ham-bridge, by the severity of the each under twenty-seven years old, weather.

in the second cart, were conveyed 6th.

Peter the wild man, who from Newgate, and executed at

was taken in the Hartz Forest Tyburn. Thornhill had served in Hanover when a youth, and sent fome years in the army abroad; he as a present to his late majefty on had put off his trial ever since laft his accession to the throne, was June session. When they came brought from Cheshunt in Hert- to the place of execution, they fordshire, (where he had been kept behaved devoutly and penitently for many years at the expence of Mr. Orton took leave of some 3019)iso be seen by the royal fá. friends with great composure; but mily. He, like, Shakespear's Ca. Thornhill, before the cart drew libang can fetch wood and water, from under them, put up his cap but can speak no language articu- five times, feeming very unwilling lately. The tale in the papers of to leave this world. After having his being a poor Hanoverian ideot, hung the usual time, the bodies of sent here in a drunken frolic to be Orton and Thornhill were taken maintained, deseryes, contempt...

away jo hearses: Johnson's was Daniel Eckland, one of the rio- put into a coffin, and Walker ters under sentence, of death at carried off by the sailors, who Reading, was executed without the attended there for that purpofe. leaft ruinulta:

Mr. Orton was the first crimi. Three of the rioters condemned nal (except Lord Ferrers) that at Gloucester were executed there; has gone co Tyburn in a coach, and the behaviour of one of the fince the unfortunate Mr. Baker, fufferers was very affecting, and sugar-refiner, who was executa made a deep impression on the ed many years ago. William Col. fpectators; of the other two little lins and John Winter were can be said, one, was ill, and the fpited. other very ignorant,

The great duchess of Tuscany b. James Kitlety, broad-cloth-weas was happily delivered of a prinver at Bradford, one of the ring, cess; The young princess was leaders of the gang of rioters who christened the fame evening by the robbed the warehouses, at Brad names, Maria, Teresa, Giuseppe, ford of bacon, &c and who se. Cbarlotta, Giovanna. The ceres ceived fentence of death for that mony was performed by the archa fact at Salisbury, afizesy was exe. bishop of Florence, in the presence cuted at Fisherton gallows, amidft of the great duke. a mast crowd of people, who were The Tessions ended at the very deeply affected at his unhappy Old Bailey, when three re

17th, fate, er

word niepro lavoceived fentence of death; one to 9 Samuel Orton, aged forty, be transported for 14 years, and

three, in, a mourning coach, nineteen for seven years; four were William Thornhill, aged ywency- branded, and xhree ordered to be fix, commonly called capt. Thorn, whipped. hill, in the first cart, for different. Among those who received fen forgeries; and William Walker tence of death, was John Wiland William Johnston, for a foot. liamson, for the barbarous murder pad cobbery, both leamen, and of his wife, by.confining her in a . med




most cruel manner, and starving her that Charlotte, daughter to Mr. to death. The poor unhappy crea. Robert Nesbit, of Marybone, was ture was a kind of ideot, who hav, aged twenty-one years and uping, a sum of money left for her wards, upon which he married her maintenance, Williamson, to possess without her friends consent: It himself of the money, found means appeared at that time she was but to marry her. They were first asked fixteen years and ten months of age. in church, but her trustee forbad the The above Alexander was a servant banns; the villain, however, pro- to the Duke de Nivernois, when cured a licence, and about 8mouths that minister was lately in England; ago they were married; fince which, but staying after his master, and the usage the unhappy creature re: getting an acquaintance with Mr. ceived has been one continued scene -, a tradesman at the west end of cruelty. He had driven a strong of the town, he offered to teach his ftaple into the wall of a closer in daughter French, which offer being the room where they lodged, and accepted, he had admission to Miss to this staple he daily tied her with - who fell in love with, and a rope which he drew round her married him. middle, her hands being faftened Came on to be tried at Hicks's behind her with iron handcuffs, hall, an indictment against Thoand the little fuftenance the receiv. mas Pratten, a bricklayer, in Ironed was laid upon a shelf, juft with. monger row, Old-ftreet, for refus. in the reach of her mouth, fo that ing to take on him the office of if the dropt any part of it, the constable, having been thereto e. could not again recover it; and so lected by the select vestry and elders very barbarous was this inhuman of St. Luke's parish. After a short villain, that he often tied her up trial, and hearing the learned arguso tight, that her toes only reach- ments of the council on each side, ed the ground, and if his daughter it plainly appeared to the fatisfacendeavoured 10 alleviate her misery tion of the court and jury, that this by setting a stool for her to stand custom, for the seleět vestries to on, he used to beat her unmerciful. nominate conftables, notwithstandly. In this manner the languished ing it was supported by the evidence till she became a frightful skeleton, of a worthy magiftrate, and fome and when she was so far reduced other ancients in the parish (who that her ftomach loathed food, he all declared the custom had fub. released her, let loose her hands, fifted near fixty years) was yet illeand set coarse mear before her, and gal and contrary to law; therefore tempred her with tender words to the jury, without going out of eat, with a view to screen himself court, honourably acquitted Mr. from justice. In a day or two after Pratten.-By this verdict it plainly this she died a shocking fight, no appears that custom, notwithstandfiefh upon her bones, and the skin ing its longevity, cannot be fupthat enclosed them covered with potted, when contrary to the known vermin.

