« ForrigeFortsett »
from that author. The second the temples at Poeftum were built temple is also amphiproftylos: it architecture seems to have received has nine columns in front and that degree of improvement which cighteen in Aank, and seems to be the elegant taste of the Greeks of that kind called by Vitruvius had struck out from the rude masses Pseudodipteros, The third is of the Egyptians, the first invenlikewise amphiprostylos. It has tors of this as of many other arts.' six columns in front, and thirteen To this account of Poeftum are in flank. Vitruvius calls this subjoined four very fine prints enkind of temple Peripteros, "The graved by Miller, which will be a columns of these temples,' says our lalting monument of the abilities of author, are of that kind of Doric that artist in works of this nature.
order which we find employed in In the first we are presented with !, works of the greatest antiquity. a view of Poeftuminits present state.
They are hardly five diameters The second exhibits an oblique in height. They are without view of the three Grecian temples. * bases, which also has been urged In the third we have an inside as a proof of their antiquity ; but prospect of the temple Amphi. we do not find that the ancienis proftylos; and the fourth represents ever used bases to this order, at the temple Peripteros. The keep. * least till very late. Vitruvius ing, and in shori the entire execumakes no mention of bases for this tion of these four plates, is altoge.
order ; and the only instance we ther admirable. : have of it, is in the first order of Among the inscriptions is the !
the colifæum at Rome, which was following, which shews that a · built by Vefpafian. The pillars man's having 28 children and 83 of these temples are Auted with grand-children was deemed by the very shallow flutings in the man- ancients a sufficient reason for prener described by Vitruvius. The ferving his name from oblivion. columns diminish from the bot. tom, which was the most ancient TVLL. OLERII. POESTANI. method almost universally in all QVI. VIX. A. LXXXXV. D. XI, the orders. The columns have FF. XXVIII. NN. LXXXIII. astragals of a very singular form;
C. L. PP. which shews the error of those who imagine that this member was first invented with the Ionic order, to 'Ahort account of the Sedmy Palary, which the Greeks gave an astragal,. ' 'or Seven Palaces; a remarkable and that the Romans were the first building and veftige of antiquity who applied it to the Doric, The Aill remaining on the banks of the echinus of the capital is of the
river Irtis, in the country of the fame form with that of the temple
Kalmucks, being in the wilds of of Corinth defcribed by Le Roy.'
the great or eastern Tartary. Our author mentions many 0.
From the travels of Mr. Bell of ther particulars which sufficiently
Antermony. prove the great antiquity of these temples, and concludes with say. IT is very surprising to find such ing that about the time when I a regular edifice in the middle
of a delent. Some of the Tartars Above the Sedmy Palaty, towards fay it was built by Tan erlace, the source of the Irtish, upon the cailed by ite Tartars Temts-ack. hills and valleys, grows the best fuck or Lame-teayr; others by rhabarb in the world, without the Gingeez.chan. The buiding, leatt culture. according to the best information I cooid obrain, is of brick co ftone, weil finished, and continces ft:il of fame ancient monuments in the entire. It confifts of leren apo fame country. From the same partments under one roof, from whence it has the name of the Se. ABOUT eight or ten days ven Palaces. Several of these a journey from Tomsky, in rooms were filled with scrolls of this plain, are found many tombs glazed paper, fairly wrore, and and burying places of ancient he. many of them in gile characters. roes; who, in all probability, Some of the scrolls are black, but fell in battle. These tombs are ea. the greareft part white. The fily diftinguished by the mounds of language in which hey are written earth and stones raised upon them. is ihat of the Tonguits, or Kal. When, or by whom, these battles mucks. While I was at Tobolsky, were fought, so far to the north. I met with a soldier in the itreet, ward, is uncertain. I was in, with a bundle of these papers in formed by the Tartars in the Ba. his hand. He asked me to buy taba, that Tamerlane, or Timyr. them; which I did for a small ack-fack, as they call him, had fum. I kept them till my arrival many engagements in that coun. in England, when I distributed try with the Kalmucks; whom he them among my friends ; particu. in vain endeavoured to conquer. larly to that learned antiquarian Many persons go from Tomíky, Sir Hans Sloane, who valued them and other parts, every summer, to at a high rate, and gave them a these graves ; which they dig up, place in his celebrared museum, and find among the ashes of the
Two of these scrolls were senr, by dead confiderable quantities of order of the emperor Peter the first, gold, silver, brass, and some preto the royal academy at Paris. The cious stones, but particularly academy returned a tranflarion, hilts of swords and armour, They which I faw in the rarity chamber find also ornaments of saddles and at St. Petersburg. One of them briddles, and other trappings for contained a commission to a lama, horses; and even the bones of or priest; and the other a form of horses, and sometimes those of prayer to the deity. Whether elephants. Whence it appears, this interpretation may be de. that when any general or person pended on I shall not determine. of diftinction was interred, all
The Tartars efteem them all his arms, his favourite horse and sacred writings, as appears from servant were buried with him in the care they take to preserve the same grave; this custom pre. them. Perhaps they may contain vails to this day among the Kal. fome curious pieces of antiquity, mucks and other Tartars, and particularly of ancient history, seems to be of great antiquity.
