my lord, I almoft ftatved myself meet any great man who can pre: to pay for this, and carried burs vail upon governor Davis to allow thens more than my strength, I me something out of the money hurred myself fo that I could not he has only upon condition that? work any longer; so that I waso I return to blindnefs once again, in defpair, and not care what be that I may go through evolutions come of me: but a friend put me with the recruits, and learn gun. to write with one Mr. Webfter, an nery and fortification, and if there attorney in Cheapfide, which for is war, to go one year as a volun å little time gor bread; but I was teer. If governor Davis writes, resolved, in despair, to go again that I have great man here my to India, because nobody would protector, my father, who looks put out his hand to help me to upon mé as a perfon run away learn ; and my uncle sent 60 pounds and forsaken, will make me an al to governor Davis to carry me lowance to learn. If I could clear back. I am afraid I am too trou. my own eyes, and ferve my coon: blesome in my accounts to your try and my religion, that is trod lordship; bar we people of Afia under the foot of Musalman, cannot say little in a great deal, would go through all Navery and like scholars. Now I met by danger with a glad heart but if chance fome gentlemen who en. I muft returns after four years couraged me, and gave me books slavery and misery; to the same to* read, and advised me to kiss ignorance, without doing any colonel Dingley's hands; and thew good, would break iny heart, my my bufinefs to him. He was a lord, in the end. ''I beg pardon, brave soldier, took 'me by the ' I have experience of your lordo; hand, spoke to his own ferjeant, ship's goodness, else I would not an honest man, to teach me ma. say so much ; I would not receiver nual exercise, and gave me Bland's but return, and I want nothing Military Discipline, and promised but a little speaking from the au. to help me to learn gunnery and thority of an Indian governor to fortification ; but I was again on- ny friends. I have always been fortuned; for, when light just honeft. - Those I have been slave began to come to my eyes, he' to will say I ain honest. Mr. Grey died, and I was like before, ex." trusted me." cept that I knew a little of mas' Here is a sort of story nothing nual exercise, and read some of but your lordship's good nature the Roman history ; could learn can make tolerable. I am "much no'more not live. I was broke obliged to your lordship for you! to pieces, and bowed my neck to patience;. : 1 Thall be very proud governor Davis,'to go over to my of giving your lordfhip all the proof friends, without doing any of in my power, how much I am, these things I suffered for. I am &o. 7 .7181 in this net at present ; but I am

Porta happier than all mankind, if I can

Joseph Amcen, Bill Vior: Trans


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Translation, from the Armenian, of two ancient kingdoms of Armenia bis letter to prince Heraclius. and Georgia, and that they are at

present under your majesty's pro-, To the most frining, mo christian, tection, being defirous, from the, { king Heracliusy of Georgia and readiness of my soul, to offer your Armenie.

majefty my service, which I hope

you will make no difficulty to acMy King,

cept it, as money is far from the LL things that have been delire of your majesty's servant, of the world to this day, are by him who has the role over his nam. the will of God, according to the tion; for, while I am here, I want, New Testament, All things were nothing :- I have a great friend made by Him; and without Him here, and that great friend is my was not any thing made that was protector; and that protector is made, God created the heaven - the fon of the king of England, and the earth, the sea and the If it please your majelty to inftruct land; and it is he that made you me of your will and pleasure, that king over two nations, Armeni- I may petition to this great prince, ans and Georgians. Glory, be to, in order to obtain leave to come God the Father of our Lord Jesus and to serve you as an European Chrift, that made you defender officer, aceording to my low abi.. and protector of those Christian lities; and that I may teach your nations, and of their faithy who foldiers to fight like Europeans, have been many hundred years who are very well known to your under the hands of Persian un- majesty, that with a few men they believers ::: and being now-deli. ; overcome many. vered by the mighty hands of your Your majesty has heard of the majelty, the fame God will also, - German nation, who, with no I hope, deliver chese Christians, more than twenty thousand men, who are under the hands of Otho- are able to give battle to a huna

for there is no difficuly in dred thousand Mahometans or the mighty hands of God; and Turks, an enemy to the Christian whosoever trust in Him, mall not nations. I would also acquaint be ashamed. It was He that de- your majesty, how it is, or by livered Ifrael; by the hand of the what means, that the European prophet Moses, out of the hands of nation


