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ever found in the streets by Brown. come at water. For the firft of rigg's youngest boy the same day, these crimes she was made to strip and brought back to her confine- naked, and continued to wash ment: from this time the was ne. naked a whole day, being every ver fuffered to ftir out of doors, now and then beaten with the and she was frequently tied up and stump end of a riding-whip; for whipped naked. . . . the other offence a jack-chain was
About the same time Mary Clif- . put round her neck, and the end ford, a third apprentice, was bound fastened to the yard door ; it was to James Brownrigg, by the over. ftrained as tight as it could be, feers of White Friars precinct; the without choking her; and when was a month upon liking, and du- she had passed the day in this conring that time: was well treated, dition, she was sent down into the and eat and drank as the family cellar when it grew dark, with the did, but soon after she was bound chain Atill on her neck, and her they began to use her with great hands tied behind her, to pass the cruelty, frequently beating her night, without bed or covering, in over the head and shoulders, Tome. the cellar. times with a walking-cane, fome. It was common for both the times with a horse-whip, and reve. girls, Mitchell and Clifford, to go ral times with a hearth bruth. about the house quite naked; tor
It was this girl's misfortune, Brownrigg being, by their indeneither by natural weakness or bad tures, obliged to find them cloaths, nursing, to wet the bed; for this used frequently to order them to reason she was ordered to lie on a be taken off, upon discovering any mat, in a place called a cellar, little rent, hole, or other fign that which had been a coal hole, and they were wearing out. Mitchell, is described as a cold, dark place, in particular, scarce ever wore about as big as a closer, under the stockings, and had generally no. stairs; the mat after some time thing upon her body but an old was taken away, and a fack, with rag of a waistcoat, which did not a little ftraw in it, fubftituted in its cover her behind. place; sometimes there was 1o. As the prisoners were tried for thing but a few rags, and some the murder of Clifford, and Mitchell times only the bare floor; as to was the principal evidence, little covering, fe had sometimes her appears concerning Mitchell in Owa cloaths, sometimes a bit of particular; sometimes, however, blanket, and sometimes she was Ihe was locked with Clifford into quite naked : it does not appear the cellar, to pass the night, and that she had any other food ihan both were constantly left locked bread and water, and she had not into that dismal cell, from Satur. enough even of that.
day to Sunday night, while the fa. Once when she was familhing mily were at their country lodgfor hunger, she broke open a cup- ings in Illington : - during all this board where victuals was usually lime they had no fuftenance but kept, but found none; and once, a piece of bread, for water itself when she was fainting with thirft, was not added.-kan : he broke down some boards to
i The The office of gaoler seems in ge. Mitchell's cheeks, and draw them neral to have been performed by down her face with such force as the eldest son, though sometimes to occasion the blood to ttart from the prisoners were locked up by her eyes. other; once in particular, by one · Mitchell also, having complain Benbam, an apprentice boy, who ed to a lodger, the only one who in his examination • swears, that appears to have been in the house when he locked them in, Clifford - during Clifford's time of ituf ge'; was quite naked. * .- -. the woman, upon fume disagree.
They were so often and foment with the mittress, reproach. cruelly' whipped and beaten, chat -ed her with the fubject of the girl's their bodies, especially their heads complaint; upon : which Mrs, and shoulders, were almost one en. Brownriggram to the girl, and tire scab, the skin being broken a- thrusting a pair of fciffors into her fresh as falt as it healed, for the mouth, .cut her tongue in two mittress neverleft off whipping till places. The drew blood. .