laws of the land. Jofeph Alexander, a negro, was

A few days fince, the great quanfound guilty of perjury, in swear. tity of ice cut the cable of the ing an affidavit in the commons, Duke of Devonshire, bound to the


Straits, and she dropped upon her fields, and there executed pursuant anchor, which made a hole in her to his sentence, for the murder of bottom, and sunk her. Her lade his wife, by starving her to death; ing consisting of bale goods, to the gallows was erected in the centhe amount of 20,000l. is confi. tre fronting Chiswell-Atreet. Hewas derably damaged.

attended by two clergymen of the The question so iong agitated by church of England, and a methodist the fociety of arts in relation to the teacher, who prayed by him for a land carriage fishery, was finally full hour. It was with much difdetermined in favour of Mr. Blake. ficulty that the clergymen could

The cold was fo excessive as to prevail upon him to acknowledge freeze the Rhine, near Coblentz, a his crime; but at last, just before circumitance which the annals of the cart drew off, one of the clerthat city record as a memorable gymen informed the people, that event, when in the year 1670 the he had confessed the murder; and waters of that river were frozen further, that his disorderly life had from the 11th to the 17th of Ja. been a principal means of bringing nuary, and the artificers exercised him into that unfortunate fituation, their feveral employments upon it, and hoped the people would pray as they now do

for his soul. He was a tall man, At Copenhagen the cold is as about forty-fix years of age. It is intense as it was in 1740. The supposed there were 80,000 perSound is frozen over, and the come fons present, a great number of munication open with Sweden on whom were women.

It was with the ice.

difficulty that the resentment of the At Berlin the cold is more severe populace was restrained; for they than it was in the year 1740, were prepossessed that the punith

Many perfons, both rich and ment of hanging was too mild for poor, have perished with the cold so heinous a crime. He seemed in Ruffia, and many more have apprehensive of being torn in been devoured by wolves from the pieces, and haftened the execu

tioner to perform his office. What is more aftonishing, in A greai flock of larks settled in Italy the cold has been so severe as the market place at Horsham in to drive the poor from their habi. Sussex, so frost starved, that many tations in the country, to feek relief of them were taken up by hand. in the cities, several of whom are The fall of fnow has been so faid to have perished on the roads. great in South Wales, that all

Friday a great number of larks communication there, excepe by were discovered in the hay.carts the great poft roads, was cut off. in Smithfield, where they had Between the mountains the fnow taken refuge from the cold, by is supposed to be 40 fathom deep. which they were so numbed, that Her majefty's birth day was ceseveral of them were taken by the lebrated at court with great fplen. perfons prefent.

dor. The manufactures of Great Igth.

John Williamson, a journey. Britain never appeared to more ad. 'man shoemaker, was carried vantage, the whole court being in the care from Newgate to Moose dressed in suits entirely British. VOL. X.




