ri Norwithtanding, the pleasure and animals from an infant ftate. we have received from this pet. The latter being destined to act, formance, and the esteem with extend their operations as their which we regard the author ; we powers increase: they exhibit a cannot take leave of him without progress in what they perform, as exprefling, gur, surprise, that so well as in the faculties they acable and zealous an, advocate for quire. This progress in the case benevolence fhould bave lavished of man is continued to a greater So much praise on the Spartan go. extent than in that of any other vernment is a government, which animal. Not only the individual besides many other enormities in advances from infancy to man. the very frame of it, not only hood, but the species itself from tolerated, but enjoined the most rudeness to civilization. Hence inhuman cruelties to be inflicted the supposed departure of man. on its innocent captives; that en. kind from the fate of their nadeavoured to eradicate from its ture ; hence our conjectures and members, all social tenderness and different opinions of what man domestic endearment, and, on must have been in the first age of every occasion to stifle the voice of his being. The poet, the histo. nature, and the cries of huma. . rian, and the moralist, frequently nity*. i i i. ... allude to this ancient time; and

We are now to give a specimen under the emblems of gold or of of Ms. Ferguson's work, and the iron, represent a condition and a best we think we can give, will manner of life, from which man. be some extracts from his sections kind have either degenerated, or

of the question relating to the on which they have greatly im“Itate of nature,' and of the proved. 3- On either supposition, ! moral sentiments;' in creating of the forft ftate of our nature must which he has so eminently diftin. have borne no resemblance to guished himself; andwhich, as what men have exhibited in any they will serve to give an idea of subsequent period; historical mo. the work, will also greatly con- numents, even of the earliest date, tribute to the entertainment, 'if are to be considered as novelcies; not instruction, of such of our and the most common establishreaders as have not seen the ori. , ments of human society are to be ginal. We are sorry that we are classed among the encroachments obliged, for want of room, to leave , which fraud, oppression, or a busy out part of them, vi iv yadgo9 . invention, i have made upon the Extraðs from the lection of be'owele reign of nature, by which the chief '' tion relating to the fate of na..

of our grievances or blessings were Diture..

1 Melde. equally with-held. : h

i ngossa P., si Among the writers who have je Natural productions are gene. attempted to diftinguish, io the hu. rally formed by degrees. Vege.! man character, its original qua. cables grow from a tender Ihoot, , lities, and to point out the limits

Seg a curious account of the ancient Lacedemonians, in the 3d vol. of our Register, for the year 1760.

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be. co

between nature ard ari, forne have made to OCCUPY a place in toe da represesied mackidd in their fint tural bitory of disereat aninals, Conditioning as pobried of mere 2. If the goesioa be pat, What nimal fenfibility, without any ex- the mind of a cooid perform, ercise of the faculties thai récder wheo left to ireit, and without then fuperior to the brates, with the ait of any foreiga direction? out any political union, withost we are to lock for our asswer in any means of explaining their feo. the bitory of mankind. Parti. timenis, and even without pol. cuiar experiments which have been'. selling any of the apprehenfions found to blefol in eftabirthing the and paffions which the yoice and principles of other sciences, could, the geftare are so well fitted to ex. probably, on this fobject, teach Others have made the state is nothing important, or new : of nature to confft in perpetual we are to take the hiftory of e. wars, kindled by competition for very active being from his conduct dominion and intereft, where eve. in ihe Gruation to which he is ry individual had a separate quare formed, not from his appearance rel with his kind, and where the in any forced or uncommon, con. presence of a fellow-creature was dition ; a wild man, therefore, the signal of baisle.-.

. caught in the woods, where he If both the earliest and the had always lived apart from his latest accounts collected from e. fpecies, is a fingular instance, very quarter of the earth, repre, not a specimen of any general fent mankind as assembled in character. As the anatomy of an troops and companies; and the eye which had never received the individual always joined by affec., impressions of light, or that of an 'tion to one pariy, while he is eat which had never felt the im. possibly opposed to another ; em. pulse of sounds, would probably ployed in the exercise of recol. exhibit defects in the very ftruclection and foresight; inclined to ture of the organs themselves, a. communicate his own sentiments, rising from their not being applied and to be made acquainted with to their proper functions; to any those of others ; these facts must particular case of this Tort would be admitted as the foundation of only. Thew in, wbat degree the all our reasoning relative to man. powers of apprehension and sen. His mixed difpofition, to friend. ciment could exift where they had Thip or enmity, his, reason, his not been employed, and what use of language and articulate would be the defects and imbecili, sounds, like the shape and the e. ties of a heart in which the emo. rect position of his body, are to, tions, that periain 10 society had", be considered as so many attri. never been felt.

