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and offered them in public for a have observed, first introduced him facrifice. Three hundred more, into Africa. He was the same as being persons who were some how the Ords of the Egyptians, and obnoxious, yielded themselves vo- the Alorus of the eastern nations. luntarily, and were put to death That the name given him origi. with the others. The neglect, of nally by the Greeks was Koronus, which they accused themselves is manifeft from a place in Crete, confifting of facrificing children which was facred to him, and is purchased of parents among the mentioned by the name Coronis. poorer fort, who reared them for It is said, that both the chief city, that purpose ; and not selecting and the adjacent copatry, were the moft promising, and the most thus denominated; and that these honourable, as had been the custom facrifices were there offered, which of old. In short there were parti. we know were peculiar to Ksongs. cular children brought up for the Ev de to uvul Dadapıska Trporejo altar, as heep are fattened for the Κορωνιδι. ονομαζομένη, μηνί: κατα fhambles; and they were bought, Kutopres, Appodioiss, BUTS and butchered in the fame manner. Φροπος Αγραυλών, τη Κέκρόπος και But this indiscriminate way of our omst Ayparzedos. " If this place proceeding was thought to have which was confecrated to him (as given offence. It is remarkable, is apparent by the fe offerings); was that the Egyptians looked out for called Koronis; it is plain, that the moft specious and handsome his žame must have been rendered person to be sacrificed. The Al. by the Greeks Koronus : and both banians pitched upon the best man are a transposition for Koh-Orus, of the community, and made him or Chon.Orus, “ the lord Oras," pay for the wickedness of the rest. or 718. He was universally adored The Carthaginians chofe what they in Cyprus; but particularly in this thought the most excellent, and at part, which Porphy ry fuppofesto the same time the most dear to have been Salamis. This is ex them; which made the lot fall dent from Diodorus Siculus, who heavy upon their children. This mentions a city Ouranie here. is taken notice of by Silius Italicus He makes it indeed 'diftinct from in his fourth book :
Salamis ; but places it hard by,
between that city and Carpania; Mos erat in populis, quos condidit where the river Chor the Ouc advena Dido,
Our of the Plenicians, and the Pofcere cæde Deos veniam, et fla- Courium, Kepov, of the Greeks) grantibus aris,
runs at this day.
The Greek Infandum diau! parvos imponere thought Kronus was the famesas
Xparos : but it was an oriental
name ; and the etymology was to Kronus, to whom these sacrifices be looked for among people of were exhibited, was an oriental those parts. deity, the god of light and fire ; Βελος επ’ Ευφρητάο, Λιβυς κεκλιμονος and therefore always worshipped Αμμών. . with some reference to that ele. Awis e pus Neid wos, APAP KPONDE, ment. The Carthaginians, as I Ασσυριας Ζευς,
The Greeks, we find, called the efficacious of he general good. deity, to whom these offerings Those who were facrificed to were made, Agraulus; and feigned Kronus, were thrown into the that he was a woman, and the arms of a molten idol, which Itcod daughter of Cecrops. But how in the midf of a large fire, and came Cecrops to have any connec- was red with heat. The arms of rion with Cyprus ? Agraulus is a it were stretched out, with the corruption and transposition of the hands turned upwards, as it were original name, which should have to receive them; yet loping down. been tendered Uk El Aur, or Uk Elwards, so that they dropt from Aurus; but bas, like many other thence into a glowing furnace be. oriental titles, and names, been low. To other gods they were Atrangely fophifticated; and is here otherwise slaughtered ; and, as it changed to Agravlus. It was in is implied, by the very hands of reality the god of light; the Orus their parents. What can be more and Alorus, of whom I have faid fo horrid to the imagination, than to much, who was always worshipped suppose a father leading the dearest with fire. This deity was the of all his fons to such an infernal Moloch of the Tyrians and Ca- fhrine? or a mother, the most en. Daanites, and the Melech of the gaging and affectionate of her saft; that is, the great and prin- daughters, just rising to maturity, cipal god, the god of light, of to be laughtered at the altar of whom fire was eftcemed a symbol; Alhteroth or Baal? Justin describes and at whose farine, instead of this unnatural custom very patheviler vi&ims, they offered the tically. Quippe homines, ut victimas
immolabant ; et impuberes (qui, atas Such was the Kropus of the boftium mifericordiam provocat) aris Greeks, and the Moloch of the admovebant: pacem sanguine eorum Phenicians: and nothing can ap- expofcentes, pro corum vitâ Di ropear more shocking, than the fa gari maxime folent. Sucb was their crifices of the Tyrians and Car- blind zeal, that this was continuthaginians, which they performed ally practised; and so much of to this idol. In all emergencies natural affection still left unextio. of ftare, and times of general ca. guilhed, as to render the scene ten lamity, they devoted what was times more Mocking, from the most necessary and valuable to tenderness which they seemed to them, for an offering to the gods, express. They embraced their and particularly to Moloch. But children with great fondness; and besides these undetermined times encouraged them in the gentlest of bloodshed, they had particular terms, that they might not be apand prescribed seasons every year, palled at the light of the hellish when children were chosen out of process: begging them to submit the muft noble and reputable fa. with cheerfulness to this fearful milies, as I have before mentioned, operation. If there was any apIf a person had an only child, it pearance of a tear rising, or a cry was the more liable to be put to unawares escaping; the mother death, as being esteemed more ac- '(mothered it with her kisses ; that ceptable to the deity, and more there might not be any mow of
blood of men.
