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adge, Taylor, Tompkins, Trimble, Tucker of Virginia, Walker of Kentucky, Wallace, Whiteside, Whitman, Williams of New York, Wilson of Massachusetts, and Wilson of Pennsylvania. Nars—Messrs. Abbott, Anderson of Kentucky, Austin, Baldwin, Ball, Barbour of Virginia, Bassett, Bateman, Beecher, Blount, Burwell, Campbell, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Desha, Edwards, Garnett, Hall of Delaware, Hall of North Carolina, Hendricks, Herrick, Hitchcock, Hogg, Johnson of Virginia, Lowndes, Middleton, Murray, H. Nelson, Patterson, Pindall, Pleasants, Rice, Richards, Savage, Scudder, Sergeant, Settle, Simkins, Tarr, Townsend, Tucker of South Carolina, Williams of Connecticut, and Williams of North Carolina. SWORD TO COL. JOHNSON. A resolution awarding a sword to Col. Richard M. Johnson, in consideration of his valor and good conduct at the battle with the combined English and Indian forces on the river Thames, in Upper Canada, on the 5th of October, 1818, was read twice and put on its passage. Mr. Claiborne rose to offer an amendment to the resolution. While the House was dispensing rewards, he said, for meritorious services, he wished to introduce to attention the names of two other characters. One was Major General Carroll, of Tennessee. That officer was engaged in the public service from the commencement of the late war to its glorious termination at New Orleans. Mr. C. briefly recapitulated some of the distinguished services which this officer had rendered. He had organized the force which repaired from Tennessee to the defence of New Orleans, and which by its rapid march under the direction and exertion of Gen. C. had reached that place in time to save the city from the enemy ; and he had rendered other services too prominent to need being mentioned, and which would not permit him to be overlooked on this occasion. Mr. C. next mentioned Brigadier General Coffee, whose name was familiar to every one. At the commencement of the war that officer volunteered his services, and by his zeal and influence induced a great many others to enter the service. For his merit he was promoted from captain of a mounted company to the command o brigade; and his gallant conduct in the Creek war, at Talledega, at New Orleans, &c. had proved him worthy of the distinction. Mr. C. concluded by moving to insert the names of these officers in the resolution. Mr. Poindexter rose to second the motion of the honorable member from Tennessee. The distinguished services of General Carroll, from the commencement of the Creek war to the close of the late contest with Great Britain, Mr. C. said, were known to the nation, and appreciated by all who witnessed his meritorious conduct. At the critical and interesting period, when a powerful and well-disciplined army of the enemy invaded the State of Louisiana, and menaced the city of New Orleans, the exertions of General Carroll were particularly conspicuous, and eminently contributed to the glorious result which gave security to that city and renown to the arms 15th CoN. 1st SEss.-53
of our country. The division of militia from the State of Tennessee, under his command, destined to participate in the defence of the Southern frontier, descended from Nashville to New Orleans with unexampled rapidity, and arrived at a moment the most auspicious to the safety of that important point. Without this reinforcement General Jackson would have been destitute of the force called for by that great emergency. The consequences of such deficiency might be imagined. During that memorable campaign the gallantry of this corps and of its intrepid commander elicited the thanks of a grateful people, and of the illustrious General under whom they fought and conquered. I accord my hearty assent, said Mr. P., to the proposition made by the gentleman from Tennessee to reward these services by a suitable manifestation of the national gratitude. But Mr. P. suggested to him the propriety of presenting it in a distinct resolution, properly digested and matured.
Mr. B. made a few remarks in support of the expressions of the resolution, as to the gallant conduct of Col. Johnson, on the occasion referred to. He was present when those services were performed, and could bear testimony to the intrepidity displayed by Col. J.
Mr. Claiborne, according to the suggestion of Mr. Poindexter, withdrew his proposition for the present ; and the resolution then passed mem. CO72.
Thursday, April 2. The SPEAKER presented a petition of Vicente Pazos, of Peru, in South America, on behalf of himself and others, praying compensation for their private property which was taken possession of upon the occupation of Amelia Island by the troops of the United States.—Referred to the Committee of Claims. Mr. Seybert reported a bill to change the name of the district of Erie in the State of Ohio; which was read twice and ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to-day. Mr. Robertson, of Louisiana, from the Committee on the Public Lands, to which was referred the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act to adjust the claims to lots in the town of Vincennes, and for the sale of the land appropriated as a common for the use of the inhabitants of the said town,” reported the same without amendment, and the bill was committed to a Committee of the Whole. The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from the Secretary of the State of Pennsylvania, transmitting a certificate of the election of Jacob Hostetter, as a member of this House, in the place of Jacob Špangler. resigned; which was referred to the Committee of Elections. Engrossed bills of the following titles, to wit: An act to change the name of the district of Erie, in the State of Ohio; and An act to provide for the publication of the laws of the United States, and for other purposes, were severally read a third time and passed.
