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EXISTING AIRPORT PROGRAMS
Sec. 20 (49 U. S. C. 1119] Nothing in this Act shall affect the carrying out of the program for the development of public landing areas necessary for national defense, authorized by the Department of Commerce Appropriation Act, 1946, or the program for the develop; ment of civil landing areas, authorized by the First Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1944, which programs shall be additional to the Federal-aid airport program authorized by this Act.
GOVERNMENT SURPLUS AIRPORTS AND
To expedite the disposition of Government surplus airports, airport facilities,
and equipment and to assure their disposition in such manner as will best encourage and foster the development of civilian aviation and preserve for national defense purposes a strong, efficient, and properly maintained Nationwide system of public airports, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That subsection (c) of section 13 of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 765), as amended, is amended to read as follows:
"(c) No harbor or port terminal, including necessary operating equipment, shall be otherwise disposed of until it has first been offered, under regulations to be prescribed by the Administrator, for sale or lease to the State, political subdivision thereof, and any municipality, in which it is situated, and to all municipalities in the vicinity thereof."
Sec. 2. Section 13 of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 765), as amended, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection (g) reading as follows:
“(g) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any disposal agency designated pursuant to this Act may, with the approval of the Administrator, convey or dispose of to any State, political subdivision, municipality, or tax-supported institution, without monetary consideration to the United States, but subject to the terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions hereinafter provided for, all of the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to any surplus real or personal property (exclusive of property the highest and best use of which is determined by the Administrator to be industrial and which shall be so classified for disposal without regard to the provisions of this subsection) which, in the determination of the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, is essential, suitable, or desirable for the development, improvement, operation, or maintenance of a public airport as defined in the Federal Airport Act (60 Stat. 170) or reasonably necessary to fulfill the immediate and foreseeable future requirements of the grantee for the development, improvement, operation, or maintenance of a public airport, including property needed to develop sources of revenue from nonaviation businesses at a public airport.
“(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) hereof, all property disposed of under the authority of this subsection shall be disposed of on and subject to the following terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions:
“(A) No property disposed of under the authority of this subsection shall be used, leased,
sold, salvaged, or disposed of by the grantee or transferee for other than airport purposes without the written consent of the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, which consent shall be granted only if the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics determines that the property can be used, leased, sold, salvaged, or disposed of for other than airport purposes without materially and adversely affecting the development, improvement, operation, or maintenance of the airport at which such property is located: Provided, That no structures disposed of hereunder shall be used as an industrial plant, factory, or similar facility within the meaning of section 23 of this Act, unless the public agency receiving title to such structures shall pay to the United States such sum as the Administrator shall determine to be a fair consideration for the removal of the restriction imposed by this proviso.
"(B) All property transferred for airport purposes shall be used and maintained for the use and benefit of the public, without unjust discrimination.
“(C) No exclusive right for the use of the airport at which the property disposed of is located shall be vested (either directly or indirectly) in any person or persons to the exclusion of others in the same class. For the purpose of this condition, an exclusive right is defined to mean
“(1) any exclusive right to use the airport for conducting any particular aeronautical activity requiring operation of aircraft;
“(2) any exclusive right to engage in the sale or supplying of aircraft, aircraft accessories, equipment, or supplies (excluding the sale of gasoline and oil), or aircraft services necessary for the operation of aircraft (including the maintenance and repair of
aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, and appliances). "(D) The grantee shall, insofar as it is within its powers, adequately clear and protect the aerial approaches to the airport by removing, lowering, relocating, marking, or lighting or otherwise mitigating existing airport hazards and by preventing the establishment or creation of future airport hazards.
"(E) During any national emergency declared by the President or by the Congress, the United States shall have the right to make exclusive or nonexclusive use and have exclusive or nonexclusive control and possession, without charge, of the airport at which the surplus property is located or used, or of such portion thereof as it may desire: Provided, however, That the United States shall be responsible for the entire cost of maintaining such part of the airport as it may use exclusively, or over which it may have exclusive possession and control, during the period of such use, possession, or control, and shall be obligated to contribute a reasonable share, commensurate with the use made by it, of the cost of maintenance of such property as it may use nonexclusively or over which it may have nonexclusive control and possession : Provided further, That the United States shall pay a fair rental for its use, control, or possession, exclusively or nonexclusively; of any improvements to the airport made without United States aid.
"(F) The United States shall at all times have the right to make nonexclusive use of the landing area of the airport at which the surplus property is located or used, without charge: Provided, however, That such use may be limited as may be determined at any time by the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics to be necessary to prevent undue interference with use by other authorized aircraft: Provided further, That the United States shall be obligated to pay for damages caused by such use, or if its use of the landing area is substantial, to contribute a reasonable share of the cost of maintaining and operating the landing area, commensurate with the use made by it.
'(G) Any public agency accepting a conveyance or transfer of surplus property under the provisions of this subsection shall release the United States from any and all liability it may be under for restoration or other damages
under any lease or other agreement covering the use by the United States of any airport, or part thereof, owned, controlled, or operated by the public agency upon which, adjacent to which, or in connection with which, the surplus property was located or used : Provided, That no such release shall be construed as depriving the public agency of any right it may otherwise have to receive reimbursement under section 17 of the Federal Airport Act for the necessary rehabilitation or repair of public airports heretofore or hereafter substantially damaged by any Federal agency.
