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powers of a single and unassisted person; the field of inquiry requires combined exertions, and diversified talent and experience. These reflections on a subject to which we have always given close attention, and on which, we hope, we have not laboured in vain, have been not unnaturally suggested by the formation within this past year of the British Archæological Association, an association that has arisen out of the best auspices—a general belief in its utility,—and which we think will be attended with the best results. Its numbers ensure such extensive connections, that its researches can be prosecuted every where, without difficulty or discouragement. We know of no event connected with our particular pursuits that has gratified us so much for many years ; we hail its rise with pleasure, we contemplate its permanence and increase with confidence, and we hope that it may in time weaken the force, if it cannot destroy the entire power, of the poet's saying, Mors etiam saxis, nominibusque venit.

S. URBAN.

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PAGE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1844.
BY SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

6-1354

CONTENTS.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.—British Roads adopted by the Romans-Families

of Seaman---Cheyne_Tooke-Anecdote of Sir James Thornhill proposed

as a Subject for a Picture-West't windows at Windsor

2

The First-BORN, A Drama, by the Rev. W. Harness

3

Southey's Editorship of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress ...

15

On the Scarabeus

16

Description of Stafford Castle (with a Plate)

18

New Church at East Grafton, Wilts (with a View)

19

Restoration of the Church at Woodchurch, Cheshire..

21

The Ancient custom of a Lady taking her Chamber

22

Roman Sepulchral Inscription found near Piercebridge.

Ornamental Tiles in Great Malvern Church, (with a Plate)

25

The Portraits of Versailles, No. IV.- Reigns of Louis XIII. and XIV....

31

On the Pottery termed Samian-Potters' stamps found in London

35

Value of the Metonic Cycle--Date of the First Passover

A Cavalier's Farewell to bis Mistress-Rev. James Anderson ....

40

Confessionals existing in English Churches......

41

Remarks on Collier's edition of Shakespeare, &c.

42

RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW.-Withers's Salt upon Salt

43

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Jesse's Scenes and Tales of Country Life, 49; Greenwood's Tree-Lifter, 53 ;

Milnes's Palm Leaves, 55; Mrs. Bray's Courtenay of Walreddon, 57 ;

Sandby's Mesmerism and its Opponents, 58 ; Miscellaneous Reviews 60

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

New Publications, 63 ; University of Oxford University of Cambridge, 67 ;

Royal Geographical Society-Royal Asiatic Society-Wiltshire Topo-

graphical Society, 68; Numismatic Society, 69 ; Ethnological Society-

Society of Arts....

70

FINE ARTS.-British Sculptors at Rome, 70; Sir R. K. Porter's Drawings 71

ARCHITECTURE.-Oxford Architectural Society, 72; Royal Academy 73

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries, 75; Archæo.

logical Association-Society of Northern Antiquaries--Ancient Armour.... 78

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.—Proceedings in Parliament, 79; Foreign

News-Domestic Occurrences

80

Promotions and Preferments, 83; Births, 84; Marriages

84

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Earl of Bessborough ; M. Laffitte ; Sir William

Johnston, Bart. ; Admiral Sir C. E. Nugent ; Vice-Adm. Sir Jahleel Bren.

ton ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir T. Stubbs ; Lieut.-Gen. Loveday ; Major-Gen. W.

H. Beckwith ; Major-Gen. Sir 0. Carey ; Major-Gen. F. J. T. Johnstone;

Lt.-Col. W. G. White ; Wadham Wyndham, Esq.; John Tomes, Esq. ;

J. N. Wigney, Esq. M.P.; Thomas Bowes, Esq. ; John Herman Merivale,

Esq.; J. S. Duncan, Esq. D.C.L. ; John Grant Malcolmson, Esq. M.D.

