ever found in the streets by Brown. come at water. For the first of rigg's youngest boy the same day, these crimes she was made to strip and brought back to her confine- naked, and continued to wash ment: from this time she was ne. naked a whole day, being every ver fuffered to stir out of doors, now and then beaten with the and she was frequently tied up and stump end of a riding-whip; for whipped naked.

the other offence a jack-chain was About the same time Mary Clif- - put round her neck, and the end ford, a third apprentice, was bound fastened to the yard door ; it was to James Brownrigg, by the over- ftrained as tight as it could be, feers of White Friars precinct; the without choking her; and when was a month upon liking, and du- the had passed the day in this conring that time was well treated, dition, the was sent down into the and eat and drank as the family cellar when it grew dark, with the did, but soon after she was bound chain Atill on her neck, and her they began to use her with great hands tied behind her, to pass the cruelty, frequently beating her night, without bed or covering, in over the head and thoulders, fome. the cellar. times with a walking.cane, some- It was common for both the times with a horse-whip, and feve. girls, Mitchell and Clifford, to go ral times with a hearth brush. about the house quite naked ; for

It was this girl's misfortune, Brownrigg being, by their indencither by natural weakness or bad tures, obliged to find them cloaths, nursing, to wet the bed; for this ofed frequently to order them to reason she was ordered to lie ona be taken off, upon discovering any mat, in a place called a cellar, little rent, hole, or other sign that which had been a coal bole, and they were wearing out. Mitchell, is described as a cold, dark place, in particular, scarce ever wore about as big as a closei, under the stockings, and had generally noftairs; the mat after some time thing upon her body but an old was taken away, and a fack, with rag of a waistcoat, which did not a little straw in it, substituted in its cover her behind. place; sometimes there was no- As the prisoners were tried for thing but a few rags, and some. the murder of Clifford, and Mitchell times only the bare floor; as to was the principal evidence, little covering, she had sometimes her appears concerning. Mitchell in own cloaths, fometimes a bit of particular; sometimes, however, blanket, and sometimes the was The was locked with Clifford into quite naked: it does not appear the cellar, to pass the night, and that she had any other food than both were constantly left locked bread and water, and she had not into that dismal cell, from Satur. enough even of that.

day to Sunday night, while the faOnce when she was familhing mily were at their country lodg. for hunger, she broke open a cup- ings in Ilington: during all this board where victuals was ufually lime they had no fuftenance but kept, but found none; and once, a piece of bread, for water itself when she was fainting with thirft, was not added.“ The bro.c down some boards 10


The office of gaoler seems in ge- Mitchell's cheeks, and draw them neral to have been performed by down her face with such force as the eldest son, though sometimes to occasion the blood to Itact from the prisoners were locked up by her eyes. other; once in particular, by one · Mitchell also, having complain Benham, an apprentice boy, who ed 10 a- lodger; the only one who in his examination swears, that appears to have been in the house when he locked them in, Clifford during Clifford's time of it uf ge; was quite naked.

the woman, upon fome d.lagree. They were so often and fo ment with the mistress, reproachcruelly whipped and beaten, that -ed her with the fubject of the girl's their bodies, especially their heads complaint; upon which Mrs. and Moulders, were almoft one en. Brownrigg rao to the girl, and tire scab, the skin being broken a- thrusting a pair of fciffors into her fresh as falt as it healed, for the mouth, cut her tongue in two mistress neverleft off whipping till places. the drew blood.

The account of what happened In order to inflict this diabolical on the day when che' fatal wound punishment, the first expedient was was given, is in fubftance as tolto ftrip them quite naked, and then lows. tie their hands up to a water pipe, On Friday, the 30th of July, that was carried along the kirchen about ten o'clock in the morning, ceiling this pipe, however, at latt Brownrigg having threatened the giving way, a Itaple was by the girls all ine week, went down into husband, at the wife's defire, made the kitchen, and tied Mary Clifford fait to a beam, and the cord that naked up to a Itaple ; her head tied them was put through it. and thoulders were then fore, and

Clifford was also sometimes beat. scabbed over in many places, but en with great cruelty by John: he not wichtanding the date of her one day ordered her to put upa bed, body, her tyrant whipped her with which she attempted to do, but was a horse whip, in the presence of not able, upon which he-bear her Mitchell, till the blood followed with the buckle end of a leathero che itrokes; she was then let down, belt, till the was covered with blood, and ordered to wath, naked and and then put the bed up himself. wounded as the was, and while the John also found her at another was stooping down to the tub, her time naked and bleeding, having mittress truck her over the head been tied up and whipped by his with the but end of the whip. mother, yet, in this condition, the She was tied up Give fuccelli ve ordered him to continue whip. times in this dreadful day, still ping, because lae was no longer naked and bleeding, and still able, and, Arange and horrid as vered with new wounds by the is may seem, he complied. : whip.

