tants of the four quarters of the his late works will verify this; and, world, that Voltaire has such an. I rather think that the sweepinga universal knowledge of mankind. of his brain, fo lately published,

His converfation among men geo are more owing to his flattering nerally turns (and too onbappily baokfeller and his wife z who, like fo) on blafphemous subjects; and Frin Dublin, never care if ( which argues a great want of po-- Voltaire or Dean Swift fuffer, fo liteness) he generally increases this he or they can have venison in the vein if any churchmen are present; : proper season. nay, according to their rank, he. The

falle à manger at Voltaire's augments or decreases his fallies of is very dirty in general. And you +what he falsely calls pleasantry. - will fee servants waiting in wailte

Thus a story which would be a coats, and women at work (in not good one for a poor curé-and-abbé, the most delicate of needle employmust be enriched for a mitred brow ment) while company of the first or cardinal; and Pere Adam (the rankare at dinner. But his draw good simple Jefuit) whatever little ing-room, and other apartments, he

may say on the occasion, pays make ample amends for this carca it off in thinking

lessness; scarce any nobleman Yet, to keep up appearances, he having a more elegant fuite of has given an altar to the church chambers, either for face or conadjoining to his houfe, and some venience. rich vestments to the facristy; and You would be furprised to see on will, occasionally, attend the fer- what fcraps of paper he writes his vice; particularly on a wedding, beft hints for material works. I which shall happen in his own am amazed he can find them in the family.

dissipated manner they lie. While The archbishop of Troyes din. he writes he always fits with his ing with him one day, Voltaire back to the fire ; which is, perwas, as usual, playing off all his haps, to save his eyes. artillery against the prelate, who When be does dress (which is was also a cardinal. The good di- rare) no man produces a more vavine immediately became the gen. riegated wardrobe : buc fo eccentleman, and faid, “ the world have tric is he, that, in a suit of velvet such obligations to men of genius, and embroidery, I have seen him that a particular allowance is ever join the dance of some servants is made to them, in return for their the hall, on hearing the violin give productions; though I don't doubt the fummons. • yet but Monf. de Voltaire will be But let me not dare by these mi a good convert to us before he putiæ to think of lessening the var dies.”. Voltaire immediatelyan- lue of so great a master of the pen. {wered, “ My lord! if ever I am On the.contrary, Dean Swift had, made a convert of, it must be, like in his private hours, more of thie St. Paul, on horseback."

vein than even Voltaire ; descend. -. With ladies, he is rather inde. ing often to chuse mere triflesin cent; as with the church, he is but order the better, perhaps, to rise top apt to be ludicrous. Many of in sentiment afterwards. Pope cet.

per rife.

tainly means this, when he so ele. language. His picture is often gantly pays this compliment to lord drawn looking on his Henriade, Boling broke:

but I believe he has not that af.

fe&tion for it he has for many other Teach me, like thee, in various of his performances. nature wise,

Being asked which of his trage. To fall with dignity, with tem. dies he most affected, he replied,

Olympia ; " for the same reason,'

fays he, “ that a man is proud of There is a monarchical, despotic having a child at seventy-five.”' ftate in this great man, which ap- He has many carriages, accorda pears in his minuteft aftions. Thus, ing to the French custom, but not at table, he never comes in with one fit to ride in. No nation (ele. the reft of the company; but will gant as they are at Paris in these delay about any trifle; and, on en- conveniences) is so careless distant trance, loves to recal all the dishes, from the metropolis. If you are and difturb every part of the table, carried, or (as is the common exwith placing and misplacing them, preffion) lifted out of the dirt, it is after every one else has been fatisa all they think of; ftained linings, fied ;' which is rather difagreeable, ragged fringes, broken windows, when the appetite of others has make up the

sum of a French counbeen satisfied ; nothing being so try equipage; and Mr. Shandy (in unwelcome as the remnants of a lare volume) gives this under his dishes half spoiled, and scraps of hand in his observations, during a delicacies; which, by these means, French perambulation. no longer are fuch.

Though Voltaire never would Land being cheap-in this part accept a title from any monarch, of Burgundy (called properly the yet does he moch attach himself to pais de Gex) it is amazing what a personages so adorned; nay, in the quantity of acres he has on his very opening of his letters, he will eftate; and he seems to value him- give a preference of reading to those self on this, in preference to a with ducal coronets, over those of smaller share of territory more cul. common earls, viscounts, or barons. tivared.