conquerors, Pharaoh, and fed chem with man, and so brave warriors. It is a na, according to the holy Psalms, rule among them, that whoever is which faith, men did eat the bread desirous to become a warrior, of angels. May the same God first, he is obliged to enter himself preserve and Itrenghten the wrist into the house of exercise, which of your majesty, to defend us from they call it here, an academy to the encroachment of barbarians ! learn or to study, four or five

years, Amen. A in

the art of war, that is to say, to Again, having heard the fame learn the art of building strong of your majesty's brave conqueft, castles, the like of which are not by which you have pofessed the to be found in all Ala ; and also


mans ;


the art of managing great guns in fia, who could not be so great a such a manner, as none of our warrior, and his country could

fortifications could stand before never have been so blessed and them for three days; likewise, the Aourished, had not he come ovet 'manner of encamping with judg- here to learn wisdom, who, when ment, and the way of ranging of he was in Holland, served in a the soldiers, so that they are like a place of thip-building, like one wall of iron, not to be broken- of the labourers, and humbled and, after having thoroughly com himself therein: wbofoever hum. pleated his study in that art, leaves bleth himself shall be exalted, &c. the place, goes and offers himself And when he returned into his and his service to his prince or own country, he was full of all king, thereby becomes an officer, manner of wisdom, by which be or fighter for his king and coun- made himfelf father, as well as trys and by long experience per- lord and king, over his country, fects himself in that great art; These are things which have made for the art of war here is not to the people of Europe to be con. be understood eafiy ; it contains querors, and to be esteemed mort many things difficult to be known, wife than all the nations upon the and very much preferable to the face of the earth; for amongit practice of Turks and Perfians. them are learned men, who tudy See, O mighty king, it is not by the way in which God has made strength of arm, that these nations all things according to theis não are called conquerors, but by.wile ture, by which they are able to do. dom and art." Here every thing things of great wonder and ufefula is by art and wisdom; for without, ness. - They send likewise into wisdom the land is not land ! and every part of the world, at a great the nations that dwell therein are expence, for to learn all things blind and unhappy. According that are produced upon or under to the Old Testament, which saith, the earth, by which they are inGod made the. heaven and the creased in wisdom and riches ; carth by his infinite wisdom ; their cities are very great, their therefore God loveth wisdom' for people are very happy, not being this reason. I say, whosoever fol. afraid of famine or dangers, and Joweth wisdom, he is dear, or they are under excellent laws, by beloved of God; for from wisdom which no man is suffered to do proceedeth all manner of good. wrong to another, though he is ness; also, a man is not mighty weak or poor. But this nation. without wisdom, nor wise without this great and mighty nation, righteousness. The ancient Ro- my king! where I live, is not only mans, who were so great, gave great and wise nation, but also de laws, and subdued all nations of itroyers of the devourers of matthe world: this was by art and kind. I am surprifed to sce, that wisdom, before our Saviour, al. even the sheep in this country sex though they were heathens and in quietrels without the least few idolaters; but they were virtuous of wolves. May the grear God and lived in good morals, Another grant your majesty's fubjets to example, Peter the Great, of Ruf- follow their examples, to grow

wife and conquerors, under the made me no answer, and my heart wisdom and courage of your ma- was grieved, and I had none to jefty, to whom God grant long comfort me in my griefs ; for I life, to trample your enemies like faid, the ants that creep upon the doft under your feet.

