a ftony fubftance, which had taken unforeseen. A lady, thirty-five its regular form from some heads years old, and of a good conftitu. of 6 thes. Teeth like those of the tion, had cootinval pains, with onvirons of Aix have been found exacerbations, which seized her at Dax; and they were still fixed once regularly in eight of ten in a j aw-bone which is preserved days; and lafted ten or twelve in M. de Reavinur's cabinet of hours, with so much violence, chat natural history, and which could lhe was sometimes as senseless, and belong only to some large fea-fish. sometimes as mad. The feat of M. Guettard has besides observ. the pain was principally in the ed, that the stones mixed with the forehead, and in the eyes, which bones of the quarry of Aix are then became very red and sparkfilled with gravel and roundish ling. The great fits were accompebbles, which indicate sediments panied by nauseas, and always formed by the sea : the greater ended by vomiting a quantity of part also of the bones, which have a white, slimy, frothy, and infipid been taken for arms and legs, matter, and a green and very bit

. seems to be portions of the ribs of ter water which did not come till fishes.

laft. While these fits continued; M. Guettard does not deny but the could take no nourishment ; that human bones may be found when they ceased, she had a good inclosed in stone; but he pretends appetite, and no wafte of Aeth that, when this happens, the place was visible, notwithstanding the they are in retains the marks of long duration of so diftreted a earth that has been stirred or work- condition. ed, and shews, by some vestiges, Her phyficians to no purpose that men had dwelt there. It ap- administered all sorts of remedies pears, on the contrary, according to her for three years together. to the description made of the Opium alone suspended for some quarry of Aix, that it is fill in hours the ordinary pains of her its primitive state, and belongs to head, but had no effect upon the old nature : the gravel and peb- exacerbations. bles found there are like those One evening perceiving the apthrown up by the sea; and it is proach of a fit, and going to bed, very probable, that the bones it she had a mind first to examine if contains have their origin from her eyes were very red. She beheld fishes ; whatever relation might herself in a little pocket lookinghave been observed between them glass, and the fire of a wax taper

, and human bones.

which stood near her, catched her night.cap, which was of thick

cloth. At first she did not perObservations on cures performed. by ceive it, and she chanced to be

burning. Extracted from the aé's alone. The fire burnt all her foreof the academy of Upjal in Swe head, and a part of the crown of den.

her head, before she could make

any one come to extinguish it. ΤΗ

'HERE have been violent Her physician, who was lent for,

pains and aches of the head, had her let blood immediately, whose cure has been sudden and and he created the burn according

to the common method, the pain ing the foles of their feet with a of which ceased in a few hours. hot iron. If they have a whitlow But the great fit that was expected on the finger, they dip it several did not come ; even the ordinary times into boiling water, an instant head-ach disappeared almoft that each time; and M. Homberg him. moment without the help of any self, to follow in some measure the other remedy than burning; and customs of his country, cured himnow, these four years since this hap- felf of a whitlow in this manner. py accident fell out, the lady has. We find, in the relations of travelenjoyed perfect health.

lers, several other distempers, which Another good effect of accidental the savages cure by burning; and burning appears from the follow- without going so far ourselves, on ing cale : A woman, who for fe. several occasions we apply this reveral years paft had her legs and medy to horses, hounds, birds of thighs swelled, in an extraordinary prey, &c. but it is true our deli. manner, and very painful, found cacy does not permit us to make use relief in rubbing them before the of it for ourselves, and it perhaps fire with brandy every morning makes us prefer longer pains co and evening. One evening the shorter. It has not likewise suffire chanced to catch the brandy fered our long use in Europe of the The had rubbed herself with, and Chinese moxa, or down, brought Nightly burned her. She applied also by the Spaniards from Amefome unguent to her burn, and in rica, and which cured the gout the night all the water her legs when burnt on the afflicted part. and thighs were swelled with was A recent instance has appeared in entirely discharged by urine, and a burgher of Hamburgh, who by the swelling did not return. It is this reinedy in seven or eight days a pity that chance does not oftener was freed from his fits of the gout, act the physician.

