Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

me:" Then the king gave him a he died, and find it to be about 816 purse of gold, and dismisled him. For Richard III, was killed Au.

He followed the king's direc. gust 23, 1485, (which fubftracted tions. And, when he saw the bat. from 1550, there remains 65) 10 tle was loft, and the king killed, which add 16, (for the age of be hafted to London, fold his horse. Richard Plantagenet at that time) and fine cloaths; and the better to and it makes 81. But, though he conceal himself from all sofpicion lived so that age, he could [arce

of being son to a king, and that enjoy, his retirement in his little - he might have means to live by house above two or three years, or

his honeft labour,' he put himself a little more. For I find by Phidappromice to a bricklayer. But, pot, that Sir Thomas Moyle did having a competent skill in the not purchase the estate of Éaftwell Latin tongue, he was unwilling to till about the year 1543 or 4. We lofe it; and having an inclination may therefore reasonably suppose, also to reading, and no delight in that, upon his building a new the conversation of those he was. house on his purchase, he could cbliged to work with, lie generally not come to live in it till 1546, spent all tire time he had to fpare buc that his workmen were conija in reading by himself.

nued to build the walls about his - Sir Thoinas faid, “ You are now sardens, and other conveniences off dd, and almost pait your labour ; from the house. Ana till he came I will give you the ruoning of mý to live in the house, he could not kitchen as long as you live." He well have an opportunity of ob. antwered, "Sir, you have a nu- ferving how Richard Plantagenet merous family; I have been used. rerired wish his book. So that it

to live retired; give me leave to was probably towards the latter á build a house of one room for my end of the year, 1546, when Richard

self, in such a field, and there, with and Sir Thomas had the fore-menyour good leave, I will live and tioned dialogue together. Conse. die." Sir Thomas granted his re. quently, Richard could not build queft; he built his house, and there his house, and have it dry enough continued to his death.

for him tolive in, rill:he year 1547. I suppose (tho' my lord did not. So that he mutt be 77 or 78 years mention it) that he went to eat in of age before he had his writ of the family and then retired to his ease. hut. My lord faid, that there was no park at that time; but when

Dear Brother Will, the park was made, that house was, taken into it, and continued stand

Your humble servant, ing till his (my lord's) father palled it down.' “ But,” said my

Tuo. BRETT. lord, " I would as soon have puls. Spring-Grove, - led down this house;" meaning Sept. 1, 1733. Eaftwell-place.

I have been computing the age of this Richard Plantagenent when 6. Vol. .

м

The ;

[ocr errors]

* * * I am,

The teftimony of Clement Maydoftane, Thomas Maydeftone, that all the

that the body of king Henry IV. above was true. was thrown into the Thames, and CLEMENT MAYDESTONE. not buried at Canterbury. Translated from a Latin manuscript in ahe library of Benet college, Cam. Of mufical founds; and of the origin bridge, M.IV.xcvili.

of the names of the days of the

week. From ibe connexion of the TH 'HIRTY days after the death Roman, Saxon, and Engliß Coins,

of Henry IV. one of his By William Clarke, M. A. domeftics came to the house of the Holy Trinity, in Houollow, T was discovered by obferva.

tion ftanders were talking at dinner. was in nature only feven different time of that king's irreproachable notes, or sounds, or, as the poet morals, this man said to a certain calls them, “i septem diferimina esquire, named Thomas Madef. vocum ;" that every octave was a tone, then fitting at table, “ Whe- repetition of the fame note, only ther he was a good man or not, higher or lower. This truth, myGod knows ; but of this I am cer. sterious as it truly is, could not be tain, that when his corpse was car- suffered to pass (such is the vanity ried from Westminster towards of human nature) without fome Canterbury, in a small veffel, in explication ; and therefore was order to be buried there, I and soon resolved into another myftery, two more threw his corpse into viz. that these seven musical notes the sea, between Berkengum and were the expressions of the fame Gravesend. And (he added with an tones, which the seven planets oath) we were overtaken by such made in the different spheres or a form of winds and waves, that revolutions. Pythagoras intro. many of the Nobility, who follow. duced this new principle into the ed us in eight ships, were dispersed, old. Greek philosophy. Macroso as with difficulty to escape being bius thinks he was the author of lost. But we, who were with the it ; but Quintilian does not scru. body, despairing of our lives, with ple to affirm, that it was taken one consent threw it into the sea; from the tradition of more ancient and a great calm ensued. The times. However this was, it was a coffin in which it lay, covered with prevailing opinion among the old cloth of gold, we carried with philosophers, especially the Pythagreat folemnity to Canterbury, and goreans. Among them, a man buried it. The monks of Canter. would have been thought to have bory therefore say, that the tomb had no music in his soul, who had (not the body) of Henry IV. is difputed this fundamental princi with us.

As Peter said of holy ple. Macrobius speaks of it, as riDavid, Acts xi,"

sing almoft to demonftration. “Ex As God Almighty is my witness his inexpugnabili ratione collectum and judge, I saw this man, and eft muficos sonos de fphaerarum heard tim fwear to my father, cæleftium converfione procedere."

