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Hall of North Carolina, Hogg, Holmes of Connecticut, Hunter, Huntington, Johnson of Virginia, Kirtland, McCoy, Marr, Mason of Massachusetts, Merrill, Middleton, Mills, Moseley, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Sherwood, Silsbee, S. Smith, Alexander Smyth, J. S. Smith, Speed, Stewart of North Carolina, Strong, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of South Carolina, Tyler, Walker of North Carolina, Whitman, Williams of Connecticut, Williams of New York, and Williams of North Carolina. Nars—Messrs. Abbott, Anderson of Kentucky, Baldwin, Barber of Ohio, Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Cobb, Colston, Comstock, Crawford, Cruger, Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Erwin of South Carolina, Forsyth, Gage, Hall of Delaware, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herbert, Herkimer, Herrick, Heister, Hitchcock, Holmes of Massachusetts, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Irving of New York, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore, Lowndes, McLane, W. P. Maclay, Marchand, Mercer, Moore, Morton, Mumford, Murray, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Poindexter, Porter, Quarles, Rich, Robertson of Kentucky, Robertson of Louisiana, Savage, Sawyer, Schuyler, Sergeant, Seybert, Simkins, Slocumb, Bal. Smith, Southard, Spencer, Stuart of Maryland, Tallmadge, Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Trimble, Tucker of Virginia, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Pennsylvania.

The question was then taken on concurring in the first resolution adopted by the Committee of the Whole, as above stated, and decided as follows—yeas 90, nays 75: YEAs—Messrs. Abbott, Anderson of Kentucky, Baldwin, Barber of Ohio, Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Colston, Comstock, Crawford, Cruger, Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Ervin of S. Carolina, Forsyth, Gage, Hall of Delaware, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herbert, Herkimer, Herrick, Heister, Hitchcock, Holmes of Massachusetts, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Irving of New York, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore, Lowndes, McLane, W. P. Maclay, Marchand, Marr, Mercer, Middleton, Moore, Morton, Mumford, Murray, Jeremiah Nelson, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Poindexter, Porter, Quarles, Robertson of Kentucky, Robertson of Louisiana, Savage, Schuyler, Sergeant, Seybert, Simkins, Slocumb, S. Smith, Bal. Smith, Southard, Spencer, Stuart of Maryland, Tallmadge, Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Trimble, Tucker of Virginia, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Whitman, Wilkin, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Penn. Nars–Messrs. Adams, Allen of Massachusetts, Allen of Vermont, Anderson of Pennsylvania, Austin, Ball, Barbour of Virginia, Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hall of N. Carolina, Hogg, Holmes of Connecticut, Hunter, Huntington, Johnson of Virginia, Kirtland, McCoy, Mason of Massachusetts, Mason of Rhode Island, Merrill, Mills, Moseley, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Sherwood, Shaw, Silsbee, Alexander Smyth,

J. S. Smith, Speed. Stewart of North Carolina, Strong, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of South Caro. lina, Taylor, Walker of North Carolina, Williams of Connecticut, Williams of New York, and Williams of North Carolina.

So the first resolution was adopted. The second resolution having been read in the following words: 2. Resolved, That Congress has power, under the Constitution, to construct post roads and military roads; provided that private property be not taken for public use, without just compensation. Mr. Holmes, of Massachusetts, moved to amend the resolution by inserting, after the words “private_property,’”, the words “or the property of any State;” and adding to the end of the resolve a clause, that neither the property of the one nor the other be taken, without just compensation therefor. This motion was grounded by Mr. Holmes, and supported by Mr. Rhea, as presenting the question more broadly to the House, and was opposed by Mr. LowNDEs, as embracing a wider scope than he was willing to give to the resolution, and, in fact, introducing a new principle. The motion was negatived. Mr. Desha moved to amend the resolution by inserting, after the words “military roads,” the o: " with the consent of the States.”—Negalived. The question was then taken on agreeing to the second resolution as above stated, and decided as follows—yeas 82, nays 84:

YEAs–Messrs. Anderson of Kentucky, Baldwin, Barber of Ohio, Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Colston, Comstock, Crawford, Cruger, Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Ervin of South Carolina, Forsyth, Gage, Hall of Delaware, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herbert, Herkimer, Herrick, Heister, Hitchcock, Hopkinson, Irving of New York, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore, Lowndes, McLane, Marchand, Marr, Mercer, Moore, Morton, Mumford, Murray, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Porter, Quarles, Rich, Robertson of Kentucky, Robertson of Louisiana, Savage, Schuyler, Sergeant, Seybert, Simkins, Slocumb, Ballard Smith, Southard, Speed, Spencer, Stuart of Maryland, Tallmadge, Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Trimble, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Pennsylvania.

