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ERRATA.

Note, page 57. four lines from bottom, for « could” read “could not." Note, page 66, in note M. for “ruins” read “ruin."

OF

THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER XIV.

TROUBLES AFTER THE ABDICATION OF DIOCLETIAN. - DEATH OF CONSTAN-

TIUS. -- ELEVATION OF CONSTANTINE AND MAXENTIUS. — SIX EMPERORS
AT THE SAME TIME.-DEATI OF MAXIMIAN AND GALERIUS.- VICTORIES
OF CONSTANTINE OVER MAXENTIUS AND LICINIUS. - RE-UNION OF THE
EMPIRE UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF CONSTANTINE.

Page

ib.

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A. D.

Page

Conflagration of Rome and of the World.........

67

The Pagans devoted to eternal Punishment...

....................

Were often converted by their Fears.....

III. THE THIRD Cause. Miraculous Powers of the primitive

Church.........

Their Truth contested................

Our Perplexity in defining the miraculous Period.

Use of the primitive Miracles.....

IV. The FOURTH CAUSE. Virtues of the first Christian

Effects of their Repentance......

Care of their Reputation.........

Morality of the Fathers.............

Principles of Human Nature.....

The primitive Christians condemn Pleasure and Luxury.........

Their Sentiments concerning Marriage and Chastity............

Their Aversion to the Business of War and Government ........

V. The Fifth Cause. The Christians active in the Government

of the Church...............

Its primitive Freedom and Equality.........

Institutions of Bishops as Presidents of the College of Presbyters.

Provincial Councils...

Union of the Church ............

Progress of Episcopal Authority.........

Pre-eminence of the Metropolitan Churches.

Ambition of the Roman Pontiff....

Laity and Clergy.........

Oblations and Revenue of the Church.

Distribution of the Revenue...

Excommunication....

Public Penance......................

The Dignity of Episcopal Government..

Recapitulation of the Five Causes.

Weakness of Polytheism......

The Scepticism of the Pagan World proved favourable to the new

Religion................:

And to the Peace and Union of the Roman Empire.

Historical View of the Progress of Christianity..

In the East...

The Church of Antioch....

In Egypt.........

In Rome..............................

101

In Africa and the Western Provinces ...

Beyond the Limits of the Roman Empire..

General Proportion of Christians and Pagans...

104

Whether the first Christians were mean and ignorant..

105

Some Exceptions with regard to Learning.....

ib.

-~-~- with regard to Rank and Fortune............. 106
Christianity most favourably received by the Poor and Simple... 107
Rejected by some eminent Men of the first and second Centuries... ib.
Their Neglect of Prophecy.......

108
---- of Miracles.......

109
General Silence concerning the Darkness of the Passion......... ib.

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102

103

CHAPTER XVI.

THE CONDUCT OF THE ROMAN GOVERNMENT TOWARDS THE CHRISTIANS.

FROM THE REIGN OF NERO TO THAT OF CONSTANTINE.

Page
110
111
112
113

114

A. D.

Christianity persecuted by the Roman Emperors.........
Inquiry into their Motives..........
Rebellious Spirit of the Jews....
Toleration of the Jewish Religion...........
The Jews were a People which followed, the Christians a sect which

deserted, the Religion of their Fathers...........
Christianity accused of Atheism, and mistaken by the People and

Philosophers ..........................................
The Union and Assemblies of the Christians considered as a dan-

gerous Conspiracy......
Their Manners calumniated.......
Their imprudent Defence.......
Idea of the Conduct of the Emperors towards the Christians......
They neglected the Christians as a Sect of Jews.........
The Fire of Rome under the Reign of Nero........
Cruel Punishment of the Christians as the Incendiaries of the

118

20

121

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122

City.......

127

129

131
132

Remarks on the Passage of Tacitus relative to the Persecution of

the Christians by Nero .........................
Oppression of the Jews and Christians by Domitian
Execution of Clemens the Consul...................
Ignorance of Pliny concerning the Christians.
Trajan and his Successors establish a legal Mode of proceeding

against them..............
Popular Clamours........
Trials of the Christians...
Humanity of the Roman Magistrates......
Inconsiderable Number of Martyrs......
Example of Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage.

His Danger and Flight.....
287. His Banishment............

His Condemnation ............
His Martyrdom............
Various Incitements to Martyrdom..
Ardour of the first Christians....
Gradual Relaxation...................

Three Methods of escaping Martyrdom.....
Alternatives of Severity and Toleration...
The Ten Persecutions.

Supposed Edicts of Tiberius and Marcus Antoninus......
180. State of the Christians in the Reigns of Commodus and Severus..
211_249. Of the Successors of Severus.......
244. Of Maximin, Philip, and Decius........
283–260. Of Valerian, Gallienus, and his Successors....
260. Paul of Samosata, his Manners .........

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270. He is degraded from the See of Antioch...
274. Tbe Sentence is executed by Aurelian...

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