when they cast lots, and it fell to munera quæ dam Diis gratiffima, jul. king Domalder to be the people's pendebani. victim : and he was accordingly put The manner in which the vic. to death. Olaus Tretelger, another tims were flaughtered, was diverse prince was burnt alive to Woden. in different places. Some of the They did not spare their own child. Gaulish nations chined them with ren. Harald the son of Gunild, the a stroke of an ax, The Celtæ first of that name, llew two of his placed the man, who was to be of. children to obtain a ftorm of wind. fered for a sacrifice, upon a block, " He did not let,” says Verstegan, or an altar, with his breaft upwards; " to sacrifice two of his sons unto and with a sword Itruck him forci. « his idols, to the end he might bly acrose the fternum ; then tum. .“ obtain of them such a tempeft at bling him to the ground, from his « sea, as should break and dif. agonies and convulsions, as well as “ perse the shipping of Harald king from the effusion of blood, they " of Denmark." Saxo Grammati- formed a judgment of future cus mentions a like fact. He calls events. The Cimbri ripped open the king Haquin; and speaks of the bowels; and from them they the ferions put to death, as two pretended to divine. In Norway very hopeful young princes : Duos they beat men's brains out with an præftantiffimæ indolis filios, hoftiarum ox-yoke. The same operation was more, aris admotos, potiunda vicio. performed in Iceland, by dashing riæ caufá, neferia litatione mactavit. them against an altar of stone. In Another king New nine sons, in many places they tranfixed them order to prolong his own life; in with arrows. After they were hopes, I suppose, that, what they dead, they suspended them upon were abridged of, would in great the trees, and left them to putrify. measure be added to himself. Such One of the writers, above quoted, instances however occur not often : mentions, that in his time, seventy but the common vi&tims were carcases of this sort were found in without end, Adam Bremenfis, a wood of the Suevi. Dithmar of speaking of the awful grove at Mersburgh, an author of nearly the Upral, where there horrid rites fame age, speaks of a place called were celebrated, says, that there Ledur in Zeeland, where there was not a single tree, but what was were every year ninety and nine reverenced, as if it were gifted persons facrificed to the god Swan. with some portion of divinity; towite, During those bloody fefti. And all this because they were vals a general joy prevailed ; and stained with gore, and foul with banquets were most royally served. human putrefaction. Lucas iam They fed; they caroused; and sacre eft gentilibus, ut fingulæ arbores gave a loose to indulgence, which ejus ex morte vel tabo immolatorum at other times was not permitted, divinæ videaniur. The fame is Dum facrificia baec peragebantur, observed by Scheiffer in his ac- varii adhibiti funt ritus, it litationis count of this place. Deorum sacre modi : convivia celebrata magnifica : ille lucus erat: in arboribus fingulis pars fanguinis poftibus illita : pars Dii ipfi habitare credebantur : ergo adftantibus propinata. They imaad tarum ramos corpora illa, veluti gined, that there was something



mysterious in the number nine : and says, that he was a witness for which reason these feasts were to the cruelty of this prince, whom in some places celebrated every he saw sacrifice multitudes to the ninth year ; in others every ninth deity of his nation. month; and continued for nine. The facrifices, of which I have days. When all was ended, they been creating, if we except come wahed the image of the diety in few instances, consisted of persons a pool ; on account I suppose, of doomed by the chance of war, or its being stained with blood ; and assigned by lot to be offered. But then dismissed the assembly. Their among the nations of Canaan, of fervants were numerous, who at. whom I first spoke, the victims tended during the term of their were peculiarly chosen. Their feasting, and partook of the ban- own children, and whatever was qaet, At the close of all, they nearest and dearest to them, were were smothered in the fame pool, "deemed the most worthy offering or otherwise made away with. On to their god, The Carthaginians, which Tacitus remarks, how great who were a colony from Tyre, an awe this circumstance must ne. carried with them the religion of ceffarilyinfuse into those who were their mother country, and inftitu. not admitted to these mysteries ; ted the same worship in the parts Arcanus hincterror, facra ignorantia, where they settled. It confitted qui fit illud, quod tantùm perituri in the adoration of several deities,

put particularly of Kronus ; to These accounts are handed down whom they offered human facri, from a variety of authors in diffe. fices; and especially the blood of rent ages ; many of whom were children. If the parents were not natives of the countries, which at hand to make an immediate they describe ; and to which they offer, the magistrates did not fail feem strongly attached. They to make choife of what was most would not therefore have brought fair and promising; that the god lo foul an imputation on the part might not be defrauded of his of the world, in favour of which dues. Upon a check being re, they were each writing; nor could ceived in Sicily, and some other there be that concurrence of tefti. alarming circumstances happening, mony, were not the history in Himilcar without any hesitation general true.