NAYs—Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Allen of Massachusetts, Allen of Vermont, Anderson of Pennsylvania, Austin, Ball, Barbour of Virginia, Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hall of North Carolina, Hogg, Holmes of Massachusetts, Holmes of Connecticut, Hunter, Huntington, Johnson of Virginia, W. Maclay, W. P. Maclay, McCoy, Mason of Massachusetts, Mason of Rhode Island, Merrill, Mills, Moseley, Jeremiah Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Sherwood, Silsbee, S. Smith, Alexander Smyth,

J. S. Smith, Stewart of North Carolina, Strong, Ter

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ry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of Virginia, Tucker of South Carolina, Tyler, Walker of North Carolina, Whitman, Williams of Connecticut, Williams of New York, and Williams of North Carolina.

So the resolution was not agreed to.

Mr. STRother desired to record his vote in the negative on this question, having been accidentally out of the House when the question was put; but the standing rule forbade the leave.

The third resolution was then read, as follows:

“Resolved, That Congress has power, under the Constitution, to construct roads and canals necessary for commerce between the States; provided, that private property be not taken for public purposes, without just compensation.”

Mr. Holmes moved to amend the resolution, by adding thereto a clause, that no property shall be taken of any State, without making compensation therefor.—Negatived.

Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, then moved to amend the resolution, by inserting, after the word “States,” the words, “with the consent of the States through which the same may pass.”

This motion was negatived by yeas and nays– 120 to 46, as follows:

YEAs–Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Ball, Barber of Ohio, Bateman, Cobb, Crawford, Culbreth, Desha, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herrick, Hitchcock, Holmes of Massachusetts, Hubbard, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Linn, Livermore, Marchand, Marr, Moore, Murray, Jeremiah Nelson, T. M. Nelson, Palmer, Patterson, Peter, Pindall, Porter, Robertson of Louisiana, Sawyer, Seybert, Slocumb, S. Smith, Southard, Speed, Spencer, Stewart of North Carolina, Tallmadge, Tarr, #. Tucker of Virginia, Upham, and Wilson of Pennsylvania.

NAYs—Messrs. Allen of Massachusetts, Allen of Vermont, Anderson of Pennsylvania, Anderson of Kentucky, Austin, Baldwin, Barbour of Virginia, Bassett, Bayley, Beecher, Bellinger, Bennett, Bloomfield, Blount, Boden, Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Campbell, Clagett, Claiborne, Colston, Comstock, Cook, Crafts, Cruger, Cushman, Darlington, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Ellicott, Ervin of South Carolina, Folger, Forney, Forsyth, Garnett, Hale, Hall of Delaware, Hall of North Carolina, Herbert, Herkimer, Heister, Hogg, Holmes of Connecticut, Hopkinson, Hunter, Huntington, Irving of New York, Johnson of Virginia, Kinsey, Lawyer, Lowndes, McLane, W. Maclay, W. P. Maclay, McCoy, Mason of Massachusetts, Mason of Rhode Island, Mercer, Merrill, Middleton, Mills, Morton, Moseley, Mumford, H. Nelson, New, Ogden, Ogle, Orr, Owen, Parrott, Pawling, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Quarles, Reed, Thea, Rice, Rich, Richards, Ringgold, Robertson of Kentucky, Ruggles, Sampson, Savage, Schuyler, Scudder, Sergeant, Settle, Shaw, Silsbee, Simkins, Ballard Smith, Alexander Smyth, J. S. Smith, Strong, Stuart of Maryland, Taylor, Terrill, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of South Carolina, Tyler, Walker of North Carolina, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Whitman, Williams of Connecticut, Williams of New York, Williams of North Carolina, Wilkin, and Wilson of Massachusetts.