backwardness, or constraint : but god nor dæmon, than to have the whole be a free-will-offering. facrificed, in the manner they were Blanditiis, et ofculo comprimente va. wont, to the god which they agitum, ne flebilis hoftia immoletur. dored? Wherein they acted, not as These cruelendeatments over, they the person did, whom Empidocles stabbed them to the heart, or o. describes in some poetry, where - therwise opened the Nuices of life; he exposes this unnatural custom. and with the blood warm, as it The Gre there with many idle vows tan, besmeared the altar, and the offers up unwillingly his fon for a grim visage of the idol. These sacrifice; but the youth was so were the customs which the If. changed in feature and figure, that raelites learned of the people of his father did not know him. Canaan ; and for which they are These people used, knowingly and upbraided by the Pfalmift. “ They wilfully, to go through this bloody did not destroy the nations, con- work, and laughter their own off. cerning whom the Lord commande spring. Even they, who were ed them: but were mingled among childles;, would not be exempted the heathen, and learned their from this cursed tribote; but purworks. Yea, they sacrificed their chased children at a price of the fons and their daughters unto poorer fort, and put them to death devils, and shed innocent blood, with as little remorse as one would even the blood of their fons and of kill a lamb, or a chicken. The their daughters, whom they sacri. mother, who sacrificed her child, ficed unto the idols of Canaan : food by without any seeming lenfe and the land was polluted with of what she was losing, and withblood. Thus were they defied out uttering a groan. If a figh did with their own works, and went a by chance escape, she loft all the whoring with their own inventi. honour which the proposed to ons."
herself in the offering; and the These cruel rites, practised in so child was, notwithstanding, lain. many nations, made Plutarch de. All the time of this celebrity, bate with himself, “ whether it while the children were murdering, would not have been better for the there was a noise of clarions and Galatæ, or for the Scythians, to tabors founding before the idol; have had no tradition or concep. that the cries and shrieks of the tion of any superior beings, than victims might not be heard. Tell to have formed 10 themselves no. me now,
says Plutarch, " if tions of gods, who delighted in the monsters of old, the Ty. the blood of men; of gods, who phons, and the giants, were to esteemed human victims the most expel the gods, and to rule the acceptable and perfect sacrifice? world in their stead ? could they “ Would it not” says he, “ have require a service more horrid, been more eligible for the Cartha. than these infernal rites and sacriginians to have had the atheist fices?" Critias, or Diagoras, their law. giver at the commencement of their policy, and to have been taught, that there was neither
Erythrean gulf, and penetrated Of the Chaldeans, and their original. into Ethiopia. They were conti. From the same.