H. of R. Honors to
the Brave. APRIL, 1818.
An engrossed bill for the relief of George Pearson was read the third time and passed. The bill from the Senate, entitled “An act limiting the time for claims being produced for lands authorized to be granted to the inhabitants of New Madrid,” was read a third time and passed. The bill from the Senate, entitled “An act to extend the time for locating Virginia military land warrants and returning surveys thereon to the General Land Office; and for designating the western boundary line of the Virginia military tract,” was read the third time, and passed as amended. A message from the Senate informed the House that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled “An act confirming the claim of Tobias Rheams to a tract of land granted to him by the Spanish Government,” with amendments. They have also assed a bill, entitled “An act for the relief of emuel H. Osgood;” in which amendments and bill they ask the concurrence of the House. The House then resolved itself into a Committae of the Whole on the bill to provide for paying to the State of Indiana three per cent. out of the net proceeds of the sales of the public lands in said State, to be expended in the construction of roads and canals within the same. Mr. HENDRicks made an unsuccessful motion to strike out a clause which imposed on the State of Indiana annual reports of the proceedings under the bill ; but the Committee having risen and reported the bill, Mr. H. renewed his motion, which was then agreed to, and the bill ordered to be engrossed, as amended, and read a third time. , The following bills successively passed through Committees of the Whole House, and were severally ordered to be engrossed and read a third time. viz: The bill for the relief of Sarah Dewees; the bill for the relief of Gad Worthington; the bill for the relief of Thomas and John Clifford, and others; the bill for the relief of Commodore John Rodgers; and the bill for the relief of certain friendly Creek Indians.
HONORS TO THE BRAVE.
Mr. Claiborne, agreeably to the intimation which he had yesterday given, to submit a resolution for awarding to certain officers testimonials of the respect of Congress for their distinguished services, offered the following joint resolution:
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be requested to cause gold medals to be struck, with suitable emblems and devices, and presented to Major General William Carroll and Brigadier General John Coffee, in testimony of the high sense entertained by Congress of their gallantry and good conduct in the several conflicts during the late war, at Talashatchie, Taladega, Enotochopko, Emuckfaw, Tehopeka, and New Orleans.
Resolved, That the President be requested to cause a gold medal to be struck, with suitable emblems and devices, and presented to Major General Joseph Desha, in testimony of the high sense entertained by Con
gress of his gallantry and good conduct in the conflict of the river Thames, in Upper Canada. Mr. CLAibor NE said he had not yesterday named General Desha, in the remarks he then made; it escaped his recollection at the moment; but that officer was well entitled to the notice of the House. General Desha, it would be recollected, had left his seat in Congress, in the Summer of 1813, when the Northwestern campaign was a subject of great anxiety, and joined the Northwestern army, as commander of a division of Kentucky troops, and to his intrepidity and good conduct was in a great degree owing the result of the battle on the Thames. On that occasion he occupied, with his division, a situation of imminent danger; and at a moment when the enemy pressed with great force on that part of the line, it was by General Desha's courage and example, and denouncing death to the first man that broke, that the ground was maintained, the tide of victory turned, and the day crowned with success. Mr. C. next turned to the services of Generals Carroll and Coffee, and enforced what he had yesterday said of them, by referring again to the various instances of the zeal, activity and bravery which had characterized their conduct, and which, under the Almighty, had saved the city of New Orleans from a ferocious enemy. Mr. HARRison said, that with regard to the conduct of General Desha, in the action on the Thames, he had mentioned it with approbation in his official report of the action, and he now repeated that he there performed his duty, and did everything that he could do. But, so did General Henry, who was third in command, whilst General Desha was fourth ; they stand in that respect, perfectly on an equality. Mr. H. moved, therefore, that the name of General William Henry be inserted in the second resolution. Mr. H. gave some explanations of the positions occupied by the two divisions in the action, and stated that it was the division of General Henry which occupied the front line, and was most pressed by the enemy; that of General Desha formed with it a right angle, and though less exposed, yet General Desha himself, he believed was at the point of junction where the fire was most heavy. Mr. CLAIBorne had not called to mind the particular circumstances of the affair, or doubtless he should have recollected the name of General Henry, and would have included him in the resolutions which he had offered. These were honorary rewards that cost the nation little, and he was always willing to bestow them upon gallant services. He had intended to propose swords on this occasion, but he found, by the precedents, that medals were more customary, though the cost of the latter was perhaps not less. Mr. OGLE suggested a doubt whether, if these resolutions passed, it would not be proper also to seek out the meritorious officers of the Revolution. He had no objection to voting a medal to each of the gallant officers named, but protested against selecting the officers of the late army and
passing by those of the Revolution, for, if the APRIL, 1818. Honors to
the Brave. H. of R.
