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Upon the whole, it is thought by many, that if George I. who Character of Cardinal de Fleury. was in himself a humane and com.

From the fame. paffionate prince, had not been fo much set againft him, he would Peace is my delight, not FLEURY'S have accepted of his services,

РОРЕ. when he made a tender and offer of them, upon his landing at Ardinal Fleury was a very Greenwich.

good and intelligent minir With all his foibles and weak- ter, and, upon the whole; pursued nesses, he might have become a the real intereit of France. He very good subject, and a useful

was honest, fincere; religious, and member to fociety, particularly moral ; qualifications and virtues to Ireland, his native country, which, when united (and it is to when he had seen his errors; for be wished they were oftener found to do the Irish justice, with whom in ministers) will ever, without the writer is well acquainted, in- even extraordinary and over-lhin. gratitude doth not seem to be a. ing abilities and talents, make mong their national vices. That statesmen serve their country the he would have seen his errors, and better; because they then act have corrected them, there is ihe upon principle, and think they greateft probability and reason to are accountable for their actions think, because it is credibly af. to more than man, and have more ferted, and I believe known that than that vague and vain love of he absolutely refused, directly or fame and popularity, or fear of indire&tly, to be concerned in any punishment in this world, to incite of the confusions and troubles that and spur them to the performance happened in his country in the and execution of good in them. year 1745. Why not change his felves, and the prevention of evil opinions, or correct his errors? It in others; all which minifters have is never too late to mend, or own much in their power to do, when you have been in the wrong, power falls into the hands of men which is next to being in the of abilities, application, and good right. Some of his friends aver, morals ; which must ever take that he never externally professed their spring from real religion, and a thing, but what he internally a belief and hope of a future rebelieved at the time, and was fin. ward, and the fear of the like pucere: this is very difficult to cre- nishment. Such was Cardinal Fleu. dit, as it rarely happens in such ry in the beginning of his apfrequent changes; especially as he pearance in public, then preceptot seldom veered but when his interest to Lewis XV. and during that or power was thereby enlarged: time he instilled into his prince but if it be true, it only shews a those real principles of religion weakness, and a mutability of dif. which very apparently, upon many poficiop liable to the influence of occasions, animate that monarch. others,

He was a good minister to France,

because

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because he confined himself to her much sooner. France in that war natural strength, the encourage- was very successful in Flanders, ment of her manufactures, and the though not in Germany, or by improvement of the intrinsic and sea ; and, in the writer's opinion, natural advantages with which it was no ways advantageous to Providence has blessed that king, France upon the whole ; for the dom above all the rest of Europe ; recived more real benefit by ihat not vainly attempting to make it most sensible treaty whereby the go out from itself, in forcing it to acquired Lorrain, made by this be, what nature and its situation great and honest minister, than by never designed it, the first mari. all its conquests of that rich and time power; because then it would fertile country of Austrian Flan. naturally weaken its military ders. ftrength, which is very necessary In a word, most governments to support itself against the power- have more territory and country ful kingdoms that surround it, and than they improve and make good are, not without reason, jealous of use of. its too much increasing power : besides, a well regulated and disciplined military force is very ne. Some account of Mrs. Thomas, the cessary to keep fo lively a people in celebrated Corinna ; from the 121b due order and subordination.

volume, or Supplement to the Ge. He kept France in peace very neral Biographical Dictionary

his whole adminiftration, lately published. which was above twenty-seven years, except a small interval of a HOMAS (Mrs.) known to sort of war in 1734; and that, the world by the poetical by his very able head and hu. name of Corinna, was the child of mane disposition, he hindered from an ancient and infirm parent, who spreading, and finished without gave her life when he was dying making it general, and of course himself, and to whose unhappy conprevented a devaftation and laugh. ftitution she was sole heiress. From ter of mankind. It is true, upon her very birth, which happened in the death of the emperor, the 1675, she was afflicted with fevers queen of Hungary's father, he and defluxions, and, being over. was, somehow or other, brought nursed, her conftitution was so de.

war in his very old age, licate and tender, that, bad she nog with the rest of the Germanic been of a gay difpofition, and pof. princes, about the division of the sessed of a vigorous mind, she must territories of that illustrious and have been more unhappy than the magnanimous princess ; soon after actually was. which he died, at the age of eighty- Her father dying, when she was four.

