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o conncation with to the window frequent walls may rather create a fide, and give them an audience necessary shade. with all the self-sufficiency of an

His love of dates, sweet oranges, eastern prince.

and promegranates, is very parti. He is fond of driving a single. cular. Observe in the south of horse chair, and has a roan-horse, France, that the orange being which the elector-palatine gave grafted on the pomegranate, gives him at Manheim, because it hap-it a fine colour; and he will often pened to be foaled just under his hold it up, and say, “This muft eye from an Arabian mare. have been the forbidden fruit."

He will sometimes drive more His favourite productions in our madly than Phaeton, and then at language are, Garth's Dispensato; once falls into a solemnity of pace, ry; Prior's Henry and Emma ; ... as if composing some great work. Pope's Prologue to Cato; and the

An Englich gentleman who slept smallest works of Pope : but as to one night at his house, begged a Shakspear and Milion, he can book of him to amuse him when hardly speak of them with any de. he role in the morning : on which gree of patience. Voltaire gave him his Pucelle d'Or. As he writes much from hear. beans; adding, " A virgin in my fay, no wonder he is so subject to . house is no small rarity.”

errors in chronology, and even Methinks, I see him now with facts. In a late production of his, his whip in his hand, calling the which he calls Contes or Tales, he whole house to go a hunting (à la declares, when writing a critique challe, à la challe), and when he had on the play of the Orphan, that

assembled every body, it was only Chamont, as a proof of the barba: to walk round his house, and brus rity of the English ftage, asks his

down the spiders and their webs, filter, the fair and virtuous Moni: which the fervants had neglected" mia, if she has not lost her

maiden. among the pillars of each portico head; and affirms, that Polydore of his building.

twice pulls his beloved and lovely He will talk much of what the orphan by the hair of her head writers will say after his death; and across the stage, often hints, that the conversation Whether any young English of Monsieur de Voltaire on his gentleman, from design or ignodeath-bed, cooked up by some je. rance, drew him into the scrape of fuis, will be a most delicious more committing this to the press I can. sel for the Paris booksellers; "and not say ; but so it is and I wish the rascals will pick up many a fome comic genius of our iland good meal of my bones,' says he did not do it purposely to expose * bare'as I am.

him, as, having endeavoured, or His kitchen-garden at Fernex is rather dared, as they would call it, very large and convenient, but di to draw a picture of the English vided and subdivided fo often by itage, without cyer knowing its walls, looks rather unfightly ; an mere out-lines. open plat of ground would be too In his obfervations on the tra. much exposed to heat, perhaps, to gedy of Hamlet, (a play he utterly forward culinary productions; the despises) he has hit on a blunder of

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our

our great English dramatic writer, letting them fly at a pigeon or which I could wish had not been tame fowl, about his boufe, calling so visible: viz.

them kings who tear the innocent " And now,” says he, “ the subjects to pieces. first act ends with the king giving His house was built by an archihis royal orders (and which must 'tect of Geneva, called Billion ; but never be disobeyed) to fire all the in this, he was only the bricklayer cannon round the ramparts, two or stone mason, for the model is hundred years before gunpowder very common all over France. was invented."

Though he is of a noble family, The famous foliloquy of, “ To yet he is ever shy of mentioning it; be, or not to be," he has variously nor can any one learn what part burlesqued; as thus :

of France he was born and bred .To dance, or not to dance, in : perhaps, he thinks, if too « To drink, or not to drink, many particulars were known, that “ To dress, or not to dress, it would be published before his “ To ride, or not to ride, death, as dying speeches often are, « To pay, or not to pay,

and he would not wish to hear he " To fing, or not to fing, that was so near dying. is the question.”

His love of English humour is On an English gentleman's take so strong, that he will invite the ing leave of him, to go to London, most common and blackguard ftohe said : “ Well Sir! I will come ries; and by taking proper memo. and see you when you are got home randums of them, one would think -but that is after I am dead: there he meaned to new dress them, and 'are above twenty ghosts in the tra, thereby make them his own, in gedy of Macbeth, why should I some future book of tales. not be one among them."

A certain English general officer On addręffing a lady, who had led so diffipated a life, that he often juft lain in, he said, “ And who drank tokay of a guinea a quart, was your midwife?" On her tell- even when alone. Upon which ing him Dr. B- -1, a man, he his lady would often say, “ My smiled; and said, “Well! give dear general, whatever you do for my respects to your husband, and the honour of the crown, and in tell him he is half a cuckold.” compliment to state days, do not

He gives no regular livery ; fo drink such expensive wine when by that his servants often wearing that yourself ; for what must your poor of the last place they lived at, have children do ?" “ Oh!” says the the appearance of several gentle. general, “ I am easy as to that, let mens servants attending as on a them smell at the corks." visit to him.

It being necessary to tap him He is fond of hawks; and as the some time after for the dropsy, he adjacent Alps, and the vast chain went through the operation like a of mountains, known by the name soldier; but asking what the furof Mont Jura, afford various fpe- geons had found, and they replycies of these birds, his house is a ing water, he said, “How can menagerie of that kind; and he that be? I never drank a drop of will sometimes amuse himself with water in all my life.