The question then recurred on agreeing to the

third resolution, and, being taken, was determined in the negative-yeas 71, nays 95, as follows:

YEAs—Messrs. Anderson of Kentucky, Baldwin, Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Colston, Comstock, Crawford, Cruger, Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Ervin of South Carolina, Forsyth, Gage, Hall of Delaware, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Herbert, Herkimer, Herrick, Heister, Hitchcock, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Irving of New York, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Livermore, Lowndes, McLane, Marchand, Moore, Morton, Mumford, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Porter, Quarles, Rich, Robertson of Ky., Robertson of Louisiana, Savage, Schuyler, Sergeant, Simkins, Bal. Smith, Spencer, Stuart of Maryland, Tallmadge, Tarr, Terrill, Trimble, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Pennsylvania.

NAYs–Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Allen of Massachusetts, Allen of Vermont, Anderson of Pennsylvania, Austin, Ball, Barbour of Virginia, Barber of Ohio, Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hall of North Carolina, Hendricks, Hogg, Holmes of Massachusetts, Holmes of Connecticut, Hunter, Huntington, Johnson of Virginia, W. Maclay, W. P. Maclay, McCoy, Marr, Mason of Massachusetts, Mason of Rhode Island, Mercer, Merrill, Mills, Moseley, Murray, Jer. Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Seybert, Shaw, Sherwood, Silsbee, Slocumb, S. Smith, Alex. Smyth, J. S. Smith, Speed, Stewart of North Carolina, Strong, Strother, Taylor, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of Virginia, Tucker of South Carolina, Tyler, Walker of North Carolina, Walker of Kentucky, Whitman, Williams of Connecticut, and Williams of North Carolina.

The question was then stated upon concurring with the Committee of the Whole, in that part of their amendment embraced by the fourth resolution, in the following words, viz:

4. Resolved, That Congress has power, under the Constitution, to construct canals for military purposes: Provided, That no private property be taken for any such purpose, without just compensation being made therefor.

Mr. Desha moved to amend the same, by inserting, after the word “purposes,” the words “with the consent of the States through which they may pass.”

And the question being taken thereon, it was determined in the negative.

The question then recurred on agreeing to the said fourth resolution, and, being taken, it was determined in the negative–yeas 81, nays 83, as follows:

Yeas—Messrs. Abbott, Anderson of Kentucky, Baldwin, Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Colston, Comstock, Cruger, Cushman, Dar. lington, Ellicott, Ervin of South Carolina, Forsyth, Gage, Hall of Delaware, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herkimer, Herrick, Heister, Hitchcock, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Irving of New York, Johnson of Kentucky, Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore,

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Lowndes, McLane, Marchand, Marr, Mercer, Moore, Morton, Mumford, Murray, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Porter, Quarles, Rich, Robertson of Kentucky, Robertson of Louisiana, Savage, Schuyler, Sergeant, Seybert, Simkins, Slocumb, Ballard Smith, Southard, Speed, Spencer, Stuart of Maryland, Tallmadge, Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Trimble, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Pennsylvania. NAxs—Messrs. Adams, Allen of Massachusetts, Allen of Vermont, Anderson of Pennsylvania, Austin, Ball, Barbour of Virginia, Barber of Ohio, Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hogg, Holmes of Massachusetts, Holmes of Connecticut, Huntington, Johnson of Wirginia, W. Maclay, W. P. Maclay, McCoy, Mason of Massachusetts, Mason of Rhode Island, Merrill, Mills, Moseley, Jeremiah Nelson, Hugh Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Silsbee, S. Smith, Alexander Smyth, J. S. Smith, Stewart of North Carolina, Strong, Strother, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker of Virginia, Tucker of South Carolina, Tyler, Walker of North Carolina, Walker of Kentucky, Whitman, Williams of Connecticut, Williams of New York, and Williams of North Carolina.

So the resolution was not agreed to.

