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without money of any kind. The view to find out the thief. The Chinese bring hither ingots of affair was conducted in this ungold, damask, and other &lk and common manner ; one of the lacotton ftuffs, tea, and some

porce- mas took a bench with four feet, lain ; which are generally of an which seems to have been of the inferior quality, and proper for conjuring kind; after turning it such a market. The Rusian com- several times, in different direcmodities are chiefly furs of all sorts. tions, at lait it pointed directly to Rhubarb is the principal article the tent where the stolen goods lay which is exchanged for these goods, concealed. The lama now-mountgreat quantities whereof are pro- ed aftride on the bench, and foon duced in this country, without any carried it, or, as was commonly culture. The Mongalls gather and believed, it carried him to the vedry it in autumn, and bring it to ry tent; where he ordered the dathis market, where it is bought up malk to be produced. The demand at an easy rate, both by the Russian was directly complied with ; for and Chinese merchants.

it is vain, in such cases, to offer The Kutuchtu and his lamas are

any excuse. all clothed in yellow, and no lay- I shall now subjoin a few obserman is allowed to wear this colour, vations on the Delay-Lama, or except the prince. This mark of priest of the desart, who is reckondiftination makes them known and ed still superior to the Kutuchtu. respected every where. They also He lives about a month's journey wear about their necks a string of to the south-east of this place, beads, which are used in faying among a people called the Tontheir prayers. The Mongalls be- guts, who use a different language lieve in, and worship, one Al. from the Kulmucks. I am inform. mighty Creator of all things. ed that the religion of the Ton. They hold that the Kutuchtu is guts is the same with that of the God's vicegerent on earth; and Mongalls; that they hold the same that there will be a state of future opinions with respect to the transrewards and punishments.

migration of the Delay-Lama, as The following relation, which I the Mongalls do about the Ku. had from a Russian merchant, to tuchtu, and that he is elected in whom the thing happened, will the same manner. What appears

Thew the methods taken by these most surprising is, that these two - lamas, to maintain the dignity and mighty Lamas keep a good correla

character of their mighty high pondence, and never encroach prieft. This merchant had gone on one another's privileges. The to the Urga, with an intention to word delay fignibes either the sea, trade with the Chinese. While or a great plain, such as this prieft he was at this place, some pieces inhabits. of damalk were stolen out of his tent. He made a complaint to Of an Interview, and Hunting fome of the lamas with whom he Match with a Mongall Batya, or was acquainted, and the matter Hero. was soon brought before the Ku. tuchtu, who immediately ordered A chief, named Tayfha, of those proper steps to be taken with a Mongalls who are subjects of his majesty, came to pay his respects hills, and through tall woods, hav. to the ambassador, who

ma.

gave

bim ing almost no underwood to incoma friendly reception, and kept him mode the horses, or interrupt our to dinner. He was a merry old view, which made it very pleasant. man, near fourscore, but so vigo. After riding a few miles, the Tay. rous, that he could mount a horse

sha, being master of the chace, os. with as much agility as many dered his

men to extend their lines. young men. He was accompanied The Taysha and we were in the with five sons, and many attend- centre; and often saw the game ants, who treated him with equal pass us, pursued by the horsemen, respect as a king; and even his at full ipeed, without the leaft fons would not fit down in his pre- noise, but the whistling of arrows. sence, till he desired them, I con- The horses, being accustomed to fefs it gave me great pleasure to this kind of sport, follow the game see the decency with which they as a greyhound does a hare ; so that behaved. One of our company, a the riders lay the bridles on their pretty fat man, asked the Taysha necks, and attend to nothing but what he would do in order to be their bows and arrows. One may as lean as he was. The old man easily imagine the exquisite enterreplied in these few words, “Eat tainment, in seeing several of these less, and work more :” a saying horsemen in the pursuit of an elk worty of Hippocrates himself. In or ftag through the valleys. When his youth he had been engaged in the avimal is driven from the many battles with the Chinese, woods, it Aies, for safety, to the whom he held in great contempt. nearest rocks. Some of these creaAs he was a keen sportsman, the tures are nearly as large, and ambassador made an appointment strong, as the horses that hunt with him for a grand hunting them. The stags are of two kinds; match. After which he and his re- one called zuber, the same with the tinue returned to their tents. German crownhirsh, but somewhat