.' The account of what happened In order to inflict this diabolical on the day when the tacal wound punishment, the first expedient was was given, is in fubftance as folto ftrip them quite naked, and then lows. tie their hands up to a water pipe, On Friday, the 30th of July, that was carried along the kitchen about ten o'clock in the morning, ceiling : this pipe, however, at laft Brownrigg having threatened the giving way, aftaple was by the girls all the weck, went down into husband, at the wife's desire, made the kitchen, and tied Mary Clifford faf to a beam, and the cord that naked up to a staple ; her head tied them was put through it. , and thoulders were then fore, and
Clifford was also sometimes beat. scabbed over in many places, but en with great cruelty by Joha: he not wichtanding the tale of her one day ordered her to put upa bed, body, her tyrant whipped her with which she attempted to do, but was a horsewhip, in the presence of not able, upon which he-beas her Mitchell, till the blood followed with the buckle end of a leathern the itrokes; she was then let down, belt, till the was covered with blood, and ordered to wath, naked and and then put the bed up himself. wounded as the was, and while the John also found her at another was ftooping down to the cub, her time naked and bleeding, having mistress ftruck her over the head been tied up and waipped by his wich. che but end of the whip. mother, yet, in this condition, the . She was tied up ave fucceffive ordered him to continue whip. times in this dreadful day, itill ping, because he was no longer naked and bleeding, and itill coable, and, ftrange and horrid as vered with new wounds by the it may seem, he complied. : ici whip.. i . i ; ;
Some acts of cruelty are also : She was now mortally wounded. mentioned of another kind : Mrs. yet the crept about till the 4th of Brownrigg would frequently fix Auguit, when the" was difcovered one of her hands 00 each of in the following manner. . VOL. X.
--[N] : . Clifford's . Clifford's father about four years from keeping the hog in so close ago married a second wife; he a place. The removal of the sky. went away, however, and left her, light gave Mr. Deacon's family upon which she delivered up, the an opportunity of seeing what parchild to the parish, and went into sed " in Brownrigg's yard; and, Cambridgeshire. She was absent they being upon the watch, it hap. when the girl was bound appren- pened that ihe apprentice, Wil. tice, but returned about last Mid. liam Clipson, being on the 3d of fuminer ; having learnt to whom August at a two pair of stairs win. the girl was apprenticed, she went dow. which looked down on the twice to Brownrigg's and enquired sky light, faw Mary Clifford, her for her, but was both times an- head, back, and shoulders being Swered by the apprentice boy that uncovered, bloody, and cut in a no such person lived there.
shocking manner. Clipfon then After several other ineffectual went down to the one pair of stairs enquiries, both by herself and per. window, and crawled out of it up. fons whom the sent, Brownrigg, on the leads over the yard, and lar. the husband, absolutely denying ing himself across the sky-light, had that any such person was in the a fuller view of the poor dying house, threatened the woman to wretch : he spoke several times, fend her before the lord mayor, for but received no answer: he then, being troublesome.
to attract her notice, threw down Upon this she went away ; but two or three pieces of mortar, one as she was going from the house, of which falling upon her head, Mrs. Deacon, the wife of a baker she looked up, and attempted to that lived next door, having heard speak, but was able only to ut. high words, called her in, and ene ter a groan. This was overquired what was the matter ; upon heard by Mrs. Brownrigg, but hearing the story, Mrs. Deacon without pity ; for Clipson says, the told her, that her family had fre- spoke to her in a sharp manner, quently heard groans and moan- and asked what was the matter ings in Brownrigg's house ; that she with her. suspected there were apprentices The poor girl then drew back who were cruelly treated, and that out of sight, and Clipson acquaint. she would do her utmost to make ed the family with what he had farther discoveries ; taking a din seen. rection to find Clifford's mother Intelligence was soon sent to the if any discovery should be made. mother-in-law, who, on the next
About this time, Brownrigg, the day, Friday, the fourth of August, husband, having been concerned came with the overseers, and went in a fale at Hampstead, bought a into Brownrigg's house, and Cliphog, and had it driven home to son with them. They enquired his house. This hog was kept in for Mary Clifford, and Brownrigg, a covered yard, where there was a the husband, told them the was ky-light, and this it was found in Hertfordshire, attending one pecessary to open, in order to let of the children who had the hoop. out the smell which proceeded ing cough. Clipfon then said, he
bad seen her in a deplorable con- ' tinued steady in his purpose ; he dition the day before ; upon which said he would answer what he Brownrigg swore by God she was should do, and that as the crime not in the house ; after some alter- Brownrigg was taken up for was cation he produced Mary Mitchell, murder, no bail could be taken. . and again swore there was no other Matters now took another turn; girl in the house, Clipron in. as it was before Brownrigg's ina lifted Mi'chell was not the girl terest to conceal the girl, that it he had seen; and Mr. Grundy, might not appear she had been illone of the overseers, then sent for treated, it was now become his a constable, and searched the house, interest to produce her, that it but without success.