The result of the whole proceeding is, that the House have come to the following resolution :

“That Congress have power, under the Constitution, to appropriate money for the construction of post roads, military and other roads, and of canals, and for the improvement of water-courses.”

Mr. Poindexter then submitted for consideration the following resolution: Resolved, That Congress have power, under the Constitution, to appropriate money in aid of the construction of roads and canals, which shall be laid out, and constructed, under the authority of the Legislature of the States through which they pass.” After some conversation- The question being taken thereon, was decided in the negative.

Mr. Lowndes then remarked, that, after the decision of this House to-day, there could be no doubt that a large majority of the House enter. tained the conviction of the power of Congress to appropriate money for the purpose of constructing roads and canals. The sense of the House being thus ascertained, and the obstruction removed to any proposition embracing that object; he moved that the further consideration of the report lie on the table.

The motion having been agreed to—

Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, from the Committee on Roads and Canals, reported a bill making further appropriations for the Cumberland road; which was twice read and committed.

OUR RELATIONS WITH SPAIN. The following Message was received from the PREsi DENT of THE UNItED STATEs:

To the Speaker of the House of Representatives : In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, of the 16th December, and of the House of Representatives, I lay before Congress, a report of the Secretary of state, and the papers referred to in it, respecting the negotia. tion with Spain. To explain fully the nature of the differences between the United States and Spain, and the conduct of the parties, it has been found necessary to go back to an early epoch. The recent correspond. ence, with the documents accompanying it, will give a full view of the whole subject, and place the conduct of the United States, in every stage, and under every circumstance, for justice, moderation, and a firm adherence to their rights, on that high and honorable ground, which it has invariably sustained. JAMES MONROE. WAshrNGTox, March 14, 1818.

DEPARTMENT of STATE, March 14, 1818. The Secretary of State, to whom have been referred the resolution of the Senate, of 16th December, and of the House of Representatives of the 24th February last, has the honor of submitting to the President the correspondence between this Departifient and the Spanish Minister's residence here, since he received the last instructions of his Government to renew the negotiations which, at the time of the last communication to Congress, was suspended by the insufficiency of his powers. These documents will show the present state of the relations between the two Governments. As in the remonstrance by Mr. de Onis, of the 6th of December against the occupation by the United States of Amelia Island, he refers to a previous communication from him, denouncing the expedition of Sir Gregor McGregor against that place, his note of 9th July, being the paper thus referred to, is added to the papers now transmitted. Its date, when compared with that of the occupation of Amelia by McGregor, will show that it was written ten days after that event; and the contents of his note of 6th December, will show that measures had been taken by the competent authorities of the United States to arrest McGregor as soon as the unlawfulness of his proceedings within our jurisdiction had been made known to them by legal evidence, although he was beyond the reach of the process before it could be served upon his person. The tardiness of Mr. Onis's remonstrance is of itself a decisive vindication of the magistrates of the United States against any imputation of neglect to enforce the laws; for, if the Spanish Minister himself had no evidence of the project of McGregor, sufficient to warrant him in addressing a note upon the subject to this Department, until ten days after it had been accomplished, it cannot be supposed that officers, whose authority to act commenced only at the moment of the actual violation of the laws, and who could be justified only by clear and explicit evidence of the facts in proof of such violation, should have been apprized of the necessity of their interposition in time to make it effectual before the person accused had departed from this country. As, in the recent discussions between Mr. Onis and this Department, there is frequent reference to those of the negotiation at Aranjuez in 1805, the correspondence between the Extraordinary Minister of the United States at that period, and Don Pedro Cevallos, then the Minister of Foreign Affairs in Spain, will be also submitted as soon as may be, to be laid before Congress, together with the correspondence between

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No. 1. Don Luis de Onis to the Secretary of State, 9th July, 1817. No. 2. The same to the same, 6th December, 1817. No. 3. The same to the same, 10th December, 1817. No. 4. The Secretary of State to Don Luis de Onis, 16th December, 1817. No. 5. Don Luis de Onis to the Secretary of State, 29th December, 1817. No. 6. The same to the same, 5th January, 1818. No. 7. The same to the same, 8th January, 1818. No. 8. The same to the same, 8th January, 1818. No. 9. The Secretary of State to Don Luis de Onis, 16th January, 1818. No. 10. Doñ Luis de Onis to the Secretary of State, 24th January, 1818. No. 11. The same to the same, 10th February, 1818. No. 12. The Secretary of State to Don Luis de Onis, 12th March, 1818, (with enclosures, A. 1, B. 2, C. 3, D, 4, E. 5.) The Message and accompanying documents was referred to the committee on so much of the

President's Message “as relates to the subject of Foreign Affairs.”