scarce two years old, and her mo. In all human probability, had ther not knowing his real circumhe lived, and retained his parts ftances, as he was supposed, from and understanding, which is noi the splendour of his manner of life, very common at so very great an to be very rich, some inconveni. age, he would have finished it ences were incurred, in bestowing

upon

near

into a

upon him a pompous funeral, mistress, queen Elizabeth, she pulwhich in those times was fashion- led them from her own royal hands, able. The mother of our poetess, saying, here Glyson, wear them in the bloom of eighteen, was con- for my fake. I have done so with demned to the arms of this man, veneration, and never drew them upwards of fixty, upon the fuppo. on, but when I had a mind to ho. fition of his being wealthy, but in nour those whom I visit, as I now which she was foon miserably de. do you; and since you love the ceived. She disposed of two houses memory of my royal mistress, take her husband kept, one in town, the them, and preserve them carefully other in the county of Essex, and when I am gone." The doctor retired into a private, but decent, then went home, and died in a few country lodging. The house where days, she boarded was an eminent cloth- This gentleman's death left her worker's in the county of Surry, again without a companion, and an but the people of the house proved uneasiness hung upon her, visible, very disagreeable. The lady had to the people of ihe house ; who no conversation to divert her; the guessing the cause to proceed from landlord was an illiterate man, and solitude, recommended to her acthe rest of the family brutish, and quaintance another physician, of a unmannerly. At laft Mrs. Thomas different cast from the former. He attracted the notice of Dr. Glysson, was denominated by them a conju. who observing her at church very rer, and was said to be capable of splendidly dressed, folicited her raising the devil. This circumacquaintance. He was a valuable ftance diverted Mrs. Thomas, who piece of antiquity, being then, imagined that the man whom they 1683, 100 years of age. His per. called a conjurer, must have more son was tall, his bones very large, sense than they understood. The his bair like. snow, a venerable doctor was invited to vifit her, and afpect, and a complexion which appeared in a greasy black grogram, might Thame the bloom of fifteen. which he called his scholar's coat; He enjoyed a sound judgment, and a long beard; and other marks of a memory so tenacious, and clear, a philosophical negligenceHe that his company was very engag; brought all his little mathe ingrical ing. His visits greatly alleviated trinkets, and played over his tricks the folitude of this lady. The last for the diversion of the lady, whom, vifit he made to Mrs. Thomas, he by a private whisper, he let into the drew on, with much attention, à fécrets as he performed them, that pair of rich Spanish leather gloves, the might see there was nothing of emboft on the backs and tops with magic in the case. The two most gold embroidery, and fringed round remarkable articles of his performwith gold. The lady could not ancé were, first lighting a candle help exprefling her curiosity; to at a glass of cold water, performknow the history of those gloves, ed by touching the brim before which he feemed to rouch with fo with phosphorus, a chymical fire muché respect. He anfwered, " I which is preserved in water and do respect them, for the lait time I burns there ; and next reading the had the honour of approaching my smallest print by a candle of lix in

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the pound, at 100 yards distance the grand secret of projection, I in the open air, and darkeft night. tranimuted some lead I pulled off This was performed by a large con- my window last night into this bit cave glass, with a deep-pointed fo- of gold.” Pleased with the fight cus, quick-filvered on the backside, of this, and having a natural proand set in tin, with a focket for a pension to the study, the lady candle, sconce fashion, and hung snatched it out of the philofopher's up againft a wall. While the flame hand, and asked why he had not of the candle was diametrically op- more? He replied,'” It was all posite to the center, the rays, equal. the lead he could find." She then ly diverging, gave so powerful a commanded her daughter to bring light as is scarce credible ; but on a parcel of lead which lay in the the least variation of the focus the closet, and, giving it to the chy. charm ceased.