It appears from the number of John Bankes, of Kingston-hall, Esq. graves, that many thousands must about a mile N, W. from Studland, have fallen on these plains ; for the and fix leagues from the isle of people have continued to dig for Wight. It is furrounded on all such treasure many years, and still fides by several little hills, or rising find it unexhausted. They are grounds, which form a theatre, sometimes, indeed, interrupted, and except on the east, where they open, robbed of all their booty, by parties and give an agreeable view of part of the Kalmucks; who abhor the of Pool and Studland bays, and the disturbing the ashes of the dead.. ifle of Wight.
I have seen several pieces of ar. The name Aggleston seems to be muur, and other curiosities, that derived from the Saxon halig, or were dug out of these tombs ; par, hælig, holy; and stan, a stone; which ticularly an armed man on horse. is expressive of its ancient superstiback cast in brass, of no mean de. tious use, for it was, no doubt, a fign nor workmanship; also figures rock-idol * or deity in the British of deer caft in pure gold, which age. The country people call it were split through the middle, and the devil's night-cap, and have a had some small holes in them, aš romantic tradition, that the devil, intended for ornaments to a quiver, out of envy, threw it from the isle or the furniture of a horse. of Wight, with a design to have de
While we were at Tomsky, one molished Corf Castle, but it fell of these grave-diggers told me, that short, and dropt here. once they lighted on an arched It is a red heath, sand, or moor. vaule; where they found the re- ftone, which, though very common mains of a man, with his bow, are over all the heath, does not abound rows, lance, and other arms, lying hereabouts, or at least of any big. together on a silver table. On ness. It itands on an high bárrow, touching the body it fell to duft. or tumulus : its present form is The value of the table and arms that of a pyramid inverted; or an was very considerable.
irregular triangle, one of whose fides is placed uppermost, though it is probable it was originally
quadrilateral. On the c-ft front it Some account of a remarkable monument is convex or gibbous, on the west
in the Isle of Purbeck; known by the nearly Aat. On the top, a ridge or names of Aggleston, Stone Barrow, bulge runs its whole length from 'the Devil's Night-cap, &c. north to south, whence it slopes away
to the east six feet, to the west five. THIS prodigious stone, hardly There is a considerable cleft crosses T equalled by any in England, it in the middle from east to west, and the greatest piece of antiquity On the surface are three hollows or in this county, stands in the N. E. cavities, no doubt + rock bafons, extremity of the ise of Purbeck, in in which ravens have bred. The an heath on the east side of Studland furtace is overgrown with heath, bay, in that parish, on the eftate of and curves have been cut there,
* See Dr. Borlace's Antiq. of Cornwall, lib. 3. cap 3. p. 161.
All the stone is rough, full of cracks, lock, and the earth at top might be fiffures, and inequalities, and parts removed, and the stone laid bare, into horizontal "layers, or lamina, to a depoh sajtable :o the use it was especially on the east lide, and at desgned for, acd then the hillock the ends.
might be fraped into its present The dimensions are as follow: regular form.. The girt or circumference at bot. Ye: Silbury Hill is Wiltshire, tom is 60 feet, in the middle 80, and many other vait barrows ale at or near the top go. But these lowed to be artificial, mentioned measurements, by reason of the in- by Dr. Borlace, lib. 3. c. 8. p. equality of the surface, cannot be 205-207, are much larger than very exact. The quarriers compute this, and are strong evidences of the it contains 407 tuns.