laid hold of a boy, and offered . The like custom prevailed to a him on the spot to Kronus; and at great degree at Mexico, and even the same time drowned a number under the mild government of the of priests, to appease the deity of Peruvians; and in most parts of the sea. The Carthaginians anoAmerica. In Africa it is itill kept ther time, upon a great defeat of up; where, in the inland parts their army by Agathocles, imputed they sacrifice some of the captives · their miscarriages to the anger of taken in war to their Fetiches, in this god, whose services had been order to secure their favour, Snel neglected. Touched with this, grave was in the king of Dahoome's and seeing the enemy at their camp, after his inroad into the gates, they seized at once two huncountries of Ardra and Windaw; dred children of the prime nobility,


and offered them in public for a have observed, firft introduced him facrifice. Three hundred more, into Africa. He was the same as being persons who were some how the Orus of the Egyptians, and obnoxious, yielded themselves vo- the Alorus of the eastern nations. luntarily, and were put to death That the name given him brigi.. with the others. The neglect, of nally by the Greeks was Koronus, which they accused themselves is manifest from a place in Crete, consisting of sacrificing children which was sacred to him, and is purchased of parents among the mentioned by the name Coronis. poorer fort, who reared them for Ic is said, that both the chief cits, that purpose; and not selecting and the adjacent conatry, were the most promifing, and the most thus denominated; and that these honourable, as had been the custom facrifices were there offered, which of old. In short there were parti. we know were peculiar to Kronos. cular children brought up for the Ev de to you! Dodanovi, TPOTYPE alcar, as heep are fattened for the Κορωνιδι. Τονομαζομένη, μουνί, κατε shambles; and they were bought, Kumpoos, A podioius, - BUTO - da and butchered in the same manner. "SPOTTÓS Aypavaw, trong K Expo Ty Of " X But this indiscriminate way of pupaonis? Arypavardes. If this place proceeding was 'thought to have which was confecrated to him (as given offence. It is remarkable, is apparent by the fe offerings), was that the Egyprians looked out for called Kóronis; id is plain, that the most specious and handsome his name must have been rendered person to be sacrificed. The 41. by the Greeks Koronus': and both banians pitched upon the best man are a transposition for Koh-Oros, of the community, and made him or Chon.Orus," the dord Oros;" pay for the wickedness of the rest. or 718. He was universally adored The Carthaginians chofe what they - in Cyprus ; but particularly in this thought the most excellent, and at part, which Porphy ry fuppofesto the same time the most dear to have been Salamis. This is ext. them; which made the lot fall dent from Diodorus Siculus, who heavy upon their children. This mentions a city Ouranie : shere. is taken notice of by Silius Italicus He makes it indeed diftinct from in his fourth book :

Salamis ; but places it hard by,

between that city and Carpania; Mos crat in populis, quos condidit where the river Chor Ythe Ouc advena Dido,

Our of the Plenicians, and the Pofcere cæde Deos veniam, et fla- Courium, Koplov, of the Greeks) grantibus aris,

runs at this day. The Greeka Infandum diau! parvos imponere thought Kronus was the fame pas natos.

Xpayos : but it was an oriental

name ; and the etymology was to Kronus, to whom these sacrifices be looked for among people of were exhibited, was an oriental those parts. ' , deity, the god of light and fire; Bezos ene' Eupentao, A Gus mexAzçeves and therefore always worshipped A hird swt. · · · **?* with some reference to that ele. "Awis spus Nerdwós, APATKPONOE, ment. The Carthaginians, as I v Aptupsoss Zeus.'. Sandor 19



> The Greeks, we find, called the efficacious of ihe general good. deity, to whom these offerings Those who were facrificed 10 were made, Agraulus; and feigned Kronus, were thrown into the that he was a woman, and the arms of a molten idol, which stcod daughter of Cecrops. But how in the midst of a large fire, and came Cecrops to have any connec. was red with heat. The arms of tion with Cyprus? Agraulus is a it were tretched out, with the corruption and transposition of the hands turned upwards, as it were original name, which should have to receive them ; yet sloping down. been rendered Uk El Aur, or Uk El wards, so that they dropt from Aurus ; but bas, like many other thence into a glowing furnace be. oriental titles, and names, been low. To other gods they were Strangely sophisticated; and is here otherwise slaughtered ; and, as it changed to Agraolus. It was in is implied, by the very hands of seality the god of light; the Orus their parents. What can be more and Alorus, of whom I have said fo horrid to the imagination, than to much, who was always worshipped suppose a father leading the dearest with fire. This deity was the of all his sons to such an infernal Moloch of the Tyrians and Ca. thrine? or a mother, che most en. Daanites, and the Melech of the gaging and affectionate of her caft, that is, the great and prin- daughters, juft rifing to maturity, :cipal god, the god of light, of to be Naughtered at the altar of

whom fire was eftcemed a symbol; Alhteroth or Baal? Justin describes cand at whose shrine, instead of this unnatural custom very pathe.