which before lasted two or three It has undoubtedly taught seve- months, and at the same time it ral barbarous people this sort of made them more unfrequent. remedy who successtully practise it, In short, it may be supposed, and perhaps the more voluntarily with good reason, that burning from being more cruel, as it gives may cure three different ways; by them an opportunity of the wing putting the noxious humours in a their courage. M. Homberg, the great motion, which makes them French academician, who was born turn into new channels; or by in the island of Java, relates, that making them fluid from a state of when the Javans have a certain viscidity, which comes to the same; cholic, or a looseness attended with or by destroying a part of the ducts pain, which is generally mortal, that conveyed them in two great they cure themselves of it by burns abundance,


A Letter from Edward Wortley never travelled (as it does not lead

Montague, Esq. F. R. S. to to Suez, to which it is thirty hours William Watson, M. D. F. R. S. march from Cairo). Through this containing an account of bis jour. breach the children of Israel are ney from Cairo, in Egypt, to the said to have entered the moun. written mountains in the defart of tains, and not to have taken the Sinai. Received January the 3d. most southern road, which I think and read before the Royal Society, most probable : for those valleys, March 13, 1766.

to judge by wbat one now sees,

could not be paflable for Pharaoh's IT: T is with a good deal of diffi- chariots. This breach, the inha.

culty that I have prevailed up- bitants told me, leads dire&ly to on myself to write to you, for, as a plain called Badeah, which in coming now to Italy was quite un- Arabic fignifies fomething new and foreseen, and I am immediately extraordinary, and also the begingoing back to the east, I have not ning, as the beginning of cvery my journal with me, but luckily thing is new, i. e. was not before have the famous inscriptions. I known. am sensible every paper I send to At Suez I found an opportunity the royal society exposes more and of going to Tor by sea, which I more my incapacity. However, gladly embraced, that, by going as these inscriptions are much nearer the place at which the Israel. wanted, I cannot avoid ferding ites are supposed to have entered them. I shall only speak to some the gulf, and having a view from of the points the bishop of Clogher the sea, as well of that as of the mentions; but cannot avoid being opposite shore, I might be a little now and then a little prolix. better able to form a judgment a.

I set out from Cairo by the road bout it. Besides, I was willing to known by the name of Tauriche have the views, bearings, and Beni Ifrael, road of the children foundings, which I took, and they of Israel. After twenty hours tra. will appear some time or other; but velling, at about three miles an this paper would scarce be their hour, we pafled, by an opening place, if I had them with me. in the mountains on our right When we were opposite to Ba. hand, the mountains Maxattee. deah, it seemed to me (for I was There are two more roads; one to not on shore) a plain, capable of the northward of this, which the containing the Israelites, with a Mecca pilgrims go; and one to the small elevation in the middle of it. south between the mountains, but I saw something too like ruins.


The captain and pilots told me, months from the beginning of that this was the place where the November to the end of April, Ifraelites entered ihe sea, and the sometimes twelve. From the be. soins were those of a convent (I ginning of May to the beginning suppose built on the spot in com- of October, a northerly wind memoration of the fact); they nerally rises and goes down with added that there was good water the fun; it is often very strong, there. There is here a Itrong cur. This wind never fails in there rent, which fets to the opposite months, unless there be some vio. fore, about fouth east; it forms lent storm ; the rest of the year by its strength a whirlpool, where the winds are variable, and when fáilors faid ships were loft, if forced they blow hard at S. and S. S. E. into it, for want of wind, by the these winds set up the sea through current. This pool is about fix the narrow straight of Babel Man. miles northward of Cape Karon. del, and up this gulph through its del ; and just below this pool mouth, between Gebel El Zait, there is a fand, a flat island at low on the west side of this fea, and the water, which runs eaft and weft fouthermost point of the bay of about three miles. This fand, I Tor, on the east side of this suppose, is thrown up by the force western branch of this fea, where of the current ; and the fame cur. it is not above twelve or fourteen rent, by the resistance it meets miles over. I suppose such a wind, with from this bank, being forced hindering the water from going back into the cavity made by this out, causes this extraordinary enexcavation, forms the whirlpool.crease in the spring tides. We fee This pool is called Birque Pha. the same thing happen with thesame raone, the well or pool of Pha- winds at Venice, both gulphs run. roah; and here they affirm his hoft ning nearly in the same direction. was destroyed. I shall say more , The Egyptian, western, or Theof this as I travel back by land. baic shore, from Badeah fouthward, We caine to an anchor in fifteen to opposite 'Tor, on the eastern fathom water, within a mile and shore, is all mountainous and a half of the shore, to the south- steep; and at Elim, the northera ward of this fand, and in the Birque mott point of the bay of Tor, ends Karondel, to the northward of the the ridge of mountains, which becape ; here the eastern shore is al. gin on the eastern shore of this ready mountainous, which, near western branch at Karondel. I say this place, was a sandy beach: the nothing of Elim, or Tor, or the Egyptian Thore, from Suez to Ba. marine productions of this gulf, deah, is likewise rocky and steep;, as this paper is intended to give an fo no entering upon the golf from account of Sharme, Menah El that fhore, but at Badeah or Dzahab, Kadesh Barnea, the fione Suez.

