during which time, they are not became the inward : and having to be separated without lacera- poured water into it to about three tion.

fifths of what it might contain, During the season of copulation, immediately after the water began from sun-rise to sun-set, the noise ooze or drop out at several they make is so loud and perpe- places, and in twelve hours time tual, that little else can be heard the half of the water was already in the woods where they abound; run out. This water, fo filtrated, and it is doubtful, whether, dur. was tinged with a very deep red ing this season, or indeed, during colour, though the bladder seemed their whole time of existence in clear and transparent before the this state, they eat any thing, or experiment. Hence it was judged, fubfift only by fipping the dew; that the strong tension of the bladfor which purpose they seem to be der, when it was filled with air, furnished with a long tube, extend. had made the blood to pass out ing from their heads Alat to their that was contained in the infinity breast, and terminating between of the small blood vessels with their legs, without the power of which this membrane is dissemi. altering its position. Other than nated and that this blood, which this tube they seem to have none was shed between the fibres, had for the purpose of subsistence. - In been carried off by the water that Mort, the natural history of this oozed through, and gave it this little insect, seems highly, to de. strong tincture. In fact, the blad. serve the attention of the curious, der became very white' after the M. BARTRAM. water was entirely run oui,

Hereupon M. de la Hire con

jectured, that the membrane of the Experiments on a bog's bladder.- bladder must be pierced with an

From the history of the Royal infinity of small holes, each fur. Academy of Sciences at Paris. nished with its valve ; and that

those valves are fo disposed, that M. De da Hire has given an water may enter therein from with, of some very curious experiments the bladder; but, on the contrary, he had made on the bladder. that neither water nor air can pals Having taken the bladder of a hog through it from within outward. quite fresh and very clean, he filled ly, howsoever great the compres. it with air, till it appeared to be as fion of the air may be when fut tense as it poflibly could be. In up in this membrane. The most this state there was no room to proper construction of those valves doubt of its being exactly, closed for producing these effects, is acup, and that the air could not get cording to M. de la Hire, the same out of it; but, having made an as may be observed in the valves apertore in the bladder, it flagged of the colon of some fishes. The immediately of itself: Afterwards, valves of the bladder will there. whilft it was fill quite fresh, he fore be as papille formed by a duct turned it that the part that that proceeds by diminishing towas outward in the natural fase wards the interior of the mem.



brane, and which may give an easy of that work had in view three entrance to the surrounding li. different kinds of nuts, and that quids ; but which, on the contra-. their meaning is, that the nutmeg iy, shut exactly the passage from is of fervice to health, that the within to without in flatting and common nut is, on the contrary, lying upon the internal body of hurtful to the body, and that the the bladder.

nox vomica is a sort of poison. M. de la Hire drew from this But what should one think, if I experiment some conjectures in re. undertook to prove that the nut. gard to the dropsy, which, accord. meg alone pofféffes these three dif. ing to him, might be only a dif- ferent qualities; that it is at the temper of the bladder, whose pores fame time falutary in certain cases, or apertures should happen to be in others dangerous, and that it is stopt up by some cause or other : fometimes mortal ; and that conIn this state it is easy to compre- fequently the verse of the school hend it would no longer receive of Salernum had no other nut in the waters of the lower belly, view but this? Be the matter as which come there continually by it may, I shall relate, in a few palling through the membranes of words, what I observed touching the stomach, as M. Mery has ex. its properties and effects. perienced.

A gentleman of Lower Silefia, It is, perhaps, also, by this way, about thirty-fix years old, of a that the mineral waters which are good conftitution, and who en. drank, are so eafily and readily joyed a good state of health, have evacuated.

ing felt, during some days, a bellyach, occafioned by wind, took it

in his head, in order to mitigate Observations on some extraordinary the pain, to eat four nutmegs, Symptoms occafioned by nutmeg which weighed altogether two

taken in too great a quantity. By ounces, and he drank, in eating Dr. Jacob Schmidius,-- From the them, some glasses of beer; which Ephemerides of the Curious, he had no fooner done but was

seized with a great heat, a violent Unica nux prodeft, nocet altera, tertia pain in the head, a vertigo and

mors eft. Schol. Salern. delirium, and instantly deprived One nut is wholesome, a second is hurts of the use of fight, speech, and all ful, a third is mortal,

his senses. He was put to bed,

where he spent two days and two EVER A L author's pretend nights ; his body was oppressed

