« ForrigeFortsett »
excellent of all poets, the model friends the privilege of defending and chief of all tragic writers, them, and to thew us, if they can, But let us still remember that that the art which we condemn hymns in honour of the Gods and as pernicious, is not only agree. the eulogiums of great men, are able but useful to the republic, the only kinds of poetry that and citizens. Let us liften to should be allowed in the republic;' their reasons with an impartial and that if we once allow this ear, and heartily agree that we imitative muse, who charms and shall ourselves be great gainers, deceives us by the foftness of her if they prove that we may, with. accents, the actions of men will out any risk, yield to such soft no longer have for their object, impressions ; otherwise, my dear either law, or any of thofe things Glaucus, like a wise man truck that are estimable, but grief and with the charms of his mistress, voluptuousness; the excited pafli. finding his virtue ready to defert ons will prevail instead of reason; him, break, though with regret, citizens will no longer remain so soft a chain, sacrifice love to virtuous and just men, ever in o. duty and to reason ; thus freed bedience to duty and equity, but from our infancy of the feducing senfual weak men, who will come attractions of poetry, and though sider good and evil through no perhaps too sensible of its beau. other medium than their own de.' iies, we will, however, furnish fires. In a word, always re. ourselves with itrength and rea. member, that in banishing from son againft ics delusive influence : our state dramatic and theatrical if we dare yield in any degree to representations, we do not pur. that taste which attracts us, we sue a barbarous prejudice; but must at least fear. to give way to that we give the preference to her first affe&ion: we will there. those immortal beauties which fore fay- to ourselves that there is result from the harmony of the nothing serious or useful in dra. soul, and the symmetry of the fa. maric pageantry, yet by liftening culties. .
sometimes to poetry, we hall Let us go ftill farther. To secure our hearts against its illo. guard against all partiality, and fions, as we will not suffer it to no way yield to that ancient dif. difturb order or liberty, either in cord which reigns between philo. the interior republic of the soul, sophers and poets, let us take or in that of human fociety. The nothing from poetry and imita.. lternative of becoming better or tion that may be any way pleaded worse, is not a trivial considerati. in their defence ; nor from our on, for indeed it cannot be weigh. selves those innocent pleasures ed with too much deliberation. which they may afford us. Let Oh! my friends, it is, I muit us so far honour truth as to re. acknowledge, a delectable thing spect even its image, and leave to yield to the charms of that be. every one at liberty to be heard, witching talent which leads to who proposes increasing his fame riches, honours, power, and glo. by her. `In imposing silence up. ry, but power, glory, riches, and on the poets, let us allow their even pleasures, are all eclipsed
and vanish like a shadow, before By this account giants appear ta justice and virtue. .
have been found in lat. 244 Touth;but upon referring to the map, the
account appears to be erroneous, The attention of the public having for cape St. Augustine, which is been greatly excited by the disc
faid to be in latitude 22, appears to covery faid to have been made by be in latitude 10; so that it is the Dolphin and others of his ma. doubtful whether the giants were jefty's hips, of a nation in South found in latitude 125, or 244. If America, of a moft extraordinary they were discovered after failing : and gigantic fize; and the go. two degrees and an half fouth from vernment not having yet thought St. Augustine, they were found in proper to admit an authentic pub. 124, it after failing two degrees lication of these discoveries : we and an half south, from that part imagine it may not be disagreeable of the Main of Brasil, which lies to our readers, to lay before them in 22, they were found in 24 and what former travellers have relat. an half. Such is the accuracy of ed of these remarkable people.