viler vi&tims, they offered the tically. Quippe homines, ut viltimas blood of men.

immolabant ; et impuberes (quæ, tas Such was the Kronus of the hoftium mifericordiam provocat) aris Greeks, and the Moloch of the admovebant: pacem sanguine corum Phenicians : and nothing can ap- expofcentes, pro corum vitâ Dii ropear more shocking, than the fa gari maxime folent. Sucb was their crifices of the Tyrians and Car- blind zeal, that this was continuthaginians, which they performed ally pra&tised; and so much of to this idol, In all emergencies natural affection still left unextio. of ftate, and times of general ca. guished, as to render the scene ten lamity, they devoted what was times more shocking, from the most necessary and valuable to tenderness which they seemed to them, for an offering to the gods, express. They embraced their

and particularly to Moloch. But children with great fondness; and i befides there undetermined times encouraged them in the gentleft

of bloodshed, they had particular terms, that they might not be apand prescribed seafons every year, palled at ihe sight of the hellish when children were chosen out of process : begging them to submit ; the muft noble and reputable fa. with cheerfulness to this fearful

milies, as I have before mentioned, operation. If there was any apIf a person had an only child, it pearance of a tear rising, or a cry was the more liable to be put to unawares escaping; the mother death, as being esteemed more ac. (mochered it with her kisses : that ceptable to the deity, and more there might not be any show of


backwardness, or constraint : but god nor dæmon, than to have the whole be a free-will-offering facrificed, in the manner they were Blanditiis, et ofculo comprimente va. wont, to the god which they a. gitum, ne flebilis hoftia immoletur. dored? Wherein they acted, not as These cruelendearments over, they the person did, whom Empidocles stabbed them to the heart, or o. describes in some poetry, where therwise opened the Nuices of life; he exposes this unnatural custom. and with the blood warm, as it The are there with many idle vows ran, besmeared the altar, and the offers up unwillingly his son for a grim visage of the idol. These facrifice, but the youth was so were the customs which the If. changed in feature and figure, that raelites learned of the people of his father did not know him. Canaan ; and for which they are These people used, knowingly and upbraided by the Pfalmift.“ They wilfully, to go through this bloody did not destroy the nations, con- work, and laughter their own off. cerning whom the Lord command spring. Even they, who were ed them: but were mingled among childless, would not be exempted the heathen, and learned their from this cursed tribote; but pur. works. Yea, they sacrificed their chased children at a price of the fons and their daughters unto poorer fort, and put them to death devils, and shed innocent blood, with as little remorse as one would even the blood of their fons and of kill a lamb, or a chicken. The their daughters, whom they sacri. mother, who sacrificed her child, ficed unto the idols of Canaan : stood by without any seeming sense and the land was polluted with of what she was losing, and with. blood. Thus were they defied out uttering a groan, If a figh did with their own works, and went a by chance escape, she lost all the whoring with their own inventi. honour which the proposed to ons.'

herself in the offering; and the These cruel rites, practised in so child was, notwithstanding, lain. many nations, made Plutarch de. All the time of this celebrity, bate with himself, “ whether it while the children were murdering, would not have been better for the there was a noise of clarions and Galatæ, or for the Scythians, to tabors sounding before the idol; have had no tradition or concep. that the cries and shrieks of the tion of any superior beings, than victims might not be heard. Tell to have formed in themselves no me now," says Plutarch, " if tions of gods, who delighted in the monsters of old, the Ty. the blood of men ; of gods, who phons, and the giants, were to esteemed human vi&tims the most expel the gods, and to rule the acceptable and perfect sacrifice ? world in their fiead ? could they “ Would it not” says he, " have require a service more horrid, been more eligible for the Cartha. than these infernal rites and facri. ginians to have had the atheist fices?" Critias, or Diagoras, their law. giver at the commencement of their policy, and to have been

COM taught, that there was neither

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