earth have a king, and we have May it please your majesty to not; and the nations of all counknow who your servant is, that tries make their laugh upon us; raises his head to speak to you, also perfecuting, saying to us, that and takes pains to know these you are masterless"; you have no things, with much labour, for your king of your own, and that you majesty's service, to whom God resemble the jews scattered upon grant victory. The name of your the face of the earth; you have no fervant is Emin, the son of Jofeph, love for one another ; you are withthe son of Michael, the son of Gre- out honour ; and by the disunity gory, who is descended from Emin, of your nation, all the nations in' who, in the day when Armenia fult you; you are contemptible, was broke under the battle-axe of and without zeal ; and you are as Shaw Abbas, was Minbalhby in his great lovers of money, as the hea. country; but he was made cap- thens did love their gods. I could tive, with others, and was carried' not bear all these reflections, whilft into Perfia, and placed at Hama. I grieved, and found none to heal dan; from him your majesty's ser. me. I obferved watchfully the vant is come, and he is called of Europeans, their wife customs, his name, being born at Hamadan; and their shipping, far better both but our captivity was grievous for failing and for war, than the under the Persians, who, fince Ma- ships of the Indians : and, above hometanism, which is well known ali, the practice of their foldiers, to your majesty, are grown quite who, if they were thoufands of barbarians, not being so civilized inen, by one word of command as the ywere in ancient times, (ac- from their officers, instantly all cording to the histories I have read together move and act, as if they in this blessed island) so that my were one man. Then I thought father flew from Hamadan, in the in my mind, that it was God that time of Shaw Thamas Kouly Kan, had put in my heart to think on into India, to a place called Cal. all things. Therefore, I spoke cutta, where the English have a not to my father, but had hopes fort, and soldiers, and a great in my heart, that if I went to trade, though their country is England, I should learn the art of seven months voyage from Bengal; war; and I was encouraged, for I there my father made himself a then heard a little, and not much, merchant to this day; and would of your majesty's name, until i have made me fuch as himself, but came here, where I learned that I did not submit to him, for I en. your majesty was established in quired of my fathers from my in- your kingdom, and had routed a fancy, the reason why we were great army of Persians. See! 0 perfecuted by infidels ? and why my king, what great thing the we did refide fo contemptibly a- wisdom is, by which this nation mongit lawless nations ? but they know country better than we

Vol. X,


do ;

do; and that this nation are awake, in your own country, no kingdom and we are asleep. On board the in the east would be like your ship I worked like a failor ; and kingdom, for riches and glory. afterwards, when I came here, May the eternal God, the Father was so reduced, that I was forced of our Lord Jesus Christ, fharpen by hunger, to offer myself to fale your seymitar upon all your ene. upon the Exchange, to be sent mies, and strengthen the wsift of into the new world. 'Oh! my king, your majesty's right hand, to prodo not pity me; no, not even at tect our distressed nation, accord. that time when you hear, or fee me ing to the wishes and labours of facrificed in your service; but pity your servant. those servants of Christ who de. : ferve pity ; but the omnipotent It is not certainly known whether God sayed me by the hands of an this letter came to Heraclius's Englishman; and the same God

hand. who heard the crying of my heart, 111 The letter to the D. of Ndid put it into the heart of a gene

is printed from the original, in

Emin's own hand writing; the rous nobleman, who is one of the pillars of the throne of England,

character remarkably fair, and

even mercantile, to assist me. He made me right in the counsel of my heart; he made me known to the son of the From Voltaire's Ignorant Philosopher. king of England; she sent me to learnt the art of war, according to wisdom.

world knows, at the school of the My ambition is to lay my know. Gymnosophists, the language of ledge at the feet of your majesty, beasts and that of plants. Walk. and to serve you in the belt of my ing one day in a field near the ability. For know, O my king, sea-lhores he heard these words: that what is not built on know. How unhappy am I to be born an ledge, though it is very Atrong herb! Scarce have I attained wo and lofty, is as if it were built inches in height, before a devour. upon fand ; 'therefore, my purpose ing monster, a horrid animal, is, to go well instructed into your tramples me under his feet; his majesty's service, and to catry with jaw is armed with a row of tharp me men skilful in all things, (if fcythes, with which he cuts me, you give me encouragement,) to tears me, and then swallows me. strengthen and polim your king. Man calls this monfter a sheep. I dom, like the kingdoms of Eụ. do not think there is in the whole rope : for you have a good coun- creation a more abominable creatry, and command over many ture. brave men; and if you could ga- Pythagoras advanced a few ther the Armenians, a rich and steps; he met with an oyster chat trading people, who are scattered

was yawning upon a small rock. to the east, and the west, and the He had not yet embraced that adnorth, and the south, under the mirable law by which we are forprotection of your majesty's arms bidden to eat our own likeness.

the place

of education, where . PYiha ndia, learnt, as all the


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