nually incroaching upon those
that were nearest to them; and I
even trespassed upon
their own made by Africanus, Eufebius, brotherhood. In procefs of time and others, between Chaldean and they got full poffeffion of Egypt, Arabian kings, is void of all and the whole coart of Africa foundation : and, were the lift, upon the Meditertanean even to that they produce, genuine, it the Atlantic ocean, “as Fár as Fez would determine the point against and Taffilet : and are to be found them. All that can be esteemed within the tropics almoft as lowas true in the series they produce, the Gold coast. Upon the Gambia is the names of those who are is the king of Barsally, of Arabian foremost in the list. And, how. extraction, as are all the Phooley ever mistaken they may have been nations ; who retain their original in those that follow ; yet, setting language, and are of the religion them aside, we may learn, in re- of Mahomet. One of these, Job fpect to the Chaldeans, what was · Ben Solomon by name, was not the opinion of these writers, and many years since in England. He what tradition had thought them; had been unjustly seized on by a that Ham, Chus, and Nimbrod prince, his neighbour, and carried were the heads of this nation. And to America, where he was fold as the Chaldeans were the most for a slave : but writing an affect. ancient inhabitants of the country ing account of his misfortune in called by their name ; there are his native tongue, it raised the no other principals, to whom we curiosity, as well as pity, of fome may refer their original. They perfons of confequence in these seem to have been the most early parts; who redeemed him, and fent conftituted, and settled, of any for him over; and having shewn people upon earth : And from their him singular marks of favour, at fituation it appears, and from every his request dispatched him to his other circumstance, that Chus was own country. the head of their family, and Nimbrod their first king. They feem to have been the only people, Memoirs of Richard Plantagenet, ( a that did not migrate at the general natural son of king Richard III.) dispersion : and the centre of their who died 22 Dec, 1550. 4 province was at Ur, not far from VI.) In a letter from Dr. Thothe conflux of the Tigris and Eu- mas Brett, to Dr. William War. phrates. From hence they ex. ren, prefident of Trinity hall. tended themselves under the names of Cuseans and Arabians, as far as Dear Will, Egypt west, and eaft ward to the Ganges; occupying to the south all the Afiatic sea-coast, and the whole of the large continent of Arabia : In the year 1720, (I have forgot And from thence they passed the the particular day, only remember
* * * *
**N Richárd Plantagenant.
it was about Michaelmas) I waited master, without knowing who his on the late lord Hencage, earl of parents were, till he was fifteen or Winchelsea, at Eaftwell-house, and fixteen years old ; only a gentlefound him fitting with the register man (who took occafion to acquaint of the parish of Eaft well lying open him he was no relation to him) before him. He told me, that he came once a quarter, and paid for had been looking there to see who his board, and took care to see that of his own family was mentioned he wanted nothing. And, one in it. But, says he, I have a cu- day, this gentleman took him, and riofity here to mow you. And carried him to a fine great house, then shewed me, and I immediate. where he passed through several ly transcribed it into my almanaek, stately rooms, in one of which he
Richard Plantagenet was burged left him, bidding him ftay there. **s the 22d daye of December, anno Then a man, finely dreft, with “ ut fupra. Ex Regiftro de Eaftwell, a star and garter, came to him ; “ sub anno, 1550. This is all the asked him fome questions, talked regifter mentions of him ; fo that kindly to him, and gave him some we cannot say, whether he was bu- money. Then the fore-mentioned ried in the church or church-yard; gentleman returned, and conducted nor is there now any other memo- him back to his schools rial of him, except the tradition in Some time after, the same gen. the family, and some little marks tleman came to him again, with · where his house stood. The story a horse and proper accoutrements, my lord told me was this : and told him, he must take a jour.
When Sir Thomas Moyle built ney with him into the country, that house, (East well-place) he ob.. They went into Leicestershire, and served his chief bricklayer, when came to Bosworth field; and he ever he left off work, retired with was carried to king Richard III's a book. Sir Thomas had curiosity tent. The king embraced him, to know what book the man read; and told him he was his son.“ But, but was some time before he could child,” says he, "to-morrow i discover it; he still putting the mud fight for my crown. And, book up if any one came toward assure yourself, if I lose. that, I will him. However, at laft, Sir Tho. lose my life too: but I hope to mas furprised him, and snatched preserve both. Do you stand in the book from him; and looking such a place, (directing him to a into it, found it to be Latin. Here particular place) where you may upon, he examined him, and find. see the battle, out of danger. And ing he pretty well understood that when I have gained the victory, language, he enquited, how he come to me; I will then own you came by his learning? Hereupon, to be mine, and take care of you. the man told him, as he had been But, if I should be so unfortunate a good master to him, he would as to lose the battle, then shift as venture to trust him with a secret well as you can, and take care to he had never before revealed to any let nobody know that I am your one. He then informed him, That father;'for no mercy will be hewed he was boarded with a Latin school. to any one fo nearly related to