, which is pointed out by this verfe without being able to sleep. Being of the school of Salernum, and called upon to fee him the third that it was only intended thereby day, I found on him all the sympto fignify, that, in general, it is toms I have related, and he was an aliment of a very bad quality, in that lethargie state which is in whatever {mall quantity it may called a coma vigil, with a weak be eaten. It appears, however, and intermitting pulse. I made more probable, that the authors him immediately take fome cepha


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lic remedies, cordials, and, among animal spirits fo exalted, and inothers, the spiriis of cephalic vi. tercepting their course in the triol, and the essence of caftoreum, nerves, had afterwards caused the in good spirit of falt ammoniac. Atupor in the limbs, the aphony, The fourth day he recovered a and the palsy.21 But I leave others little out of his lethargic state,' to give us an explanation of these but had absolutely loft his 'me: phenomena, and I have only in mory, so as not to remember the view, by comitiunicating this ob. least thing he had done in his life. servation, to hew that the immo: A continued fever then came upon derate use of nutmeg may be athim, accompanied by an obfti- tended with very great danger. nate watchfulness; a palpitation of the heart seemed to be the fore. runner of other symptoms, and he An account of a dwarf kept in the was finally struck with a palsy in palace of the late King of Poland. all his limbs.

Translated from the lift vol. of At the expiration of eight days, Buffon's Natural History, just he recovered the use of reason, and published. told us, that, during the first four days of his illness, he seemed to


veil' before his eyes, and that a sants; who affirmed, that at the great number of sparks and Aalhes time of his birth, he scarcely continually issued from it. All weighed a pound and a quarter. the bad symptoms of this malady It is not known what were then yielded at last fucceffively to the his dimenfions, but one may judge continued use of remedies appro- they were very small, as he was priated to his ftate ; and in three presented upon a plate to be bapmonths time he was perfectly re- iized, and for a long time had a covered, but he was particularly wooden shoe for his bed. His indebted, for his cure, to mercu- mouth, though well proportioned rial and ammoniacal remedies. to the rest of his body, was not

According to chymical princi- large enough to receive the nipple ples, it might, perhaps, be said, of the mother; he was fuckled that the aromatic and oily falt therefore 'by a goat, and she përcontained in nutmeg, of which formed the part of a nurse admi. this patient had taken too large a rably wella When fix months old, dose, had immediately excited so he had the small-pox, and reco:great an agitation in the humours, vered without any other afiftarice and so rapid a motion in the ani. than the care of the mother and mal spirits, that in some measure the milk of the goat. At the age they had contracted an igneous of eighteen months he could arnature; and that a viscid and nar- ticulate some words. At two cotic sulphur, which resides like. years, he could support himself wife in the nutmeg, though in a upon his legs, and walk almost less sensible manner, being carried without affiftance ; a pair of shoes at the same time into the mass of were then made for him, which the blood, by suddenly fixing the were no more than an inch and a


T HE great Lord Chancellor

half in length. He was attacked culty he could make an hundred by several diseases; but there were steps fucceffively-In his twentyno marks of any other disease on third year, he was attacked with the skin, besides the finall.pox.- a flight fever, and fell into a kind He was now six years of age: hic of lethargy; he had some intervals, therto his food had been garden- but fpoke with great difficulty: fuff, bacon, and potatoes ; hisFor the five last days, his ideas height was about Afteen inches, seemed to be more clear than when and he did not weigh more than he was in health. This disease soon thirteen pounds; his person was proved fatal. --At the time of his agreeable and well proportioned'; death, he measured thirty-three he was in perfect health, but there inches. was little appearance of intellect. At this time the King of Poland ordered him to Luneville, gave New experiments concerning the pubim the name of Bebé, and kept

trefaction of the juices and humours him in his palace.

