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door to be kept shut: when he respects nothing is changed; if came to his place of destination, therefore they are dipped into cold the waterman, opening the door, water, the elasticity of the vessels found him dead, with no other being increased by the cold, the apparent sign than a little froth blood moves towards the inner about his mouth. Four peasants, parts through the veins; and the having made a fire in the hold of motion of the blood through the a fhip, were all found dead there. veins resuscitates its action to the An intire family in the suburbs, heart, that is; resuscitates life it. called de Hooge Morsch, were self. found dead from this cause, by The effects are not less noxious : laying in the winter-time a pan of that proceed from places newly live coals in the midst of a white-washed with limes which where there was no chimney, and diffuses, a fubaftringent and fetid the doors shur.

vapour, especially upon the introBoerhaave says, that he expe. duction of fire. For this reason rienced in himself, at the begin. all newly built houses, if too soon ning of the ill effects from such inhabited, may bring on fatal vapours, an inclination to sleep, disorders, or the worst of pallies, a tenfive pain in the head, a nau- which can neither be cured by fo. sea, a vomiting of thick froth, mentations nor baths. Thefé ail. and his head remaining as it were ments might likewise be occasioned for many days full; but if the va. by burning the parts of animals. pour be dense, nothing of these If a place infected with the naftieft particulars is perceptible, but the insects, as bugs or feas, is shut up affected die senseless. This va. close. in all parts, and the bones pour, however, is not attended of animals, or hartshorn, are laid with any inconveniency, if a quan- on the open fire, and the smoke is tity of sea-falt is sprinkled on the hindered to pass out, all these ani. fire, or if gunpowder is set fire to mals are killed ; and greater ani. in the close room. But when the mals may also be killed by the like ill effects have taken place, the smoke. The wings of partridges, beft remedy is to sprinkle cold which about with a volatile falt, water on the bodies, and to throw being burnt, have often excited it upon the face and bare bosom. hysterical paflions, and epileptic If cold water be thrown upon ani. fits, where they were not, and mals that have died in poisonous distipated them when they were caverns, they are immediately present. A dog, killed in a heat brought to life; and hence, if of 146 degrees, of Fahrenheit's men, who have died by the va. thermometer, emitted such a hor. pour of coals, were as soon as rid and noisome stench, that those possible treated in the same man. who came too near it in a mo. ner, they might also perhaps be ment swooned away. In like man. brought' to life. In such case, ner, by the force of fire, dreadful however, this remedy is never to fymptoms are excited from fossils, be neglected ; for here there is no Aretæus observes, in his chapter on corruption, but a mere rest of all epilepsies, that the strong smell of the moving parts, and in other the gagates stone had immediately

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brought on epileptic fits. Fire, pears from women that give fuck, acting on cobalt, which seems to or the pregnant, who, by this pro. be entirely inert, raises a thick perty of the common sensory, white vapour that kills every ani- change the fætus in their womb. mal, and this vapour, fixing upon I have seen myself an instance of a the ceiling of a room, concretes healthy woman fuckling, a very into

a white flocculent matter, healthy child, who was so difturbed
called arsenic, which is a moft by another woman scolding at her,
potent poison. If this cobalt, and so irritated as to be all over
mixed with other fofils, and wrap- in a tremor; yet, by suckling her
ped up in a paper, be kept in a child in this condition, it was im.
wooden box, it will eat through mediately convulsed, and remained
both the wood and the box; and epileptic. Who now will say what
if this happens in so small a degree could be in her milk, and how it
of heat, what must it be, when could receive the power of pro-
this body is agitated by fire, ducing those corporeal changes ?
How fixed is nitre, whatever way But it should be a point of pro.
tried! If it melts in the-fire, it dence with a nurfe never to fuckle
remains fixed and mild ; if bolas a child when she is under any dif.
or uncalcinable earths are mixed turbance of mind. We can in
with it, and both exposed to the fome, measure account, why a
fire, it will yield a spirit, volatile drunken nurse inebriates a child;
like alcohol, which corrodes and but we cannot so easily understand,
diffolves all things, except gold how milk can be fo far changed,
and glass; and it is very hurtful merely by the pallions of the
to the lungs. The same way, a mind.
spirit ascends from fea-falt, which The same may hold true in
corrodes all things. If fulphur be pregnant women. There perhaps
sublimed ten times, it remains arises in the pregnant mother :
mild, as before ; but, if set on fire, certain idea: if it be frequent and
it kills animals, and corrodes and customary, it does not affect her;
conftringes all things:

if unusual it sometimes affects
her, and sometimes not. This

idea proceeds fometimes from On the effe ft of the imagination on a seeing or hearing, or from the different body. From the fame.

