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last years they were the delight buried; and he made the followof our family ; and Jerom Carrè, ing reply, which will ever be fresh your first cousin once removed, in my memory. valued your works almoft as much

"I am

very sensible, that, as his own : they will without having never been exalted in this doubt please all the world, that is world to any of those, dignities to say, about thirty readers who which produce grand sentiments, have nothing to do."

and which elevate a man above William had no fuch ambitious himself, having been neither a views: he answered me with a privy-counsellor, nor a sheriff, nor modefty very becoming an author, a church-warden, I Thall be treated but very uncommon, “Ah! my after my death with very little cousin, do you think, that, a. ceremony. I shall be thrown into mong the 90,000 pamphlets pub. the charnel-house of St. Inno lished in Paris within these ten cent's, and nothing will be placed years, my trifes can find a place, on my grave but a wooden cross, and that I can float upon the river which has already served for oof oblivion which every day swal. thers; but I have always had such lows up so many excellent writ. a 'tender regard for my country,

that I am very averse to being bu« Though you should live but ried in a church-yard. Certain it fifteen days after your death,"re. is, that, dying of the disease with plied I,"even that would be a which I am attacked, I shall ftiok great deal; there are few who en horribly. This corruption of fo joy that advantage. The face of

many corpses that are buried at most men is to live unknown, and Paris, in or near the churches, nethose who have made the most cessarily affects the air, and as noise are sometimes forgotten the young Prolemy says, much to the day after their death; you will be purpose, when he was deliberating distinguished from the croud, and whether he should grant Pompey perhaps the very name of William an asylum, Vadé having the honour to be printed in one or two journals, Their putrifying bodies taint the air, may be transmitted to the latest pof- Ind with the living wage perpetual terity. Under what title would you have me publish your miscella. This ridiculous and odious custom. nies?" “ Coufin,” said he “I of paving the churches with the think the name of Trifles moft dead, occasions in Paris, every suitable to them ; most of the year, epidemical diseases, and all things that are done, faid, or the deceased contribute, more or printed, well deserve that title." less, to infect their country. The I admired my cousin's modesty,

Greeks and Romans were much and was extremely affected by it. wiser than we; their buryingJerom Carrè then entered the places were without the cities; chamber. William made his will, and even now there are many na. by which he left me absolute mir. tions in Europe where this 'salu. tress of his manuscripts. Jerom tary custom prevails. What plea. and I asked him where he would be sure would it afford a good citizen,

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to go and manure, for example, the of a tree, and afterwards cut it
barren plains of Sablons, and to down. I have always been thock.
contribute to the raifing of plenti. ed with this ingratitude.
ful harvefts L: By this prudent efta- Some time after William Vadé's
blishment generations will be mua death, we loft our good friend and
tually useful to each other; towns kinsman Jerom Carrè, so well
will be more healtby, and lands known in his time by the comedy
more fruitful. Indeed. I cannot of The Scotchwoman, which, he
but fay, that there is a want of faid, he translated for the advance.
police both for the living and the ment of polite literature. I think
dead."

it my duty to acquaint the public William talked a long time on with the diftrefs to which Jerom the subject. He had great views was reduced at the latter part of for the public good, and he died his life ; which thus he disclosed in while he was speaking of it, which my prefence to brother Giroflée, is one evident mark of genius, his confeffor.

As soon as this was over, I re- “ You know,” said he," that at solved to give him a magnificent my christening there were given me funeral, worthy of the great repue for patrons, St. Jerom, St. Thotation which he had acquired in the mas, and St. Raymond de Pennaworld. I went to the most cele fort, and that when I had the brated booksellers of Paris ; I pro- happiness to receive confirmation, posed their purchasing my cousin - there were added to my three pa. William's pofthumous works; Itrons, St. Ignatius de Loyola, Sr. even added to them some excellent Francis Xavier, St. Francis de differtations of his brother Antho. Borgia, and Rigis, all Jefuits, ny, and fome pieces of his firft, so that I ftyled myself Jerom-7 hocoufinonce removed, Jerom Carrè. mas-Raymond . Ignatius Xavier. I obtained three Louis d'ors in rea. Francis-Rigis Carré. I thought, dy money, a sum which William for a long time, that with so many had never poffefled at one time in patrons I could not be in want of all his life. I had funeral tickets any thing upon earth. Ah! bro. printed; I begged all the wits of ther Giroflee, how have I beende. Paris to honour with their presence ceived ! Patrons are like servants, the mass which I ordered for the the more we have, the worse we repose of William's soul; not one are served. But attend, if you came. I could not attend at the please, to my misfortuues. ceremony myself, and so William The reverend fathers the Jesuifts, was buried without any one's know. or Jefuits, were banished, because ing it. In the fame manner he had their inftitution is pernicious,con. lived: for though he had enriched trary to the rights of kings, and the fair with many comic operas, of human society, &c. Now Igna. which were the admiration of all tius de Loyola having been author Paris, they enjoyed the fruits of of that institution, after causing his genius, and neglected the au. himselfto be whipped at the college thor; thus (as the divine Plato of St. Barbe, and Xavier, Francis

