« ForrigeFortsett »
It appears from the number of John Bankes, of Kingston-hall, Esq. graves, that many thousands must about a mile N. W. from Studland, Have fallen on these plains ; for the and fix leagues from the isle of people have continued to dig for Wight. It is surrounded on all such treasure many years, and still sides by several little hills, or rising find it unexhausted. They are grounds, which form a theatre, sometimes,indeed, interrupied, and except on the east, where they open, robbed of all their booty, by parties and give an agreeable view of part of the Kalmucks, who abhor the of Pool and Studland bays, and the disturbing the ashes of the dead.,
ifle of Wight. I have seen several pieces of ar- The name Aggleston seems to be muur, and other curiosities, that derived from the Saxon halig, or were dug out of these tombs ; par. hælig, hely; and stan, a stone ; which ticularly an armed man on horse. is expressive of its ancient superstiback cast in brass, of no mean de. tious use,- for it was, no doubt, a sign nor workmanship; alfo figures rock-idol * or deity in the British of deer cast in pure gold, which age. The country people call it were split through the middle, and the devil's night-cap, and have a had some small holes in them, as romantic tradition, that the devil, intended for ornaments to a quiver, out of envy, threw it from the isle or the furniture of a horfe. of Wight, with a design to have de
While we were at Tomíky, one molished Corf Castle, but it fell of these grave-diggers told me, that short, and dropt here. once they lighted on an arched It is a red heath, sand, or moorvault; where they found the re- stone, which, though very common mains of a man, with his bow, ar. over all the heath, does not abound rows, lance, and other arms, lying hereabouts, or at least of any big. together on a Gilver table. On ness. It stands on an high barrow, touching the body it fell to duft. or tumulus : its present form is The value of the table and arms that of a pyramid inverted ; or an was very considerable.
irregular triangle, one of whose fides is placed uppermoft, though it is probable it was originally
quadrilateral. On the cost front it Some account of a remarkable monument is convex or gibbous, on the west
in the Isle of Purbeck; known by the nearly fat. On the top, a ridge or names of Aggleston, Stone Barrow, bulge runs its whole length from the Devil's Night-cap, &c. north to fouth, whence it lopes away
to the east six feet, to the west five. 'HIS prodigious stone, hardly There is a considerable cleft croffes
equalled by any in England, it in the middle from east to weft. and the greatest piece of antiquity On the surface are three hollows or in this county, stands in the N. E, cavities, no doubt + rock barons, extremity of the isle of Purbeck, in in which ravens have bred. The an heath on the east side of Studland surface is overgrown with heath, bay, in that parish, on the estate of and curves have been cut there.
* See Dr. Borlace's Antiq. of Cornwall, lib. 3. cap 3. p. 166.
All the stone is rough, full of cracks, lock, and the earth at top might be fiffures, and inequalities, and parts removed, and the stone laid bare, into horizontal layers, or lamina, to a depth suitable so the use it was especially on the east lide, and at designed for, and then the hillock the ends.
might be fhaped into its present The dimensions are as follow : regular form. The girt or circumference at bot. Yet Silbury Hill in Wiltthire, tom is 60 feet, in the middle 80, and many other vast barrows al. at or near the top 90. Bat these lowed to be artificial, mentioned measurements, by reason of the in- by Dr. Borlace, lib. 3. c. 8. p. equality of the surface, cappot. be 205–207. are much larger than very exact. The quarriers compute this, and are strong evidences of the it contains 407 tuns.
labour and time bestowed by the On the top of the barrow lie fe- ancient Britons, and other nations, veral stones, one of which contains on such works. 16, another 9 tons. On the sides The etymology of Aggletton, and and bottom a multitude of others, the rock bafons on it, determine it of yarious sizes, mostly covered to be a rock idol, erected in the with heath, furze, and fern. Some British age, and the object of their tuns have been broken off, and superftitious worship. carried to Pool and Studland, for The barrow on which this stone building. If we consider this, and stands is very large. Its diameter the detached ftones before-mention on top is 60 feet, at bottom it oced, which were certainly fragments cupies half an acre and 14-rood of of the great one, separated from it ground. Its flope on the east side, by violence, time, and weather, it where it is steepest, is 300 feet, the must have been a prodigious one perpendicular height 90 feet. On indeed, not inferior to the Tolmen ihe north and south, it is nearly at Conftantine in Cornwall, the of an equal height... On the west, measurements of which, in Dr. it is much less iteep. It is all coBorlace, fall short of this, though vered with heath, furze, and fern. he makes it contain more tuns. On the top it is concave, word
There is little doubt but that down by sheep lying there, as by the ancient Britons had skill to lift attempts to break of stone. Reund great weights, and spared no pains the bottom appears traces of a shal. to erect such vast rude monuments, low ditch, almost filled up, and many of which are extant at Stone covered by heath, &c. About it Henge, Abury in Cornwall, and are several other barrows of diffeother
parts of the three kingdoms. rens forms and sizes.. On one, a Yet the enormous bulk of this licele north from it, called Puck ftone, in its primitive ftate, may itone, is a stone thrown down ten incline one to imagine it to be a feet by eight. natural rock, and that the barrow This monument, ftanding in an was formed by a collection of unfrequented part of the country, earth thrown up round it; or if and hid by the hills that almoft the barrow be thought too large environ it, was scarce known or to be artificial, perhaps the stone observed, till it lately drew the atmight grow here on a natural hil. tention of James Frampton, of
Moreton, Esq. who recommended fæft and ideftinde in alle thinge it to the notice of the public, as it abutan ænde, and the heaten alle deferved.
