The Elements of Euclid: Viz. the First Six Books, Together with the Eleventh and Twelfth. The Errors by which Theon, Or Others, Have Long Ago Vitiated These Books, are Corrected, and Some of Euclid's Demonstrations are Restored. Also, the Book of Euclid's Data, in Like Manner Corrected
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ABC is given altitude angle ABC angle BAC base BC BC is equal bisected Book XI centre circle ABCD circumference cone cylinder demonstrated described diameter draw drawn equal angles equiangular equimultiples Euclid excess fore given angle given in magnitude given in position given in species given magnitude given ratio given straight line gnomon greater join less Let ABC meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram AC perpendicular point F polygon prism proportionals proposition pyramid Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio of BC rectangle CB rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment side BC similar sine solid angle solid parallelopipeds square of AC straight line AB straight line BC tangent THEOR third triangle ABC triplicate ratio vertex wherefore
Side 15 - FG; then, upon the same base EF, and upon the same side of it, there can be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise their sides terminated in the other extremity: But this is impossible (i.
Side 65 - Ir any two points be taken in the circumference of a circle, the straight line which joins them shall fall within the circle. Let ABC be a circle, and A, B any two points in the circumference ; the straight line drawn from A to B shall fall within the circle.
Side 90 - IF a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn cutting the circle, the angles made by this line with the line touching the circle, shall be equal to the angles which are in the alternate segments of the circle.
Side 24 - If from the ends of a side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle.
Side 53 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line, which is made of the whole and that part.
Side 316 - Again ; the mathematical postulate, that " things which are equal to the same are equal to one another," is similar to the form of the syllogism in logic, which unites things agreeing in the middle term.
Side 20 - If, at a point in a straight line, two other straight lines, upon the opposite sides of it, make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles, these two straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line.
Side 159 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other, and the sides about the equal angles proportionals, the triangles shall be equiangular, and shall have those angles equal which are opposite to the homologous sides.