says) wefuck an orange nd throw Bergia, and Regis, having practic. away the peel, we gather the fruits ed the same discipline, it is plain

they

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they are all equally blameable, and wit than himself, and he intermed. thus here are four faints whom I dled too much with business ; give muft necessarily devote to all the me a patron of such humility that devils.

no one ever heard him fpeak; that This raised in my mind fome is the faint for me." fcruples about St Thomas and St. Brother Giroflée laid before him Raymond de Pennafort. I read the impoffibility of being canoniz. their works, and I was aftonished ed and unknown; he gave a list of when I found in Thomas and in many other patrons, with whom Raymond, almost the very fame our friend was unacquainted, which words as in Bufembaum. I got rid was just the same thing ; but at as soon as possible of these two pa- each faint that he propoled, he detrons, and burnt their books, manded fomething for his con.

Thus was I reduced to the fingle vent ; for he knew that Carrè had name of Jerom ; but this Jerom, money. Jerom Carrè then cold the only parron that I had left, him this fory, which seems to me has been of no more service to me very curious : than the reft, is it because Jerom There was formerly a king of has no intereft in paradise ? I con- Spain who had promised to bestow fulted on this subje&t a man of great considerable donations on all the learning; he told me that Jerom inhabitants near Burgos, who had was the most choleric of all men ; been ruined by the war. They that he ufed moft gross and inju. came to the gates of the palaces rious language to John, the holy but the guards refused them adbishop of Jerusalem, and to the mitrance, except on condition that holy priest Rufinus ; that he even they should allow the guards to go called the latter Hydra and Scor. halves. Good Cardero first prepion, and that he insulted him af- sented himselt before she king; he ter he was dead: he fhewed me fell on his knees, and said, “Great the passages. At length I found Sir, I intreat your majefty to order my felf obliged to renounce Jerom, each of us a hundred lashes with a and to style myself nothing but thong." " A droll request this," plain Carrè, which is very dif- replied the king : “ why do you agreeable,

make it ? " " Because" faid CarThus Carrè lodged his grief in dero, “ your guards would abfo. the bofom of brother Giroflee, who lutely have half

of what you should made him this answer: “ You shall give us." The king laughed very not want for faints, my dear child; heartily, and made Cardero'a'con. take St. Francis d'Adise. « No.' fiderable present. This gave rise says Carrè, “ his wife of snown to the proverb, It is better to have would sometimes incline me to to do with God than with his jaints.laugh, and this is a ferious affair." With these sentiments my dear “ Well then, take St. Dominic.” Jerom Carrè departed this life ; I “ No, he was the founder of the have therefore annexed fome of his inquisition."-"Will you have St. works to those of William : and I Bernard ?"'--" He perfecuted. too fatter myself, that the Parisians, much poor Abelard, who had more for whom Vadé and Carrè have ala Voi. X.