The Talha-Batyr arrived, in larger. The zuber is large and consequence of his appointment beautiful, and carries its head alwith the ambassador, and brought most upright as it runs ; which along with him three hundred prevents its horns being entangled men, well mounted for the chace. with branches of trees. There are This old gentleman had the appel- none of them in Ruflia, nor even in lation of Batyr; a title of great re. Siberia, except about the Baykall spect among the Mongalls. It fig. lake, and eastward from it, the nifies a hero; and is conferred only places farther to the north being on those who have signalized them. 100 cold for them. The elk is selves, by their courage and con- larger than the ftag, and Atronger duet, in the field of battle. Besides made ; having also long branchy these Mongalls, we carried with horns, but a little flat. .us fifty of oor Cossacks, and our Tired with fport, we left the tents, as we proposed to be abroad hills in the afternoon, and came fome days.

down into a fine valley, where we Early on the 6th, we took our pitched our tents, near a pure way to the eastward, over high brook. The Taytha then ordered

all the dead game to be brought finds himself to the leeward of before him, and ranged in proper them, the only method, by which order. We found, that, this day, he can save himself from their fury, we had killed no less than five is to kindle immediately the grafs large elks, four stags, a dozen roe. where he stands, and follow his bucks, several wolves and foxes, own fire. For this purpose, every besides fawns and hares.

person is provided with Aints, steel, The Taysha caused the game to and tinder. The reason why the be divided among the huntsmen; Mongalls set fire to the grass is to who began immediately to dress it, procure early pasture for their cat. some of them by boiling, others by ile. The ases, left upon the broiling, and eat it without either ground, sink into the earth at the bread, or falt. The tails of the melting of the snow, and prove an ftags, which, by these people, are excellent manure'; fo that the grass, reckoned very delicate, fell to the in the spring, rises on the lands, Tayfha's share. He cut them into which have been prepared in this Nices, and eat them raw. I eat a manner, as thick as a field of wheat, bit of one of them, and thought it Caravans, travellers with'merchanvery palatable. The taste resem- dise, but especially armies, never bled noching so much as that of encamp upon this rank grass. And fresh caviare. After we had feast, there are several instances of confi. ed on variety of excellent venison, derable bodies of men being put for we had no other provisions, we in confusion, and even defeated, went to rest, well satisfied with the by the enemy's setting fire to the diversion of the day.

grass. Our author gives the following at

count of the custom among the Character of the Duke of ShrewsMongall Tartars, of setting the bury :

book entitled, grass on fire, in the vast plains of Thoughts, Elays, and Maxims,

chiefly Religious and Political. By

Charles Howard, Esq. of GreyThe grass is rank and thick, fock, in Cumberland. and, as the season is very dry, would, with little labour, make Harles Talbot, duke of Shrewf. set on fire, by the Mongalls, in the earl in England, of a most ancient spring, during high winds. At family, and either a lineal or a such times it burns most furiously, collateral descendant from the re. running like wild-fire, and spread. nowned Talbot, who made fo ing its fames to the distance of conspicuous a figure in France, in perhaps ten or twenty miles, till the wars between England and its progress is interrupted by some France in the reigns of Henry V. river or barren hill. The impe- and VI. He was not brought up tuofity of these flames, their smoke to the military art, but had great and crackling noise, cannot easily talents and abilities as a ministér be conceived by those who have and ftatesman, and the real and not seen them. When any person true politeness of a nobleman. He

pafled

From a

their country.

