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the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, as soon as practicable after the passage of this Act, and who shall continue in office as designated by the President at the time of nomination through the last day of the second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth calendar years, respectively, following the passage of this Act. The President shall designate anually one of the members of the Authority as chairman and one of the members as vice chairman who shall act as chairman in the absence or incapacity of the chairman. The successors of the members shall be appointed for terms of six years in the same manner as the members originally appointed under this Act, except that any person appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term. The members of the Authority may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. No more than three of the members shall be appointed from the same political party. Each member of the Authority shall receive a salary at the rate of $12,000 per annum.4

Administrator (b) There shall be in the Authority an Administrator who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall receive a salary at the rate of $12,000 per annum.5

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Qualifications of Members (c) The members of the Authority shall be appointed with due regard to their fitness for the efficient dispatch of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon the Authority by this Act. Each member of the Authority, and the Administrator, shall be a citizen of the United States, and no member of the Authority, or the Administrator, shall have any pecuniary interest in or own any stock in or bonds of any civil aeronautics enterprise. No member of the Authority, or the Administrator, shall engage in any other business, vocation, or employment.

Quorum, Principal Office, and Seal (d) Three of the members shall constitute a quorum of the Authority. The principal office of the Authority shall be in the District of Columbia where its general sessions shall be held, but whenever the convenience of the public or of the parties may be promoted, or delay or expense may be prevented, the Authority may hold hearings or other proceedings at any other place. The Authority shall have an official seal which shall be judicially noticed and which shall be preserved in the custody of the secretary of the Authority.

4 By Act of June 28, 1941, 55 Stat. 282; 49 U. S. C. Supp. V, 422a, salaries were re. duced to $10,000 per annum. The Act of June 3, 1948, 62 Stat. 305, provides that the salary of the Chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board shall be $12,000 per annum and that of the Board Members $11,500 per annum.

6 By Act of June 28, 1941, 55 Stat. 282; 49 U. S. C. Supp. V, 422a, salary was reduced to $10,000 per annum. The Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 1027, restores the salary of the Administrator to $12,000 per annum.

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ORGANIZATION OF AUTHORITY

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Officers and Employees SEC. 202 [52 Stat. 981, 49 U.S. C. 422] (a). The Authority shall, without regard to the civil-service laws, appoint and prescribe the duties of a secretary of the Authority and a secretary for each member, and, subject to such noncompetitive tests of fitness as the Civil Service Commission may prescribe, appoint and prescribe the duties of a general counsel, a director for each Bureau, and such assistant directors and heads of divisions or sections as may be necessary. Subject to the provisions of the civil-service laws, the Authority shall employ such other officers and employees as it shall deem necessary in exercising and performing its powers and duties. The Administrator shall, without regard to the civil-service laws, appoint and prescribe the duties of a secretary, and, subject to the civil-service laws, appoint and prescribe the duties of such other officers and employees as he shall deem necessary in exercising and performing his powers and duties. The compensation of all officers and employees appointed by the Authority or by the Administrator under this subsection shall be fixed in accordance with the Classification Act of 1923, as amended.

Temporary Personnel (b) The Authority, and the Administrator, may, from time to time, without regard to the provisions of the civil-service laws, engage for temporary service such duly qualified consulting engineers or agencies, or other qualified persons as are necessary in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of each, and fix the compensation of such engineers, agencies, or persons without regard to the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, and the expenses of such employment shall be paid out of the appropriation for the administration of this Act.

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PERSONNEL, PROPERTY, AND APPROPRIATIONS

Personnel and Property SEC. 203 [52 Stat. 982, 49 U.S. C. 423] (a) Such officers and employees of the Bureau of Air Mail of the Interstate Commerce Commission and of the Bureau of Air Comerce of the Department of Commerce, and such property (including office equipment and official records), as the President shall determine to have been employed by the Secretary of Commerce in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon him by the Air Commerce Act of 1926, as amended (44 Stat. 568; U. S. C., 1934 ed., title 49, sec. 171 et seq.), and by the Secretary of Commerce and the Inter. state Commerce Commission in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon them by the Air Mail Act of 1934, approved June 12, 1934, as amended (48 Stat. 933; U. S. C. 1934 ed., Supp. II, title 39, sec. 469 et seq.), are transferred to the Authority upon such date or dates as the President shall specify by Executive order: Provided, That the transfer of such personnel shall be without reduction in classification or compensation, except that this requirement shall not operate after the end of the fiscal year during which such transfer is made to prevent the adjustment of classification

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or compensation to conform to the duties to which such transferred personnel may be assigned: Provided further, That such of the personnel so transferred as do not already possess a classified civil-service status shall not acquire such status by reason of such transfer except (1) upon recommendation of the Authority within one year after such personnel have been so transferred and certification within such period by the Authority to the Civil Service Commission that such personnel have served with merit for not less than six months prior to the transfer, and (2) upon passing such suitable noncompetitive examinations as the Civil Service Commission may prescribe: Ānd provided further, That no officer or employee taking such examination shall' be discharged or reduced in grade or compensation pending the result thereof, except for cause in the manner provided by law.

Appropriations (b) Such of the unexpended balances of appropriations available for use by the Secretary of Commerce in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon him by the Air Commerce Act of 1926, as amended, and by the Secretary of Commerce and the Interstate Commerce Commission in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon them by the Air Mail

Act of 1934, approved June 12, 1934, as amended, as the President shall deem necessary and specify by Executive order, are transferred to the

Authority upon such date or dates as the President shall specify by Executive order, and shall be available for use in connection with the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon the Authority, the Administrator, and the Air Safety Board by this Act.