But how

long will it be before I must be than any actors could represent it, tapped again?" On being answer- if he had good and quick secretaed six months, he replied, “ It is ries. impoffible! nó vessel in my house With respect to the building at ever held above fix weeks, Fernex, (was it not for having

In short, his life was fo profli- committed the folly.of preserving gate, that his lady at last saying the gateways, and some towers " Why! general, you will not capped with pinnacles, according leave a shilling to bury you :" he to the French manner of building) answered, “Oh! I'll stink them it would be a very magnificent fa. into good manners."

bric; but an error of the fame naVoltaire rubbed his hands for joy, ture is in point, as the lawyers say, immediately set pen to paper, and near Bridgewater, in Somersetan elegant tale on that subject, with fhite; where, to keep up a gate. all the English bon mots, is now to way of lord Rochester's, the build. be seen at Fernex.

ing of a very great and ingenious But again I repeat, and ever architect and nobleman is entirely fall, that, with all these little- spoilt, I mean earl E-t. nesses, he is at intervals the very I have no other anecdotes of greatest genius of this century. Monf. de Voltaire, but what would When he does compose, which is offend the one or other part of rare, he is so amazingly attentive, human nature, if related ; I there. that he has been known to write a fore beg to be excused any farther, five act tragedy in as many days; observations on so great, or solittle and I have heard him say of come. a man, dy, that he could write it fafter

NATURAL

NATURAL HISTORY:

TH

term comprehends nothing but Obferuations upon animals, commonly what regards its living in both air called amphibious by authors. Pre and water at discretion; however, sented by Dr. Parkins, F.R.S. fince the word amphibious is a.

dopted by the writers of the hif. 'HE following remarks,

remarks, tory of animals, let us retain it which I have the honour to ftill, and examine some of this lay before this learned - society, class, and, by considering their were occasioned by a conversation natural economy respectively, enthat passed between me and a gen. deavour to range them, according tleman well acquainted with natu- to that standard, in the following ral hiftory, however mistaken in manner, They are fuch as,

the subject before us. His opinion - 1. Enjoy their chief fonctions .: was, that amphibious animals liv. by land, but occasionally go into : ed more in the water than on the the water. land: but I believe the contrary 1, 2, Sueh as chiefly inhabit the will appear by the sequel of this water, but occasionally go alhore, treatise.

Of the latter, there are but very If we consider the words u. few species. And although none and Bios, from which the term am. of the winged tribe are to be rangphibious is derived, we should ed under this class, yet as many understand that animals, having of them remain long upon the this title, should be capable of water in search of their proper living as well by land or in the food, we fall enumerate some air, as by water, or of dwelling in peculiar advantages, which have either constantly at will; but it been allowed to several of them will be difficult to find any animal by the bountiful wisdom of the that can fulfil this definition, as creator, in order to reader them being equally qualified for either; the more able to obtain it; and and in clalling creatures of this this will make one curious part kind, authors are much divided, of my present purpose, not gene. and sometimes mistaken,

rally known. Now if any natural historian The difpute mentioned between should deduce his distinction of my friend and me, turned upon this class, from the structure or the class of the phocæ, which con. characteristic of any part of the lists of a very numerous tribe of animal, I think he would be a different species: I Mall therefore little out of the way ; because the endeavour to fhew that none of

them

them can live chiefly in the wa. or total expiration of the air in ters, but that their chief enjoy. breathing; for in the former cafe ment of the functions of life is on the inflation compresses the return. shore.

ing veins, and in the latter, by These animals are really qua. the collapsion of the lungs, these drupeds ; but, as their chief food veins are interrupted also, fo that is fith, they are under a neceffity it is only between these two vioof going out to sea to hunt their lent actions that the blood can prey, and to great distances from pass ; and hence it is that the lives Thore; taking care that, however of animals are shortened, and great the distances, rocks or small their health impaire:1, when they islands are at hand, as refting are subjected to frequent violent places when they are tired, or respiration; and thus it is that in their bodies become too much ma- animals who have once breathed, cerated in the water; and they they must continue to refpire ever return to the places of their usual after; for life is at an end where resort to feep, copulate, and that ceases, bring forth their young, for the There are three necessary and following reasons ; viz. It is well principal uses of refpiration in all known that the only effential dife land animals, and in these kinds ference (as to the general ftruc. that are counted amphibious ; the ture of the heart) between amphi. firft is that of promoting the cir. bious and mere land animals, orculation of the blood through the such as never go into the water, is,' 'whole body' and extremities : in . that in the former the oval hole re. real fishes, the force of the heart mains always open. Now, in such is alone capable of fending the as are without' this hole, if they blood to every part, as they are were to be immersed in water for “not furnished with limbs or ex. but a little time, respiration would tremities; but in the others mencease, and the animal moft die; tioned, being all furnished with " becaufe a great part of the mass of extremities, respiration is an afa blood paffes from the heart, by fiftant force to the arteries in senda. the pulmonary artery, through the ing blood to the extremities, lungs, and by the pulmonary which, being so remote from the * veins returns to the heart; while heart, have need of such aslistance ;

the aorta is carrying the greater otherwise the circulation would be part of the mass to the head and very languid in these parts; thus extremities, &c

we see, that in persons subject to Now the blood passes through afthmatic complaints, the cir. the lungs in a continual uninter. culation grows languid, the legs rupted fream, while respiration is grow cold and edematous, and gentle and moderate ; but when it other parts suffer by the defect in iš violent, then the citculation is respiration. interrupted, for inspiration and ex. A second use of breathing is, piration are now carried to their that, in infpiration, the variety of extent; and in this state the blood particles, of different qualities, cannot pass through the langs which float always in the air, either during the total infpiration might be drawn into the lungs,

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