Harris. The account, however,
goes on.. THESE people are first " The next advance was to 49
I mentioned in the account degrees and an half south latitude ; of a voyage for new discoveries, here they were shut up by hard undertaken by Magellan in the weather, and forced to take up year 1519. The words in Har. their winter quarters for no less ris's abridgement of this account than five months. They for a are these : " When they had long time believed the country to crossed the line, and the south be uninhabited, but at length a pole appeared above the hori. savage of the neighbouring parts zon, they held on their south came up to give them a visit; he course and came upon the Main of was a brisk jolly fellow, merrily Brasil, about that part of it which disposed, singing and dancing all lies in twenty-two degrees. They the way he came ; being got to observed it to be all one continued the haven, he stood there, and tract of land, higher from the threw duft upon his head, upon cape St. Augustine, which is in which some people went ashore to this part of the country. Having him, who also throwing dụst'upon made two degrees and an half more their head, he came with them to south latitude, they fell in with a the ship without fear or suspicion. country inhabited by a wild sort The head of one of Magellan's, of people: They were of a pro. middle-sized men reached but to digious ftature, fierce and barba- his waist, and he was proportion. rous, made a horrible roaring ably big; his body was formidably noise, more like bulls than hus painted all over, especially his man creatures ; and yet with all face. A ftag's horn was drawn that mighty bulk were so nimble upon each cheek, and great red and light of food that none of the circles round his eyes; his colours Spaniards, or Portuguese could were otherwise: moftly yellow, overtake them.” i wis only his hair was white. For his
apparel, he had the skin of a beast as well as the rest, and were pleaf. clumsily sewed together, but a ed with their gingling found; beaft as strange as that was that, but, when they found themselves wore it; every way unaccount, hampered and betrayed, they im. able, neither mule, horse, nor plored the aid of some superior camel, but something of every and invisible being, by the name one, the ears of the first, the tail of Setebos ; upon this occasion of the second, and the shape and their strength appeared to be pro. body of the last; it was one en. portionable to their bulk, for one tire suit, all of one piece from of them defeated the utmost efforts head to 'foot; as: his breast and of nine men, and though they back were covered with it above, had him down, and tied his hands so his legs and feet were wrapped tightly, yet he freed himself from up in it below. The arms that he his bonds, and got loose, in spite brought with him were a stout bow of all their endeavours to detain and arrow: the strings of the him. Their appetite is also in bow was a gut or finew of the proportion to their ftrength; the beast whose skin covered him, and admiral gave them the name of the arrows were tipped with sharp Patagons, and took notice of the ftones.
following words; bread, capar; Magellan, the admiral, made water, oli; black, amel; sed, him eat and drink, and he enjoyed cheiche; red cloth, cherecai. They himself very comfortably till he tię up their hair, though it is short, happened to peep into a looking- with a cotton lace. They have glass that was given him among no fixed habitations, but certain other trifes : This put him into a moveable cottages, which they fright from which he could not easi. carry from place to place as their ly recover, so that starting back fancy leads them; these cottages with violence, he threw two of the are covered with che same fkin that men who stood by him to the covers, their bodies. A certain ground. This giant, however, sweet root, which they call by the fared so well, notwithstanding his . name they give to bread, capar, is fright by the looking-glass, that a considerable part of their food; the Spaniards had quickly the what fesh they eat is devoured company of more ; one in par. raw. ticular made himself mighty fa. They practise physic but in miliar, and shewed so much plea. two articles, vomiting and phle. fantry, and good humour, that the botomy, and both in a very ex. Europeans were greatly pleased traordinary manner.. To vomit with his company...
they thrust an arrow a foot and Magellan was desirous of mak, a half down the throat ; and to ing fome of these gigantic people bleed, they give the part affected, prisoners, and with this view his whether leg, arm, or face, a good crew filled their hands with toys chop with some sharp inftru. and little things that pleased them; ment." and in the mean time put iron Such is the account of the Pata. hackles upon their legs ; at first gons, as given by Harris, who says they thought them fine play-things he has taken the utmost paios to
give give it in the clearest manner pof. pws a-piece : They seemed not sible, by comparing all the different altogether ignorant of martial dif. relations of the Portuguese and cipline, as appeared by their meSpanish writers; and it is to be thod of ordering and ranging their hoped, that no man can read ihe men. They were the nation which account of the violence and per. Magellan called Patagons." fidy practised against these blame. The latitude of this island is not less, friendly, unsuspecting peo- particularly mentioned; it muft ple, without indignation. Harris, have been about 46 or 42. There however, suffers it to pass without is some difference in the accounts animadversion; and probably de- of their cloathing; Magellan says fcribed this attempt of Magellan they were cloathed from head to to betray the confidence of a rea- foot; Drake, that they were cosonable being, and to force him in- vered only round the waist, and to exile and misery, with as much upon the head ; but this may eaphlegm as he would the snaring a fly be accounted for, because tyger, or hooking a fish.
