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valier Pelletin, Member of the first class of the French Institute, and first Surgeon of the HotelDieu Hospital. Paris. 1815.-The high rank of the author in his profession, is a still less powerful recommendation of his book than its intrinsic merit. No physician can read it without receiving instruction, although he may not be willing to adopt the ingenious theory of M. Pelletin. Veterinary Pharmacy, by M. Lebas. Elementary Treatise of Physiology, by M. Magendie, Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, &c. of the Faculty of Paris, 2 vols. 8vo. A work especially sanctioned by the French Institute.
A Treatise of Descriptive Anatomy, by J. W. Cloquet, M. D. Paris.
Dictionary of Medical Sciences, vol. 14th, by the most eminent of the Parisian Faculty.
History of Medicine, from its origin down to the 19th century: translated into French from the German of Kurt Shrengel. 7 vols. in 8vo.—This work is an invaluable gift to the profession of me
dicine. It is the only complete history of the kind, and comprises a vast body of information on medicine, both as a science and an art. In erudition, the author could have no superior, and very few of his countrymen have ever, in any of their encyclopaedical works, equalled him in arrangement and perspicuity. His history is the labour of 14 years.
Narrative of a Journey to London in 1814, or, a Parallel between English and French Surgery; to which are prefixed Considerations on the Hospitals of London, by Roux, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the Hospital of Charity at Paris.
Description des Maladies de la peau et exposition des meilleures méthodes suivies pour leur traitement, par J. L. Alibert, a most eminent and scientific Physician of Paris; coloured vellum plates in folio, one of the most splendid works of the century.
A Treatise on Poisons, or General Toxicology, by M. Orfila, a Native of South America, Paris. —This work has attracted the particular attention of the French Institute, and is the only complete Toxicology extant.
MISCELLANEOUS LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC
The last volume for the year 1814 of the Parisian Magazin Encyclohédique of Millin, contains a curious letter of a Scottish savant, M. Robertson, on the means of rendering sounds perceptible to the deaf and dumb.
M. Robertson was led, from a
recollection of his own experience when a boy, to try whether, by means of a metal rod, or wooden lath held in contact with the teeth, the deaf and dumb from birth, could not be made to hear. He first employed the hammer used for tuning instruments, and in
putting it into contact with the teeth of the deaf and dumb, his pupils found that they were as sensible as himself, to the vibration produced by a stroke upon it. Hence he concluded that an instrument could be made of the same materials, which they might fully enjoy. He also ascertained that it was not necessary for the teeth to be in contact with the instrument giving the sound, but that iron, wood, glass, &c. would answer as conductors. His experiments were entirely successful. The deaf and dumb, by holding one end of a wooden lath, ironrod, brass wire, or glass tube between the teeth, and applying the other, for instance, to the sounding-board of a piano, could hear and enjoy the music of the instrument, distinguishing between slow and lively airs. A single lath of wood would serve for as many as could apply their teeth to it at a time, and several of the pupils placed in file, the first holding his conductor between his teeth in contact with the musical instrument, the second resting his on the head of the first and so in succession, were found to be all equally sensible to the vibration.
The case was the same, whatever might be the age of the deaf and dumb. Nothing can be more touching than the account which M. Robertson gives, of the joy and surprise manifested by these unfortunate beings on finding a new sense, and experiencing for the first time the effect of melody. One of them, a youth of much intelligence, after making the first attempt, wrote down this question for the instructor—“Sir—This is a new language for me. Pray will the fiddling on the harpsichord teach me to understand what the tunes say?” Mistaking thus, very
naturally, the musical sounds, for the words of a discourse. M. Robertson repeated his experiments with the greatest success, in London, Genoa, Paris. In some instances the objects of his benevolence were thrown into a perfect delirium of joy, the particularly displayed their satisfaction by bursts of laughter, the most animated gesticulation, leaping, &c. when a lively air was played for them. It had long before been known that the deaf could be made to hear by the means in question, but M. Robertson asserts that these means have never been employed by any modern teacher. He draws the following inference from his experiments:—l. That there are instruments which enable the deaf, or the majority of them, to hear the tones of melody: –2. That they may be taught music, particularly on wind instruments:–3. That a musical and instrumental language may be formed for them:—4. That they may be made to hear and understand the human voice, and learn to speak, by imitation, as we learn.
Among the Lectures delivered at Paris during the winter of 1815, were the following:—1. A Course of Persian, by M. Langlès:—2. Of Arabic, by Baron Silvestre de Sacy:—3. Arabic pronunciation and dialogue, by D. Raphael:— 4. Of Turkish, by Amedeus Jaubert:—5. Of Armenian, by M Cirbred:–6. Of Antiquities, by M. Millin:–7. Of Modern Greek, by M. Hase. All these belong to the “Royal and Special School for the oriental living languages of known utility in politics and trade.” In the royal college, the following gratuitous courses:—l. Astronomy, by M. Delambre, perpetual secretary of the first class of the Institute:—2. Mathematics, by M. Lacroix, Member of the Institute: –3. General and Mathematical Physics, by M. Biot, Member of the Institute:–4. General and Exp. Physics, by M. Leebvre Gineau:–5. Medicine, by M. Hallé, Professor of the School of Medicine:–6. Anatomy, by M. Portal, Member of the Institute: –7. Chemistry, by M. Thenard, M. I.:–8. Natural History, by Cuvier:–9. Mineralogy and Geology, by Delamétherie:–10. Law of Nature and Nations:–11. History, by M. Clavier, Member of the Institute:–12. Hebrew, Chaldaic and Syriac Languages, by M. .Mudran:—13. Arabic, by M. Caussin, Member of the Institute:–14. Turkish, by M. Ruffin:–15. Persian, by De Lacy:–16. Chinese Language and Literature, by M. .Abel Remusat:–17. Sancrit Language and Literature, by M. Chezy:—18. Greek Language and Literature, by M. Gail, Member of the Institute:–19. Greek Language and Philosophy, by M. Thurot:—20. Latin Eloquence, by M. Gueroult:—21. Latin Poetry, by M. Tissot:–22. French Literature, by M. Andrieur.
following are their titles from the Arabian. 1. Solution of the Mystery of the Grammatical Analysis of the book ef Isherol Esrer, printed in 1809. 2. The Sacred book upon the Marginal Notes of Dschani–757 p. in 4to. (1811.) 3. Glossary called Elselkuti for Almotarval; printed in Constantinople under the direction of Mahommed Emin, (1812.) 4. Precious pearls to serve for the elucidation of the Mahometan faith. Printed at Constantinople under the direction of Mahommed Emin, (1810.) With respect to Turkish literature, see the very curious “Catalogue of Manuscripts on daily sale in the cities of the East” which Dr. Clarke has appended to the second part of his Travels, but which the American publisher of these Travels has thought proper to omit as being “ of not the least interest to any body whatever”!!
A Committee of the Institute of Sciences of Warsaw which has published nine volumes of Memoirs on all subjects, has been for some years engaged without intermission on a great national work—a History of Poland.
The Class of Fine Arts is occupied with a body of Mational Airs founded on the History of Poland. The first artists of Dresden were engaged to execute the plates.— Poland is making important efforts in the arts and sciences, and the labours of her institute are quite respectable. The native works presented to it embrace almost all branches of the sciences and arts.
Swedish literature seems to