mist, desired him to transmute it The lady, discerning in this man into gold on the morrow. He a genius which might be improved undertook it, and the next day to better purposes than deceiving brought her an ingot which weighthe country people, desired him ed two ounces, which, with the ut, not to hide his talents, but to push most folemnity, he avowed was tbe himself in the world by the abilis very individual lead he gave him, ties of which he seemed poffeffed. transmuted to gold, “ Madam, said he, I am now a She began now to engage him fiddle to asses; but I am finishing a in serious discourse ; and finding, great work which will make those by his replies, that he wanted mo. affes fiddle to me." She then ask- ney to make more powder, the ened what the work might be ? He quired how much would make a replied, “ His life was at stake if stock that would maintain itfelf? it took air; but he found her a He replied, fifty pounds, after nine lady of such uncommon candour months, would produce a millioo. and good sense, that he should She then begged the ingot of him, make no difficulty in committing which he protested had been transhis life and hope to her keeping. muted from lead, and, flushed with All women are naturally fond of the hopes of success, hurried to being trusted with secrets: this was town to know whether the ingot Mrs. Thomas's failing; the doctor was true gold, which proved fine found it out, and made her pay beyond the ftandard. The lady, dear for her curiosity. “I have now fully convinced of the troch been, continued he, many years in of the empyric's declaration, took search of the philosopher's stone, fifty pounds out of the hands of a and long master of the smaragdine banker, and entrusted him with it. table of Hermes Trismegistus; the The only difficulty, which remain. green and red dragons of Raymond. ed, was, how to carry on the work Lully have also been obedient to without suspicion, it being ftri&tly me, and the illustrious sages them- prohibited at that time. He was {elves deign to visit me; yet it is therefore resolved to take a little but since I had the honour to be house in another county, at a few knowo to your ladysłp, that I miles distance from London, where have been so fortunate as to obtain he was to build a public laboratory, as a profeft chymift, and deal looked with the greatest amazein such medicines as were most men on each other, not guessing vendible, by the sale of which to the cause, when the operator, prethe apothecaries, the expence of the tending to revive, fell to stamping, house was to be defrayed during tearing his hair, and raving like 2 the operation. The widow was madman, crying out undone, une accounted the house-keeper, and done, loft and undone for ever. the doctor and his man boarded He ran directly to the athanor, with her; to which the added this when, unlocking the door, he found precaution, that the laboratory the machine split quite in two; with the two lodging rooms over it, the eggs broke, and the precious in which the doctor and his man almagamum which they contained lay, was a different wing of the was scattered like fand among the building from that where she and ashes. Mrs. Thomas's eyes were her little daughter, and maid-fer. now fufficiently opened to discern vant, resided; and as the knew the impofture, and with a very sesome time must elapse before any rene countenance she told the em. profit could be expected, she ma. Pyric, that accidents would hapnaged with the utmost frugality. pen, but means might be fallen The doctor mean time acted the upon to repair this fatal disappointpart of a tutor to miss in arith,

ment, The doctor, observing her metic, latin, and mathematics, to fo ferene, imagined she would grant which she discovered the strongest hím more money to complete his propensity.

scheme; but the foon disappointed All things being properly dif- his expectation, by ordering him posed for the grand operation, the to be gone, and made him a pre. vitriol furnace was set to work, fent of five guineas, left his dewhich, requiring the most intenfe fperate circumitances should induce heat for several days, unhappily him to take some violent means fet fire to the house; the Itairs of providing for himself. were consumed in an inftant, and Whether deluded by a real hope as it surprised them all in their first of finding out the philosopher's Sleep, it was a happy circumstance stone, or from an innare principle that no life perished. This un- of villany, cannot be determined; lucky accident was 3001, lofs to but he did not cease his pursuit, Mrs. Thomas: yet still the grand and still indulged the golden deproject was in a fair way of suc- lusion. He now found means to ceeding in the other wing of the work upon the credulity of an old building. But one misfortune is mifer, who, upon the strength of often followed by another; the his pretensions, gave him his pext Sunday evening, while the daughter in marriage, and emwas reading to and inftructing her barked all his hoarded treasure, little family, a sudden and violent which was very considerable, in the report, like a discharge of a can- same chimerical adventure. In a non, was heard; the house, being word, the miser's stock was also timber, rocked like a cradle, and loft, the empyric himself, and the the family were all thrown from daughter reduced to beggary. This their chairs on the ground. They unhappy affair broke the miser's

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