Sec. 303. Expenditure of Federal funds.
Sec. 304. Meteorological service.
Sec. 305. Development of facilities.
Sec. 306. Collection and dissemination of information.
Sec. 307. Development planning.
Sec. 308. Other duties of Administrator.

TITLE IV-AIR CARRIER ECONOMIC REGULATION Sec. 401. Certificate of public convenience and necessity.

(a) Certificate required.
(b) Application for certificate.
(c) Notice of application.
(d) Issuance of certificate.
(e) Existing air carriers.
(f) Terms and conditions of certificate.
(g) Effective date and duration of certificate.
(h) Authority to modify, suspend, or revoke.
(i) Transfer of certificate.
(j) Certain rights not conferred by certificate.
(k) Application for abandonment.
(1) Compliance with labor legislation.
(m) Requirement as to carriage of mail.

(n) Application for new mail service. Sec. 402. Permits to foreign air carriers.

(a) Permit required.
(b) Issuance of permit.
(c) Existing permits.
(d) Application for permit.
(e) Notice of application.
(f) Terms and conditions of permit.
(g) Authority to modify, suspend, or revoke.

(h) Transfer of permit. Sec. 403. Tariffs of air carriers.

(a) Filing of tariffs required.
(b) Observance of tariffs; rebating prohibited.
(c) Notice of tariff change.

(d) Filing of divisions of rates and charges required. Sec. 404. Rates for carriage of persons and property.

(a) Carrier's duty to provide service, rates, and divisions. (b) Discrimination.

(c) Foreign rate study. Sec. 405. Transportation of mail.

(a) Continuation and termination of mail contracts.
(b) Continuation and termination of foreign-mail contracts.
(c) Termination of bonds.
(d) Rules and regulations.
(e) Mail schedules.
(f) Maximum mail load.
(g) Tender of mail.
(h) Foreign postal arrangements.
(i) Transportation of foreign mail.
(j) Evidence of performance of mail service.
(k) Emergency mail service.
(1) Experimental air-mail service.

(m) Free travel for postal employees. Sec. 406. Rates for transportation of mail.

(a) Authority to fix rates.
(b) Rate-making elements.
(c) Statement of Postmaster General and carrier.
(d) Weighing of mail.
(e) Availability of appropriations.

(f) Payments to foreign air carriers. Sec. 407. Accounts, records, and reports.

(a) Filing of reports.
(b) Disclosure of stock ownership.
(c) Disclosure of stock ownership by officer or director.
(d) Form of accounts.
(e) Inspection of accounts and property.

Sec. 408. Consolidation, merger, and acquisition of control.

(a) Acts prohibited.
(b) Power of Authority.
(c) Interests in ground facilities.
(d) Jurisdiction of accounts of noncarriers.

(e) Investigation of violations. Sec. 409. Prohibited interests.

(a) Interlocking relationships.

(b) Profit from transfer of securities.
Sec. 410. Loans and financial aid.
Sec. 411. Methods of competition.
Sec. 412. Pooling and other agreements.

(a) Filing of agreements required.

(b) Approval by Authority.
Sec. 413. Form of control.
Sec. 414. Legal restraints.
Sec. 415. Inquiry into air-carrier management.
Sec. 416. Classification and exemption of carriers.

(a) Classification.
(b) Exemptions.


Sec. 501. Registration of aircraft nationality.

(a) Registration required.
(b) Eligibility for registration.
(c) Issuance of certificate.
(d) Applications.
(e) Suspension or revocation.

(f) Effect of registration.
Sec. 502. Registration of engines, propellers, and appliances.
Sec. 503. Recordation of aircraft ownership.

(a) Establishment of recording system.
(b) Conveyances to be recorded.
(c) Form of conveyance.
(d) Index of conveyances.
(e) Regulations.

(f) Previously unrecorded ownership. Sec. 504. Limitation of security owners liability.


Sec. 601. General safety powers and duties.

(a) Minimum standards; rules and regulations.
(b) Needs of service to be considered; classifications of standards,

Sec. 602. Airman certificates.

(a) Power to issue certificate.
(b) Issuance of certificate.

(c) Form and recording of certificate. Sec. 603. Aircraft certificates.

(a) Type certificates.
(b) Production certificate.

(c) Airworthiness certificate. Sec. 604. Air-carrier operating certificates.

(a) Power to issue.

(b) Issuance. Sec. 605. Maintenance of equipment in air transportation.

(a) Duty of carriers and airmen.

(b) Inspection.
Sec. 606. Air navigation facility rating.
Sec. 607. Air-agency rating.
Sec. 608. Form of applications.
Sec. 609. Amendment, suspension, and revocation of certificates.
Sec. 610. Prohibitions.

(a) Violations of title.
(b) Exemption of foreign aircraft and airmen,


Sec. 701. Creation and organization of board.

(a) Appointment of board.
(b) Personnel.
(c) Temporary personnel.
(d) Authorization of expenditures.

(e) Preservation of records and reports. ec. 702. Duties of the board.

(a) General duties.
(b) Manner of performance.
(c) Conduct of investigations.
(d) Aircraft.

Sec. 801. The President of the United States.
Sec. 802. The Department of State.
Sec. 803. Weather Bureau.


Sec. 901. Civil penalties.

(a) Safety and postal offenses.

(b) Liens.
Sec. 902. Criminal penalties.

(a) General.
(b) Forgery of certificates.
(c) Interference with air navigation.
(d) Granting rebates.
(e) Failure to file reports; falsification of records.
(f) Divulging information.