r. butes of his nature : they are to Mankind are to be taken in be retained in his description, as groups, as they have always, the wing and the paw are in that fubfilted. The bistory of the ines of the eagle and the lion, and as, dividual is but a detail of the sen., different degrees of fierceness, yi. timents and thoughes he has co. gilance, timidity, or speed, are, tertained in the view of his spe.


eies: and every experiment rela- state, he is found to be above tive to this subje& fhould be made them; and in his greatest degene. with entire focieties, not with racy, never descends to their fesingle men. We have every rea- vel. He is, in fhort, a man in fon, however, to believe, that in every condition; and we can learn the case of such an experiment" nothing of his nature from the made, we shall suppose with a analogy of other animals. If we' colony, of children transplanted would know him, we muft attend from the nursery, and left to form to himself, to the course of his a society apart, untaught and 'un.' life, and the tenor of his conduct," disciplined', we should only have With him the society appears to the fame things repeated, which, be as old as 'the individual, and in fo many different parts of the the use of the tongue as universal earth, have been transacted alrea. as that of the hånd or the foot. If dy, The members of our little there was a time in which he had society would feed and sleep, his acquaintance with his own would herd together and play, species to make, and his faculties would have a language of their to acquire, it is a time of which own, would quarrel and divide, we have no record, and in rela. would be to one another the most - tion to which our opinions can important "objects of the scene, serve no purpose, and are support. and, in the ardour of their friend- ed by no evidence: Thips and competicions, would'o. We speak of art as distinguished verlook their personal danger, and from nature, but art itself is na. suspend the care of their felf-pre- tural to man. He is in some measervation. Has not the human sure the artificer of his own frame, race been planted like the colony as well as his fortune, and is de. in question? who has directed ftined, from the first age of his be.' their course ? whose instruction ing, to invent' and contrive. He have they heard? or whole exam. applies the same talents to a varie. vle have they followed ?_ ' ' ty of uurposes, and is nearly the

It would be ridiculous to affirm, fame pari in very different scenes. as a discovery, that the species of He would be always improving the horse was probably never the on his subject, and he carries this same with that of the lion; yer, intention wherever he moves, in opposition to what has dropped through the streets of the populous from the pens of eminent writers, city, or the wilds of the foreft.-we are obliged' to observe, that To whatever length he has carried men have always appeared among his artifice, there he seems to en animals a ditin&t and a fuperior joy the conveniences that suit his race; that neither the poffeffion nature, and to have found the conof similar organs, nor the approx. dition to which he is destined." imation of ñhape, nor the use of The tree which an American, on the hand, nor the continued inter the banks of the Orvonokó, has course with this sovereign artist, chofen to climb, for the retreats and has enabled any other species to the fodgement of his family, is to blend their nature or their inven. him a convenient dwelling. "The Lions with his ; that in his rudeft fopha, the vaulted dome, and the


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colonade, do not more effectual. vention are bat a contiédalion of ly content their native inhabi. certain devices which were prac

tised in the earlieft ages of the . If we are asked, therefore, Where world, and in the codex ftate of

the fate of nature is to be found mankind.: What the favage pro we may anfwer;. It is here; and feets, or observes, in the forcit, it matters not whether we are un. are the fteps which led nations, derstood to speak in the island of more advanced, from the archiGreat Britain,- at the Cape of tecture of the cottage 'to that of Good Hope, or the Straits of Ma. the palace, and conducted the hu. -gellan. While this active being man mind from the preceptions of is in the train of employing his fenfe to the general conclufions of talents, and of operating on the science, ti

?? pasi subjects around him, all Hituations, are equally natural. If we are .. told, that vice, at least, is con- Extracts from the section or moral fertrary to nature; we may answer,