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ways laboured, will pardon this composer would endeavour to fup. my preface.

ply its place, by factitious and un. Catherine Vadé, natural beauties; it would be

charged with frequent and regular

modulations, but cold, graceless, Curious extracts from Mr. Rousseau's and inexpressive. Recourse would 479'w letter on French mufic.

be had to trills, stops, thakes, and

other falle graces; which would Or the language most proper for music, ferve only to render the fong more te basnow firf translated.'

ridiculous, without rendering is

less in lipid. I Tanetalyeso conceive that some A music attended with fuch so,

languages are more proper for perfluous ornament will be always music than others, and that there faint and inexprefsive; while its may be some languages totally im. images, destitute of all force and proper for any. Of the latter kind energy, describe but a few objects would be a language composed of in a great number of notes, exaâly

, mixt founds, of mute, surd, and like Gothic writing, the lines of nasal syllables, of few sonorous which are full of strokes and cha. vowels, and a great many conso.racters, yet contain only two of nants and articulations; and which three words, and but a very small. might want some of those essential quantity of meaning in a great conditions which I shall speak of space of paper. under the article of measure. For The impoffibility of inventing the sake of curiosity, let us enquire agreeable Tongs would oblige the what would be the consequence composers to turn all their thoughts of applying music to such a lan. to the side of harmony; and for guage.

want of natural beauties to intro, In the first place, the want of duce those of arbitrary fashion, force in the sound of the vowels which have no other, merit than would oblige the composer to give lies in the delicacy of the execu. a good deal to the notes, and be- tion. Thus, instead of composing cause the language would be surd, good mofic, they would compofc the music would be noisy. In the difficult music; and to supply the second place, the hardness and fre. want of fimple melody, would mul. quency of the consonants would tiply their accompaniments. It oblige him to exclude a great num. would cost them much less çrou. ber of words, to proceed on others ble to lay a great many bad things only by elementary tones, so that one upon another, than to invent the music would be infipid and mo- one good one, notonous. For the same reason, it In order to remove the infipidiwould be now and tiresome, and ty, they would increase the confu. when the movement should be ever fion; they would imagine, they so licle accelerated, its halte would were making music when they were resemble that of a hard and angular only making a noise. body rolling along on the pavement. Another effect which would ren

As such a music would be desti. sult from this defect of melody, is, tute of all agreeable melody, the that she muficians, having only

falle

falfe idea ofit, would invent a me- now the different meafures of vocal lody of their own. Having nothing music could arise only from the of true mòfic, they would find no different methods of scanning a difdifficulty in multiplying its parts; course, and placing the long and bocause they would give that name" Thort syllables with regard to each to what was not so ; even to the other. This is very evident in the thorough bafs) to the unison of Greek music, whose meafures were which they would make no fcruple only so many formula of the rythto recite the counter-tenour, under 'mi furnished by the arrangements cover of a sort of accompaniment,, of long or short fyllables, and of whose pretended melody would those feet of which the language have no manner of relation to the and its i

poetry

y 'wére fusceptible. vocal part of the Tong. Wherever! So that, although one may very they saw notes they would find a well diftinguith in the musical rythtune, although in effect their tune mus the measure of the profody, would be nothing but a fuccellion the meafure of the vetfe, and the

Foces ," of be Let us proceed now to the meafare, doubted that the most agreeable in the difpofition of which confits' music, or at least that of the most the greater part of the beauty and complete cadence, would be thit exprefsion of the fong.

in which the three meafures should Measure is to melody nearly concur as perfectly as poffible. what syntax is to discourse: it is "After chefe eclaircille ments," I that which conneets the words, dif- return to my hypothesis,' and fupa tinguishes the phrases, and gives pose that the language I have been sense and confiftency to the whole. speaking of mould have a defeca Alf music whofe measure is not per- tive profody, indiftinct, inexact, ceived, if the fault lie in the person and without precision; that its long who executes it, resembles writing and short fyllables should have no in cypher, which requires one to fimple relations with regard to have à key to explain it; but if time or number, fo as to render its *** the music have no tensible measure rythmus agreeable, exact, and re. in itself, it is only a confused col gular; that its long syllables shouldlection of words taken at hazard, be fome Thorter and others longer land written without connexioni," than others ; that its short ones! in which the reader finde no fense, should in like manner be more or because the author gave them less short ; that it should have manone.

ny neither short nor long; and that - I have said that every national the difference between the one and music takes its principal character the other thould be indeterminate from the language which is peca. and almoft incommenfurable. It is liar to it and I should have added, clear that the national music, bethat it is the prosody of that lan- ing obliged to receive into its mea. guage which principally conftitatęs sure the irregularities of the profoits character, As vocal music long dy, would have fuch measure of preceded the instrumental, the late course vague, unequal, and hardly ter hath always received from the perceptible; that its recitative former both its tune and time would in particular parcake of this

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