tests, and adding greatly to the his diet plain, and in his dress he danger, added also to the honour of affected the utmost fimplicity, difthis recreation. Henry rose by liking all ornaments, which might break of day, pursued the chace till encumber him and hinder his exevening with unabated ardour, and ercise, or shew an effeminare re. when he came home, though all his gard to his person. Yet this did servants were tired with following not proceed from inattention to him, he would not fit down; but women. He was but too sensible was always on his fee', except at

of the power of their attractions, his meals, which he usually made and too desirous to please them, very short. Even while he was even to the end of his life. consulting on business with his minifters, he stood, or walked. Thus Charakter of the Empress Matilda: he kept downi a difpofition to cor

From the same. wise

THILE Henry was served the alacrity of youth to old age. From the continual habit of received an account of the death exercise he was so indefatigable, ot his mother Matilda, the greateft that he would perform in one day lady that Europe had ever seen, lif occasion required it) a journey empress of Germany by her first of three or four to an ordinary tra-' marriage, countess of Anjou, Touveller ; by which expedition he raine, and Maine by her second, often came unexpectedly upon his and, by the will of her father conenemics, difconcerted the measures firming her claim from hereditary that were taken against him, and right, duchess of Normandy and crusted the first motions to rebel- queen of England. Yet he was lion or sedition, even in the most more truly great in the latter part diftant parts of all the several states of her life, when she acted only as that were under his government. a fubject under the reign, of her The frequent progresies he made fon, than at the time when she beabout England have already been held king Stephen her prisoner, and mentioned. They were very be- ' England at her feet. The violence nchciał to his people ; the execu- of her temper and pride, inflamed tion of the laws, the good order by fuccefs, had then dishonoured of cities, the improvement of agri. her character, and made her appears culture, manufactures, and trade,' to her friends, as well as to her being thus under his own immedi enemies, onworthy of the dominion ate inspection. He was the soul to which he was exalted : but of his kingdom, pervading every from the instructions of adversity, part of it, and animating the whole age, and reflektion, the learned the with his active vivacity. Nor were virtues she most wanted, moderahis cares for the public interrupted rion and mildness. There, joined by luxury,or the powers of his mind to the elevation and vigour of her disordered or enfeebled by excess. mind, wherein she had always sur. He was constantly fober, and often passed her sex, enabled her to beabftemious both in eating and come a most useful counsellor and drinking. His table was frugal, minister to her fon, in the affairs of

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his government, which, for fome majesty had one of the riprft and
time past, had been her fole ambi. grentesi counsellors of fate in Sir
tion. There is not in all history Philip Sidney thit then lived in
another example of a woman who Europe, to the trial of which he
had pofseft fuch high dignities, and “was pleased to leave his own
encountered such perils for the fake "credit engaged, until her majesty
of maintaining her power, being“ might please to employ this gen-
afterwards content to give it up, “tleman either amongst her friends
and, without forsaking the world, « or enemies.”
to live quietly in it; neither mix- The credit of the prince of
ing in cabals' againft the ftate, nor Orange wants no fupport; but I
afpiring to rule it beyond that li. will add, from the fame author, Sir
mited province, which was parti. Fulk Greville, the testimony of
cularly assigned to her administra. the earl of Leiceiter, who said to
tion! Such a conduct was merito. Sir Fulk, ".that when he under.
rious in the highest degree, and “ took the government of the Low-
more than atoned for all the errors " countries he carried his nephew
of her former behaviour.

“ (Sir Philip Sidney) over with
“him, as one amongst the reft ;

“ not only despising his youth for Character of Sir Philip Sidney, with “a counsellor, but withal bearing

a comparison between him and the hand over him as a forward celebrated chevalier Bayard. From young man. Notwithftanding,

« in short time he saw this fun

rifen above his horizon, ibai both I

Will add, that the two last, who " he and all his stars were glad 10

appear to have fashioned them. “ fetch light from him. And in selves upon the model of chivalry, "'the end acknowledged, that ke and to have poffefred in perfection held up the honour of bis cafual all the virtues of their order, were, “ authority by him whilt be lived, in France, the chevalier Bayard, " and found reason to withdraw and, in England, Sir Philip Sidney. himself from that burden after bis

