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perature of twenty [20] degrees centigrade), not less than
four (4) grams of acetic acid, not less than two (2) grams
of solids, and not less than two-tenths (O.2) grams of ash;
and the water-soluble ash from one hundred (IOO) cubic
centimeters (at a temperature of twenty (2O) degrees cen-
tigrade), of the vinegar shall contain not less than nine (9)
milligrams of phosphoric acid (P.O.) and which shall re-
quire not less than four (4) cubic centimeters of decinormal
acid to neutralize its alkalinity.
(4). Any vinegar manufactured for sale, offered for
sale, exposed for sale, sold or delivered or in the possession
of any person with intent to sell or deliver, under the name
of distilled vinegar, shall be the product made wholly or
in part by the acetous fermentation of dilute distilled al-
cohol, and shall contain in one hundred (IOO) cubic centi-
meters (at a temperature of twenty [2O] degrees centi-
grade), not less than four (4) grams of acetic acid, and
shall be free from coloring matter, added during, or after
distillation, and from coloring other than that imparted to
it by distillation.
SECTION 2. All vinegar made by fermentation and ox-
idation without the intervention of distillation shall be
branded “fermented vinegar,” with the name of the fruit
or substance from which the same is made. And all vine-
gar made wholly or in part from distilled liquor shall be
branded “distilled vinegar,” and all such distilled vinegar
shall be free from coloring matter added during or after
distillation and from color other than that imparted to it
by distillation. And all fermented vinegar not otherwise
provided for in said section I, and not being distilled vine-
gar as defined in said section I, shall contain not less than
two (2) per cent. by weight, upon full evaporation (at the
temperature of boiling water) of solids, contained in the
fruit or grain or substance from which said vinegar is fer-
mented, and said vinegar shall contain not less than two-
and-a-half-tenths of one per cent. ash or mineral mat-
ter, the same being the product of the material from which
said vinegar is manufactured. And all vinegar shall be
made wholly from the fruit or grain from which it purports
to be or is represented to be made, and shall contain no
foreign substance, and shall contain not less than four per
cent., by weight of absolute acetic acid.
SECTION 3. That all former enactments of said sections
1 and 2 are hereby repealed.
FREEMAN T. EAGLESON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
JAMES M. WILLIAMS,
President of the Senate.
Passed February 28, 1908.
Approved February 28, 1908.
ANDREW L. HARRIs,

Governor.

Acetic acid.
Solids.

Alkalinity.

Distilled vinegar.

Acetic acid.

Coloring matter,

Fermented vinegar.

Coloring matter.

Solids.

Per cent. of ash,

Acetic acid. Conformity with Compulsory Education law.

Minimum age.

Fourteen to sixteen years.

Age and schooling certificate.

Where Certificate filed.

Authority of truant officer.

Return of certificate.

[Amended House Bill No. 714.]

AN ACT

To provide a complete system of certificates by which employers can determine the age of minor laborers, and to amend and repeal certain statutes of Ohio.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio:

SECTION I. That section I, 2 and 3 of an act entitled “An act to amend sections I, 2 and 3 of an act entitled ‘An act to regulate the employment of minors and to repeal sections 6986, Revised Statutes, passed April 25, 1891; Ó986aa, Revised Statutes, passed March 21, 1887; 6986bb, Revised Statutes, passed April 27, 1885; 69860, Revised Statutes, passed April 27, 1885, passed April 19, 1898, as amended May 12, 1902, relative to the employment of minors. Relating to a complete system of certificates by which employers can determine the age of minor labor. To Imake the minor labor law conform with the compulsory education law and providing a way to determine the physical fitness of minor labor under 16 years of age,” passed April 23, 1904; and that section 4 of the aforesaid act, passed April 19, 1898, be amended so as to read as follows:

Sec. I. No person, firm, company or corporation operating a factory, workshop, business office, telephone or telegraph office, restaurant, bakery, hotel, apartment house, mercantile or other establishment shall at any time employ, permit or suffer a child under the age of fourteen years to work in or in connection with any of the aforesaid establishments, nor in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages: nor shall a child between fourteen and sixteen years of age be employed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any of the aforesaid establishments, nor in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages, without first procuring from the proper authority the age and schooling certificate prescribed in section 4022-2 of the Revised Statutes of Ohio. The aforesaid certificate shall be filed in the office of the establishment in which or in connection with which the child works, and shall be produced for inspection upon request of the chief or district inspector of workshops and factories, or a truant officer. On termination of the employment or service of a child whose certificate is filed as aforesaid, the certificate of said child shall be forthwith returned by the person or agent having charge of or the management of any of the aforesaid establishments to the superintendent of public schools, or such other person who, acting under legal authority, may have issued the aforesaid certificate.