Monday, March 16.

Mr. MARR logo. a petition of the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, praying that such measures may be adopted, as will enable of citizens of that State to take possession of lands urchased by them from the State of North Caroina, and which are now held by the Chickasaw Indians, under a treaty concluded with the United States.—Referred to the committee appointed on the 17th December last, respecting the Indian title to lands within the State of Kentucky. Mr. Robertson, of Louisiana, presented a petition of Gales & Seaton, stating, that they propose to publish a History of Congress, from the commencement of the Government to the present day, and praying the aid and patronage of Congress in their said publication; which was read, and referred to a select committee; and Mr. Robertson, Mr. Tyler, Mr. Hopkinson, Mr. Holmes, of Massachusetts, and Mr. SIMKINs, were appointed the committee. Mr. Scott presented petitions of sundry inhabitants of the Territory of Missouri, praying that the said Territory may be admitted into the Union, as a State, on an equal footing with the original States; which were, together with the petitions of a similar nature, heretofore presented at the present session, referred to a select committee; and Mr. Scott, Mr. Robertson of Kentucky, Mr. PoindextER, Mr. HENDRicks, Mr. Liver MoRE, Mr. Mills, and Mr. Baldwin, were appointed the committee.

Proceedings.

MARch, 1818.

Mr. Scott also presented a petition of sundry inhabitants of the southern part of the Territory of Missouri, praying for a division of the said Territory; which was referred to the committee last appointed. The Speaker presented a petition of sundry inhabitants of the counties of Lehigh and Northampton, in the State of Pennsylvania, stating the misconduct of certain officers of the militia of the said counties, whilst sitting on courts martial for the trial of persons who failed to perform their tour of duty under the requisitions of the President, during the late war; that they have improperly applied the public moneys coming into their possession, and that they have contract. ed unnecessary and improper expenses whilst acting on said courts ...; which are charged to the United States; and praying that the subject may be investigated, and the abuses of which they complain corrected.—Referred to the Committee of Ways and Means. Mr. Blount, from the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, reported a bill to augment the salary of the Postmaster General; which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. Williams made a report on the petition of Renner and Heath, which was read; when, Mr. W. reported a bill for the relief of Daniel Renner, and Nathaniel H. Heath, which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. Lowndes, from the Committee of Ways and Means, to which was referred the amendments proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled “An act fixing the compensations of the Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the House of Representatives, and of the clerks employed in their offices,” reported the agreement of the committee to the said amendments, and they were committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. RhEA, from the Committee on Pensions and Revolutionary Claims, made a report on the petition of Ebenezer Stevens and others, which was read ; when, Mr. R. reported a bill for the relief of Ebenezer Stevens and Lucretia Stevens, late Lucretia Sands, and others, which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole. , Mr. Hugh Nelson, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act to extend the jurisdiction of the circuit courts of the United States to cases arising under the law relating to patents,’ o the same without amendment, and the bill was committed to Committee of the Whole. Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported a bill for the relief of Harold Smyth; which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. Thomas M. Nelson, from the committee appointed on the 18th of December last, to inquire into the expediency of extinguishing the Indian title to certain lands within the State of Kentucky, granted by the State of Virginia, to her officers and soldiers in the Revolutionary army, made a