former merited one medal, those of the latter deserved two, and he moved that the subject be referred to the Military Committee, that resolutions might be reported conformably to his ideas; or at least that the distinguished officers of the Revolutionary Army might be included in these honorary rewards. Mr. Colston, though feeling the highest respect for the officers mentioned, and for their eminent services, yet objected to these resolutions on the ground that it was neither customary nor proper, in voting these rewards, to go below the commander of an army who had to bear the disgrace of defeat, and who it was right should reap the rewards of success; that to pursue a different course would involve the necessity of awarding the same to numerous other cases, as there were at least fifty others who had rendered important services and were entitled to notice ; and it was better to stop, or Congress would be overwhelmed with cases of this kind, &c. Mr. C. referred to the evils which he had witnessed in Virginia, of making these rewards too common; and referred to the circumstance of the Legislature of that State being called on to appropriate fifteen thousand dollars, at one time, for the purchase of medals, &c. which had been voted to gallant officers from that State. He had opposed the practice then, and felt himself bound, however high his sense of the merits of the distinguished officers in question, to do it here. Mr. Smith, of Maryland, said a few words to Mr. Claiborne, to show that the vote of a gold medal had always been considered a higher honor than to bestow a sword, and that medals had, therefore, been generally given to the Commander-in-chief of an army, and swords to the inferior officers. Mr. CLAIBorne observed, in reply to Mr. Colston, that the services of the officer named in the first resolution were as important and valuable as those of any Commander-in-chief in the nation; and if these distinctions had been granted in numerous other instances, as he could show they had been, it was highly proper they should be in this case, particularly when some who had received the honor had not served so long, nor rendered services half so important as the officers he now brought forward in the first resolution. Mr. C. then referred, severally, to the resolutions voting thanks and medals to General Brown, to General Scott, to Generals Ripley, Miller, and Porter, to General Gaines, and to General McComb, accompanied by thanks to their officers and men, and relied on these resolutions to show that the honors of Congress had not been confined to the Commanders-in-chief, but, on the contrary, they were nearly all subordinate officers, and some not higher than the rank of Colonel. Generals Carroll and Coffee, if they had not the reputation of Commanders-in-chief, deserved the applause of saving a city from a merciless enemy, whose rallying words were “Beauty and Booty.” Mr. C.-adverted to the circumstances under which these officers received the news of the danger of New Orleans, and the great exertions which enabled
them to reach it in time. Coffee was returning home from the Creek war, with an exhausted army, when information of the danger of New Orleans reached him at Baton Rouge. With his exhausted men and worn down horses he instantly started for the scene of action. No rest did he permit himself, day or night, but hastened with a celerity unexampled and astonishing, and arrived just in time to save the city and win a conquest which will ever be regarded as a most important and most glorious one. Would the House deny to such men as these the poor and pitiful reward now proposed ? Carroll had been twice wounded in the Creek war, and was called on, at a moment's warning, to repair to New Orleans. He hastily collected his troops, organized them for the field in less time than was ever known, and with a rapidity never witnessed before, by his unwearied exertions reached the city just in time to insure the victory and share in its glory. Mr. C. agreed to what had been said about the Revosutionary veterans, but hoped, if it was thought proper to reward them in this way, that gentlemen would bring them forward in a separate proposition, and he would cheerfully support it. }: he asked for what was not given to others, turn them away. If he asked for what they did not deserve, turn them away. But if he asked for them what others had received, and which they deserved much more than some who had received this distinction, he hoped it would not be denied to them. Mr. Hopkinson made a few remarks to dissuade the House from adopting these resolutions. It was a painful task to urge this course; but, he said this House had no wealth to bestow ; these honors were all it had to give ; they ought, therefore, to be given sparingly, and not wasted. The honors of Congress ought not to be given, he said, for fidelity, for diligence, and bravery, because these were to be expected, and belonged to every American officer; but were intended for some signal action above all, to be rewarded above all. Instead of confining these marks of distinction to proper occasions, all history did not furnish as many of them as the history of this country for the last two or three years, and the practice was so common that it would cease to be any distinction at all. . Mr. H. did not make these objections from any insensibility to the gallant services of the officers referred to by Mr. CLAIbonNE; but, besides his opposition on national grounds, he thought that delicacy towards these officers themselves ought to forbid the passage of the resolutions. It was now three years since the close of the war, and the public would ask why these officers had not received this reward before; why, for the first time, they were brought forward at this late day ? And, after being so long neglected, might not the proceeding now be imputed to personal favor? Mr. H. concluded by moving that the resolutions lie on the table. Mr. PoindextER hoped that the motion to lay the resolutions on the table would be withdrawn, that the two resolutions might be separated and
the sense of the House taken on each by itself.