Nor shall a boy under sixteen years of age, nor a girl under eighteen years of age be employed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any of the aforesaid establishments, nor in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages, more than forty-eight hours in

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any one week, nor more than eight hours in any one day;
nor before the hour of seven o'clock in the morning, nor
after the hour of six o'clock in the evening, and every such
minor shall be entitled to no less than thirty minutes for
meal time, but such meal time shall not be included as a
part of the work hours of the week or day.
Every person or agent having charge of or the manage-
ment of any of the aforesaid establishments shall keep a
correct record in which shall be recorded the name, birth-
place, date of birth, and place of residence of every boy
between fourteen and sixteen years of age and every girl
between fourteen and eighteen years of age, and shall post
in a conspicuous place in every room where such minors
work a printed notice stating the maximum number of work
hours a day and week; the notice shall be formulated by
the chief inspector of workshops and factories, and ap-
proved by the attorney general, and shall be furnished by
the chief inspector upon application.

Failure to produce for inspection the age and schooling certificate, together with the aforesaid record, shall be prima facie evidence of the illegal employment or service of any child whose age and Schooling certificate is not produced, or whose record is not correctly kept.

Any child working in or in connection with any of the aforesaid establishments, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages, who appears to the inspector of workshops and factories to be under the legal age, or who refuses to give to the inspector his or her name, age and place of residence, shall be forthwith conducted by the inspector to the office of the judge of the juvenile or probate court for examination. If the inspector is in doubt as to the physical fitness of a boy under sixteen years of age, or a girl under eighteen years of age found working in or in connection with any of the aforesaid establishments, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages, he shall require a certificate signed by a medical officer of the board of health certifying that such child is of sound health and physically able to perform the work or service he or she is required to do, and every such health certificate shall be signed by the child in whose name it is issued in the presence of the officer issuing the same, and which examination shall be made and certificate issued without any expense whatever to said child.

Sec. 2. No child under the age of sixteen years shall be employed, permitted or suffered to work at any of the following occupations: Sewing machine belts, in any workshop or factory or assisting in sewing machine belts in any workshop or factory in any capacity whatever; adjusting any belt to any machinery; oiling, or assisting in oiling, wiping or cleaning machinery; operating, or assisting in operating circular or band saws, wood-shapers, wood-jointers, planers, sand-paper or wood-polishing machinery; job or cylinder printing presses operated by power other than

Maximum hours for week and day.

Meal time.

record content.S.

I’ost printed notice.

Attorney
general's
approval.

Prima facie evidence of illegal employment.

Conducting child to juvenile or probate Court.

Health certificate.

av[inimum age for certain occupations.

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Paints or colors.

Hotel.

Intoxicating liquors.

Moral injury.

Penalty for violation.

Mayor or police judge.

Eight female visitors.

Compensation of visitors.

Traveling expenses.

foot; emery or polishing wheels used for polishing metal; wood-turning or boring machinery; stamping machines used in sheet metal and tinware manufacturing; stamping machines in washer and nut factories; corrugating rolls, such as are used in roofing and washboard factories; steam boilers, steam machinery, or other steam generating apparatus; dough brakes or cracker machinery of any description; wire or iron straightening machinery; rolling mill machinery, punches or shears; Washing, grinding or mixing mills; calender rolls in rubber manufacturing; laundering machinery; passenger or freight elevators; nor in any capacity in preparing any composition in which dangerous or poisonous acids are used; manufacture of paints, colors or white lead; dipping, dyeing or packing matches; manufacturing, packing, or storing powder, dynamite, nitro-glycerine, compounds, fuzes or other explosives; manufacture of goods for immoral purposes; nor as pin boys in bowling alleys; nor in or about any distillery, brewery, or any other establishment where malt or alcoholic liquors are manufactured, packed, wrapped or bottled; nor in any hotel, theater, concert hall, drug store, saloon, or place of amusement wherein intoxicating liquors are sold ; nor in any other employment that may be considered dangerous to their lives and limbs, or where their health may be injured or morals depraved: nor shall females under the age of sixteen years be employed in any capacity where such employment compels them to remain standing constantly; nor in assorting, manufacturing or packing tobacco.