AUTHORIZATION OF EXPENDITURES AND TRAVEL

General Authority Sec. 204 [52 Stat. 983, 49 U.S. C. 424] (a) The Authority is empowered to make such expenditures at the seat of government and elsewhere as may be necessary for the exercise and performance of the powers and duties vested in and imposed upon the Authority, the Administrator, and the Air Safety Board by law, and as from time to time may be appropriated for by Congress, including expenditures for (i) rent and personal services at the seat of government and elsewhere; (2) travel expenses; (3) office furniture, equipment and supplies, lawbooks, newspapers, periodicals, and books of reference (including the exchange thereof); (4) printing and binding; (5) membership in and cooperation with such organizations as are related to, or are part of, the civil-aeronautics industry or the art of aeronautics in the United States or in any foreign country; (6) attendance at meetings and conventions when in the public interest; (7) making investigations and conducting studies in matters pertaining to aeronautics; and (8) acquisition (including exchange), operation, and maintenance of passenger-carrying automobiles and aircraft, and such other property as is necessary in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of the Authority, the Administrator, and the Air Safety Board: Provided, That no aircraft or motor vehicle, purchased under the provisions of this section, shall be used otherwise than for official business. The Authority may include, among expenditures for travel, reasonable expenditures for transportation between airports and centers of population whether or not such transportation is incidental to travel by aircraft.

Purchase of Aircraft (b) The Authority, within the limits of appropriations made available by Congress, may purchase and exchange modern aircraft, completely equipped in such manner that such aircraft can be used in testing and checking every phase of flight operation; and may purchase and exchange for the use of the Administrator and the Air Safety Board modern aircraft similar to aircraft used or suitable for use in air transportation, completely equipped in such manner that they can be used in testing and checking every phase of flight operation encountered in air transportation. The Authority is authorized to obtain necessary space, facilities, and personnel for the storage, maintenance, operation, and navigation of such aircraft,

Travel (c) Travel by personnel of the United States Government on commercial aircraft, domestic or foreign, including travel between airports and centers of population or posts of duty when incidental to travel on commercial aircraft, shall be allowed at public expense when authorized or approved by competent authority, and transportation requests for such travel may be issued upon such authorizations. Such expense shall be allowed without regard to comparative costs of transportation by aircraft with other modes of transportation.

GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE AUTHORITY

General Powers SEC. 205 [52 Stat. 984, 49 U.S. C. 425] (a) The Authority is empowered to perform such acts, to conduct such investigations, to issue and amend such orders, and to make and amend such general or special rules, regulations, and procedure, pursuant to and consistent with the provisions of this Act, as it shall deem necessary to carry out such provisions and to exercise and perform its powers and duties under this Act.

Cooperation With State Aeronautical Agencies (b) The Authority is empowered to confer with or to hold joint hearings with any State aeronautical agency, or other State agency, in connection with any matter arising under this Act, and to avail itself of the cooperation, services, records, and facilities of such State agencies as fully as may be practicable in the administration and enforcement of this Act.

Exchange of Information (c) The Authority is empowered to exchange with foreign governments, through appropriate agencies of the United States, information pertaining to aeronautics,

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Publications

(d) Except as may be otherwise provided in this Act, the Authority shall make a report in writing in all proceedings and investigations under this Act in which formal hearings have been held, and shall state in such report its conclusions together with its decision, order, or requirement in the premises. All such reports shall be entered of record and a copy thereof shall be furnished to all parties to the proceeding or investigation. The Authority shall provide for the publication of such reports, and all other reports, orders, decisions, rules, and regulations issued by it under this Act in such form and manner as may be best adapted for public information and use. Publications purporting to be published by the Authority shall be competent evidence of the orders, decisions, rules, regulations, and reports of the Authority therein contained in all courts of the United States, and of the several States, Territories, and possessions thereof, and the District of Columbia, without further proof or authentication thereof.

ANNUAL REPORT

Sec. 206 [52 Stat. 984, 49 U.S. C. 426] The Authority shall make an annual report to the Congress, copies of which shall be distributed as are other reports transmitted to Congress. Such report shall contain in addition to a report of the work performed under this Act, such information and data collected by the Authority, the Administrator, and the Air Safety Board as may be considered of value in the determination of questions connected with the development and regulation of civil aeronautics, together with such recommendations as to additional legislation relating thereto as the Authority may deem necessary. The Authority may also transmit recommendations as to such additional legislation more frequently.

TITLE III–POWERS AND DUTIES OF ADMINISTRATOR

FOSTERING OF AIR COMMERCE

Sec. 301 [52 Stat. 985, 49 U. S. C. 451] The Administrator is em

and directed to encourage and foster the development of civil aeronautics and air commerce in the United States, and abroad, and to encourage the establishment of civil airways, landing areas, and other air navigation facilities. The Administrator and the Air Safety Board shall cooperate with the Authority in the administration and enforcement of this Act.

CIVIL AIRWAYS AND FACILITIES

General

SEC. 302 [52 Stat. 985, 49 U. S. C. 452] (a) The Administrator is authorized and directed to designate and establish such civil airways as may be required in the public interest. The Administrator is authorized, within the limits of available appropriations made by the Congress, (1) to acquire, establish, and improve air-navigation facilities wherever necessary; (2) to operate and maintain such air

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