Mr. Sebastian Pether ; Mr. Theodore Van Holst ; Luigi Canonica ; Dr,

George Swiney ; Capt. R. Fair, R.N.; James Stuart

87-101

CLERGY DECEASED

101

Deaths, arranged in Counties

103

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis–Markets-Prices

of Shares, 111; Meteorological Diary-Stocks

Embellished with Views of STAFFORD CASTLE and East GRAFTON CHURCH, Wilts

and Fac-Similes of Ornamental Tiles in GREAT MALYERN Abbey Church,

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J. P. requests permission to explain a Gent. Mag. New Series, note, vol. xii* passage in bis letter, (June, p. 601,) p. 602) are descended from Le Sieur upon the Roman Iters from London to de Touque, Toc, or Touke, as it is vari. Canterbury;

'; upon wbich we made an edi. ously spelt in different copies of the Battorial note. " I have said that the tle Abbey Roll, where he is mentioned, Romans had two roads into Kent, and amongst others, as having attended Wil. that Cæsar marched on one of them on liam the Conqueror, at the Battle of his way to the Thames; because, as I Hastings. Now bis name is not men. firmly believe, it was then a beaten road, tioned in the Index of Tenants in Capite, which the Britons had long previously where as a Norman Knight it naturally used as their ordinary way from the coast would be, nor, I believe, do any of the of Kent to the fordable part of the names of his children appear in the SurThames, spoken of by Cæsar. That many yey, as they probably would had land of the roads in this island, that were been granted to him, or bis immediate deadopted by the Romans, were originally scendants. From this it seems probable British roads, I doubt not: even the that he was either killed at the Battle of Watling Street seems to have been such Hastings or returned into Normandy, a road, improved by the Romans; if we and that if he had any children they did may derive the name from GWADULU, not possess land in Britain; and, since the meaning, in the language of the Britons, names of Tocbi, Tocbæ, Tocbe, Toc, to render or make firm, solid, or sound; Tocho, Toka, Toke, Tokesone, Tuke, which is corroborated by Richard of Ci. Tuka, and Thochi, occur as holders of rencester's writing it Via Guethelinga : lands in the reign of Edward the Con. and I have read that it was a pre-existing fessor, and the name of Thoke in the road repaired by the Romans."

year 1014, (Lysons's Magna Britannia, J. N. inquires for any particulars (be- Norfolk,) it seems much more probable yond what appear in Bloomfield) of the that the families are of Saxon or Danish family of “ Seaman of Norwich,” amongst than of Norman origin. Can any of the whose members were Thomas Seaman, readers of the Gents. Magazine throw Sheriff of Norwich in 1679, and High . any light on the derivation of the name? Sheriff of Norfolk in 1688, and Sir Peter J. A. R. remarks, Among the great Seaman, Sheriff of Norwich in 1699, variety of historical subjects designed by Muyor in 1707, and High Sberiff of Nor. the British artists of the present day, it folk in 1710. He is desirous more par has often occurred to me that the followticularly of ascertaining the date and origin ing may be worthy of notice, which I of this family establishing tbemselves in

have never seen introduced, i. e. Sir Norfolk, and whether they were descended James Thornbill on a bigh scaffold paintfrom the Cheshire family of Seaman, of ing within-side the dome of St. Paul's, whom there were members bearing pre. and in the attitude of running backward, cisely the same names. The Norfolk fa and in great danger of falling over, while mily were seated at

igham, which was a companion, observing this (with great in the hundred of Humbleyard, till it was presence of mind), is seen with a brush afterwards made part of the county and daubing over the painting in order to city of Norwich, as it now remains. alarm bim, and save bis life. If this were

E. B. P. presumes A. H. S. (p. 339) managed by a clever artist, and the is aware that there was a family at Hever painter's anxiety manifested in his coun. (Kent) of the name of Cheyné, or tenance, at seeing his work injured, as he Cheyney, which intermarried with that of appeared to be rushing forward to prethe Boleynes of Hever Castle and Roch serve it, I think it might prove an in. ford Hall, Essex. The latter estate de. teresting picture. volved on the Tilney family in 1774. T. W. inquires where West's original (Vide Benger's Life of Anne Boleyne.) sketches for the Stained Glass that was À beautiful monumental brass still exists begun for the West window of St. in Hever church to the memory of Mar George's Chapel, Windsor, are

be garet Cheyné, 23 Aug. 1419.

found. M. M. M, writes : In Nichols's Lite.

ERRATA. In a small portion of the impresrary Anecdotes (vol. ix. p. 159,) it is sion of our present number, at p. 40, line 25, stated that_tbe family of Toke, Tooke, for Sunday read Saturday. In p. 42, line 15 Tuke, or Tuck, &c. (for many other

from foot, for Falstaff calls simple. Sir,'

read Falstaff calls Simple “ Sir." variations in the spelling of the name, see

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