Sec. 3. Any person, firm, company or corporation who shall employ, permit or suffer any child to work contrary to the provisions of this act, or who shall violate any of the provisions thereof, shall, upon conviction, be fined not. less than twenty-five dollars, nor more than fifty dollars, and all fines collected under this act shall inure to the benefit of the school fund of the district where the offense was committed.

Any justice of the peace, police judge, or mayor of any city or village, shall have the same jurisdiction provided in section 37.18a of the Revised Statutes of Ohio in all cases of prosecution for the violation of any of the provisions of this act.

Sec. 4. The chief inspector of workshops and factories shall, with the approval of the governor, designate eight visitors who shall be women and shall make such rules and regulations for their direction and guidance as shall secure uniformity of action and proceedings throughout the state. Such visitors shall receive the same compensation as the district inspectors of workshops and factories, payable in the same manner, and the necessary traveling expenses incurred by such visitors shall be paid in the same manner and subject to the same limitations as are authorized and imposed by section 4238), Revised Statutes, as to such district inspectors. Such visitors shall visit all shops and factories

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in their respective districts in which women or children are
employed, including mercantile establishments as often as
possible, to see that all the provisions and requirements of
this act relating to the employment of women or children
are strictly observed and carried out; they shall carefully
inspect the sanitary condition of the same and they shall
examine the system of sewage in connection with such shops,
factories and establishments, the situations and conditions
of water-closets or urinals in and about such shops and fac-
tories for the use of women or children and also the system
of heating, lighting and ventilating all rooms of such shops
and factories wherein women or children are employed at
daily labor; and also the means of exit from all such places
in case of fire or other disaster; and also all belting, shaft-
ing, gearing, elevators, drums and machinery of every kind
and description in and about such shops and factories and
see that the same are not located SO as to be dangerous to
such women or children so employed when engaged in their
ordinary duties, and that the same, as far as practicable,
are securely guarded and that every vat, pan or structure
filled with molten metal or hot liquid shall be surrounded
with proper safeguards for preventing accident or injury
to women or children employed in such shop or factory;
and that all such are in proper sanitary condition and are
adequately provided with means of escape in case of fire
or other disaster. Such visitors shall have entry into all
shops, factories and mercantile establishments including all
public institutions of the state which have shops and factories
or either, at any reasonable time, and it shall be unlawful
for the proprietor, agent or servants in any such factories
or shops to prevent, at reasonable hours, their entry into
such shops and factories for the purpose of such inspection.
Such visitors, if they find upon such inspection, that any
of the provisions of this act or any of the acts relating to
buildings, factories or to the employment of women or chil-
dren are being violated or that the heating, lighting, ven-
tilation or sanitary arrangements for women and children
of any shop, factory or mercantile establishment are such
as to be injurious to the health of such women or children
employed or residing therein, shall notify the chief inspector
of workshops and factories who may notify the owner, pro-
prietor or agent of such shop, factory or mercantile estab-
lishment as provided in section 3248-f Revised Statutes, and
may proceed to prosecute such violation of the law as there-
in provided. The chief and all district inspectors shall have
authority, the same as is vested in the truant officer of any
school district, to enforce school attendance of any child
found violating the school laws, or, he shall make complaint
of such violation to such truant officer or to the clerk of
the board of education in said district.
SECTION 2. That original sections I, 2 and 3 as amend-
ed, and original section 4, and original sections I, 2 and 3
of an act entitled, “An act to prevent the engagement of
children at such employment whereby their lives and limbs

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Duties of visitors.

Ventilation and fire exits.

Authority of visitors to enter all shops, etc.

Prosecution.

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