imagination alone, or the appetite

alone. The sudden fight of a Wh

HAT muft we think of thing not seen before impresses

that action excited in the an infant the figure of that common sensory by the help of thing. From hearing the history that faculty we call the imagina- of some dreadful misfortune or tion, which fo disposes the com. calamity, the frighted mother im. mon sensory from internal causes, bibes a limilar efficacious idea; as it was before disposed from ex. and the same happens as often from ternal ? For my part, I fay, that the imagination, dreams, and that the force of the common sensory is depraved ftate of the appetite called exerted by a true corporeal effect longing. out of the human body, as apo

A very handsome lady, yet one

of

on

of ftrimorals, and abstaining motion is made in the body that from all manner of excess in the changes its actions; then ' a cold use of wine, being with child, tremor trickles through the bones; conceived a longing for drinking as Virgil says. He that is ill of an Rhenish wine. She long struggles ague enjoys some days of health ; againft this passion, her huiband but he perceives a cold shivering, examines her about it, and she at and the fever soon comes upon laft confesses what it is: he takes him. I have heard from the exher to a wine-cellar in Amsterdam perienced, whilst the plague was where she drinks so great a quan- rife, that, as soon as they felt a tity, as would fuddle iwo ftout men sensation, as it were from cold wayet no harm ensued to her form ter being poured upon them, they her copious draught; and, when were immediately taken ill of the she had once satisfied her longing, plague. We shudder in the like the remained afterwards free from manner, when the variolous poi. it. Another women had ex. son infects us; when the ftitch of ceffive longing for eating a morsel the pleurisy invades us; and that out of a butcher's shoulder, and shuddering penetrates through the could enjoy no reft, till she had whole body: men feel then somefound means once to bite him. thing cold, which fufpends, as it

A princess was delivered of a were, for a time the vital motions ; black daughter, by only seeing and it is propagated with tremor, for the first time a blackmoor. and almost changes the whole As this woman had never been body. I would be glad to have left alone, but was conftantly at- a preceptor, who could explain to tended with the greatest care, all me, how and whence this horror fufpicion was void of any com

arises. nerce with a black. This idea, I also observe pregnant women once given birth to, does not reit; to have had, in almost all these it occupies the whole sensory, and cases, a fpontaneous motion, and every moment quickens the wo- to have, applied their hand to a man's fancy.

certain part of the body, and that But fo unusual a thing must the fætus then retained the mark strongly affect the very moment; impressed in the same part; if for, if it affects but little, it will they had not moved their hand have but little efficacy: but, if it to it, scarce anything heterobe so forcibly impressed on the geneous would have happened. mind, as that the woman should Hence women with child should fay her whole infide is moved, be cautious of moving their hand then a future veftige of the evil is to a part that is not covered by boded; or if, in the very time of their cloths, left the deformity fuch an idea arising, a horror and might afterwards be conspicuous. tremor are felt shaking the whole But there is a similar faculty in body, it is an infallibie fign that every man, which we cannot una veftige is left; which does not derstand : Suppose a person's eyes happen, if there be no horror. inflamed, and, as it were, spark

All physicians observe, that there ling with fire; if you look at him, is always a horror, when any com. you will also rub your eyes. He that sees a fordid ulcer in another's impudent beggar with a red hair. thigh will almost always take hold lip; The trembles all over, ftrikes of or feel his own thigh ; there. her mouth, and gives him an alms. fore we are true clock-work, cx. Not long after, îne was delivered hibiting a consonancy with exter- of a beautiful child, with the like nal objects, and we are even in wound, and as it were bloody. It voluntarily drawn away to gesti. was wonderful in this case, that culations, and therefore, also, for all the parts of the body were fo such ideas in women there is a well formed, and the holywice was much greater application of the in the lips, and the palate was per. hånd to that part.

