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NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT KNOWN, that I, JAMES K.

POLK President of the United States of America, have caused the said Treaty to be made public, to the end that the same and every clause and article thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United Slates to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-fourth day of July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight [seal.] hundred and forly-six; and of the Independence of the United States, the seventy-first.

JAMES K. POLK.

By the President:

James Buchanan, Secretary of State.

TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN OF LIMITS WESTWARD OF 1846.

THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.

CONCLUDED JUNE 15th, 1816.

By the President of the United Stales of America.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, a Treaty between the United States of America and Treaty with <*. Her Majesty the Q,ueen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, conclu-* Britain and Ireland was concluded and signed by their plen-^6 15 }m0* ipotentiaries at Washington on the fifteenth day of June last, which treaty is, word for word, as follows: »

The United States of America and her Majesty the Queen Preamble, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, deeming it to be desirable for the future welfare of both countries that the state of doubt and uncertainty which has hitherto prevailed respecting the soyereignty and government of the territory on the northwest coast of America, lying westward of the Rocky or Stony mountains, should be finally terminated by an amicable compromise of the rights mutually asserted by the two parties over the said territory, have respectively named plenipotentiaries to treat and agree concerning the terms of such settlement—that is to say: the President of the United States of Negotiators. America has, on his part, furnished with full powers James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States, and her Majesty, tlie Q.ueen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, has, on her part, appointed the Right Honorable • Richard Pakenham, a member of her Majesty's most honorable privy council, and her Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States; who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

Article I.

From the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, Boundary line where the boundary laid down in existing treaties and conven-^tween^s. tions between the United States and Great Britain terminates, ncwuons west of the line of boundary between the territories of the United States *££r Mouaand those of her Britannic Majesty shall be continued westward along the said forty-ninth parallel of north latitude to the middle of the channel which separates the continent from Vancouver's Island, and thence southerly through the middle of the said channel, and of Fuca's straits to the Pacific Ocean: Pro

Navigation o[viJec2^ however, That the navigation of the whole of the said tweenavancou-channel and straits south of the forty-ninth parallel of nortb ■ver'» island and latitude remain free and open to both parties.

the continent, 1 and of Fnca

Btraits.to be free ARTICLE II.

and open to

both parties. .

Navigation of From the point at which the forty-ninth parallel of north KTrWe^'oTe latitude shall be found to intersect the great northern branch of free and open to the Columbia river, the navigation of the said branch shall be CoUdaSnd Rrin°ifree and open to the Hudson's Bay Company, and to all British ■ubients trading subjects trading with the same, to the point where the said . wTM,hem' &c-branch meets the main stream of the Columbia, and ihcnce 9 down the said main stream to the ocean, with free access into

and tli rough the said river or rivers, it being understood that all the usual porlages along the line thus described shall in like manner be free and open. In navigating the said river or rivers, British subjects, with their goods and produce, shall be Juue'd to c°n0""treated on tne same fooling as citizens of the United States; it "e'nt the i^slbcing, however, always undeisiood that nothing in this article ^"ationsfofna'8^3'' construed as preventing, or intended to prevent, ibe Station of i Government of the United Slates from making any regulations river. respecting the navigation of the said river or rivers not incon

, sistent with the present trealy.

Article III.

Possessory In the future appropriation of the territory south of the forffi^^.Sjty-ninth parallel of notth latitude, as provided in the first arti•11 British sub- cle of this treaty, the possessory rights of the Hudson's Bay i*cied.obe reB" Company, and of all British subjects who may be already in

the occupation of land or other property lawfully acquired within

the said territory, shall be respected.

Article IV.

Farms, Ac. be- The farms, lands, and other property of every description fp^SoundAg"belonging t0 the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company on the ricBiturai Co. north side of the Columbia river, shall be confirmed to the said tobthemfrDbudtcoinPany- In casc» however, the situation Of those farms and under certain lands shocld be considered by the United States to be of pubSaTbTu^Ts-1'0 and political importance, and the United Stales Government ferredto the u. should signify a desire to obtain possession of the whole, or of vttiuaUonPr0perany part thereof, the property so required shall be transferred to the said Government, at a proper valuation, to be agreed upon between the parties.

Article V.

Treaty to be The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the SicatioilT1 TM,:;Uni,ecl Slates, by and with the advice and consent of the Sen-changed suiale thereof, and by her Britannic Majesty; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at London, at the expiration of six months ^TMtha £mm from the date hereof, or sooner, if possible.

In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done at Washington the fifteenth day of June, in the year signed 15June, of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-six. m6r

JAMES BUCHANAN, [l. S.]

RICHARD PAKENHAM, [l. S.]

And whereas the said treaty has been duly ratified on both Ratificjtj"" parts, and the respective ratifications of the same were exchang-^Jy^^g. ed at London, on the seventeenth ultimo, by Louis McLane, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United Slates, and Viscount Palmerston, her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of Stale for Foreign Affairs, on the part of their « respective Governments.

Now, THEREFORE, RE IT KNOWN that I, JAMES K. POLK, Treaty pro

President of the United States of America, have caused the claimed b^1^ said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same, and Aug.5^18*6. every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this fifth day of August, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred [seal.] nnd forty six, and of the Independence of the United States, the seventy-first.

JAMES K. POLK.

By the President:

James Buchanan, Secretary of State.

1846. CONVENTION WITH BAVARIA, FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE DROIT D'AUBAINE AND TAXES ON EMIGRATION.

CONCLUDED JANUARY 21, 1S45.

By the President of the United Stales of America.

A PROCLAMATION.

Convention Whereas a convention between the United States of Amerah?1 jtnuarv'ca anc' ^ajeslv King °f Bavaria was concluded and 1845. "'signed at Berlin by their respective plenipotentiaries, on the twenty-first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and forty-five; which convention, being in the English and German languages, is, word for word, as follows:

Preamble.

Negotiators.

Convention for the mutual abolition of the droit d'aubaine and taxes on emigration between the United States of America and his Majesty the King of Bavaria.

The United States of America and his Majesty the King of Bavaria, having agreed, for the advantage oC their respective citizens and subjects, to conclude a convention for the mutual abolition of the droit d'aubaine and taxes on emigration, have named, for this purpose, their respective plenipotentiaries, namely: the President of the United States of America has conferred full powers on Henry Whealon, their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Royal Court of Prussia; and his Mffjesty the King of Bavaria, upon Count Maximilian von Lerchenfeld-Koefering, his Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Royal

Vert rag iiber die gegenseiligt Aufhebung von Hcimfal/s( Fremdlings) - Recht und •fluswandcrungs - Steuem zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten von Nord Amerika und Seiner Majestdl dem Kb nig von Bayern.

Nachdem die Yereinigten Slaatcn von Nord-Amerika und Seiner Majestiit der Konig von Bayern ubereingekomnrtn sind. zuin Boston der beiderscitigen Staals Angehorigeneinen Veitrag iiber gegenseitige Aufhebung voa Heimfalls(Fremdlings) Recht und Answanderungs-Sieuera abzuschliessen, so sind hierzu von beiden Seiten Bcvollmiichtigte crnannt worden, als namlicli, von Seiten des Piasidenten der Vereinisiieii Staaten von NordAmerika,HerrHeinrich Whealon, nordamerikanischcr ausserordenllieher Gcsandrer und bevoHmachtigter Minister am koniglich preussisschen Hofe, und "von Seiner Majesiat des Konig's von Bayern, allerhochst dessen Gesandten und

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