In valour, courtesy, generosity, " death." But left this praise might and a high and noble sense of ho- be suspected as coming from a nour, the peculiar virtues of chi. relation, Sir Fulk fays further: valry, these two knights may be " In what extraordinary estimation well compared together ; but Sir “ his worth was, even amongst enePhilip Sidney's character, upon the “ mies, will appear by his death : whole, is much superior to Bayard's, “when Mendoza, a secretary of because he not only excelled in wit " many treafons against us, ackacw. and learning, but was also endow. “ ledged openly, that, huwfever be ed with great talents and abilities “ was glad King Philip, bis mester, for state affairs, as we know from " had loft in a private genileman a the testimony of the greateft ftates. “ dangerous enemy to his state ; yet man of that age, William prince of he could not but lament 19 sec ChrifOrange, who sent this meflage to tendom deprived of fo rare e light Queen Elizabeth by Sir Fulk Gre- in these clouu'y times, and bewail ville, « that (in his judgment) her Widow England (Jo be term.


the fame.

" poor


this place.)

man of

"ed her) that, having been many friend without hire, and “ years in breeding one eminent Spi- " the common rendezvous of worth Writ, was in a moment bereavid of

« in his time." . Since I wrote « him by the hands of a villian" this, the public has been enter. (or low common foldier; for that is tained wich the life of a very extrathe meaning of the word villain in ordinary man, the Lord Herbert

of Cherbury, written by himself, We may therefore conclude, from which he appears to have that, in the faculties of his mind, been as ftrongly poffetred with the Sir Philip Sidney rose above the high spirit of chivalry as Sir Philip highest pitch of knightly accom- Sidney, and was also a plishments, and was not only “un parts and learning. But he seems « Chevalier sans peur et sans re- to have had weaknesses and defects proche," but fit for the greatest in his character, arising chiefly offices of state and government. 'It from vanity, which are not to be seems indeed no less dithonourable found in Sidney, none of whose to the memory of Queen Elizabeth, actions were improper, and much that the hould have let such a fpi- less were they ridiculous. Yet it rit and such talents as his remain must be owned, if these gentlemen so long unemployed, than that the are compared as writers, chat Lord fhould have trusted so much of her Herbert's History nf King Henry most arduous business to her un.. the Eighth is superior upon the worthy favourite the earl of Lei. whole to any work of Sir Philip ceffer. As for the Chevalier Ba- Sidney. yard, he does not appear to have had

any extraordinary parts, or to have been ranked among the statesmen of the times in which he lived; The following curious particulars nor had he any superior degree of of lime remote nations and tribes knowledge, io diftinguith him of TARTARS, who are but little much from the ignorant nobility known, and even their names jela of his country : whereas Sir Philip dom heard of in Europe, are exhad acquired such a reputation for tracted from the travels of John science and taste in the fine arts, Bell of Antermony; and we doubt that, (to use the words of the above- 110t will be pleasing to many of mentioned author) - the univerfi. our readers. “ ties abroad and at home account" ed him a general Mæcenas of

Of the Kalmucks. "learning; dedicated their books “ to him, and communicated eve. HE author being at Cazan, “ ry invention or improvement of says, after dinner a “knowledge with him. There us crossed the river to visit a great

was not a cunning painter, a horfe-market, held by the Kal"' skilful engineer, an excellent muck Tartars; we saw about five « musician, or any other artificer or fix hundred of these people, afof extraordinary fame; that made , fembled in a field, with a number “ not himself known to this fa- of horses all running loose, except “ mous spirit, and found him his those on which the Tartars were