(g) Refusal to testify.
Sec. 903. Venue and prosecution of offenses.

(a) Venue.
(b) Procedure in respect of civil penalties.


Sec. 1001. Conduct of proceedings.
Sec. 1002. Complaints to and investigations by the Authority.

(a) Filing of complaints authorized.
(b) Investigations on initiative of Authority.
(c) Entry of orders for compliance with Act.
(d) Power to prescribe rates and practices of air carriers.
(e) Rule of rate making.
(f) Removal of discrimination in foreign air transportation.
(g) Suspension of rates.
(h) Power to prescribe divisions of rates.

(i) Power to establish through air transportation service. Sec. 1003. Joint boards.

(a) Designation of boards.
(b) Through service and joint rates.
(c) Jurisdiction of boards.
(d) Power of boards.

(e) Judicial enforcement and review. Sec. 1004. Evidence.

(a) Power to take evidence.
(b) Power to issue subpena.
(c) Enforcement of subpena.
(d) Contempt.
(e) Deposition.
(f) Method of taking depositions.
(g) Foreign depositions.
(h) Fees.
(i) Compelling testimony,

Sec. 1005. Orders, notices, and service.

(a) Effective date of orders; emergency orders.
(b) Designation of agent for service.
(c) Other methods of service.
(d) Suspension or modification of order.
(e) Compliance with order required.

(f) Form and service of orders.
Sec. 1006. Judicial review of Authority's orders.

(a) Orders of Authority subject to review.
(b) Venue.
(c) Notice of Authority; filing of transcript.
(d) Power of court.
(e) Findings of fact by Authority conclusive.

(f) Certification or certiorari. Sec. 1007. Judicial enforcement.

(a) Jurisdiction of court.

(b) Application for enforcement. Sec. 1008. Participation by Authority in court proceedings. Sec. 1009. Joinder of parties.


Sec. 1101. Hazards to air commerce.
Sec. 1102. International agreements.
Sec. 1103. Nature and use of documents filed.
Sec. 1104. Withholding of information.
Sec. 1105. Cooperation with Government agencies.
Sec. 1106. Remedies not exclusive.
Sec. 1107. Amendments and repeals.
Sec. 1108. Effect of transfers, repeals, and amendments.

(a) Effectiveness of existing orders, regulations, etc.
(b) Pending administrative proceedings.
(c) Pending judicial proceedings.

(d) Records transferred to Authority.
Sec. 1109. Separability.
Sec. 1110. Effective date.



SECTION 1 [52 Stat. 977, 49 U. S. C., 401] As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires

(1) “Aeronautics” means the science and art of flight.

(2) “Air carrier" means any citizen of the United States who undertakes, whether directly or indirectly or by a lease or any other arrangement, to engage in air transportation: Provided, That the Authority may by order relieve air carriers who are not directly engaged in the operation of aircraft in air transportation from the provisions of this Act to the extent and for such periods as may be in the public interest.

(3) "Air commerce” means interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce or the transportation of mail by aircraft or any operation or navigation of aircraft within the limits of any civil airway or any operation or navigation of aircraft which directly affects, or which may endanger safety in, interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce.

(4) “Aircraft” means any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air.

(5) "Aircraft engine” means an engine used, or intended to be

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used, for propulsion of aircraft and includes all parts, appurtenances, and accessories thereof other than propellers.

(6) “Airman” means any individual who engages, as the person in command or as pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, in the navigation of aircraft while under way; and (except to the extent the Authority may otherwise provide with respect to individuals employed outside the United States) any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling, or repair of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, or appliances; and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher or air-traffic control-tower operator.

(7) "Air navigation facility” means any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use in, aid of air navigation, including landing areas, lights, any apparatus or equipment for disseminating weather information, for signaling, for radio-directional finding, or for radio or other electrical communication, and any other structure or mechanism having a similar purpose for guiding or controlling flight in the air or the landing and take-off of aircraft.

(8) “Airport” means a landing area used regularly by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo.

(9) “Air-space reservation" means air space, identified by an area on the surface of the earth, in which the flight of aircraft is prohibited or restricted.

(10) “Air transportation” means interstate, overseas, or foreign air transportation or the transportation of mail by aircraft.

(11) “Appliances” means instruments, equipment, apparatus, parts, appurtenances, or accessories, of whatever description, which are used, or are capable of being or intended to be used, in the navigation, operation, or control of aircraft in flight (including parachutes and including communication equipment and any other mechanism or mechanisms installed in or attached to aircraft during flight), and which are not a part or parts of aircraft, aircraft engines, or propellers.

(12) “Authority” means the Civil Aeronautics Authority.

(13) “Citizen of the United States” means (a) an individual who is à citizen of the United States or of one of its possessions, or (b) a partnership of which each member is such an individual, or (c) a corporation or association created or organized under the laws of the United States or of any State, Territory, or possession of the United States, of which the president and two-thirds or more of the board of directors and other managing officers thereof are such individuals and in which at least 75 per centum of the voting interest is owned or controlled by persons who are citizens of the United States or of one of its possessions.

(14) "Civil aircraft” means any aircraft other than a public aircraft.

(15) "Civil aircraft of the United States” means any aircraft registered as provided in this Act.

(16) "Civil airway” means a path through the navigable air space of the United States, identified by an area on the surface of the earth, designated or approved by the Administrator as suitable for interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce.

(17) "Conditional sale” means (a) any contract for the sale of an aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or spare part under


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