The post.boy who carried the pen places; but as the lock lafted mail from Bradford to Rochdale, only a few seconds, none of the was with his horse frozen to death. buildings were thrown down,

A small cottage in Wales was Two flight shocks of an earthburied in the snow, and an old quake were felt at Parma in Italy, couple perished before they were one at half paft 8 in the morning, relieved.

the other at 3 quarters after nine. From the 3d to the 14th inftant At Pisa fome chimneys were thrown it froze incessantly at Paris. The down-by the violence of these degrees of cold were very accurate. shocks, and the people thought the ly observed at the Royal College hy end of the world was come. four well regulated thermometers, A Night shock of an earth

22d. and has been found to exceed that quake was felt ar Hanover, in 1740 by 3 degrees, and but 2 but no other damage ensued but degrees and a half short of that of that of throwing the inhabitants 5709.

into confternation. On Monday evening a poor wo- Three successive shocks of an man with a little boy in her hand, earthquake were felt at Genoa, and another on her back, travelling perhaps the fame as before, the from Salisbury to Blandford, and dates in Italy being somewhat con. miftaking her way in the heaviness fused. of the snow, as is supposed, peris- Was held a court of com. ed with her two miserable infants, mon-council, when it was

23d. and was discovered by a shepherd's unanimoufly resolved, upon the dog, covered over with snow very motion of Mr. Deputer Roffeter, early the next morning. She had that on account of the distresses of three farthings in her pocket, a bit the poor in this inclement feason, of bread and cheese, and a rusty one chousand pounds should be thimble.

subscribed out of the chamber of 20th.

This day the king of the city, and that a fubfcription

Naples, who has attained his book should be opened in the cham, majority, made his publicentry,and berlain's office for the donations of went to the metropolitan church, all well-disposed persons; which where Te Deum was sung. When money is to be appropriated to the his majesty was returned to his pa. relief of such poor persons iohabitlace, he gave a private audience to ing within the city and liberties as the prince de St. Nicandre, his do not receive alms of the parish; late tutor,

gave up his ac-

and a committee was appointed,

confifting of the lord mayor, and At half after nine in the morn- all the aldermen, and fifty-two ing an earthquake was felt at Lip. commoners, who immediately ftodt, tbe direction of which was withdrew, and begun a subfcrip. from west to eat, and the shock tion among themselves; to which was fa violent that the windows the lord mayor gave one hundred were broke, the doors burst open, pounds, and the rest of the gentleand the ice of the Lippe hroken by men very liberally. it in several places. Many people At this court Mr. Deputy Paterwere terrified, and ran into the or fon presented a plan for railing the


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fum of 282,000l. for the purpose of paying the artificers of London.


57 bridge, completing the new bridge,

5 13 and redeeming the toll thereon; embanking the river Thames be- 7 Sunday 15 4 8 tween Paul's wharf and Milford.

7.7 61 lane i repairing the Royal Ex

9 change, and rebuilding the gaol of

Third Week 52 2 O Newgate; and a committee was

1 appointed, to whom the said plan

4 19 61 was referred ; whereapon the court

5 7 upon the motion of Mr. Deputy 13

31 Roffeter Voted their thanks to de. 14 Sunday zi paty John Paterson, Esq. for his is

5.14 9 constant and zealous attention to 16

6 II promote the convenience, orna.

Fourth Week 53 15 3 ment and emolument of the city, and in particular, that, though at

292 IT 8 this time engaged in the public service as chairman of the commit- One Patrick Redmont having tee of ways and means to the ho. been condemned at Cork, in Irenourable house of commons, yet land, to be hanged for a street rob. with great labour and expence he bery, he was accordingly executed, has calculated and presented to the and hung upwards of 28 minutes, court, and, at his own expence, dir. when the mob carried off the body tributed to every member of the

to a place, appointed, where he fame, a pian of so much utility to was, after five or fix hours, aétualthis city.

ly recovered by a furgeon, who The following is an account of made the incision in his wind pipe, the roll taken at Blackfryars- called bronchotomy, which produced bridge, for four weeks.

the defired effect. The poor fel

low has since received his pardon, 19 Nov?'' '15 2 87

and a genteel collection has been 9. 91

made for him. 21 M 13'16 77

In consequence of the thaw, 12 12 g. 4

which began on Saturday at News 23 Sunday 43 11

castle, the ice broke this day upen 24 to 2:2

the Tyne with a prodigious crack, 25 i 6 13

and a fresh ride coming down, carFirft Week 113356 ried it to fea with very little da26 16.146

mage. 27 833

This morning, between 29 * 1 ti

two and three o'clock, a 29 5711

fire broke out at a baker's in the 35 Sunday 31 -7

Strand, opposite Hungerford.mar. 1 Dec. 814 41

ker, which in a short time entirely

confumed the same, and the bel. 9.13 305Second Week 73 10'11 lows-maker's. The fames were

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