·labour and time bestowed by the On the top of the barrow lie se. ancient Britons, and other nations, veral stones, one of which contains on such works. 16, another 9 tons. On the sides 'The etymology of Aggletton, and and bottom a multitude of others, the rock basons on it, determine it of yarious sizes, mostly covered to be a rock idol, erected in the with heath, furze, and fern. Some Britih age, and the object of their tuns have been broken off, and fuperftitious worship. carried to Pool and Studland, for 'The barrow on which this stone building. If we consider this, and stands is very large. Its diameter the detached tones before-mention on top is 60 feet, at bottom it or ed, which were certainly fragments cupies half an acre and 14.rood of of the great one, separated from it ground. Its slope on the east lide, by violence, time, and weather, it where it is steepeit, is 300 feet, the must have been a prodigious one perpendicular height go feet. On indeed, not inferior to the Tolmen ihe north and south, it is nearly at Conflantine in Cornwall, the' of an equal height. On the west, measurements of which, in Dr. it is much less iteep. It is all coBorlace, fall short of this, though vered with heath, furze, and fern he makes it contain more tuns. On the top it is concave, word
There is little doubt but that down by Theep lying there, as by the ancient Britons had skill to lift attempts to break off stone. Reund great weights, and spared no pains the bottom appears traces of a shal. to erect such vast rude monuments, low ditch, almost filled up, and many of which are extant at Stone covered by heath, &c. About it Henge, Abury in Cornwall, and are several other barrows of diffe. other parts of the three kingdoms. rens forms and sizes.. On ose, a Yet the enormous bulk of this little north from it, called Puck fone, in its primitive state, may stone, is a Atone thrown down tea incline one to imagine it to be a feet by eight. . natural rock, and that the barrow This monument, standing in an
as formed by a collection of unfrequented part of the country, earth thrown up round it; or if and hid by the hills that almoft the barrow be thought too large environ it, was scarce known on Tibe artificial, perhaps the stone observed, till it lately drew the at: The grow here on a natural hil. tention of James Frampton, of
Moreton, Esq. who recommended fæft and ilestinde in a!le thinge .. it to the notice of the public, as it abutan ænde, and the heaten alle deserved.
ure treowe in the treowthe thet · The Tolmen at Constantine is of heous ogen, that heo stede-feftliche an oval form ; its long diameter, healden and weren to healden and which points due north and south, to swericn the ifernesses that beon is 33 feet, its nort one 14-6. makede and beon to makien thurg Its breadth in the middle of the than 10 foren iseide rædesmen, furface, where it is deepest, from other thurg the moare dæl of heom east to west, 18—6. It circum- alswo; alse hit is betoren iseid. ference 97 feet, and about 60 cross And that æhcother helpe that for in the middle, and contains 750 to done bitham ilche other agenes tuns. Ds. Borlace, ibid. l. 3. c. 8, alle men (paucula quædam hic drelle p. 168, plate II.
videntur, hæc fcilicet aut fimilia: in Silbury hill, is a large barrow, alle thinge thæt] ogt for to done without any stone on it. Its dias and to loangen. And noan ne meter at topic 105 feet, at the mine or Loande ne of egetewher bortom above 503, its perpendicu. thurg this besigte muge beon ilet lar height is 170. See Dr. Bor other iwersed on oniewife. And lace, 1. 3. c. 8, p. 206; and Dr. gif oni ether onie cumen her Stukeley on Stone Henge.
ongenes we willen and heaten, thæt alle ure treowe heom healden
deadlichistan. And for thær we Acbarter of King Henry the Third,
willen thet this beo ftedefæst and in the old Englise of that time : lestinde, we senden gew this Writ with a translation of it into modern open ileined with ure Seel to halden Englif, by Mr. Somner. From the amanges gew ine Hord. Witness Appendix to Lord Lyrtleton's Hif. us Taluenät Lundænthane egtetenth
day on the Monthe of Octobr, in
the two and fowertigthe geare of Rot. Pat. 43. H. III, m. 15. n° 40. ure crunninge. And thirwes idon D ENRY thurg Godes fultome ætforen ure isworen redesmen, IT King on Engleneloande Bonefac. Archebischop on KanterLhoauerdon Yrloand Duk on bur. Walter of Cantelop, Bischop Normand, on Acquitain and Eorl of Wirechester, Sim. of Montfort on dojou, send I, greting to alle Eorle of Leicheftre, Rich. of Clare hise holde ilæarde and ilewede on Eorl on Glocheiter and on HartHuntindonnfchierre; that witen geford ; Roger Bigod Eorl of Northwel, alle that we willen and unnen, folk and Marescal on Engleloand, that 'ure rædesmen alle other the Perres of Sauueye, Will. of Fort moare del of heom, thæc beoth Eorl on Aubem, John de Plesse ichosen thurg us and thurg thæt Eorl on Warwick, Joh. Geffereesa Loandes Folk, on ure Kuneriche fune, Perres of Munifort, Rich. habbeth idon, and fchullen don in of Grey, Rog. of Mortemer, the worthness of Gode, and ure lames of Aldithel, and ærforen treowthe for the freme of the othre moge. Loande, thurg the besigte of than AND all on tho ilche worden is to foren iseide rædesmen beo ftede. isend in to aurichte othre Schire