mounted. The buyers came from The dress ofthe women differs lit.
different parts of Rusia. The Tar- tle from that of the men, only their
tars had their tents pitched along gowns are somewhat longer than
the river side. Thele tents are of the coats of the men, a little or.
a conical figure ; there are several namented,and borderedwith party-
long poles erected inclining to coloured cloth; they wear ear.
one another, which are fixed at rings, and their hair all plaited
the top into something like a in locks. The better fori dress
hoop, that forms the circumfer- in filks in summer. It must be
ence of an aperture for letting out observed for the honour of their
the smoak, or admitting the light; women, that they are very honeft
across the poles are laid some small and fincere, and few of them
rods, from four to six feet long, lewd; adultery is a crime scarce
and faftened to them with thongs; ever heard of. The Tartars make
this frame is covered with pieces very good and faithful servants ;
of felt, made of coarse wool and and the more mildly they are used
hair. These tents afford better the better they perform their duty;
shelter than any other kind, and for their wandering unconfined
are so contrived as to be set up, manner of life naturally inspires
taken down, folded and packed up them with sentiments of liberty,
with great ease and quickness, and and aversion and hatred to tyranny
so light that a camel may carry and oppreffion.
five or fix of them. Where the chan All their wealth is their focks ;
or any person of character resides, like those who lived in the early
they are placed in strait lines. ages of the world, they have ca.
'These Tartars are strong made, mels, horses, cows, and sheep. The
ftout men, their faces broad, noses horses are of a good size for the
fattith, and eyes small and black, faddle, and very hardy; as they
but very quick. Their dress is run wild till they are sometimes
very simple, consisting of a loose fix years old, they are generally
coat of ineep-kins, tied with a headstrong; they are sold at this
girdle, a small round cap, turned fair at five to fifteen or fixteen
up with fur, having a tallel of red crowns, and the strong well-Ihaped
filk at the top, leather or linen natural pacers much higher. They
drawers, and boots : their heads are have a few camels, but many dro-
all shaved, except a lock behind, medaries, who have two protube-
which is plaited and hangs down rances on their backs. Their cows
their backs.

are of a middle size. The sheep They are armed with bows and large, having broad tails like those arrows, a sabre and lance, which in Turkey; the wool is coarse, but they manage

with great dexterity the mutton very fine. acquired by constant practice from In the preceding century a their infancy. They are men of Kalmuck prince, named Torgottcourage and resolution ; but much Chorluke, came from Alack-ulla, afraid fcannon, which puts their (which fignifies the spotted mounhorses in disorder. As they are, tains) a country situated between almost always on horse-back, they Siberia on the north, and India on are excellent riders.

the south, to the borders of Ruffia;

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and brought along with him about lian. Their language contains fifty thoufand families, or tents, as none of those horrid oaths comthey fometimes reckon. In his mon enough in tongues of more march westward to the Volga, he enlightened nations. They believe defeated Eyball utzick, a Tartar virtue leads to happiness, and vice prince, who lived in tents beyond to misery ; for, when desired to do the river Embo. Advancing for- what they think wrong, they reply, ward he met three other Tartar in a proverb, • Though a knife chiefs, named Kitla-haptzay, be iharp it cannot cut its own Malebash, and Etzan, whom he "handle.' also defeated. And at last fettled On long marches all their pro. to the east of the Volga, under the visions confift of cheese, or rather protection of the Russians. Chor- dried curd, made up into little balls, luke had fix sons ; Dangtzing the which they drink' when pounded oldest succeeded him in the govern- and mixt with water. If this kind ment, or chanship.

of food fails, they have always The present chan, named Ai- many spare horses, which they kill juka, is the fourth from Chorluke, and eat. They broil or roast the and is much efteemed in the east flesh before the fire, on pieces of for his fagacity and justice. I am broken arrows, and never eat it informed, that the reason why raw, as is commonly believed, un. Chorluke left his own country, less compelled by necessity. They was a dispute about the fucceffion have indeed large thick pieces of to the chanship. He, being en- horse-flesh, smoaked or dried in gaged on the weakest lide, and the sun, which they eat; but this having unsuccessfully tried his for- cannot properly be called raw. I tune in the field, at lait took the have taited some of it, and thought resolution of abandoning his own it not amiss. country altogether. These people As to their religion I can say are generally called the black Kal. little ; they are downright Heamucks, though they are not black, thens, and have many lamas or. but only swarthy.

priests, who can read and write, They have no money, except and are distinguished by their yelwhat they get from the Russians, low habits. Their high priest is and their other neighbours, in ex. called Delay Lama, and lives fac change for cattle : with this they to the eastward. buy meal sometimes, but mostly cloth, filk-ftuffs, and other apparel Of the Tzerimish and Tzoowash. for their women. They have no mechanics, except those who make There are two pretty numearms. They avoid all labour as rous tribes, called the Tzeri, the greatest Navery; their only mish and Tzoowah : they speak employment is tending their a language quite different from flocks, managing horses, and hunt. the Mahomeian Tartars in these ing. If they are angry with a parts, who use a corrupted dia. person, they wish he may live in leat of the Arabic, The Ma. one place, and work like a Rus. hometans likewise have some


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