold; the innocent were punished arbitrarily, and the ministers of the tyrant committed the most enormous crimes with impunity.

2. He at last added extravagance to cruelty, and having caused a pole to be erected in a public square, and pla ced a hat upon it, he ordered under pain of death, that all who passed that way, should bow down before it, and reverence it as they did his own person.

3. In the same canton there lived a man of rough but frank manners, named WILLIAM TELL, who, having come on business to Altorff, passed through the public square, and beholding the pole with the hat upon it, hesitated a moment between wonder and laughter; but not knowing its object, and but little curious to enquire, he negligently passed this emblem of power.

4. The irreverence paid to the pole, and the infraction of the severe edict, were speedily reported to the Governor, who, being filled with rage, ordered the criminal to be instantly arrested and brought before him. He received the offender with the savage look of cruelty peculiar to a base mind, jealous of its authority, and ferocious when it is made the subject of derision.

5. Villain, said he, is this your respect for my power and decrees? But you shall feel their full weight, and afford a wretched proof that my dignity is not to be affronted with impunity. Astonished, but not intimidated at this invective, Tell freely inquired of what he was accused, as he was unconscious of any crime.

6. Contempt and derision of my power, said the tyrant. I had no notice, replied Tell, of your edict; and without being instructed, I should never have dreamt of saluting a pole, or that irreverence to a hat was high treason against the state.

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7. Enraged at the tone and air of derision with which this was pronounced,and the reasonableness of the still more humiliating reply,he commanded the unfortunate man to be dragged away to the lowest dungeon of the castle, and there, loaded with chains, to await his vengeance.

8. While


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8. While the tyrant was resolving the subject in his own mind, and endeavoring to invent some unheard of punishment, which should strike terror into the Swiss, the only and beloved son of Tell was brought into his presence by the soldiers.

9. His ingenious cruelty immediately conceived the barbarous design of compelling the virtuous Tell to become the murderer of his son. For this purpose, he ordered the child to be placed at a considerable distance, and then placing an apple upon his head, he offered a full pardon to the wretched parent if he should strike it off with an arrow.

10. Horror-struck at the proposal, he fell at the feet of the tyrant, and besought him to take his life and not insist upon the fatal experiment. But the anguish of the parent only strengthened the determination of Gesler, and the bow and a quiver of arrows were brought forth.

11. The Governor, attended by his satellites, now proceeded to the square to witness the scene. The unhappy boy was conducted into the centre, bound to the pole, and the fatal apple was placed upon his head. Gesler thrilled with joy at the preparations, but a groan of horror arose on all sides from the populace who had assembled.

12. Although Tell was accounted the most skilful archer in the canton, it was sometime before he could obtain his usual self possession. At last with a firm hand he placed the arrow, and when he drew the fatal string, the spectators, who had for some time remained in breathless silence, burst forth into a convulsive groan.

13. At that instant the arrow sped with the velocity of lightning, and piercing the apple, bore it to some distance without injuring the child. A shout of applause testified the joy of the spectators, The Governor alone appeared dissatisfied with the result, and turned his eye upon the successful archer with the aspect of disappointed revenge.

14. At that instant, another arrow which Tell had concealed under his cloak, fell upon the ground. Unequalled archer, said the tyrant, since you were only to shoot once, for what purpose was this second arrow concealed? have pierced you to the heart, replied the magnanimous Tell, if I had been so unfortunate as to kill my son.


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15. The infuriate Gesler immediately ordered his soldiers to seize him, but the populace interfered, and a tumult ensued, during which a well directed arrow from the bow of Teli-struck the tyrant to the heart, and obtained for the patriotic hero the honorable appellation of Deliverer of his Country.



HE sun had disappeared beneath the flood, The watchful sentinels, with weary tread, Measured the waning of the day of blood, And careless trod among the unburied dead.


The grass is wet, but not with wholesome dew,
Its verdure blushes deep with human gore;
And friends and foes promiscuously strew
This silent bed, at enmity no more.

3. How few of all who met with deadly zeal,
Knew well the causes of conflicting pride;
How fewer still could personally feel
The hatred which has lain them side by side!
4. I pity such by hard condition led
To be the passive instruments of power;
Who sell their lives and liberty for bread
To satisfy the cravings of an hour.

5. No one so mean of all the brave who die
But calls some sympathizing sorrow forth;
Small is the share of grief that meets the eye,
Unnotic'd fills the tear for bumble worth.

6. Few see the father bending o'er the son,
The sole sad prop on which his age depended;
The helpless widow wandering alone,
And thousand houseless orphans unbefriended.

7. O could the wail of orphans reach his ear,
Or could he feel a parent's agony,
And see the widow'd mother's hopeless tear,
The sure and dreadful price of victory.

8. O could the ambitious once approach, and view The desolation his ambition made,


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Methinks some milder method he'd pursue,
And quit forever war's unhallow'd trade.

9. O when will justice guide and wisdom light,
And mercy to the great her rays impart!
A splendid victory proves no conqueror right,
And worlds could never heal one broken heart.
10. What is a nation's honor, if the price
Is individual peace and happiness?
And what is glory, if her temple rise
Upon the base of national distress?

11. Then if the certain fruits of war are woe,
And the destruction of domestic bliss,
Ungather'd let the warrior's laurels grow;
They must be poisonous in a soil like this.



UCH has been written on the art of translating from foreign languages, both dead and living, but I do not recollect that any one has expressly written on the subject of translations from our own language, and the common conversation of life.

2. I have often remarked how useful it would be in our intercourse with men, if we could discover the real meaning of those who speak or write to us; not that people do not know how to express their sentiments, but because they wish to be unintelligible.

3. To prevent being deceived in this manner, it is very necessary to translate what men say into what they think. I do not profess however to be skilled in this science, and shall therefore, only point out a few generul precepts, and explain them by examples.

4. Thus, whenever a man speaks against his own interest, and, with affected modesty, accuses himself of some defect, be on your guard against him; for you may depend upon it there is something in his conversation to be translated.

5. Great complimenes. protestations of esteem, and euloglums npon your merit, meaning in other words that you are


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necessary to him who flatters you, and that he is about to ask some favor of you.

6. In general, the good, which is said of others, stands in need of some explanation or commentary; but it is not so with the good a man says of himself; his only fear is that he may not be sufficiently explicit. The majority of females would be indignant at the flattery which is lavished uppn them, if they had been accustomed from their youth to translate it into its true meaning,

7. One man is nominated to some public office to which another is aspiring, who accases him of incapability and dishonesty, but should he talk whole hours in this strain, his conversation may be translated by one word, envy.

8. In fine, I would recommend to all persons who wish to know the truth, not to rest satisfied with the literal expression, but translate, translate, and recollect, that the obvious sense is not always the true one. Happy indeed are those friends, who can converse intelligibly together, and stand in no need of a translation.


SELECTED BY PERMISSION, From Scenes in the Drama of

Enter Doolittle alone.


H, Doolittle! Doolittle! you have brought your pigs to a fine market. Now I guess you'd better staid at hum with mother. She tell'd you all about the perils of the salt sea, but you would'nt believe her. No, no, you were too plaguy knowing for poor mother; and you e'ena-most broke her heart, you know you did: (Sobbing) yes; yes; you were a nation deal wiser than brother Jonathan and all the rest on em. Oh, Doolittle! Doolittle! what will become of you next? In strange parts; all in tatters; without a copper or a cent. Where to git a day's work or a meal's vittles is more than I know. But there's no use being dumpish and downish. I'll boost my sperits up a leetle higher, as the boys do when they go through the


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