“(H) In the event that any of the terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions upon or subject to which the property is disposed of is not met, observed, or complied with, all of the property so disposed of or any portion thereof, shall, at the option of the United States, revert to the United States in its then existing condition.
“(3) In making any disposition of surplus property under this subsection (g), the disposal agency is authorized, upon the request of the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, the Secretary of War, or the Secretary of the Navy, to omit from the instruments of disposal any of the terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions required by paragraph (2) hereof, and to include any additional terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions, if the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, the Secretary of War, or the Secretary of the Navy determines that such omission or inclusion is necessary to protect or advance the interests of the United States in civil aviation or for national defense.
“(4) The Administrator of Civil Aeronautics shall have the sole responsibility for determining and enforcing compliance with the terms, conditions, reservations, and restrictions upon or subject to which surplus property is disposed of pursuant to this subsection.
“(5). All surplus property within the purview of this subsection which is not disposed of pursuant hereto shall be disposed of as provided elsewhere in this Act or other applicable Federal Statute.
“(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (f) of this section and subsection (e) of section 18, the disposal of surplus property under this subsection, which is determined by the Administrator to be available for the purposes enumerated in this subsection, shall be given priority immediately following transfers to other Government agencies under section 12.
[Act of June 16, 1948, 62 Stat. 450]
To encourage the development of an international air-transportation system
adapted to the needs of the foreign commerce of the United States, of the postal service, and of the national defense, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “International Aviation Facilities Act”.
SEC. 2. For the purposes of this Act:
(1) The term "Air Coordinating Committee" means the committee established by Executive Order Numbered 9781, dated September 19, 1946, or such successor agency or agencies as may exercise the same or equivalent powers whether created by Executive order or legislative enactment.
(2) The term "airport property” means any property, real or personal, or any interest therein, used or useful, directly or indirectly, in connection with the administration, operation, or maintenance of an airport, including but not limited to (1) land; (2) runways, strips, taxiways, and parking aprons; (3) buildings, structures, improvements, and facilities, whether or not used in connection with the landing and take-off of aircraft; and (4) equipment (including parts and components thereof), furniture, vehicles, and supplies.
(3) The term “airway property” means any property, real or personal, or any interest therein, used or useful, directly or indirectly, in connection with the administration, operation, or maintenance of any ground installation, facility, or equipment (including parts and components thereof) necessary or desirable for the orderly and safe operation of air traffic, including but not limited to air navigation, airtraffic control, airway communications, and meteorological facilities.
(4) The term “foreign territory” means any area of land or water over which no nation or a nation other than the United States exercises the incidents of sovereignty (including territory of undetermined sovereignty and the high seas), any area of land or water temporarily under military occupation by the United States, and any area of land or water occupied or administered by the United States or any other nation under any international agreement.
ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION, IN FOREIGN TERRITORY, OF FACILITIES
RELATED TO AVIATION
Sec. 3. After consultation with the Air Coordinating Committee and subject to concurrence of the Secretary of State, and with due regard for the objectives of the International Civil Aviation Organization, the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics (hereinafter referred to as the "Administrator") and the Chief of the Weather Bureau of the Department of Commerce, within their respective fields, are author
ized, by contract or otherwise, to acquire, establish, and construct airport property and airway property in foreign territory: Provided, however, That, except in the case of airport property transferred under section 8, no airport (as defined in section 1 of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended) may be acquired, established, or constructed under authority of this section unless funds for such purpose have been specifically appropriated by the Congress.
TRAINING OF FOREIGN NATIONALS IN AERONAUTICAL AND RELATED SUBJECTS
SEC. 4. Subject to the concurrence of the Secretary of State, the Administrator and the Chief of the Weather Bureau, within their respective fields, are authorized within or outside the United States to train foreign nationals directly, or in conjunction with any other United States Government agency, or through any United States public or private agency (including any State or municipal educational institution), or through any international organization, in aeronautical and related subjects essential to the orderly and safe operation of civil aircraft.
ACCEPTANCE OF FUNDS FOR FACILITIES SUPPLIED OR SERVICES PERFORMED
FOR A FOREIGN GOVERNMENT OR AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
Sec. 5. The Administrator and the Chief of the Weather Bureau, respectively, are authorized to accept, on behalf of the United States, funds from any foreign government or from any international organization as payment for any facilities supplied or services performed for such government or international organization by the Administrator or the Chief of the Weather Bureau, either directly or indirectly, under authority of this Act or the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, including the operation of airport property and airway property in such countries, the training of foreign nationals, the rendering of technical assistance and advice to such countries, and the performance of other similar services. Funds so received may be credited (A) to appropriations current at the time the expenditures are to be or have been paid, (B) to appropriations current at the time such amounts are received, or (C) in part as provided under clause (A) and in part as provided under clause (B).
TRANSFER OF AIRPORT PROPERTY OR AIRWAY PROPERTY TO A FOREIGN
GOVERNMENT OR AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
Sec. 6. With the unanimous approval of the Air Coordinating Committee, the Administrator or the Chief of the Weather Bureau, as the case may be, upon request of the foreign government involved or of any international organization, may transfer any airport property or airway property operated and maintained by him within foreign territory, pursuant to the provisions of this Act, to the foreign government involved or to any international organization. The Administrator or the Chief of the Weather Bureau, as the case may be, is authorized to make such transfer upon such terms and conditions as he deems proper, including provision for receiving, on behalf of the United States, such payment or other consideration for the property so transferred as may be agreed upon through negotiations with the foreign government or international organization involved.