Magellan wintered with them, and Magellan himself was afterwards Drake saw them in summer. killed in an hoftile attempt to ex. These giants are next mentioned tort tribute from a king of Mathan, in an account of a voyage round or Matahan, one of the Ladrone the world, by Sir Thomas CavenIlands, to which he had juft as dish : Of which Harris's epitome much right as the king of Nathan is as follows: had to tribute from Spain.
“ Sailing from Cape Frio, in The Patagons are next menthe Brasils, they fell in upon the tioned in an account of the voyage coast of America, in 47 d. 20 m. of Sir Francis Drake; but in north, (it should be south) latitude. Harris's epitome their stature is not They proceeded to port Defire, ia particularly ascertained. The pa- laritule 50. Here the savages ragraph relating to them being wounded two of the company only as follows:
with their arrows, which are made is in failing south from the river of cane, headed with flints. A of Plate, in latitude 36 S. they wild and rude sort of creatures came to a good bay, in which they were ; and, as it seemed, of were several pretty islands; the a gigantic race, the measure of admiral being on shore in one of one of their feec being 18 inches these islands, the people came danc. in length, which, reckoning by ing and leaping about him, and the usual proportion, will give were very free to trade; they were about 7 feet and an half for their a comely strong-bodied people, ve. ftature.' Harris says, that this ry swift of foot, and of a brisk live. agrees very exactly with the acly constitution; their faces were count given of them by Magellan, painted, and their apparel only a but in his epitome of Magellan's covering of the skins of beasts, account, he says that the head of with the fur on, about their waists, one of his middle-sized men reachand something wreathed about ed but to the Patagonian's waift; their heads; they had bows an ell which, supposing Magellan's man long, but no more than two are to be but s feet 6 inches high, will
make make the Patagonian 9 at leaft. them to the cave which contained He says, indeed, that Magellan their wives and children, and killa gave them the name of Patagons, ed every one of them. Wben because their stature was five cu these ruffians rushed in the wod bits, or seven feet:fix, but, if fo, men covered their infants with his own account is inconfiftent with their own bodies, that they might itself, neither has he told os, in receive the first stab; the Duich what language Patagon expresses did not, indeed, murder, these this stature.
"I forlorn and defenceless wretches Oliver Noort, the first Dutch- in cold blood, but having butchers man tharattempted a voyage round ed the fathers and husbands, they the world, performed his expedi- took away fix of the childrens tion between the years 1598 and four boys and two girls, and cars 1601, and the account he gives ried them on thipboard. It is of the inhabitants of these parts, impoffible for any man whose feel as abridged by Harris, is to the ings of bumanity have not beca following effe&t:..
obtunded by felfithness or fuperfti. “ He went up the river at Port tion, to read the accounts of the Desire, and going on shore found discoveries and settlements of the beasts like ftags and buffaloes, also people of Europe, in other parts some savages, who,' he says, were of the world, without regretting tall portly men, painted, and armed their succes, and wishing that with short bows and arrows, that they had all perished in the age were headed with stone. ' tempt. In these expeditions they
These beasts, like buffaloes, pro. have filled the earth with violence, bably furnished the kins that Ma. and, as far as their influence could gellan described to have the ears of extend, diffused wickedness and an ass, the tail of a horse, and the misery, by every violation of the Tape of a camel, for the buffalo laws of nature, that the most has a bunch upon his back. I wanton cruelty and fordid avarice
Having afterwards entered the could prompt, while they diftioStreights, they saw some men up- guished themselves from those on two islands, near a cape which whom they destroyed, and enis here called cape Nassau. There saved, by the name of chriftians, is no cape marked either in the and gloried in the refinements of chart or map prefixed to Harris's honour, which, looking down upcollection by that name, nor has on mere moral obligation, prehe told us to which of the capes tends to merit beyond the limits pf that are marked this name was duty. . . given by the Durch. These fa.. One of the boys thus brought vages having now; by fad expe- on board Van Noort's feet, learnt rience, been taught to regard every the Dutch language, and gave European as an enemy, thook their intelligence to the following efweapons against the Dutch, in fect : that the inhabitants of che hopes to prevent their landing. continent near the island from The Dutch, however, did land up. which he had been taken, ücre on one of the islands, and the poor divided into different tribes; that Indians retreating, they pursued three of these tribes, which he