that

fectly Nit within the nostrils, as If the woman is afterwards de. in that beggar. livered of a deformed fætus, the A lady is still living, in this ci. mark of the imagination is always ty, who, in her pregnancy, wanted found in the place that has been to have a fine mulberry she saw on touched; and, if she had touched a tree. One chanced to fall on another part, the mark would the tip of her nose, which the imhave probably been in another mediately rubbed. She was afterplace. The will is here of no wards delivered of a girl, exceedeffect, for there have been women ingly handsome, but had on a tip who desired to bring forth mon- of her nose as perfect a mulberry fters, in order that they might as any painter could draw, which promote their trade of begging, afterwards, however, by the help and yet had handsome children; of vinegar and salt ammoniac, so but the contrary often takes place sensibly diminished, as to leave no in others against their will. In vestige of it remaining. this city (Leyden) the happy mo- A woman with child saw, ther of several well-formed child. Mechlin, two soldiers fighting, ons ren was asked an alms by a. beggar. of which cut off the other's hand. man; and, to move compallion, She, in a fright, draws back her he shewed her that he had two hand, and was delivered of a child thumbs, and therefore a hand un- maimed in one arm, which, from fit for earning his bread: she gives the cut-off hand, sustained an hahim an alms, fuffers all that has morrhage and died; and yet the been above observed, and is after hand was not found in the afterwards delivered of a child with birth, nor did any ill consequences two thumbs. I examined the attend the woman. bones of those thumbs, and they When the Dutch defended Ol. were all as in the other thumb"; tend against the Spaniards, a Spaand this happened to a woman nith foldier loft his arm, and, being whom, before and after, the like cured, went about begging, shewnever befel.

ing the place bound up, which the I was acquainted with a noble wife of Mark de Vogelaar seeing, lady in this city, who had many was seized with a horror and great beautiful children, As she was internal commotions; the afterGitting in her parlour at the winwards brought forth a daughter dow, and was eight months gone without the right arm, and the with child, he was accofted by an shoulder ran so with blood, that the

fur.

furgeon was obliged to ftop and Pius, at Paris. A pregnant woconsolidate it, to prevent the child's man, having too attentively condying of an hæmorrhage ; and yet fidered that saint's image, was dethe arm was not found in the after- livered of a child perfectly resem. birth. The infant was healed, and, bling it: it had the face of an old marrying at a proper time, lived man, as far as could be expressed to the years of seventy-fix.

in a beardless infant: its arms ran The duke of Alva having or.. across its breast; its eyes were raised dered three hundred citizens to be to heaven, its forehead was very put to death together at Antwerp, narrow, because the forehead of the a lady that was with child was image was raised towards the vaultvery desirous of seeing the fight. ed roof of the church, looking up, She was not long returned home, as it were, to heaven: in hort, when, taken with the, pains of the child was exceeding like the labour, she was delivered of a image, according as the mother child without a head, which also had formed it by the force of her was not found in the after-birth. imagination. The author adds, Some authors are of opinion, that "Every one could see it at Paris this cannot happen when the fæ. as well as myself, the infant being tus is thoroughly formed; bat, kept for a considerable time in fpiwhether so or not, the thing hap- rits of wine." pens, and the proofs of it cannot Here is a history of various cases, be contested.

out of which I have selected such Father Malebranche relates, in particulars as incredulity cannot his « Recherche de la Verite,' that disprove! But I do not understand there was a young man, an idiot how this connection is between the from his birth, in the Hospital of mother's idea and the corporeal the Incurables at Paris, whose change of the fætus ; neither do I limbs were broke in all the places find it properly accounted for by where it is customary to break the any author. None of them have limbs of those who are condemned found such principles founded in to suffer upon the wheel. He lived nature, from which, being under. in this condition near twenty years. Atood and applied, is known a sufe Numbers were curious to see and ficient reason of this effect, and an, examine his broken limbs, and, swering to this idea. I am there. among others, the queen. 'The fore greatly surprised, that Male. cause of his misfortune was his mo. branche undertook to explain it. ther's going to see, when she was. He says, the fibres of the mother's with child of him, a criminal broke body are affected in a certain place. upon the wheel. Every stroke the by certain ideas; grant that this criminal received, vehemently sometimes happens : He says, that, ftruck the mother's imagination, on those ideas being formed, cerand the infant was broke exactly tain determinate fpirits run through in the same parts of the body. the body : this also seems true;

Father Malebranche relates an. but what then? The mother is other instance of the force of ima. moved, not changed, and yet the gination, which happened at so- infant is changed; but, Has the lemnising the canonisation of St. infant, whilft in its mother's womb,

the

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