He complains much of an unHe pretends to sew a turn for conquerable dryness in his habit of Englith improvements, from ob body; "which,” says he,“ one Yervations he made, or pretended day or other, muft-end me ;' as to make in England, when he was if but for that he might live a centhere. But the attachment to tury longer ; and I am told, that in French ornaments still prevails; illness no man is fo afraid of the and a flower-plat and fountain are, devil's claws as himself; insomuch, to him, greater embellishments chat the moft ignorant and mendi. than all the woods and waters of a cant priest can, at that time, have Chatsworth, a Castle Howard, or a sway over him, which, in perfect a Sturton,

health, the infallible head of the His favourite work is the Pucelle church would fail of. d'Orleans; which, in fact, is the The many presents from the Hadibras of the French poetry and great, of wide, and every delicacy



which so many different countries man. As his various works prove afford, allow him to keep a better him the great man. I have only table than many of his equals in touched on those anecdotes which fortune ; and, whether their fa- few him in another light ; per. vours arise from fear or love, he is haps, unknown to the world, and equally gainer.

which, blended with his other cha. Most people think him, at least, racter, make him as he is a twenty years older than he really mortal man; and not chat deity is ; appearing on the theatre of the minor writers would fain raise life so early (for he published at him to. fixteen) many imagine him a man'. If I have been too severe, attri. from that æra ; when, in fact, he bute it to a punctuality in my nawas only a ftripling. Nor do I ture; and when he dies, let us fay now believe him to be above of him, what prince Henry faid seventy.

over even his enemy : However, being one of the gentlemen of the bed-chamber to the Thy ignominy fleep with thee king, his age may easily be ascer.

in the grave, tained ; for a man cannot enter on “ But not remember'd in thy episuch a post till of a certain age ; taph.". and, by the date of his commiflion, it will appear when he obtained By ignominy, I mean his univer. that honour.

fal dinike to all religion; in which His affection to the elector-pa. he is not content (for this I could latine seems beyond that of any forgive him) to think only ; but other monarch; he refided with he loves to vent his opinion in pubhim a year under his roof at Man. lic; and the world are left to judge, heim, and had every honour of a with the attachment people are too prince of the blood; but mingling ape to have towards men of genius, in politics, the minority there what an infinite number of profegrew jealous of him; and fo helytes he is capable of drawing to retired to his territory near Ge. himself in these days of libertinism neva.

and dilipation. The elector had several busts of Being exiled the kingdom of him executed by Mr. Verchetsel, France (some people only say, the the most eminent ftatuary now liv. court) he passed over to England, the ing, and who is governor of the fureft, as the happiest asylum, to a sculpture academy at Manheim; gentleman and a genius. He raised but, to keep him in good humour, subscriptions there, unknown to some ladies of the court were al. any native; and which, in an eneways near him; or he would not my's country might, or is, indeed, have had patience to go through called contributions. the ceremony of a model.

On his wishing to return home, In short, he is such a mixture of on some private affairs, he strongly dignity and littleness ; such a con. folicited the then French ministry traft of the trifer and man of judg. to obtain leave for such a favour to ment; that he seems, as Falstaff himself; but; however publicly his fays fo wittily of himself, a double majesty might approve and countenance such recal, the revengeful At Manheim (where he refided ministers were not so easily recon- after his disgrace at Berlin, if it cileable, but became very ftrenuous may be so called, when he chose opposers of it. But Voltaire (ever his own dismission) he behaved an over-match in politics and ge- with such imperiousness, or abnius, for these his enemies of tate) fence of mind, that when the elecwrote to some powerful friends in tor, who would honour him often Germany, and suddenly got him with a visit in his apartments, self invested with a public charac- and even by his own appointment ter; I think it was either from the waited on him, he would prețend electorate of Cologn, or prince bi- not to know him; and, but for shop of Liege.



that sovereign's insuperable beneOn obtaining this rank, he im- volence, the friendship must have mediately set off for the court of ended. Versailles, having previously got A ceriain English oculist being his credentials acknowledged be- at Berlin during Voltaire's relifore he presented himself in pub. dence there, I will in few words lic.