. timent. . a . it is worse; it is folly and werch - . .. ... . ... edness. But if nature is only Upon a night obfervation of opposed to art, in what fituation - what paffes in human life, ve of the human race are the footsteps should be apt to conclude; that of art unknown ! In the condition the care of fubfiftence is the prinof the favage, as well as in that cipal spring of human actions,

of the citizen, are many proofs of This confideration leads to the in· human invention ; and in either vention and practice of mechani.

is not any permanent station, but' cal arts, it ferves to distinguish

a mere stage through which this amusement from bufiness; and, - travelling being is destined to pass, with many, scarcely admits into

If the palace be unnatural, the competition any other subject of cottage is less; and the pursuit or attention. The mighty highest refinements of political and in advantages of property and for. moral apprehension, are not more tune, when tript of the recom. artificial in their kind, than the mendations they derive from vani, first operations of sentiment and ty, or the more ferious regards to reason,

independence and power, only · If we admit that man is suscep. mean a provifion that is made for tible of improvement, and has in animal enjoyment; and if our sohimself a principle of progression,' 'lieitude on this subject were reand a defire of perfection, it ap. moved, not only the toils of the pears improper to say, that he has mechanic, but the ftudies of the quirted the ftare of his nature, learned, would cease; every de. when he has begun to procced; or 'partment of public bufiness would that he finds a station for which become unnecessary; very fenate

he was not intended, while, like hoofe would be that upp and evei other animals, he only follows the Ty place deserted. PT.

difpofition, and employs the pow.' Is man, therefore, in refpect to

ers that nature has given. So his object, to be claffed with the P. The latest efforts of human in- mere brutes, and only to be dif.


fingoished by faculties that qualis believed that Othello, on the fy him to multiply contrivances stage, was enraged for the loss of for the fupport and convenience his handkerchief, was' not more of animal life, and by the extent mistaken, than the reasoner who of a fapcy that renders the care of imputes any of the more vehement animal prefervation to him more pallions of men to the impressions burdensome than it is to the herd of mere profit or loss. with which he shares in the bounty Men assemble, to deliberate on of nature? If this were his case, businefs; they feparate from jca. the joy which attends on fuc- loufies of interest; but in their cess, or the griefs which arise from feveral collifons, whether as difappointment, would make the friends or as enemies; a fire is fum of his passions. The torrent ftruck out which the - regards to that wasted, or the inundation that interest or safety cannot confiae. enriched his possessions, would The value of a favour is not mea. give him all the emotion with fured when sentiments of kindness which he is seized, on the occa. are perceived ; and the term misa fion of a wrong by which his for fortune has but a feeble meaning, tunes are impaired, or of a benefit when compared to that of insult by which they are preserved and and wrong. . 925nen

enlarged. His fellow-creatures As actors or spectators, we are - would be considered merely as perpetually made to feel the dif.

they affected his interest. Profit , ference of human conduct, and or lofs would serve to mark the from a bare recital of transactions event of every transaction; and which have passed in ages and 'the epithets ueful or detrimental : countries remore from our own, Ewould serve to diftinguilh his are moved with admiration and .matesi in society, as they do the, pity, or transported with indigna. · tree, which bears plenty of fruit, fion and rage. Our sensibility on

from that which serves only to cum. this fubject gives their charm, in

ber the ground, or intercept his retirement, to the relations of his. - view. 1 trint Imanti

tory, and to the fictions of poetry : 1; This, however, is not the hifa fends forth the tear of compassior,

tory of our species. What comes gives to the -blood its brikkeft

from a fellow-creature is redeived movement, and to the eye its live. , with peculiar attention; and eve-, lieft glances of difpleasure.or joy. · Ty latiguage abounds with terms: It turns human, life into an inthat express somewhat in the tranf. teresting spectacle, and perpetually actions of men, different from suce, folicits even the indolept to mix, cess and disappointment. -.. The as opponents or friends, in the bofom kindles in company, while scenes which are acted before them.

the point of interest in view has Joined to the powers of delibera. *, nothing to inflame ; and a matter i tion and reafon, it constitutes the 4 frivolous in itself, becomes in. basis of a moral nature; and whilft

portant, when it serves to bring to it dictates the terms of praise and " light the intentions and charace of blame, fervés to, clal's our fele *," ters of men. The foreigner, who low-creatures by the most admi. "A!"

n ", ;'* i !! ! BitT rable

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