[ocr errors]

who attiibuted them to the moon make any impression of sengible.
were of dfferent sentiments. The heat in our bodies,
quality, it seems, which might be
attributed to her with most reason,
is heat ; because her light is that On a singular bone, found in the lower
of the sun reflected, which should belly. From the history of the
cause heat, as all know. Yet as no Royal Academy of Sciences ai Paris,
experiment, that I know of, has

for the year 1760.
been made to invalidate, or fup-
port, the reasons one might have
to attribute this quality to her,"i A Bavarian foldier, who died at


51, in the Mili. made the following, as exactly as tary Hospital at Brussels, and who I could, to know what should be had served at 28, enjoyed a good believed herein.

ftate of health till he was so years In the month of October laft, old; at that age he began to com. the moon being in the day of her plain of a hardness in the belly, opposition, and the sky very serene, and to be subject from time to time I exposed the burning mirror of to a retention of urine, which he thirty-five inches diameter, which could ease himself from by turning is kept in the observatory, and to- on the right side, and inclining a wards the focus I laid the bowl of little on his belly. None knew an air-thermometer of M. Aman. what this ailmeni could be attri. ton's, which is the most sensible we buted to ; but, having been opened have; fo that the bowl, which is after his death, occafioned by an of two inches diameter, received inflammatory disease, it afforded exactly, throughout its whole sur no small astonishment to discover face, all the rays that assembled in what had been the cause of it. In the focus; having examined the the pelvis was found a kind of bone height of the mercury in the tube, weighing 20 ounces, which was after leaving it there for some lodged towards the right side, be. time, I did not find it different tween the bladder and the os pubis. from what it was before, though It was only connected with the the rays were assembled in a space mesentery, and had no adhefion, 306 times less than their natural with the neighbouring parts; it state, and consequently, should have was inclosed by a very thin mem. augmented the apparent heat of brane fastened to the mesentrey by the moon 306 times.

a thick and glandulur body, having It seems that if such an experie the form of a cone; the point of ment as this (wherein not only are this cone was inserted in a cavity assembled the rays of the moon in at the upper part of the bone ; hara space 306 times less than their ing drawn upwards this faitening natural state, but wherein also they which was more membraneous than are obliged to cross each other as cartilaginous, the bone followed they affemble, which increases the without requiring to cut any thing, effect of those united rays, as is or even to make any effort: by the evident by expofing the mirror to weight and position of the bone it the sun) shews no apparent heat, appears, why the foldier eased him. we should believe, that it cannot self of his retention of urine by



placing himself on his right side, trance of a vast cavern, a body of and inclining a little forward. real stone, of an irregular figure,

A remarkable particular in this but quite porous, which he had bone was, that it was marbled, and the curiosity to open. He was more heavy and hard than bones very much surprised to see the usually are.

whole divided into oval cells of It would have been perhaps dif. three lines in breadth, and four ficult to guess, that it was such a lines in length, placed all mancause that produced the sensation ner of ways about each other, but of hardness which this soldier had

no where communicating, all of in his belly, and the retention of them lined with a very thin memurine to which he was subject: and brane, and what was more wonit would have been not less diffi-' derful, each inclofing a maggot, cult to explain how this bone could or a fly perfectly like a bee. The have been formed: but it is al. maggots were very hard and very ways of great importance to collect folid, and might pass for petrifi. facts of this kind; they exhibit toed; but the Hies were only dried u's the deviations of nature, and up, and well preserved as ancient may serve skilful men for knowing mummies ; and small oval grains, a like case, and perhaps deliver- which appeared to be eggs, were ing the patient of his ailment, in often found under them. There ridding him, by a bold operation, was at the bottom of many of of this foreign body.

the cells a thick juice, blackish, The academy had this observa- very hard, appearing red when tion from M. Terence Brady, phy- exposed to the light, very sweet, sician to his royal highness prince making the saliva yellow, and inCharles of Lorrain, who sent with flammable as resin. It was, in it a drawing of the bone, wherein short, real honey; but who should js seen the manner of its being ever think of finding honey in the marbled, which is something very bofom of a stone ? singular. It were to be wished

M. Lippi conceives that this that this able physican had made was a natural hive, which at first a more accurate examination of had been formed in a loose light, this bony mass, in order to see and fandy earth, and afterwards whether its substance was really of was petrified by some particular the same nature with that of bones; accident. The animals that inhafor there are fubftantial reasons to

bited it were surprised by the doubt it is.

petrification, and, as it were fixed in the state they were then found.