which Moses struck twice, and the It is high water always when inscriptions. I, however, muft fay, the moon is at her meridian height, that, from this place, mount Sinai, and it ebbs fix hours. At Suez, properly called, cannot be seen; it fows fix feet; the spring tides but only the ridge or group of are nine, and in che variable mountains in which is is, and Vol. X.


which which altogether form that part striking. I examined the lips of its of this tongue of land called in mouths, and found that no chiffel general moun: Sinai. The garden had ever worked there ; the chanof the monks of mount Sinai at nel is plainly worn by only the Elim renders in dates, &c. 20,000 course of water, and the bare in. piastres per ann. or £2,500. spection of it is sufficient to coo

We from thence crossed the vince any one it is not the work plain, in about eight hours, and of man. Amongst the inng. entered the mountains of Sinai. merable cracks in rocks, which I They are of granite of different have seen in this, as well as other colours. At the entrance of the parts of the world, I never met narrow breach, through which we with any like this, except that at passed, I saw, on a large loose Jerusalem, and the two which are granite stone, an inscription in un. in the rock Mofes struck twice, of known characters, given, I think, which hereafter. by Dr. Pocock, bishop of Olsory ; I had enquired of the captain however, as the Israelites had no and the two pilots of our thip, writing, that we know of, when about Sharme and Dzahab, on the they passed here, I did not western shore of the eattern branch think it of consequence enough of the Red-fea; they told me that to stop for; The Arabs told me, they were often forced up the it was relative to a battle fought Elanitic golf, the eastern branch here between Arabs; and indeed of the Red-fea; and generally went I cannot see what point of history to Sharme, and sometimes as high it can illustrate ; besides, there as Dzahab; that they generally are not above five or fix words. ran from Cape Mahomet, the We arrived at the convent of Southermost part of the peninsula, Mount Sinai, after the usual dif. between those two golfs, io Sharme ficulties mentioned by other tra. in fix hours, because they always vellers, were received as usual, made as much more way as they and saw the usual places, of commonly do, they very seldom which, however, I shall give the going there but in a storm : They plans as well as elevations, which generally run four knots, so this Í took. I must say, that the monks makes forty-eight miles, which were far from owning to me, that brings it to the northward of Tor. they had ever meddled with the Tor is in lat. 27. 55. Cape Maprint of the foot of Mahomet's homet thirty miles southward, lat. camel. I examined it narrowly, 27. 25. Sharme forty-eight miles and no chiffel has absolutely ever nearly N. lat. 28. 13. confequently touched it, for the coat of the about E. N. of Sinai. The port granite is entire and unbroke in is pretty large, surrounded with every part; and every body knows high mountains, the entrance very that if the coat of less hard stones narrow, and the water deep quite than granite is once destroyed, it to the rocks, which are so very nevér returns. It is a most curious steep, that a stone dropt from the Yusus naturæ, and the Mahometans fummit falls into the bason. No turn it to their use.

wind can be felt here.; they don't Meribah is indeed surprisingly cast anchor, but faften their cables

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