introduce an anecdote of this cl.eOn his first appearance, the .valier, profeffor, and member of reader may well imagine what a all the academies in Europe ; buzz there was throughout the which, as it is connected a little drawing-room of such an inquifi- with Voltaire, is not outraie in this tive court; and of course, his old letter. enemies, from curiofity, and not His majesty of Prussia, for some affection, encircled him, and began, reasons, held the English then at as usual, their congratulations, each arms length, and was so little deequally endeavouring to exculpate sirous of pleasing the country, in himself, and in general, themselves, general, that he would hardly be from any hand in his banishment. civil to any particular part of it, After hearing what they all had to though backed with thile, or of. offer, he said : “ By being thus fices of state. Lord D--, earl exiled my country so long, I am St. I, the duke of St. incapable of understanding your and many great commoners, were language now, with precision. then in the city of Berlin, buç neBut, if you will talk with my fec- ver once invited to court. Nay, retary here, or any of my train, fo fighted were chey, that on the they will inform me, when I get Parade (the general resort of all home, what kind services you mean foreigners, while the guard mounts) to me.'

the king would publicly say to geHis pardon was foon after seal. neral Keith and lorú Marthal, ed, and it is said, that, by this in- "What! are your countrymen not solence of his, as also his being gone yet?” Observe, as a further honoured with a public character, proof of his revenge ; his ambassa(in which department he might dor at Paris, and the French amequally serve or injure them) that bassador to his court,, were both the very ministry, once his ene.. attainted peers of this kingdom ; mies, were now the first leaders to namely, ihe lords Marmal and his pard on.

Tyrconnel ; as the own and only
F 3


brother of the former was at that be my oculift--you are fo; my time also commander in chief of eyes want no aslistance ;--yet are all his forces. But to the point : you my oculift ;-but, if you touch at the time the English nobility the eyes of one of my subjects, I were thus whimsically excluded will hang you yp. I love my subthe courf, our chevalier oculift was jects equally as myself." publicly admitted : nay, to render The chevalier de parted (or was it more satirical against us, with rather ordered to depart) in fix double honour, superior to what a hours : he pleaded more time to person of that rank deserved; how. pack up his eyes and implements, ever, his usual vanity might defire, but was refused; and a guard being or perhaps expect it. Observe, set over him, he was escorted like that the said doctor was then any delinquent, to the borders of Itrong!y suspected of being em- Saxony, that being the country ployed by our ministry, as a pri; moft contiguous. The respect his vate observer on the actions of se- majesty seemed first to pay him in veral princes; and his profession preference to all the English, (of gave him these opportunities, as which number the smallest was his he was perpetually Auctuating be- superior) now appeared a till tween one court and another, and stronger fatire against England, admitted to their presence. and proved that he suspected the

The oculift being introduced to chevalier's other profeffion, in con. the king, his majesty (with his junction with those of oculift, ora. usual politeness) asked him what tor, and professor of every science, favours he could confer on him, To bring this home to Voltaire, being ready to distinguish all men which was my intention, an epi. of eminence like himself. The gram appeared from his pen, no doctor only desired to have the doubt--the Ating of which was, honour of being, oculist to his “ that the king had driven out of m- y; and which, to make mort his dominions the only man who of, the king readily granted ; add. could have opened his eyes." ing, I do not love to suspend And now, to return to Fernex any one's happiness long, bę at once more, where we fall take court to morrow early, and your leave of our hero, and leave him to patent Mall be ready."

the opinion of others, no less than The chevalier (Aushed with this his own opinion of himself; his unexpected promise,) now appeared great favourite is doctor Tronchin, at court as by royal command; whom he calls his Æsculapius. but notwithitanding a double pa-' The wife of his bookseller seems rade of lacqueys and equipage, on very much to rule him, and alterhis approach the king said, "Younately, one madame Relier, whose desire to be my oculift-there is husband is a leading man in the your patent ; you must take the present affairs of Geneva: a place usual oaths on these occasions : that which Voltaire had such an aver. done, come to me again."

fion to enter the walls of, that he On reporting to the king, that all has been known to fit in his coach necessary forms were gone thro', at the very gates, and send for his majesty said: “ You desired to those persons he has any business


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