Their dried up mucosity had formAccount of a petrified beehive, dif- ed the membrane that lined the

covered on the mountains of Siout cells. At the time when the hive in the Upper Egypt, by Mr. Lippi, was yet soft, the bees went out of licentiate in physic of the Army it to seek their food, and make

their honey in it.

Still seeking in the same place LIPPI found, on those other particulars to clear up this mountains, at the en fact, M. Lippi found, in several


of Paris.


1 3

parts, the beginnings of a like which the author fubjoins ten Gere hive. It was, as it were, the first man names.] bed, formed of a number of little The ancients were unacquaintcells, for the most part open, and ed with the nature of this stone : containing the animal in all its fome supposing it to be petrified different itates, but dried up and bones, others a species of gypsum very hard as well as the hives. He

or plaster. saw besides on one of the first beds, The osteocolla grows in the a second composed of a heap of dutchy of Croffen, in Silesia, Polittle hillocks of about five lines in merania, Heffe, Saxony, Poland, height, and an inch diameter at at Darmstadt, Heidelberg, Spire, their base. They were grume. Pena in Mecklenburgh, in the lous, easily reducible into dust, marquisate of Brandenburg, near and nearly resemble the hills Beskau, Sonneberg, and Droffen. thrown up by moles. M. Lippi The foil in which it grows is opened them by striking gently always sandy and barren, and the against them, and found in every only trees under which it is found one of them two or three oval cells, are poplars, filled with a yellow maggot, and Kreuterman met with one refull of juice, which occupied them presenting the figure of a house or entirely.

castle, but it seems rather to have It is easy to conceive that on a been a tophus than an ofteocolla, first bed once formed several others And Mercatus was certainly misare also formed, which constitute taken, when he gave that name to the whole hive. But how are these petrefactions and calcareous to. beds formed? Whence comes the phuses, Hermanus pronouncing earth they are constructed of? Does these last to be rather bolaria or the animal carry it thither; and cifti. how does he carry it, and in so As to its production, it grows, great a quantity ? This is not yet as has been said, in sandy ground, known; time alone can make us some feet deep, and has the figure acquainted with this branch of of a root. The largeft can hardly knowledge.

be grasped with both hands, but they vary in fiże, like other

roots. Ar extra& from Ambrose Beurer's The ofteocolla, while it re. Difertation on the Oftcocolla. mains under ground, is always

fost like clay, and when rubbed 'H E ftone osteocolla has fe- with the hand, grows quite tal.

veral names given it, but lowish ; but, when exposed to the the most common is osteocolla air, it hardens like chalk, and as. from the Greek word 05kov, bone, fumes the same colour. In its ori. and Kóc, glue ; it is also called ginal itate it appears like a mixJapis oftites, ollofteus, offioa, offi. ture of grey, yellow, and white fana, oflifraga, lapis Afiaticus, pi. clay, and sand sticks plentifully to erre de monti, lapis Morochius, its outside ; and it is with infinite fore arenæ, foflile arborescens, labour and care that it can be Tapis sabilis, lapis arenosus, (tó taken up entire ; for at first, a



small part only must be uncovered, of which was wood ftill, but the cleansed, and exposed to the action root or lowermost part was wholly of the air to harden ; and then the tranformed into pure ofteocolla ; part so managed must be again and this ftump I had reason to becarefully covered with boards, to lieve was the remains of a tree prevent the rain or moisture com- which the people of the country ing to it, which will effectually call a fpecies of poplar. defeat all endeavours to preserve Its origin, therefore, is to be it; and this method of uncovering, fought for in the remains of the cleanfing, and covering again, black poplar, the timber of which must be repeated till the whole being firit cut down, and the ftem is cleared and dried; which in orftumprotted, the osteocolla grows variable seasons will take up feve. by degrees from the remaining ral months.

root ; for in all the parts of the Authors differ in classing the ofteocolla, something of woodiness osteocolla among the vegetable or is discoverable, which, when tho. mineral substances. Moft of the roughly rotted, crumbles away ancients, as has been already ob- and leaves those innumerable perserved, have mistaken it for bones forations which give it the appear. that have undergone some acciden- ance of bone; and that it is petal change ; which others again culiar to this tree may be predeny, as no traces of animal parts sumed from this, that though of. have ever been discovered in it by teocolla has been diligently sought chemical processes ; nor any frag- for in the roots of other trees growments of bones been found near in on the same ground with the where it grows.