ure treowe in the treowthe thet The Tolmen at Constantine is of heous ogen, that heo ítedo-festliche an oval form ; its long diameter, healden and weren to healden and which points due north and south, to swerien the isetnesses that beon is.33 feet, its short one 14–6. makede and beon to makien thurg Ics breadth in the middle of the
than !0 foren iseide sædesmen, surface, where it is deepest, from other thurg the moare dæl of heom east to west, 18—6. It circum- alswo; alle hit is beforen iseid. ference 97 feet, and about 60 cross And that æhcother helpe thæt for in the middle, and contains 750 to done bitham ilche other agenes tuns.-Dr. Borlace, ibid. 1. 3. c. 8, alle men (paucula quædam hic dresse p. 168, plate II.
videntur, hæc fcilicet aut fimilia: in Silbury hill, is a large barrow, alle thinge thæt] ogt for to done without any stone on it.
Its dia. and to soangen. And noan ne meter at top is 105 feet, at the mine of Loande ne of egetewher bottom above 503, its perpendicu. thurg this besigte muge beon ilet lar height is 170. See Dr. Bor. other iwersed on onie wise. And lace, 1. 3. c. 8, p. 206; and Dr. gif oni ether onie cumen her Stukeley on Stone Henge.
ongenes we willen and heaten, thæt alle ure treowe heom healden
deadlichistan, And for that we A cbarter of King Henry the Third, willen thet this beo ftedefælt and
in the old English be that time; leftinde, we senden gew this Writ with a translation of it into modern open iseined with ure Seel to halden English, by Mr. Somner. From the amanges gew ine Hord. Witness Appendix to Lord Lyttleton's Hif
us faluenät Lundænthane egtetenth day on the Monthe of Očtobr, in
the two and fowertigthe geare of Rot. Pat. 43. H. III. m. 15. no 40. ure crunninge. And thirwes idon ENRY thurg Godes fultome ætforen ure ifworen redesmen,
King Engleneloande Bonefac. Archebifchop on KanterLhoauerd on Yrloand Dukon bur. Walter of Cantelop, Bischop Normand, on Acquitain and Eorl of Wirechester, Sim, of Montfort on Anjou. send I, greting to alle Eorle of Leichestre, Rich. of Clare bise holde ilæarde and ile wede on Eorl on Glocheiter and on HartHuntindonnfchierre; that witen geford ; Roger Bigod Eorl of Northwel, alle that we willen and unnen, folk and Marescal on Engleloand, thæture rædesmen alle other the Perres of Sauueye, Will. of Fort moare del of heom, that beoth Eorl on Aubern, John de Plesse ichosen thurg us and thurg thætEorl on Warwick, Joh. Geffereer. Loandes Folk, on ure Kuneriche fune, Perres of Muntfort, Rich. habbeth idon, and fchullen don in of Grey, Rog. of Mortemer, the worthness of Gode, and ure lames of Aldithel, and ætforen treowthe for the freme of the othre moge. Loande, thurg the besigte of than AND all on tho ilche worden is to foren iseide rædesmen beo ftede. isend in to aurichte othre Schire
ouer al tharc Kuneriche on Eng- tober, in the two and fortieth Year leneloande and ek inter Irelonde.
of our Coronation ; and this was
done before our sworn Counsellors Translation.
Boniface Archbihopof Canterbury,
Walier of Cantelow Bishop of Wor. ENRY, by God's help, King ceftcr, Simon Montfort Earl of Lei.