Some acts of cruelty are also. -: She was now mortálly wounded, mentioned of another kind: Mrs. yet the crept about till the 4th of Brownrigg would frequently fix Auguit, when the was difcovered

e of her hands 00. each of in the following manner. VOL. X.




Clifford's father about four years from keeping the hog in fo close ago married a second wife; he a place. The removal of the sky. went away, however, and left her, light gave Mr. Deacon's family upon which the delivered up, the an opportunity of seeing whai pas. child to the parish, and went into fed'in Brownrigg's yard; and, Cambridgeshire. She was absent they being upon the watch, it hapwhen the girl was bound appren- pened that ihe apprentice, Wil. tice, but returned about laft Mid- liam Clipfon, being on the 3d of fummer ; having learnt to whom August at a iwo pair of fairs win. the girl was apprenticed, she went dow which looked down on the twice to Brownrigg's and enquired sky light, faw Mary Clifford, her for her, but was both times an- head, back, and shoulders being swered by the apprentice boy that uncovered, bloody, and cut in a no such person lived there. shocking manner. Clipfon then

After several other ineffe&ual went down to the one pair of stairs enquiries, both by herself and per. window, and crawled out of it up. sons whom the sent, Brownrigg, on the leads over the yard, and las: the husband, absolutely denying ing himself across the sky-light, had that any such person was in the a fuller view of the poor dying house, threatened the woman to wretch : he spoke several times, fend her before the lord mayor, for but received no answer : he then, being troublesome.

to attract her notice, threw down Upon this she went away; but two or three pieces of mortar, one as she was going from the house, of which falling upon her head, Mrs. Deacon, the wife of a baker the looked up, and attempted to that lived next door, having heard speak, but was able only to ot. high words, called her in, and en- a groan. This was overquired what was the matter ; upon heard by Mrs. Brownrigg, but hearing the story, Mrs. Deacon without pity; for Clipson says, the told her, that her family had fre- spoke to her in a sharp mannes, quently heard groans and moan- and asked what was the matter ingsin Brownrigg's house; that she with her. fufpected there were apprentices The poor girl then drew back who were cruelly treated, and that out of fight, and Clipson acquaint. the would do her utmost to make ed the family with what he had farther discoveries ; taking a di- seen. rection to find Clifford's mother Intelligence was soon sent to the if any discovery should be made. mother-in-law, who, on the next

About this time, Brownrigg, the day, Friday, the fourth of Auguft, husband, having been concerned came with the overseers, and went in a sale at Hampftead, bought a into Brownrigg's house, and Clip. hog, and had it driven home to fon with them. They enquired his house. This hog was kept in for Mary Clifford, and Brownrigg, a covered yard, where there was a the husband, told them the was ky-light, and this it was found in Hertfordshire, attending one necessary to open, in order to let of the children who had the hoopout the smell which proceeded ing cough. Clipfon then said, he



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bad seen her in a deplorable con- tinued steady in his porpose; he dition the day before ; upon which said he would answer what he Brownrigg swore by God she was should do, and that as the crime not in the house ; after some alter- Brownrigg was taken up for was cation he produced Mary Mitchell, murder, no bail could be taken. and again swore there was no other Matters now took another turn; girl in the house. Clipson in- as it was before Brownrigg's in. lifted Michell was not the girl terest to conceal the girl, that it he had seen; and Mr. Grundy, might not appear she had been illone of the overseers, then lent for treated, it was now become his a constable, and searched the house, interest to produce her, that is but without success.

