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the Dutch, Beef aal, in French so that the observation of whatAnguille de beuf, i. e. Beef-eel : ever does not agree therewith is It is four feet in length, and only attended to, far from finding nearly about the thickness of a a reason to bring things to a closer man's arm ; and it is found parti. examination, and to return to the cularly in places where there are forft impressions received. rocks.
The' several bones discovered M. Richer speaks, in the ac. near Aix, and which at first fight count of his voyage to Cayenne, have been held to be human bones, of a fish that seems quite like this confirm what we say, and prove, in bigness and its effects : He how much, on comparing one body says that when it is touched with with another, it is necessary to the finger, or even with a stick, know perfectly what is most pro. it so benumbs the arm, and the per to characterize them. part of the body nearest to it, that Springs of mineral waters are one remains for a quarter of an very near the place which these hour without being able to ftir bones were taken out of ; several it; that himself had felt this ef. chains of mountains separate it fect; and he adds, that the fishers from the sea, which is five leagues men fay, that by Atriking other distant from it." A rock, which fishes with its tail, it sets them a. is there level with the furface of the sleep: This is not unlike what M. ground, was fapped by gun-powMuschenbroek relates of the gym. der ; it formed a very hard mass, notus, but it is much less extraor- and no ftrata were observable in it; dinary.
the part of this rock which lay bu. ried in the earth to a certain depth,
was covered with a bed of clay, Of different bones which have been over which was vegetable earth:
discovered within a rock near Aix the interior of the rock was of the . From the same.
nature of the hardeit marble, and
mingled with jaspered and transpaU TE cannot be too reserved rent veins. It was after penetrat
V in - points of natural his- ing into it five feet in depth, that tory, when we are to decide con- a great quantity of bones were dir. cerning the resemblance between covered to be lodged in it: They some foffil bodies and others pri. were held as having belonged to mitively organized, especially if different parts of the human body; these are of so delicate a subitance, jaw-bones, teeth, arm and thigh as to make it rare, after a certain bones, all were considered as such: time, to find them well preserved, they had not, in appearance, or at least to discover the parts that changed their nature; their cavity have not undergone notable altera. was filled with a chrystalline subtions.
stance, or a ftony matter like to When one in fact has believed that which inclosed them." there is found some decisive rela. At the depth of four feet and a tion in those forts of researches, half, were discovered bodies of a all the observations come to ter. pretty regular figure, and resemb. minate in the idea first conceived; ling human heads; the occiputs
of some of them have been pre. yet none of those vestiges are per.
that the heads, especially, have In the same place was found a belonged to human bodies. How, great number of pointed teeth, indeed, can ic be conceived, that whose analogies are unkown; one the flesh and muscles of those heads in particular was remarked which have been preserved in such perwas round, much bent, and sharp fection that a mask of stone should as that of thes; it was not entire, moud itself over them with regus but it was judged from its remains Jarity, and catch exactly the delithat its length might have been cate features of the face ? A stony three inches; its enamel was of juice should, in consequence of the fineft polith : some other teeth this idea, have bedewed those well. were also discovered, which were formed masks, and, after being of a greater or finaller dimension indurated thereon, should have than that here mentioned, and given in relief the figure of the whose interior substance bore a heads on which the marks had been great likeness to that of the teeth at first moulded. Besides, it is of fishes.
seen, by the account, that the There was likewise observed, on quarry is formed of ruins; that all the surface of a fragment of the things are there heaped upon one stone, a kind of square horn, fome. another without order; and that what bent, and laid horizontally; the sediments of stony matter it was covered with a substance re. being performed by succession, it sembling that of harts' horns; the thould be likewise supposed, that remains of it is three inches in those heads were preserved withlength; and three longitudinal ca. out alteration during a consider. nals make it suspected that it be able time, to serve as a nucleus to longed to some fish.
the matter which had enclosed The quarry, out of which thefe them. M. Guettard's opinion, in bones were taken, is fitualed on refusing to hold as human bones a rising ground, where neither those of the quarry of Aix, seems springs, nor rivulets, nor waters, also the better grounded, from the are-Icen to filtrate into it : and discovering of leveral teeth of sea- . though, in digging into the earth filhes; it being very probable, that about, several broken bricks and whatever has been taken for hu. the remains of houses are found, man heads is only the produce of
a ftony fubftance, which had taken unforeseen. A lady, thirty-five its regular form from some heads years old, and of a good conftitu. of fi thes. Teeth like those of the tion, had continual pains, with onvirons of Aix have been found exacerbations, which seized her at Dax; and they were still fixed once regularly in eight of ten in a j aw-bone which is preserved days ; and lasted ten or twelve in M. de Reauinur's cabinet of hours, with so much violence, that natural history, and which could he was sometimes as senseless, and belong only to some large sea-fish. sometimes as mad. The seat of M. Guettard has besides observ. the pain was principally in the ed, that the stones mixed-with the forehead, and in the eyes, which bones of the quarry of Aix are then became very red and spark. filled with gravel and roundith ling. The great fits were accom. pebbles, which indicate sediments panied by nauseas, and always formed by the sea : the greater ended by vomiting a quantity of part also of the bones, which have a white, fimy, frothy, and infipid been taken for arms and legs, matter, and a green and very bitseems to be portions of the ribs of ter'water which did not come till fishes.