might be known she was alive. Upon examining Mitchell, the The son, therefore, by the father's girl that was produced, her cap order, brought her from a cup , was found to be bloody, her head board under the beaufet in the wounded in many places, and her dining-room, where she had been shoulders covered with the scabs hidden. of wounds that were healing. Mr. No words, says honest Wingrave Grundy perceiving how this girl in his narrative, can so powerfully had been treated, carried her away describe the shocking appearance to the workhouse, wholly regard. which this miserable object made, less of Brownrigg's bluftering, as the fileut woe with which every who said she was his apprentice, person present was ftruck, and the and bid him remove her at his execrations which followed, against
those who had reduced her to that When they came to take off her, condition. Her head was swelled leather boddice, for the had no to almost double the natural size, shifr, it ftuck so fast to the wounds, and her neck so much, as that the that the skin and efchar came away could neither speak nor swallow; with them; when they were off, her mouth stood open, and the sure and she was assured the should re- geon who examined her deposed turn to her tormentors no more, that she was all one wound from she began to give an account of her head to her toes, that her shift her sufferings, and declared that stuck to her body, that she was in Clifford was in the house, for that a fever, and the wounds were be. The had parted with her just before ginning to mortify from neglect, The was herself produced.
Brownrigg and the girls were Mr. Grundy, not doubting the then carried before a magistrate, truth of Mitchell's 'account, went who sent the offender to prisong back to Brownrigg's, and telling and the sufferers to the hospital. him he would carry him before a The wife and son had made their magistrate on fufpicion of murder, escape roon after the officer first sent for a coach.
came to the house. Brownrigg's ' neighbours came O n Sunday following, August the about him and offered bail, a law. gth, Mary Clifford died, and the coyer also was sent for, who endea. roner's jury brought in their ver. voured to intimidate the overseer dict wilful murder, againft James and conftable ; but Grundy con. Brownrigg, the husband, and Eli.
zabeth his wife. It appeared that them, and asked him if he would the eldest son John had cruelly go with the constable to Wandt. treated the girl, therefore he was worth, which he readily agreed included in an advertisement for to do; then Mr. Owen fent for apprehending the mother. Mr. Wingrave, and Mr. Deacon;
About this time intelligence was Dunbar and Wingrave immediately given that Mrs. Brownrigg and set out, and when they got to the her son had taken places in the house, Wingrave went directly to Dover ftage, by the names of Hart. the room, and Mr. Deacon, who ly, and this was found to be true, followed at fome distance, allured though they did not think it safe him they were the people he want. to undertake that journey, and ed. They were brought to town therefore lost their earneft. It was in a coach, without the leaft fufpi. alfo afterwards known that they cion who they were, and coníehad taken a hackney-coach in quently without any tumultor Jewin-ftreet, which set them down crowd. . in Eaft-Smithfield, and that they The parties were many times took a lodging in a by-Street near examined, and on the gth of Sept. Nightingale-lane, where they lived bills of indictment were found on bread and water (being afraid against the father, mother, and the to stir out to purchase other food,) eldest son, for the murder of Clifs till Tuesday, the 11th. In Ragg- ford. fair they purchased some apparel, The trial came on upon Satur. left the description given in the day the 12th, and lafted fix hours; advertisement of what they wore the evidence was in substance the might produce a discovery. They fame as this narrative, upon which lodged one night at a place un- Elizabeth was found guilty; and known, and the next day they took James the husband, and John the a lodging at Mr. Dunbar's, who fon, acquitted : they were however · keeps a chandler's Top in Wands. detained to take their trial for a worth,
misdemeanor. On Saturday, the i5th of Auguft, . Though these people lived in three days after Mrs. Brownrigg credit; and Mrs. Brownrigg had and her son had been at Wandl. a watch, and some other triokets worth, Mr. Dunbar met with a which the carried off with her, yet newspaper, wherein he read the in prison her distress was só great, advertisement. From a concur- that she was obliged to borrow a rence of many circumstances, it few halfpence of a woman who struck him immediately that his was prisoner in the same room lodgers were the perfons described, with her. and he went to town the next · The crowd that waited in the day, and gave information against feffion's house yard during her trial, them.
teftified their joy by a thout when Mr. Owen, the churchwarden, The was convicted, and fach was immediately sent to Mr. Deacon, the indignation they felt at the their next door neighbour, in horrid, deliberate, and persevering Flower.de-Luce Court, who kuew cruelties of which she had been