might be known the was alive. Upon examining Mitchell, the The fon, therefore, by the father's giri that was produced, her cap order, brought her from a cupwas found to be bloody, her head board under the beaufet in the wounded in many places, and her dining-room, where she had been shoulders covered with the scabs hidden. of wounds that were healing. Mr. No words, says honest Wingrave Grundy perceiving how this girl in his narrative, can so powerfully had been treated, carried her away describe the shocking appearance to the workhouse, wholly regard. which this miserable object made, less of Broworigg's blustering, as the fileut woe with which every who said she was his apprentice, person present was ftruck, and the and bid him remove her at his execrations which followed, against peril.

those who had reduced her to that When they came to take off her, condition. Her head was swelled leather boddice, for she had no to almost double the natural size, shift, it stuck so fast to the wounds, and her neck so much, as that the that the skin and eschar came away could neither speak nor swallow; with them; when they were off, her mouth stood open, and the fute and she was assured the should rea geon who examined her deposed turn to her tormentors no more, that she was all one wound from the began to give an account of her head to her toes, that her shift her sufferings, and declared that stuck to her body, that she was in Clifford was in the house, for that a fever, and the wounds were be. she had parted with her just before ginning to mortify from neglect. The was herself produced.

Brownrigg and the girls were Mr. Grundy, not doubting the then carried before a magistrate, truth of Mitchell's account, went who sent the offender to prisong back to Brownrigg's, and telling and the sufferers to the hospital. him he would carry him before a The wife and son had made their magiftrate on sufpicion of murder, escape foon after the officer first sent for a coach.

came to the horse. Brownrigg's ' neighbours came On Sunday following, August the about him and offered bail, a law. gth, Mary Clifford died, and the coyer also was sent for, who endea- roner's jury brought in their ver. roured to intimidate the overseer dict wilful murder, against James and conftable ; but Grundy con. Brownrigg, the husband, and Eli.

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zabeth his wife. It appeared that them, and asked him if he would the eldest son John had cruelly go with the constable to Wands: treated the girl, therefore he was worth, which he readily agreed included in an advertisement for to do; then Mr. Owen sent for apprehending the mother.

Mr. Wingrave, and Mr. Deacon ; About this time intelligence was Dunbar and Wingrave immediately given that Mrs. Brownrigg and set out, and when they got to the her son had taken places in the house, Wingrave went directly to Dover ftage, by the names of Hart- the room, and Mr. Deacon, who ly, and this was found to be true, followed at fome diftance, affured though they did not think it safe him they were the people he want. to undertake that journey, and ed. They were brought to towe therefore lost their earnest. It was in a coach, without the leaft fufpialso afterwards known that they cion who they were, and consehad taken a in quently without any tumultor Jewin-street, which set them down crowd. in East-Smithfield, and that they The parties were many times took a lodging in a by-street near examined, and on the gth of Sept. Nightingale-lane, where they lived bills of indi&tment were found on bread and water (being afraid against the father, mother, and the to ftir out to purchase other food,) eldest son, for the murder of Clifs

till Tuesday, the 11th. In Ragg. ford. 'fair they purchased some apparel, The trial came on upon Satur. left the description given in the day the 12th, and lasted'lix hours; advertisement of what they wore thé evidence was in substance the might produce a discovery: They same as this narrative, upon which lodged one night at a place un- Elizabeth was found guilty; and known, and the next day they took James the husband, and John the a lodging at Mr. Dunbar's, who fon, acquitted: they were however keeps a chandler's shop in Wandf. detained to take their trial for a worth.

misdemeanor. On Saturday, the 15th of Auguft, Though these people lived in three days after Mrs. Brownrigg credit; and Mrs. Brownrigg had and her son had been at Wandla a watch, and some other triokets worth, Mr. Dunbar met 'with a which she carried off with her, yet newspaper, wherein he read the in prison her distress was so great, adveriilement. From a concur- that she was obliged to borrow 2 rence of many circumstances, it few halfpence of a woman who struck him immediately that his was prisoner in the same room lodgers were the perfons described, with her. and he went to town the next The crowd that waited in the day, and gave information against feffion's house yard during her trial, them.

testified their joy by a sout when Mr. Owen, the churchwarden, he was conviétéd, and such was immediately sent to Mr. Deacon, the indignation they felt at the their next door neighbour, in horrid, deliberate, and persevering Court, who keew cruelties of which she had been



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