of animal bodies, By M. Jean Bebé thus exchanged the condi. Baptiste Gaber. Translated from tion of a peasant for the luxuries the Memoirs of the Academy of of a court; but he experienced no Turin. change either in his body or his mind. He had no sense of reli. gion; was incapable of reasoning'; Bacon could learn neither music or danc. dered as the restorer of philosophy, ing; was susceptible, however, of was well apprised of the great adpaflions, particularly anger, jea- vantages which medical and natulousy, ei le defir ardent.-When ral knowledge would derive from fixteen years old, he was only a judicious history of putrefaction twenty one inches in height; he founded upon experiment. I shall was ftill healthy and well

propor. not, however, attempt such a work tioned; but at this time, la puberté in its utmost extent, nor even to produifie fur


de la

gene- furnish materials for such a work, rarion un trop grand effect; his with respect to all subjects, for fear frength began to decrease, the my attention should be too much spine became crooked, the head divided among a great variety of fell forwards, the legs were en. facts to be properly employed upon fecbled, one shoulder-blade pro- any: I shall confine myself to jected, the nose was greatly en- tie animal juices ; and, indeed, larged; Bebé loft his gaiety, and my experiments have been made became a yaletudirarian; and yet only on the most considerable of his itature was increased fourinches them, or such, at least, as appear. in the four facceeding years.- ed to me to be the most proper M. le Comte de Tressan, foretold to throw light upon the internal that this dwarf would die of old causes of many diseases, upon age before he was thirty ; and in their effects or symptoms, and the effect fo it was, for at twenty-one, indicacions of cure. he was shrunk and decrepit; and, 1. A man aged about fifty years, at twenty-two, it was with diffi. died of an inveterate jaundice with



out a fever; and his body having eminent persons, and the effect was lain about 24 hours in a cold place the fame. in winter, was then opened. The 3. Some blood which was taken large intestines were found infarct. from a vein of the dead body at the ed with ash-coloured excrements ; same time, appeared to be of a yel. and the small ones contained here lowish red. Some of this blood and there a kind of yellow mucus; being immediately mixed with spithe gall bladder was diftended with, rits of nitre, effervesced, but much a great excess of bile, nearly black. less than the bile. This mixture Some of this bile I received in a being left to digeft for some hours, glafs, from an aperture which I a yellow serum separated from the made in the vesicle, and found it blood, and covered its whole fure not very fetid, but something face; this blood being subjected to glewy and tenacious. I put a small the same heat as the bile, and for part of it into another vessel, and the same time in the stove, appear. poured upon it a drop or two of ed more difpofed to effervescence aqua-fortis ; the mixture imme- than the bile; but this disposition diately efferveseed, and several air afterwards gradually diminished. bubbles rose to the surface, with a 4. From these experiments the hisfing which was audible when I following observation may be brought my ear close to the vessel, drawn. and the mixture became sensibly. 1. That in diseased bodies the warm.

humours may become so alkalescent 2. I divided the remainder of the as to effervesce with acids ; for it bile into three parts, which I pla- 'is not probable, that the humours, ced in open glafles, where they on, which these experiments were were exposed to different degrees made, effervesced in confequence of of heat, which answered to the any alteration they had suffered af. 35th, 25th, and 10th degrees of ter the body was dead; it having Reaumur’s thermometer. At the been kept only 24 hours in a cold end of twenty-four hours I mixed place, and in cold weather, where them with acids : The bile which the same humours taken from a had been placed in a degree of heat healthy body would scarce have answering to 35, was most diluted, acquired such a degree of alkaler. and gave very slight indications of cence in many days. effervescence; that which had stood 2. That a very light degree of in 24, was also diluted, and the putrefaction and fetor, which is acid produced a more sensible ef. not fufficient to produce alkaler. fervescence, but still very flight; cence out of the body, as appears and the bile, which haying been by experiments related in the se. exposed only to the temperament of quel, will produce alkalescence in the air, which might perhaps vary the body. from seven to ten, preserved its 3. That alkali formed in the tenacity, and fermented as forcibly body, and contained in the bile, is as in Experim. 1. This experi. extremely volatile, fince a heat of ment was repeated a few hours af. : 25 degrees- made the greatest part terwards, in the prefence of several of it evaporate ; and that the same

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