last. While these fits continued, M. Guettard does not deny but she could take no nourishment; that human bones may be found when they ceased, she had a good inclosed in stone ; but he pretends appetite, and no wafte of Aeth that, when this happens, the place was visible, notwithstanding the they are in retains the marks of long duration of so distressed a earth that has been stirred or work. condition. ed, and shews, by some vestiges, Her physicians to no purpose that men had dwelt there. It ap- administered all sorts of remedies pears, on the contrary, according to her for three years together, to the description made of the Opium alone suspended for some quarry of Aix, that it is still in hours the ordinary pains of her irs primitive state, and belongs to head, but had no effect upon the old nature : the gravel and peb. exacerbations. bles found there are like those One evening perceiving the apthrown up by the sea ; and it is proach of a fit, and going to bed, very probable, that the bones it she had a mind first to examine if contains have their origin from hereyes were very red. She beheld fishes ; whatever relation might herself in a little pocket looking. have been observed between them glass, and the fire of a wax tapes, and human bones.
which stood near her, catched her nighi-cap, which was of thick
cloth. At first he did not perObservations on cures performed by ceive it, and she chanced to be
burning. Extracted from the acts alone. The fire burnt all her foreof the academy of Upal in Swe head, and a part of the crown of den.
her head, before she could make
any one come to extinguish it. THERE have been violent Her physician, who was sent for,
1 pains and aches of the head, had her let blood immediately, whose cure has been sudden and and he created the burn according
to the common method, the pain ing the foles of their feet with a of which ceased in a few hours. hot iron. If they have a whitlow But the great fit that was expected on the finger, they dip it several did not come ; even the ordinary times into boiling water, an instant head-ach disappeared almost that each time; and M. Homberg him. moment without the help of any self, to follow in some measure the • other remedy than burning; and customs of his country, cured himnow, the le four years since this hap- felf of a whitlow in this manner. py accident fell out, the lady has, We find, in the relations of travel. enjoyed perfect health.
lers, several other distempers, which Another good effect of accidental the favages cure by burning; and burning appears from the follow- without going so far ourselves, on ing cale : A woman, who for se. several occasions we apply this reveral years paft had her legs and medy to horses, hounds, birds of thighs Twelled, in an extraordinary prey, &c. but it is true our deli. manner, and very painful, found cacy does not permit us to make use relief in rubbing them before the of it for ourselves, and it perhaps fire with brandy every morning makes us prefer longer pains io and evening. One evening the shorter. It has not likewise suf. fire chanced to catch the brandy fered our long use in Europe of the The had rubbed herself with, and Chinese moxa, or down, brought lightly burned her. She applied also by the Spaniards from Amefome unguent to her burn, and in rica, and which cured the gout the night all the water her legs when burnt on the afflicted part. and thighs were swelled with was A recent instance has appeared in, entirely discharged by urine, and a burgher of Hamburgh, who by the swelling did not return. It is this remedy in seven or eight days a pity that chance does not oftener was freed from his fits of the gout, act the physician.
which before lasted two or three It has undoubtedly taught seve. months, and at the same time is ral barbarous people this sort of made them more unfrequent. remedy who successfully practiseit, In short, it may be supposed, and perhaps the more voluntarily with good reason, that burning from being more cruel, as it gives may cure three different ways; by them an opportunity of shewing putting the noxious humours in a their courage. M. Homberg, the great motion, which makes them French academician, who was born turn into new channels; or by in the island of Java, relates, that making them fluid from a state of when the Javans have a certain viscidity, which comes to the same; cholic, or a looseness attended with or by destroying a part of the ducts pain, which is generally mortal, that conveyed them in two great they cure themselves of it by burnabundance.
A Letter from Edward Wortley never travelled (as it does not lead
Montague, Esq. F. R. S. 1o to Suez, to which it is thirty hours William Watson, M. D. P. R. S. march from Cairo). Through this containing an account of bis jour. breach the children of Israel are ney from Cairo, in Egypt, to the said to have entered the moun. written mountains in the defart of tains, and not to have taken the Sinai, Received January the 3d. most southern road, which I think and read before the Royal Society, most probable : for those valleys, March 13, 1766.
to judge by what one now sees,
could not be passable for Pharaoh's IT is with a good deal of diffi- chariots. This breach, the inha. I culty that I have prevailed up. bitants told me, leads dire&tly to on myself to write to you, for, as a plain called Badeah, which in coming now to Italy was quite un Arabic fignifies something new and foreseen, and I am immediately extraordinary, and also the begin. going back to the east, I have not ning, as the beginning of every my journal with me, but luckily thing is new, i.e. was not before have the famous inscriptions. I known. am sensible every paper I send to At Suez I found an opportunity the royal society exposes more and of going to Tor by sea, which I more my incapacity. However, gladly embraced, that, by going as these inscriptions are much nearer the place at which the Ifrael. wanted, I cannot avoid ferding ites are supposed to have entered them. I Ihall only speak to some the gulf, and having a view from of the points the bishop of Clogher the sea, as well of that as of the mentions; but cannot avoid being opposite fore, I might be a little now and then a little prolix. better able to form a judgment a.
I set out from Cairo by the road bout it. Besides, I was willing to known by the name of Tauriche have the views, bearings, and Beni Israel, road of the children foundings, which I took, and they of Israel. After twenty hours tra. will appear some time or other; but velling, at about three miles an this paper would scarce be their hour, we passed, by an opening place, if I had them with me. in the mountains on our right When we were opposite to Ba. hand, the mountains Maxattee. deah, it seemed to me (for I was There are two more roads; one to not on shore) a plain, capable of the northward of this, which the containing the Israelites, with a Mecca pilgrims go; and one to the small elevation in the middle of it. south between the mountains, but I saw something too like ruins.