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THE TENURE OF KINGS AND MAGISTRATES.
TRAOTS ON THE COMMONWEALTH.
BRIEF NOTES ON DR. GRIFFITH'S SERMON.
OF TRUE RELIGION, HERES Y, SCHISM, TOLERATION.
OF CIVIL POWER IN ECCLESIASTICAL CAUSES.
A PREFACE, PRELIMINARY REMARKS, AND NOTIE,
BY J. A. ST. JOHN.
LONDON : GEORGE BELL AND SONS, YORK STREET, C
wealth of England, Scotland, Ireland, &c. Wherein is,
shewn the Reasonableness of the Cause of this Republic
against the Depredations of the Spaniards
BRIEF NOTES UPON A LATE SERMON TITLED THE FEAR OF
GOD AND THE King; preached and since published by
Matthew Griffith, D.D., and Chaplain to the late King.
Wherein many notorious Wrestings of Scripture, and
other Falsities, are observed
OF REFORMATION IN ENGLAND, and the Causes that Hitherto
have hindered it. In Two Books. Written to a Friend 263
from the Apostolical Times, by Virtue of those Testi-
Treatises; one whereof goes under the name of James,
420 THE REASON OF CHURCH GOVERNMENT URGED PRELATY In Two Books
439 CHAP. I.-That Church Government is prescribed in the Gospel ; and that to say otherwise is unsound.
441 CHAP. II.—That Church Government is set down in Holy Scripture; and that to say otherwise is untrue
445 CHAP. III.—That it is dangerous and unworthy the Gospel, to
hold that Church Government is to be patterned by the
449 CHAP. IV.—That it is impossible to make the Priesthood of Aaron a Pattern whereon to ground Episco scy
452 CHAP. V.-To the arguments of Bishop Andrews und the Pri
453 Chap. VI.-That Prelaty was not set up for Prevention of
Schism, as is pretended; or if it were, that it performs
not what it was first set up for, but quite the contrary 459 Chap. VII.—That those many Scots and Schisms by some sup
posed to be among us, and that Rebellion in Ireland,
468 BOOK II. CHAP. I.—That Prelaty opposeth the Reason and End of the
Gospel three Ways : and first, in her outward Form 482 CHAP. II.—That the ceremonious Doctrine of Prelaty opposeth the Reason and End of the Gospel
484 CHAP. III.-That prelatical Jurisdiction opposeth the Reason and End of the Gospel and of State
487 THE CONCLUSION.—The Mischief that Prelaty does in the State 501 OF TRUE RELIGION, HERESY, SCHISM, TOLERATION; and what
best Means may be used against the Growth of Popery 509 A TREATISE OF CIVIL POWER IN ECCLESIASTICAL CAUSES;
shewing that it is not lawful for any Power on Earth to
TENURE OF KINGS AND MAGISTRATES.
THAT IT IS LAWFUL, AND HATH BEEN HELD SO THROUGH ALL AGES, FOR ANS, WHE
HAVE THE POWER, TO CALL TO ACCOUNT A TYRANT, OR WICKED KING, AND AFTEI DUE CONVICTION, TO DEPOSE, AND PUT HIM TO DEATH, IF THE ORDINARY MAGIS TRATE HAVE NEGLECTED, OR DENIED TO DO IT. AND THAT THEY WHO OF LATE SO MUCH BLAME DEPOSING, ARE THE MEN THAT DID IT THEMSELVES.
EDITOR'S PRELIMINARY REMARKS. Soon after the march of Fairfax and Cromwell, with the whole army, through the city, in Apirl, 1647, to suppress the insurrection of Brown and Massey, Milton removed to Holborn, where he continued until after the King's death; when, the form of the government being changed to a republic, and the Presbyterians, then out of power, declaring their abhorrence of the Stuart's execution, Milton undertook, in the following treatise, to maintain the right of nations to put a tyrant to death. Wood rightly supposes it was written before the execution of Charles I., though it now contains many passages afterwards inserted ;* but Milton himself assures us it was not published until the transaction had taken place; and even then more with a design to compose the public mind, and recoricile to the existing government such as were disaffected, than to determine anything respecting the late king. From a MS. note found in a printed copy in his possession, Dr. Birch discovered that the work was published in the month of February, 1648-49.f It should be remembered that even in his “ Defence of the People of England,” when there existed no reasons for suppressing or disguising his sentiments, Milton never exhibited any hatred of just and lawful princes ; and here, in advocating tyrannicide, takes the greatest care to distinguish between the king and the tyrant. His opinions, in fact, were those of Buchanan, (“De Jure Regni apud Scotos,”) from whom Dryden absurdly accuses him of stealing the whole “ Defence of the People of England ; ”I and upon the Revolution of 1688, Locke maintained, with the approbation of King William Ill., precisely the same proposition. This the reader should constantly bear in mind, as well as that he wrote in a Commonwealth, at a time when the opinions of most learned men were unfavourable to monarchy.
* In the second edition, in 1650 ; for his works had then a rapid sale. + Life of Milton, prefixed to the 4to. edition of the Prose Works, I Preface to the “Medal,” which he entitles “An Epistle to the Whigs.” VOL, II.