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any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft; (2) to conceal or possess any contraband article in or upon any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft; or upon the person of anyone in or upon any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft; or (3) to use any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft to facilitate the transportation, carriage, conveyance, concealment, receipt, possession, purchase, sale, barter, exchange, or giving away of any contraband article.

(b) As used in this section, the term "contraband article” means:

(1) Any narcotic drug which has been or is possessed with intent to sell or offer for sale in violation of any laws or regulations of the United States dealing therewith, or which is sold or offered for sale in violation thereof, or which does not bear appropriate tax-paid internalrevenue stamps as required by law or regulations;

(2) Any firearm, with respect to which there has been committed any violation of any provision of the National Firearms Act, as now or hereafter amended, or any regulation issued pursuant thereto; or

(3) Any falsely made, forged, altered, or counterfeit coin or obligation or other security of the United States or of any foreign government; or any material or apparatus, or paraphernalia fitted or intended to be used, or which shall have been used, in the making of any such falsely made, forged, altered, or counterfeit coin or obligation or other security.

SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE

Sec. 2 [49 U.S. C. 782] Any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft which has been or is being used in violation of any provision of section 1, or in, upon, or by means of which any violation of section 1 has taken or is taking place, shall be seized and forfeited: Provided, That no vessel, vehicle, or aircraft used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as such common carrier shall be forfeited under the provisions of this Act unless it shall appear that (1) in the case of a railway car or engine, the owner, or (2) in the case of any other such vessel, vehicle, or aircraft, the owner or the master of such vessel or the owner or conductor, driver, pilot, or other person in charge of such vehicle or aircraft was at the time of the alleged illegal act a consenting party or privy thereto: Provided further, That no vessel, vehicle, or aircraft shall be forfeited under the provisions of this Act by reason of any act or omission established by the owner thereof to have been committed or omitted by any person other than such owner while such vessel, vehicle, or aircraft was unlawfully in the possession of a person who acquired possession thereof in violation of the criminal laws of the United States, or of any State.

DESIGNATION OF OFFICERS BY SECRETARY OF TREASURY; DUTIES OF OFFICERS

Sec. 3 [49 U.S. C. 783] The Secretary of the Treasury is empowered to authorize, or designate, officers, agents, or other persons to carry out the provisions of this Act. It shall be the duty of any officer, agent, or other person so authorized or designated, or authorized by law, whenever he shall discover any vessel, vehicle, or aircraft which has been or is being used in violation of any of the provisions of this Act, or in, upon, or by means of which any violation of this Act has taken or is taking place, to seize such vessel, or aircraft and to place it in the custody of such person as may be authorized or designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury, to await disposition pursuant to the provisions of this Act and any regulations issued hereunder.

APPLICATION OF RELATED LAWS

Sec. 4[49 U.S.C.784] All provisions of law relating to the seizure, summary and judicial forfeiture, and condemnation of vessels and vehicles for violation of the customs laws; the disposition of such vessels and vehicles or the proceeds from the sale thereof; the remission or mitigation of such forfeitures; and the compromise of claims and the award of compensation to informers in respect of such forfeitures shall apply to seizures and forfeitures incurred, or alleged to have been incurred, under the provisions of this Act, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions hereof: Provided, That such duties as are imposed upon the collector of customs or any other person with respect to the seizure and forfeiture of vessels and vehicles under the customs laws shall be performed with respect to seizures and forfeitures of vessels, vehicles, and aircraft under this Act by such officers, agents, or other persons as may be authorized or designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury.

AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS

Sec. 5 [49 U. S. C. 785] Any appropriation which has been or shall hereafter be made for the enforcement of the customs, narcotics, counterfeiting, or internal-revenue laws, and the provisions of the National Firearms Act shall be available for the defraying of expenses of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

CONSTRUCTION WITH OTHER LAWS

SEC. 6 [49 U. S. C. 786] The provisions of this Act shall be construed to be supplemental to, and not to impair in any way, existing provisions of law imposing fines, penalties, or forfeitures; or providing for the seizure, condemnation, or disposition of forfeited property or the proceeds thereof; or authorizing the remission or mitigation of fines, penalties, or forfeitures.

DEFINITIONS

Sec. 7 [49 U.S. C. 787] When used in this Act

(a) The term “vessel” includes every description of watercraft or other contrivance used, or capable of being used, as means of transportation in water, but does not include aircraft;

(b) The term “vehicle” includes every description of carriage or other contrivance used, or capable of being used, as means of transportation, below, or above the land, but does not include aircraft;

(c) The term “aircraft” includes every description of craft or carriage or other contrivance used, or capable of being used, as means of transportation through the air;

(d) The term “narcotic drug” means any narcotic drug, as now or hereafter defined by The Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act, the internal-revenue laws or any amendments thereof, or the regulations issued thereunder; or marihuana as now or hereafter defined by the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 or the regulations issued thereunder;

(e) The term “firearm” means any firearm, as now or hereafter defined by the National Firearms Act, or any amendments thereof, or the regulations issued thereunder; and

(f) The words "obligation or other security of the United States” are used as now or hereafter defined in section 261 of Title 18, as amended.

RULES AND REGULATIONS

Sec. 8 [49 U.S. C.788] The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.