The subjects of the Northwestern and of the Southern officers ought, he thought, to be introuced separately, and then gentlemen in the #. acquainted personally with the officers in the two armies, could speak of them, respectively, from their own knowledge. He supported the propriety of adopting these resolutions by referring to the votes of thanks, &c., which had been passed at this very session, and the sword which only yesterday was awarded to a gallant officer. To reject the cases now before the House, under those circumstances, would be invidious as well as unjust. Mr. RhEA hoped the resolutions would not be laid on the table. Had they not been brought forward at all this session he should have been satisfied, because the reputation of these gallant men was too well secured to make this distinction necessary; but as the resolutions had been offered he was anxious they should not be rejected. These brave men did not rest when they were going on the floods to meet the enemies of their country, and he hoped the resolutions for rewarding them would not be allowed to rest on the table, but would be adopted. Mr. HARRison again rose to bear testimony to the gallant services of the gentlemen of the Northwestern army, and took the opportunity of expressing briefly his sense of the distinguished honor which he had recently himself received at the hands of Congress—a reward more dear to him than any other that could be conferred on him, but which he must look on as due to the gallant army which he had the honor to command rather than to his merits, &c. After some further opposition by Mr. ClaiBorne to laying the resolution on the table, the question was taken on that motion and carried— ayes 58, noes 54.
FRIDAY, April 3.
Mr. Seybert reported a bill to establish a port of entry and delivery, at Cape Vincent, at the fork of Lake Ontario and the head of the river St. Lawrence ; which was read twice and ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to. morrow. Mr. Seybert also reported a bill, declaring the consent of Congress to an act of the State of Georgia, passed the 10th of December, 1817, “to establish the fees of the harbor-master and health officer of the port of Darien;” which was read twice and ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Seybert also reported a bill to abolish the port of delivery established at the mouth of Slade's Creek, in the State of North Carolina; which was read twice and ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to-morrow. Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, from the committee on so much of the public accounts and expenditures as relates to the public buildings, made a report; which was read and ordered to lie upon the table. Mr. Williams, of North Carolina, from the Committee of Claims, to which was referred the
bill from the Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of Michael Hogan,” reported the same with an amendment; which was read, and, together with the bill, committed to a Committee of the Whole to-morrow. Mr. Scott, from the Committee appointed on the 16th ultimo, by leave of the House, reported a bill to authorize the people of the Missouri Territory to form a constitution and State government, and for the admission of such State into the Union on an equal footing with the original States; which was read twice and committed to a Committee of the Whole. The amendment proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled “An act confirming the claim of Tobias Rheams to a tract of land granted him by the Spanish Government,” was read, and concurred in by the House. Engrossed bills of the following titles, to wit: An act sor the relief of Sarah Dewees, relict and widow of William Dewees, deceased, and the heirs and legal representatives of the said William Dewees; An act for the relief of Gad Worthington; An act for the relief of the houses of Thomas and John Clifford, Elisha Fisher and Company, Thomas Clifford and Son, and Thomas Clifford, of Philadelphia, and Charles Wirgman, of Baltimore; An act for the relief of John Rodgers; and An act for the relief of certain friendly Creek Indians; were severally read the third time, and passed. The bill from the Senate for the relief of Lemuel H. Osgood, was read twice, and referred to the Committee of Claims. The bill from the Senate, to provide for paying to the State of Indiana three per cent. o: net proceeds arising from the sales of the United States lands within the same, was read a third time, as amended, and passed. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, on the bill from the Senate “directing the manner of appointing Indian agents, and continuing the act for establishing trading-houses with the Indian tribes;” and, after some debate, the bill was ordered to be read a third time tomorrow. The House then resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, on the bill for the relief of Loring Austin; which gave rise to much debate. The bill proposes to relieve Major Austin from the effects of a prosecution against him for false imprisonment, in a case in which, by orders from General Pike that he was bound to obey, he seized certain persons at Ogdensburg, suspected of treasonable practices with the enemy. After the debate the bill was reported to the House, and ordered to be engrossed. The bill for the relief of Major General Jacob. Brown, and the bill for the relief of George R. Wells, passed through the same committee, and were ordered to be engrossed for a third reading.
