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A L A B A MA.
The western portion of the Mississippi territory was erected into a State, by act of December 14, 1819, under the name of Alabama. [See Mississippi.]
Maine, although under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts from an early period of its history until 1820, does not lie contiguous to it. The State of New Hampshire intervenes. It was erected into a separate State, with the concurrence of Massachusetts, and admitted into the Union by act of March 3, 1820.
This was the second State formed from the Louisiana purchase. For about a year, this portion of the country ceded by France, was placed under the jurisdiction of the governor and judges of the territory of Indiana, when a separate territorial organization was provided for it. On the 6th of March, 1820, Congress passed “an act to authorize the people of the territory of Missouri to form a constitution and State government, and for the admission of such State into the Union, and to prohibit slavery in certain territories." This act constituted the famous compromise of 1820. The people of Missouri proceeded to form their constitution, which was presented to Congress at its succeeding session. After some difficulty between the two houses in regard to the terms upon which Missouri was to be admitted, Mr. Clay, on the 26th February, 1821, reported a resolution in the Senate, providing for the admission of Missouri into the Union, on a certain condition. This resolution passed both houses of Congress, and became a law, March 2, 1821. The State of Missouri accepted the condition, and became a member of the Union, August 10, 1821.
The third State formed out of the Louisiana purchase, was organized as a separate territory, March 2, 1819, having previously constituted a part of the territory of Missouri. It was erected into a State by act of June 15th, 1836. No previous act had been passed, authorizing it to form a constitution.
Was the fourth State formed from the North-west territory. It received its separate territorial organization by act of Jan. 11, 1805, and was admitted into the Union, Jan. 26, 1837.
The territory of Florida was ceded to the United States, by Spain, by treaty of February 22, 1819. It received its territorial organization by act of March 30, 1822, and was admitted into the Union, by act of March 3, 1845.
This State was formerly one of the “ United Mexican States." Having separated itself from that Republic and established its independence, a treaty was negotiated between its government and that of the United States, for its accession to the Union as one of the United States, on an equal footing with the original States. This treaty was rejected by the Senate, two thirds of the Senators not consenting to it. The following resolutions were subsequently introduced and passed by virtue of which Texas was admitted into the Union.
A joint resolution for annexing Texas to the United States, approved March 1, 1845.
JOINT RESOLUTION FOR ANNEXING TEXAS TO THE UNITED STATES.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Congress doth consent that the territory properly included within and rightfully belonging to the Republic of Texas may be erected into
a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with a republican form of government, to be adopted by the people of said republic, by deputies in convention assembled, with the consent of the existing government, in order that the same may be admitted as one of the States of this Union.
Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, That the foregoing consent of Congress is given upon the following conditions, and with the following guarantees, to wit:
First. Said State to be formed, subject to the adjustment by this government of all questions of boundary that may arise with other governments; and the constitution thereof, with the proper evidence of its adoption by the people of said Republic of Texas, shall be transmitted to the President of the United States, to be laid before Congress for its final action, on or before the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.
Second. Said State, when admitted into the Union, after ceding to the United States all public edifices, fortifications, barracks, ports, and harbors, navy and navy-yards, docks, magazines, arms, armaments, and all other property and means pertaining to the public defence belonging to said Republic of Texas, shall retain all the public funds, debts, taxes, and dues of every kind, which may belong to or be due and owing said republic; and shall also retain all the vacant and unappropriated lands lying within its limits, to be applied to the payment of the debts and liabilities of said Republic of Texas; and the residue of said lands, after discharging said debts and liabilities, to be disposed of as said State may direct; but in no event are said debts and liabilities to become a charge upon the government of the United States.
THIRD. New States, of convenient size, not exceeding four in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent of said State, be formed out of the territory thereof, which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution. And such States as may be formed out of that portion of said territory lying south of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, commonly known as the Missouri compromise line, shall be admitted into the
Union with or without slavery, as the people of each State asking admission may desire. And in such State or States as shall be formed out of said territory north of said Missouri compromise line, slavery, or involuntary servitude (except for crimes), shall be prohibited.
Sec. 3. And be it further resolved, That if the President of the United States shall, in his judgment and discretion, deem it most advisable, instead of proceeding to submit the foregoing resolution to the Republic of Texas, as an overture on the part of the United States, for admission, to negotiate with that republic; then,
Be it resolved, That a State, to be formed out of the present Republic of Texas, with suitable extent and boundaries, and with two representatives in Congress, until the next apportionment of representation, shall be admitted into the Union, by virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the existing States, as soon as the terms and conditions of such admission, and the cession of the remaining Texan territory to the United States, shall be agreed upon by the governments of Texas and the United States : That the sum of one hundred thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated to defray the expenses of missions and negotiations, to agree upon the terms of said admission and cession, either by treaty to be submitted to the Senate, or by articles to be submitted to the two houses of Congress, as the President may direct.
Approved March 1, 1845. A joint resolution for the admission of the State of Texas into the Union, approved December, 29, 1845.
JOINT RESOLUTION FOR THE ADMISSION OF THE STATE OF TEXAS INTO
Whereas the Congress of the United States, by a joint resolution approved March the first, eighteen hundred and forty-five, did consent that the territory properly included within and rightfully belonging to the Republic of Texas might be erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with a republican form of government, to be adopted by the people of said republic, by deputies in convention assembled, with the consent of the existing government, in order that the same might be admitted as one of the States of the Union ; which consent of Congress was given upon certain conditions specified in the first and second sections of said joint resolution : and whereas the people of the said Republic of Texas, by deputies in convention assembled, with the consent of the existing government, did adopt a constitution, and erect a new State, with a republican form of government, and, in the name of the people of Texas, and by their authority, did ordain and declare that they assented to and accepted the proposals, conditions, and guarantees contained in said first and second sections of said resolution: and whereas the said Constitution, and the proper evidence of its adoption by the people of the Republic of Texas, have been transmitted to the President of the United States, and laid before Congress, in conformity to the provisions of said joint resolution : Therefore,
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Texas shall be one, and is hereby declared to be one, of the United States of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever.
Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, That until the Representatives in Congress shall be apportioned according to an actual enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, the State of Texas shall be entitled to choose two representatives.
Approved December 29, 1845.
Was organized as a territory by act of April 20, 1836; authorized to form a State government by act of 6th August, 1846, and admitted into the Union by act of March 3, 1847.
I O WA
Received a territorial organization by act of June 12, 1838, and was admitted into the Union, in connection with Florida, by act of March 3, 1845.