The Let us

now come

The ancient planetary fyftem was cury, the inventor of the old fevenan unsettled thing it differed ftringed lyre, fitted it up and often, as the dark conjectures of tuned it in imitation of those their philosophers furnished a va. fpheres which the planets moved riety of opinions without fixing in. upon one. But it appears from

to Dion great authorities, that one of the Callius. What he says upon the molt popular and prevailing opin subject amounts to this: That nions was that which was after. calling the days of the week by wards called the Ptolemaic.. The the names of the seven planets earth was in the centre, and then was a cuftom taken from the the rest of the planets in this or. Egyptians; and, though not of der : first the Moon, then Mer- very ancient date, was then becury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Ju- come familiar among the Romans, piter and Saturn. As there were and received among all nations : seven planets, the lyre had for that this distribution of the days this reason seven strings : it was was owing to the music of the an. formed upon this plan to ex- cients. One of their most cele. press the harmony of the heavens. brated tunes was the Dia tessaron ; Varro calls the planetary system and Atriking the 'ftrings of the “ mobilem divûm lyram."" And lyre, as that tune directed, would Quintilian takes it for granted, afsign the days of the week to that the world was the great ori- each planet, just in that order, in ginal from which the lyre was which they are now ranged. There taken: "mundum ipfum ejus ra- is no explaining this well, without tione compofitum effe, quam poftea giving a scheme of it. The plafit ly ra imitata." One of the an. nets in the order of the old Ptole. cient musicians says, that Mer. maic syftem stood thus :

[blocks in formation]

Saturday. Thursday. Tuesday Sunday: Friday, Wednesday. Monday, The planets diftributed by the Diateffaron thus : 7 5 3

6

4 or, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. just as we place the days of the week.

1

2

In playing this tune upon the dary deities, if this had been the lyre, Dion indeed says, that you usual practice in that age. Reckftruck the outermoft Atring, or Sa- oning the month, and consequentturn, first; then every fourth ftring ly the year, by weeks, was very an. inclusive in their order. But it cient. Philo and Josephus affure appears by the old musicians, that us, that this diftribution of time there were several ways of begin. was universally received among all ning this tune, and that you might nations. set off from different strings. In The practice of affigning each reckoning the days of the week, day of the week to a particular they plainly began with the fourth: deity was, as Herodotus informs and it is allowed by the judges of us, an invention of the Egyprians: music, that friking the first Itring from thence it came by low adlast would make the composition vances into Italy and Rome. Mot more harmonious.

of the Eyyptian customs had been Dion's observation about the long beld in great contempt by antiquity of this custom, seems to the Romans ; but after Vefpafian be as well grounded. He says, had assumed the purple, and esta. that the ancient Greeks knew no. blished himself in the empire, they thing of it. It is certain, that the began to be more fashionable at universal reception of it among the court. This invention, wheneves Greeks and Romans could not be it was received there, came frem long before his time. Ovid would thence to our ancestors the Saxons, scarce have loft an opportunity of and is one instance, among many embellishing his Fafti with the others, of their great diipofition ftory of some of these hebdoma- to imitate the Roman customs.

ESSAYS

[merged small][ocr errors]

T

Thoughts on the Causes and Confe- writers, or their malevolence, is quences of the present high Price of superior; or, whether the absurProvisions.

dity of their principles, or the mir.

chief of them, is the greatest : Privatus illis census erat breyis but one may venture to affirm, Commune magnum.

that our people, notwithstanding

the present scarcity, are still beta HE high price of provi. ter fed than taught. This un

fions, and all the necessa- doubtedly makes it necessary, at ries of life, is an evil so incon- this time, that the true causes of venient to all conditions of men, this evil should be explained to and so intolerable to some, that them; which, if it leffens not it is not surprising that all should their wants, may in some measure suffer it with much discontent, and abate their ill-founded indigna. many be drove by it into despair, tion. or into riots, rapine, and all kinds To this end I shall endeavour of disorders. The latter, indeed, to sew, as concisely as poffible we cannot but expect, if we con- that the present high price of profider, that the enemies of all go. visions arises principally from vernment and subordination, so two sources; the increase of our numerous in this country, will not nacional debts, and the increase of fail to avail themselves of this fa- our riches; that is, from the po. vourable opportunity, to spread verty of the public, and the wealth universal diffatisfaction, and in- of private individuals. From what Aame the minds of the people to · causes these have been increased, seek redress by such infamous and and what have been the effects of dangerous methods. This they that increase, shall be the subject endeavour, too successfully, to of the few following pages. effect, by daily representing in the It will surely be unnecessary to public papers, that this calamity inquire into the causes of the late arises from the artifices of mono- immense increase of our national polizers, regraters, foreftallers, debt; whoever remembers the maand engroffers, encouraged, or at ny millions annually borrowed, least connived at, by minifters de- funded, and expended, during the firous of opprefsing the people, laft war, can be under no diffiand parliaments unattentive to culty to account for its increase. their complaints. It is hard to Topay interest for these new funds, say, whether the ignorance of these new taxes were every year im

posed

M 3

« ForrigeFortsett »