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report, in part, which was read; when, Mr. N. reported a bill making appropriations for the purpose of extinguishing Indian claims, which was read twice, and committed to the Committee of the Whole, to which is committed the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act to extend the time for locating Virginia military land warrants, and returning surveys thereon to the General Land Office, and for designating the western boundary line of the Virginia military tract. Mr. Poindexter, from the committee appointed for the purpose, reported a bill authorizing the election of a delegate from the Michigan Territory, to the Congress of the United States, and extending the right of suffrage to the citizens of said Territory, which was read the first time. Mr. TALLMADGE, from the committee on that part of the President's Message which relates to roads, canals, and seminaries of learning, reported a bill authorizing the subscription of stock in the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal Company; which was read twice, and committed to the Committee of the whole, on the bill from the Senate, “in addition to an act making appropriations for repairing certain roads therein described.” Mr. MERCER, from the committee to whom it had been referred, reported the resolution from the Senate directing the publication of the journal of the convention, with an amendment, proposing the publication of the Secret Journals of Congress, and its correspondence with foreign Powers, prior to the Treaty of Peace with Great Britain in 1783. Mr. BAsseTT moved further to amend the said resolution by striking out these words: “ of which one copy shall be furnished to each member of the present Congress.” The motion to amend was rejected by the House, and the resolution was ordered to be engrossed, and read a third time to-morrow. The House took up the amendments proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled “An act to prowide for delivering "g persons held to labor or service in any of the States or Territories who shall escape into any other State or Territory,” . being read, were again ordered to lie on the table. The House then, in Committee of the Whole, considered the report unfavorable to the petition of James Bursiel, which, notwithstanding the earnest opposition of Mr. CLAGETT, was concurred in. Ordered, That one thousand four hundred copies of the Message from the President of the United States, of the 14th instant, upon the subject of our relations with Spain, together with the documents accompanying the same, be printed for the use of the members of this House, in addition to the usual number heretofore ordered.

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. The House then went into a Committee of the Whole, on the bill from the Senate making appropriations for repairing and keeping in repair certain roads, from Fort Hawkins to Fort St.

Stephens, and from Columbia in Tennessee, by the Choctaw Agency, to Madisonville in Louisiana. To the same Committee had been referred a bill, reported to-day, respecting the Chesapeake Canal. Mr. H. Nelson spoke a short time in opposition to the bill, viewing it as a part of a system of encroachment on State rights, which ought to be resisted in every stage and under every form. Mr. Robertson, of Louisiana, supported the bill against Mr. Nelson's objections, and on its own merits. He supported it also on the ground that in this instance, no authority but the Unite States could make the road, since it passed over a tract of country to which the Indian title is not yet extinguished, and over which the jurisdiction of the United States is not disputed. Mr. Forsyth and Mr. Poindexter also supported the bill on the same ground, and Mr. Nelson replied. No amendment having been proposed to this bill, the Committee proceeded to the consideration of another bill, reported this morning, and which had been referred to the same Committee, authorizing the subscription to the stock of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company. The consideration of this bill gave rise to debate, in which the gentlemen named below took part— Mr. McLANE explained, at some length, the advantages of the contemplated canal, as connecting the waters of Delaware with those of the Chesapeake Bay, and stated the views of the Company in desiring to interest Congress in the work. [From the elucidation of this business by Mr. McLANE, it appears that the original stock of the Company was $400,000, of which about $150,000 have been paid up and expended. The State of Pennsylvania has agreed to take an additional stock to the amount of $75,000; Maryland to the amount of $50,000, and Delaware to the amount of $20,000, provided the Uuited States agreed to take shares to the amount of $150,000. The estimated expense of the work is $800,000; the balance is expected to be made up by individual subscri j Mr. Bassett, under the belief that Congress had not the power to appropriate the public money for the purpose designated in the bill, moved to strike out the whole of the bill, after the enacting clause. Mr. Pitkin wished for something more definite, respecting this proposition, than was to be found in the bill. He wished to know what ontosh. United States were to have over the location or expenditure on the canal; whether they were to have the appointment of any portion of the directors, &c. It appeared that Pennsylvania and Maryland had agreed to take a certain number of shares, provided the United States did the same; but, even after these joint subscriptions were added to the funds of the company, there would yet be a deficiency of three or four hundred thousand dollars, as only a part of the subscribed capital was forthcoming. Respecting canals generally, Mr. P. did not consider them as objects of profit

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