STOWING AWAY ON AIRCRAFT

[Act of March 4, 1944, 58 Stat 111]

AN ACT

Making it a misdemeanor to stow away on aircraft and providing punishment

therefor Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (18 U. S. C. 472], That any person who, without the consent of the owner, charterer, or person in command of any aircraft and with intent to obtain a ride or transportation in such aircraft in flight, shall board or be within such aircraft scheduled to fly or flying between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, the Canal Zone, or any place occupied by, or under the jurisdiction of, the armed forces of the United States and any place outside thereof; or between points within the same State, Territory, or possession, the District of Columbia, the Canal Zone, or any place occupied by, or under the jurisdiction of, any of the armed forces of the United States, but through the air space over any place outside thereof; or wholly within the air space over any Territory, possession, the District of Columbia, the Canal Zone, or any place occupied by, or under the jurisdiction of, the armed forces of nited States shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

Sec. 2 [18 U.S.C. 472] Any person who, without the consent of the United States, its duly authorized officer or agent or the person in command of any aircraft owned or operated by the United States and with intent to obtain a ride or transportation in such aircraft in flight, shall board or be within such aircraft scheduled to fly or in flight shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

Sec. 3 [18 U. S. C. 473] The word "aircraft” means any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air.

Sec. 4 [18 U.S.C.474] Nothing contained in this Act shall modify, restrict, alter, or change any law of the United States enacted for the purpose of preventing any person from entering the United States in violation of the laws of the United States or for the purpose of securing the deportation from the United States of any person who, under the laws of the United States, shall be subject to deportation.

NATIONAL AIR MUSEUM

[Act of August 12, 1946, 60 Stat. 997]

AN ACT

To establish a national air museum, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled [20. U. S. C. 77], That (a) there is hereby established under the Smithsonian Institution a bureau to be known as a national air museum, which shall be administered by the Smithsonian Institution with the advice of a board to be composed of the Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, or his successor, the Chief of Naval Operations, or his successor, the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and two citizens of the United States appointed by the President from civilian life who shall serve at the pleasure of the President. The members of the board shall serve as such members without compensation.

(b) The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution with the advice of the board may appoint and fix the compensation and duties of the head of a national air museum whose appointment and salary shall not be subject to the civil-service laws or the Classification Act of 1923, as amended. The Smithsonian Institution may employ such other officers and employees as may be necessary for the efficient operation and administration of the museum.

SEC. 2 [20 U.S.C.77a] Said national air museum shall memorialize the national development of aviation; collect, preserve, and display aeronautical equipment of historical interest and significance; serve as a repository for scientific equipment and data pertaining to the development of aviation; and provide educational material for the historical study of aviation.

SEC. 3 [20 U.S. C. 796] The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution with the advice of the advisory board is hereby directed to investigate and survey suitable lands and buildings for selection as a site for said national air museum and to make recommendations to Congress for the acquisition of suitable lands and buildings for said national air museum.

SEC. 4 [20 U. S. C. 77c] (a) The board is authorized to adopt an official seal which shall be judicially noticed and to make such bylaws, rules, and regulations as it deems necessary for the administration of its functions. The board may function notwithstanding vacancies and three members of the board shall constitute a quorum for transaction of business.

(b) The Smithsonian Institution shall include in its annual report of its operations to Congress a statement of the operations of said national air museum, including all public and private moneys received and disbursed.

SEC. 5 [20 U. S. C. 77d] (a) The heads of executive departments of the Government are authorized to transfer or loan to said national air museum without charge therefor aircraft, aircraft parts, instruments, engines, or other aeronautical equipment or records for exhibition, historical, or educational purposes.

(b) The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, with the advice of the Commission of Fine Arts, is authorized (1) to accept as a gift to the Smithsonian Institution from George H. Stephenson, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a statue of Brigadier General William L. Mitchels of such character as may be deemed appropriate, and (2) without expense to the United States, to cause such statue to be erected at à suitable location on the grounds of the national air museum.

SEC. 6. [20 U. S. C. 77, Note] There is hereby authorized to be appropriated the sum of $50,000 for the purposes of this Act and there are hereby authorized to be appropriated annually hereafter such sums as may be necessary to maintain and administer said national air museum including salaries and all other necessary expenses.

STUDY OF THUNDERSTORMS

[Act of June 16, 1948, 62 Stat. 470]

AN ACT

To provide safety in aviation and to direct a study of the causes and characteristics

of thunderstorms and other atmospheric disturbances. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Chief of the Weather Bureau is authorized and directed to study fully and thoroughly the internal structure of thunderstorms, hurricanes, cyclones, and other severe atmospheric disturbances, particularly the degree of turbulence within such storms and the development, maintenance, and magnitude of updrafts and downdrafts with a view to establishing methods by which the characteristics of particular thunderstorms may be forecast and methods by which the characteristics of such storms may be determined on visual observation from outside of the immediate thunderstorm area. Such study shall be concluded at the earliest practicable date and a final report submitted to Congress. The Chief of the Weather Bureau shall make interim reports to Congress at least annually during the course of the study.

SEC. 2. The Chief of the Weather Bureau is empowered to make such expenditures at the seat of government and elsewhere as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act and as from time to time may be appropriated for by Congress, including expenditures for the development and purchase of special meteorological instruments and other equipment (including motor vehicles and aircraft), without regard to the provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

SEC. 3. Any executive department or independent establishment is hereby authorized to cooperate with the Chief of the Weather Bureau in carrying out the purposes of this Act, and for such purposes may lend or transfer to the Chief of the Weather Bureau any officer or employee of such department or establishment and any property, equipment, lands, or buildings under its control.

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