, Duke of Normandy, and of Aqui. Glocefter and of Hartford, Roger tain, and Earl of Anjoy, Greeting Bigod Earl of Norfolk and Marer. to all his faithful Clerks and Laics chal of England, Peter of Savoy, of Huntingdonshire: This know ye William of Fort Earl of Aubemarle, all well, that we will and Grant John of Plesfeiz Earl of Warwick, that which our Counsellors, all or John Gefferifon, Peter of Mont. the most part of them that be chosen forr; Richard of Grey, Roger of by us, and the People (or Com Mortimer, James of Aldithly, and mons) of our Land, have done, and before others níore. Thall do, for the Honour of God, AND albin these same Words is and of their Allegiance to us, for sent into every other Shire over the Benefit (or Amendment) of the the Kingdom of England, and also Land, by the Advice and Confide. into Ireland. ration of our forefaid Counsellors, be ftedfaft and performed in every thing for ever. And we command Hiftorical remarks on ancient arcti. all our Leige People in the Fealty
From the Grecian Or. that they owe us, that they sted. ders of Architetture ; by Stephen faftly hold, and swear to hold for Rion, Ela. keep) and to defend (or maintain) or
the vanity of man, when he those aforesaid Counsellors, or by considers that by the decrees and the more part of them, also as it is difpofitions of fupreme wisdors, beforefaid; and that they each other neither the corporeal nor the men afist the fame to perform, accord. tal faculties are ever all united in ing to that same Oath, against all one perfon ; but that for the main. Men, both for 10 do and cause 10 tenance and good order of society, be done : And none either of my the gifts of nature combined in a Land, neither from elsewhere, may continually varied proportion, are for this be hindered, or damnified with a marvellous economy divid. in any wise : And if any man ored and distributed amongit the fee woman oppose them againft, we veral individuals of our species ; fo Will and Command that all our thai, how extensive foever his caLiege People them hold for deadly pacity may be, how prompe his Enemies; and because we will, that apprehension, how mighty his this be stedfast and lafting, we fend strength, with the mott exalted you this Writ open, signed with ambition, man will nevertheless your Seal, to be kept amongft you stand in need of man. From the in Store ; witness our self af Lon. powers of the human being thus don the 18th day of the Month Oc. limited it is, that when we survey
be made, and hall be made in Thmut be an effectual check to
the progress of genius either in the a view of what will be briefly ofpractices of art or the speculations fered on this subject. of science, we find they never re- The origin of art is the same in ceived their perfection from the all nations that have cultivated it; same man who gave them birth; and it is without foundation that new inventions, however valuable, the honour thereof be ascribed to have for the most part been pro- one particular country preferably duced in a rude and defective state, to all others : in all places necesa and have in process of time, little fity has proved to be the mother of by little, received, from the fkill invention, and every people had in and industry of others, such ad. themselves the seeds of contrivance ditions and improvements as were in their various wants. The innecessary to give them all the per- ventions of art were only more or fection of which they are capable. less ancient as the nations them.
On the other hand, it has not felves were fo, and as the adora. unfrequently happened that the tion of the gods was introduced arts, instead of making any due ad. amongst them sooner or latter: The vancement, even lote the advan- Chaldeans and Egyptians, for ex. tages which only a long series of ample, had made much earlier than years, and the unremitted affiduity the Greeks, idols and other exter. of true genius could obtain; fornal forms of these imaginary beduring an age of turbulence and ings, in order to worship them. It diftress no attention is bestowed on is the same of this as of other arts them, abuses creep unnoticed into and inventions: the purple dye, the practice, and with the decline not to speak of others, was known and ruin of empire, the arts them- and practised in the eaft, long beselves decay and perish : neither is fore the Greeks were acquainted this the only misfortune to which with that secret. What is menthey are exposed ; for such is the tioned in Holy Writ, about carvedweakness of human nature, that in or molten images is likewise far less calamitous times than those we more ancient than what we know have fuppofed, the imagination of Greece. The carved images in may be vitiated, all sound judg- wood of the first ages, and those of ment perverted, and our pursuits caft metal of later times, have led out of their proper track by different names in the Hebrew the presumption of the ignorant, tongue. the plaufive arguments of false rea- They who, to judge of the ori. foners, or that propenfity with gin of a custom or of an art, and which the inconsiderate are derer. of its passage from one people to mined to follow the ongovernable another, aidhere to the mere cona' and unrestrained career of a fancy templation of any.c'etached friganimated with the rage of novelty, ments which may offer certain apthough fertile only in trifles and pearances of likeness; and thus, absurdities.
from fome particular equivocal Such vicifitades have happened forms, draw their conclusions about to the art of which we are a. the generality of an art, are grofsly bout to treat, as will appear from deceived. In this manner Diony. VOL. X.