MILITIA PAY-SEMINOLE WAR.
Mr. Cobb submitted for consideration the following resolution: “Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be instructed to inquire into the expediency of increasing the pay of the militia now in the service, or which may hereafter be called into the service of the United States, in the war now prosecuting against the Seminole tribe of Indians, and of affording additional pay to those who have been in service in said war, and have been discharged.”
April, 1818. Proceedings. - H. of R.
Mr. C. observed, that an apology was due to the House for offering this resolution at such a late day in the session; the apology he should make was, that he had understood this measure had been introduced early in the session in the Senate; from causes unknown to him, that body had not yet acted upon it.
Mr. C. further observed, that if he recollected correctly the published arguments which were urged for retaining the number of ten thousand men upon the Peace Establishment of the Army, one was that, out of that number, a sufficient force could at all times be commanded to put an end to any Indian war which might happen, without calling upon the militia; yet an Indian war had happened, which one of the General officers of the United States had chosen emphatically to call a little war; to terminate which, a #: force of at least four thousand men had been called into service. It was not for him to give reasons for this procedure. There were at this time in service at least three thousand men of the Georgia and Tennessee militia. They had been called out at a season of the year, above all others, of the most consequence to them ; for that they would be in service just long enough to deprive them of the opportunity of making a crop upon their farms. In addition to this he would observe, that a more inclement season had hardly ever been witnessed in that part of the country where the militia were. If his information was correct, they had been exposed to incessant rains, from the time they were imbodied until he last heard from them. But this was not all—they had been starved. He had understood and believed that the Tennessee militia, after having entered the nation, were compelled to return to their settlements in Georgia in order to be subsisted; and that the Georgia militia had been reduced to an allowance of a half a pint of corn a day. To whom the blame of this state of things was to be attached he would not say; but he thought that persons suffering such hardships and privations were entitled to a greater compensation than the pitiful sum of five dollars per month. He thought that the House would agree with him, that not less than double that sum would be but a poor reward to men thus situated. He was of opinion that, had the militia been properly fed and attended to, they would not have complained, or cared for the trifling pay now allowed them by law. But he thought the Government ought at least to increase the weight of their pockets, after failing to afford them food. He concluded by saying, he had offered these observations with the motive of inducing the House, not only to adopt the resolution he had offered, but speedily to adopt any measure founded on it. The motion was agreed to.
SATURDAY, April 4.
Mr. THoMAs M. NElson presented a memorial of Brigadier General Daniel Parker, Adjutant and Inspector General of the Army of the United States, containing an explanation of the circumstances attending his certificate of the authenticity of the signature of Colonel Isaac Clark, late of the Army, which, subsequently proved to be a forgery; which certificate has been made the subject of animadversion in the report of the committee appointed to inquire into the conduct of clerks and other officers of Government.—Laid on the table. Mr. RHEA, from the Committee on Pensions and Revolutionary Claims, to which was committed the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of the heirs of Landon Carter,” reported the same with an amendment; which was read, and, together with the bill, committed to the Committee of the Whole, to which is committed the bill for the relief of Cornelia Mason. Mr. RHEA also reported the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of Samuel Ward,” without amendment, and the bill was committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. PoindextER, from the Committee on Private Land Claims, to which was committed the amendment proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled “An act for the relief of Daniel Burnett, Gibson Clark, and the legal representatives of Hubert Rowell,” reported their agreement to the said amendment with an amendment; which was read, and, together with the bill, ordered to lie on the table. Mr. STRoTHER, from the Committee for the District of Columbia, to which was referred the bill from the Senate, entitled “An act supplemental to the act, entitled ‘An act further to amend the charter of the City of Washington,” reported the same with an amendment; which. was read, and, together with the bill, committed to a Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported a bill to increase the pay of the militia while in actual service, and for other purposes; which was read twice, and ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Blount, from the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, reported a bill to establish and alter post roads; which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. SERGEANT, from the select committee, to whom was referred a resolution of the 13th February, and a memorial from a number of the citizens of Philadelphia, respecting the imprisonment of Richard W. Meade, made a report, comprisin a general view of the case; and concluding wit the recommendation of a resolution, that this House will support the Executive in all proper measures which he may take to procure the release of Mr. Meade from confinement. The report was read, and ordered to lie on the table, and be printed. . . . Mr. Pitkin, from the joint committee appointed to examine and report what business is neces