Erasmus has poplar in which it is found, yet written the best upon

nothing like it has ever been dir. Those who will not admit the covered. From all which, these ofteocolla among the animal, have conclusions, I think, may be fairly ranged it among the mineral sub- deduced. ftances; in which they are certain- I. That the soil in which it is ly right. Professor Teichmeyer found is not the efficient cause of indeed calls it a marle; but M. its growth. Henckel of the board of mines, II. That wherever ofteocolla claffes it among the minerals, yet is found, there is or has been says nothing of its production. poplar. Profeffor Junoker says, it is gene.

III. That whoever finds ofteo. rated in the land, but he likewise colla will plainly perceive it has leaves the manner undecided. My been a root. And, opinion is, that it is a root, to IV. That wherever osteocolla which the sand adheres, and by abounds, there will be seen a bo. degrees produces the oiteocolla ; ny-like substance, projecting from and I am the more confirmed in the ground, which has given rise this opinion, as upon enquiry, I to the vulgar notion, that it grows found near Terne, in the marqui. and blossoms. fate of Brandenburg, a withered Be this however as it

may, twig, and a green shoot from a wherever there bony like excref. rotten stump, the uppermost part cences appear, by digging a span



I 4

deeper, osteocolla will certainly be fuit of the last consequence to her; found; and though the parts that she went only among her lawyers, are above ground be hard, those or to charch, to endeavour to in. underneath are always soft. tereit heaven in her cause; here

M. Beurer tried the ofteocolla Mhe was observed to proftrate her. in various menftruums, to discover felt before every altar. She cat the quantity dissolvable in each, little, and Nepe less; tho' she had and for this purpose infused half a been told, that the court seemed dram of the ofteocolla in half an favourable to her cause, yet the ounce of each menftraum : The evening before the day of hearing oil of vitriol diffolved four grains the fell into what was believed to of it; the solution was yellow; be an apoplexy: The phyfician and the sediment a cream colour. and surgeon being called, found

The fpirit of vitriol reduced the her fitting motionless in a chair, whole to a falt. The spirit of ni. with her eyes open and fixed uptre dissolved one scraple and four ward ; her arms raised, and hands grains of it; and the acid of joined, as one in an ecftaly ; her common falt, one fcruple and fix countenance, which before was grains ; aqua fortis diffolved one both pale and forrowful, was now feruple and four grains, and dif- both fiorid and gay; her breathtilled vinegar one scruple and a ing was free; her pulse was like half.

that of one asleep, full, and By diftillation on an open fire, flow; her limbs were fupple, and the ofteocolla yields a urinous fpi- would move as one would have rit; a fixed alkali being poured them, without offering any reupon it, produces an - immediate fiftance, and would remain in effervescence'; the sediment con. what posture they were left in ; verted to a lixivium with pure when her chin was pulled down, water is quite tafteless, though oil her mouth remained open; when of vitriol poured upon the otteo- her arms were raised they remain. colla in a retort over a gentle fire, ed so ; and let them be put into will separate from it an acid of the most uneasy posture one could common salt.

think of, they always remained M. Beurer endeavoured to re- in the situation they were put in. duce part of the sediment to a calx; to; she all this time seemed in. but without effect.

sensible; they tormented her feve. Its use in medicine is absorbent; ral ways; put live coals to her and it is by fome applied in the feet; bawied into her ears that cure of the fluor albus.

fhe had gained her cause, she gave no signs of life; Messrs. Attalin

and Charles, both professors of An uncommon instance of a catalepsis physic, had her blooded in the

( a kind of apoplexy) in a lady, foot, and when they came to visit From the last vol. of the Memoirs her after supper, they found her of the Academy of Sciences ar recovered out of her cataleptic fit; Paris.

which had held her three or four

hours. She here entertained them Lady about 45, came to with all the circumstances of her Bensançon to solicit a law. law-suit, interspersed with such



« ForrigeFortsett »