passed through most of the great tent and satisfaction to a people ofices of state ; he was knight of who are not casily pleased, from the garter, ambassador in France, the above reasons; which is a very lord lieutenant in Ireland, and, i strong proof of the folidity of his believe, once fecretary of state; understanding, juftness of think. in all which ftations he had the ing, disinterefted and upright be. happiness to please, and give fa. haviour, and more particularly so tisfaction. He is very well spoken in him, as he had to struggle with of in France and Ireland, though the odiam of having changed his this latter cauntry was at that religion among a nation who, at time the most difficult to govern that time, were five to one Roman and content, from the rage of Catholics, and were, from reparty and faction which then pre. ligious and political principles, vailed in the remnants of Jacobi, very zealous and furious to those tism, so rooted in that people's they looked upon or regarded as understanding; it being imme- apoftates. The duke of Norfolk diately or soon after the revolu. and himself conformed to the Pro. tion, when king William gained teftant religion in Charles II's the crown of Great Britain with. reign, at the time of Oates's plot; out the loss of one man's life : but as he had ng issue by the but as he established himself in Italian lady he married (Poaloty,) Ireland by victory, coutage, and the family continue Roman Ca. military skill superior to his op- tholics, and is very respectably re. ponent, this of course. left more presented in the moral and truly Fancour in that people's mind, religious earl of Shrewsbury. His from the natural consequences of attachment to his family was nothe humiliating confideration of ble, just, and praise-worthy; for being beaten; and a lively people, though he disliked his fucceffor, as the Irish are, were more par- he left him all his eflate, free and ricularly affected by it. This unencumbered, with this saying, spirit of remembrance was “ Though I dillike George Tal. fully kept up by all the principles bot, I leave my estate to the earl of religion, and the most violent of Shrewsbury." jealousy; and perhaps encouraged In James II's reign, he went by foreign powers, as well as all over to Holland, to young Nassau, the interest and influence of the prince of Orange, and landed with Stuart family, who then resided at him in England, and was very in. St. Germain in France, and who strumental in the revolution, Pera ever lived in the flattering hopes haps he might be induced to take of a restoration ; for which reason this step, from the Letters of Cole. it is the writer's opinion, that una man, who was secretary to the happy Stuart family has done duke of York; and which were more harm to Irish Roman Catho. published at the time of Oates's lics, than many of the penal laws, plor: by these it plainly appears, as they were fundamentally the that the measures pursued by that occafion of their being made. At unhappy monarch could answer no this time, and under these circum- end bur to defeat his own inten. Itances, this nobleman gave con. tions; ruin and dethrone hiinself,

and

art

and hutt bis own friends and ad. regard or look upon Oates's plot herents. He could have no mo- to be one of the most vile forgetive in his junction with the prince ries and perjuries that ever dif. of Orange but a lincere conviction graced the annals of English his(in the writer's opinion), that in tory; or to suppose that the vis. doing of it he was serving, his count Stafford, who was executed country : for he was made duke for the same, was not the reverse by him afterwards in 1694. He of the character and dispositions might, in all probability, have re- he was charged with by those per. ceived the fame honours from jured wretches Bedloe and Oates; James II. He wanted no acqui. the latter of whom was convicted Lition of fortune, having a very of perjury in the short reign of good one, and he always lived James II, and publicly whipt at a within compass; but then he did cart's tail through the streets of not trim, or stand shilly-shally, London ; and king William, after but manly, and nobleman-like, the revolution, never attempted to pursued the measures he thought reverse his attainder. right: he took a fide, and on that Though he changed his religion fide was firm and strong. What. himself, he, unlike many converts, ever faults he might have (and who did not think himself obliged to is without them?) they were only behave with more violence than personal, and did not concern the others against his old friends, public: the writer has therefore weakly to thew the fincerity of his no business to meddle with them. conviction; on the contrary, he

In a word, he seems to have, ever behaved with the greatest been very deserving of the cha. moderation, candour, and civility, racter one of the greatest of the to the Roman Catholics. His English poets, Pope, gave him: leaving his estate, as mentioned, and was a worthy descendant of is one proof; and his supporting his renowned ancestor, so well Savage, earl of Rivers, a Roman characterized by the immortal Catholic priest and nobleman, in towering genius Shakespear, in a family dispute in which he had the picture he gives of the father been so ill used, that in heat and and son, in his Henry VI. where resentment he conformed to the the son is brought in dead before Proteftant religion, againft 'his bis father,

own conviction. The duke told

him, " My lord, what you have Come, come, and lay him in his done in a private fort of manner father's arms;

before a justice of peace, do pubMy spirit can no longer bear these licly in the house of lords, and take harms.

your seat, and you will be fupSoldiers, adieu! I have what I ported according to the juftners would have,

of your pretensions.". Upon his Now my old arms are young John replying, “ My lord, I have Talbot's grave.

through passion and resentment

gone too far already;' the duke's N. B. The writer would not answer was worthy of himself : be thought or understood not to “ My lord, I never will press a

"tender

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